Surnames/tags: Martindale Martindill Martindell
Researched and written by Karen Martindill Graham
THE MARTINDALES OF THE SOUTH
THE SEARCH BEGINS:
If your Martindale ancestor is from a southern state, more than likely your search will come to an end before it begins. There seems to be only a few Martindales who have anything written about them. There was nothing written about "my" William to know who he was, who his kin were, or where he came from. While researching "my" William, it became apparent that "all" the Martindales had to be unraveled to determine who William was. This research includes ancestors from the southern states of Virginia, North and South Carolina, Maryland, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and later the states of Arkansas, Missouri, and Texas.
All that is known of William Martindale is that he died in Hardeman county, TN, in 1828. The estate papers gives us an insight into the family, that Thomas dealt with the financial aspects and settled his affairs. The census of 1830 gives us a little more, that Mary was b. 1780 in GA and that a Martha Black b. 1760 PA is living with her and what appears to be 9 children, one of whom is my 3X great grandfather Andrew Jackson Martindale. A.J.'s brothers were William J., Thomas J., Riley, and younger brother Claiborne; and his sisters were Adline, Martha, Mary E., Betsy, and Matilda.
What is written of A.J., who liked to be called Jackson, is found in The History of McNairy County, TN, that he was born in Limestone county, Alabama. Looking at the 1820 census for Limestone county, there is William with Mary and six males under 16 and six females under 16. There are also three other Martindale men, James and Daniel who were born in the 1770s to '80s and a Thomas born in 1790. Who are they? Where did they come from? Nothing. Absolutely nothing is known of these men or where they came from.
Back to the drawing board (or in this case census records). We look now to the 1810 and 1820 census records for Martindales. Those who are in the southern states can be divided into four distinct lineages. First we have James C. who is enumerated twice in Charleston, SC. He has amassed two large plantations since his arrival in America in 1806 from England. However, from Will Book F 1818-1826 pg. 533, he leaves no male heir with the last name Martindale.
DANIEL and MARY GREENWOOD MARTINDALE'S SONS:
Although spread out in five counties in North Carolina and in Patrick, VA, by 1820, these Martindale men are the descendants of Daniel and Elizabeth Greenwood Martindale. He was b. 2-18-1714, s/o Samuel b. 1667, in Talbot, MD. Elizabeth, b. 4-4-1717, is the d/o Bartholomew and Mary Greenwood. They married 12-16-1736 in Talbot, MD, so their seven known children were more than likely born in the late 1730s to early 50s. Daniel Sr. is listed in "Colonial Soldiers of the South" as serving with Capt. Robert Goldsborough in Talbot, MD, in 1748.
It is uncertain when Daniel Jr. and Elizabeth move their family south to Patrick county in southwestern Virginia. During the Rev. War, two of Daniel's sons are enlisting in MD while two others are in North Carolina purchasing land and enlisting as well. Their children are Henry, Samuel, Perdue, Stephen, William, Daniel III, Thomas, and one known daughter Mattie.
The Muster Roll of the 4th Independent Company of MD Regular Troops has Sergeant William Martindale and Corporal Perdue Martindale both enlisting 1-28-1776 Talbot co, MD. William takes a Fidelity Oath 8-27-1778 in Caroline co, MD, 7th Regiment/Ensign, Bridgetown Hundredth. Brothers Daniel and Thomas are in NC during this time. Daniel Jr. is on the Muster Roll of Adam Alexander's Company in June of 1766 from Clear Creek, Mecklenburg, NC. Thomas joins Mecklenburg County Regiment ten years later in 1776. He is listed as a Private under Captain Charles Polk and Col. Adam Alexander.
Henry and Stephen settle in Duplin county; Samuel and William settle in Moore, NC. Daniel returns to Patrick, VA, after the Rev. War and marries Rachel Carter. Detailed information is available on Daniel II and Rachel on many web sites. What may not be known about their son William who settles Moore, NC, is that he leaves three children orphaned some time before 1850. In the 1850 census we find these three children in Lafayette, MS, William b. 1833; Jesse b. 1839; and Elizabeth R. b. 1840.
