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Marquesses in the Peerage of Scotland

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Marquesses in the Peerage of Scotland

The title of Marquess is said to derive from from the Italian word marchese, the ruler of a march or border territory. Certainly the local lords who guarded the Welsh and Scottish marches were collectively known as "lords marcher", but whether this had any connection with the origin of the second highest rank of the peerage remains doubtful. The first use of the title in Scotland was when James, second son of King James III, was created Marquess of Ormonde at his baptism in 1476. Twenty years later he was created Duke of Ross, Marquess of Ormonde and Earl of Edirdale. The first creations outside the Scottish Royal Family was on 17 April 1599 King James VI celebrated the christening of his daughter with the promotion of two earls to marquessates: Huntly, which still survives, and Hamilton. There were a further nine Scottish marquessates, the last being created in 1706 when the English Earl of Lindsey was a created a Scottish Marquess under the same title. The 1st Marquess of Lindsey was created Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven in 1715, and both marquessate and dukedom became extinct on the death of the 4th Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven in 1779.

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