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Marquis Cornwallis, Convict Voyage to New South Wales 1795-96

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The "Marquis Cornwallis", which originally registered as "Il Netunno", was a merchantman vessel built in Calcutta in 1789 or 1791 and was bought by Michael Hogan, who would go on to Captain her, in 1791. In 1794 Hogan registered the ship as "Marquis Cornwallis" under the British flag and she was admitted to the Registry of Great Britain on 23 September 1794 [1].

She made one voyage transporting convicts in 1795 from Ireland arriving in New South Wales in 1796. The voyage was marred by mutiny that resulted in the death of 11 convicts. Marquis Cornwallis then made a voyage for the British East India Company (EIC) as an "extra ship", sailing from India back to Britain. from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia: Marquis Cornwallis (1789 ship):

Portrait of Il Netunno, later Marquis Cornwallis, under sail, 1793
Artist: François Balthazar Solvyns
Oil on panel
ML 1353.

The "Marquis Cornwallis" 654 Tons arrived at Port Jackson/Botany Bay in the newly founded New South Wales Penal colony on 11 February 1796. She had sailed from Cork in Ireland on 9 August 1795. She carried at least 163 male and 70 female convicts. Though these numbers can not be confirmed with complete accuracy, and even the number of the military guard sent to escort these convicts was not completely and accurately documented.

Captain: Michael Hogan

Surgeon: Matthew Austin;

Surgeon: John Hogan

First Officer: Hugh Reid

Midshipman: William Roberts

Ensign: John Brabyn lead the military attachment.


  1. "House of Commons, Parliament, Great Britain (1814)". Minutes of the Evidence Taken Before the Select Committee on Petitions Relating to East-India-Built Shipping. H.M. Stationery Office. p 86.



  • "Publication": "A Desperate Set of Villains: the convicts of the Marquis Cornwallis, Ireland to Botany Bay, 1796, by Hall, Barbara, 2000, self published, Australia.

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