Thomas purchased 82 acres before the war in 1770 in Mecklenburg, NC, described as "both sides of Crooked Creek, a branch of Rocky or Johnston River" and settled there. This area is on the eastern side of the Catawba River and was at the edge of civilization at that time. There was a Martindale Post Office dating from 1836 to its closing in 1902 when many rural post offices were closing. It was located north of Holton and south of Bristow, north of Charlotte, NC. There are also court records for Daniel dated 1778 so we know Daniel and Thomas were in Mecklenburg, NC, during the war.
This is all we know of this Thomas Martindale b. mid-to-late 1740s. His son Thomas Jr. is found in the 1810 census Rutherford, TN, with other former residents and family members from Mecklenburg, NC. Thomas Jr. is on the Williamson, TN, tax list for 1832.
Note: What will be discovered is there are two Thomas Martindales, one from Union, SC, and one from Mecklenburg, NC, who are often confused. They both marry into the Welch family at about the same time and in this same area. (The other Thomas will be discussed in detail later in this article.)
Using the census records from 1790 and 1800, we look for four males who would fit the age ranges for the Martindale men in Limestone, AL. William is the oldest, probably born in the late 1770s; James and Daniel are born in the 1770s-'80s; and Thomas is born 1790 and may or may not be in the 1790 census. There is no indication that our Limestone, AL, men are from Daniel's clan.
THE SEARCH CONTINUES IN UNION, SC:
This leaves four other Martindale men as HOH in the 1820 census who could be related to William. One is a John in Overton, TN, who will be discussed towards the end of this article under "Martindales Of Overton County".
The other three Martindale men are from Union, SC. A Thomas appears to be the oldest and is in Lawrence, TN; a John in Clarke, GA; and a William in Spartanburg, SC, which is adjacent to Union county. We need to go back in time and see what was going on in Union, SC, back at the turn of the 19th century.
Before we discuss William Sr.'s five sons, there is some misinformation about William Sr. that needs to be brought to light. Some bios have William being "excommunicated" from the Society of Friends before leaving for South Carolina. The document they are referring to is a letter about a William from the Friends in Philadelphia but is dated 1822 so is definitely not the William Sr. born 1723. Reading about Union county, SC, regarding the Quakers settling this area, one of the first surnames listed as having been Quakers in the Cross Keys area is Martindale.
There are exceptional bios for William Martindale Sr. b. 1723 on Ancestry which will not be repeated here but is worth mentioning. William was granted 150 acres 8-3-1774 in Union, SC. The land is described as lying "above and on Frenchman's Creek, a branch of Enoree River bounded according to the original grant by vacant land on all sides". To quote from these sources, "From 1770 to 1789, land grants were surveyed for William and his sons totaling over 1300 acres".
Martha Merrick Martindale is the mother of five sons and three daughters of William Sr. who were all born in Bucks, PA. After Martha passes in 1789, William remarries an Elizabeth Whitley who is described as being younger, of German or Dutch descent, and very industrious. She is the d/o George and Margaretha Irving Welch Whitley. His son Thomas marries Elizabeth's younger sister Mary Whitley.
THE SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF WILLIAM AND MARTHA MERRICK MARTINDALE:
JOHN MARTINDALE SR. b, 1745-49 Bucks, PA
William names his first son John as was the custom of the day, to name the first son after the paternal grandfather. John was born between 1745 and 1749 in Bucks, PA. He purchased 110 acres on a branch of Frenchman's Creek, 96 Dist. 10-8-1784; and 175 acres 12-18-1792. He was a colonel in the SC militia. He was a large land owner and the only Martindale in Union county to own slaves. He was a judge and was active in the government's tax collecting. He died in South Carolina before 1810. His son John Jr. is the John who moves to Georgia with brother Jesse. It appears that John Sr.'s youngest son William inherits this land.
John Sr. has six sons: John Jr. and Jesse appear to be the two oldest and move to Georgia around 1800. The last we see of them in South Carolina is in the 1800 census and a court document dated 1801. Rachel Martindale has declared herself a "free dealer" because her husband John (Ygr) had become insolvent (bankrupt). John Jr. is probably the one who is reported to have married a Rachel Young.
