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Marriage Settlement 1684 Overend Towse

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Fangfoss, East Riding of Yorkshire, Englandmap
Surname/tag: Overend, Towse
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Marriage 1685

1685-08-04 Timothy Overend and Jane Towse married probably in Fangfoss or Garton on the Wolds. All the places mentioned in the document including Fimber, are in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England and specifically in the chalk uplands known as the Yorkshire Wolds.

What is a Marriage Settlement?

A Marriage Settlement is a legal agreement settling and limiting the legal ownership of particular property, in the past usually strips of land. Typically it ensured that the land could not be sold or mortgaged by the groom, and that if he died first the land would be settled on the widow and her children. If she died first the land would be settled on her children, and if there were no such children the land might return to its original family of ownership. The agreement may be made before marriage (prenuptial) or as in this case after the marriage (postnuptial). Similar agreements are made for widows or orphans.

This Marriage Settlement 1685

As indexed for the Hull University Archives : Marriage Settlement: Scope and Content (i) Tymothy Overend jnr. and his mother Jane O. widow both of Fangfoss (ii) Jane Towse sen. of Garton widow (iii) John Towse of Sledmer and Timothy Overend sen. of Fangfoss yeoman (iv) Jane Towse jnr. of Garton spinster, daughter of J.T. sen.; Prior to marriage of T.O. jnr. and J.T. jnr.: messuage, 3 oxgangs, High Close, Thorne Close, the Hemp Garth, and Bartholomew Garth in Fangfoss. Cottage, 8 oxgangs and Stilburne Close in Fymmer alias Fymber: Witn. John Taylor, Christopher and William Towse, Tho. Langley and Hen. Justice; Hull University Archives, Hull History Centre Reference GB 50 U DDSY/23/15 Dates of Creation 25 - 26 Sep 1685 Bookmark:https://archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk/data/gb50-uddsy/uddsy/23/15

The Families


Timothy Overend jr is the son of Jane Overend, widow of Fangfoss, and a relative, probably grandson, of Timothy Overend sen yeoman of Fangfoss. He may be underage as a Timothy Overend was baptised in Fangfoss 1672. He was the bridegroom.


Jane Towse Jr is the daughter of Jane Towse, widow of Garton on the Wolds and a relative and likely heir of John Towse of Sledmere. Christopher and William Towse are clearly also relatives. She was the bride, and as she is described as spinster seems to be of age though perhaps only a year or so older than Timothy.

An Oxgang

At this time most land was ploughed by teams of eight oxen (cattle). An oxgang was the land ploughed by one ox (one eighth of the area ploughed by one team) in an average year in the manor concerned. It was usually between 8 acres and 15 acres. On the Wolds it might be hard to plough the heavy clay and tilth of the bottoms in a wet year and hard to plant the thin soil on the top of the chalk in a dry year. An oxgang was not affected by the weather - it was a measure based on the average year.

A Close

A close was a field in the modern sense, an area of land enclosed and belonging to one family rather than to the village as a whole. Closes were generally the most valuable land, in the valley bottom and productive even in a dry year.

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