John Martindale Jr. was a member of the home defense companies during the Indian wars in Clarke, Georgia. On 8-17-1819 he was appointed a member of "Holts" 223rd GMD; and 1-29-1821 was appointed member of "Jack's" 233rd GMD. He was Justice of the Peace and performed the wedding ceremony of his brother Jesse.
We find John and Jesse in the 1815 tax list for Meriweather Dist., Clarke, GA., with John owning 82 acres. Jesse's name is recorded next to a Clark Meriweather. John is recorded in the 1820 census as 45+, Rebecca 45+, and two daughters, one 10-15 and one under 10. He is reported to have had a daughter Nancy b. 1813 in Clarke, GA. She marries Reuben Medders, and they move to Clay, AL. Also in this 1815 census, we see a widow with four children Mary Burgess Coleman b.1786 who lives near John; and on 2-8-1821 Jesse marries Mary Coleman, with brother John as Justice of the Peace.
Neither John nor Jesse are found in the 1830 census. When the 1840 census is taken, we find a W., which stands for Wesley, in Green, GA, b. 1800-1810, married with a daughter under 5; and with two slaves. The 1850 census shows Wesley's three daughters living with Charles and Rachel Harris and family in Cass, GA, (now Bartow). The Martindale girls are Margaret b. 1838; Sarah D. b. 1847; and Georgia A. b. 1847. Margaret is the female under 5 in the 1840 Green, GA, census; and in the Georgia Probate Records we find Wesley Martindale dated 10-1841.
In the 1840 census, we also find Mary Burgess Martindale has moved farther west to Chambers, AL. She has two sons 15-19; and one 10-14. Since we know the names of two of Jesse's sons, Jesse C. and Young W.L., we might assume that the John O. who is on the 1848 tax list for Clarke, GA, is the third son. If so, then John O. went back to Georgia where he was raised. However, it is possible that the John O. is the s/o John Jr. who could have been born after the 1820 census. In the 1850 census there appears to be two young female orphans, Sarah E. age 9 and Elizabeth Francis Martindale age 6, living with Calvin and Elizabeth Martindale Russeau in DeKalb, GA. Elizabeth is 27 b. 1823, and is thought to be the d/o John Martindale Jr.
The Martindale men who are in Limestone, AL, in 1820 are the sons of John, all but "my" William. There is James and Daniel born in the late 1770s to '80s, and Thomas whose birth year is always 1790 in records. Their youngest brother William b. 1794 remains in Laurens, SC, probably because he was young when his brothers and cousin William headed west. William is in the 1810 Laurens, SC, census, is 16 and single. He marries Sarah Miles d/o Thomas and Sarah Farrow Miles, and they have four daughters, Sarah b. 1815, Elizabeth b. 1817, Jane b. 1819, and Polly b. 1821. This William's descendants have concluded that John Sr. is his father.
1790 c. Union, SC Over 16/Under 16/Fe
William Sr. 2 0 1 John Sr. 1 2 4 William Jr. 2 5 2 Eliza 1 2 5
1790 c. Laurens, SC Joseph 1 0 1
1800 c. Union, SC
William Sr. 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 John Sr. 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 Thomas 3 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 Samuel 2 0 0 1 0 3 0 1 0 0 William 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 Jesse 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
1800 c. Laurens, SC John 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 Moses 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
1810 c. Union, SC, William 16-25 single
1820 c. Spartanburg, SC, William 26-44, wife 16-25, 2 females under 10
1830 c. Laurens, SC, only James 30-39 wife 20-29; one male slave 24-35, one female slave 10-23 Thomas 20-29 " 20-29, one male 5-9, one male under 5, one female 5-9
A court document dated 1801 "John Martindale et al Spartanburg District and Union District" explains the acreage in two different counties. Also, Joseph's deed was originally filed with Laurens county.
JAMES MARTINDALE b. 1751 Bucks, PA
James is William's second son, b. 1751 Bucks, PA. His name has been erroneously written as James Alexander Martindale; however, none of William's sons or daughters had a middle name. This practice did not exist in the mid-1700s but was adopted more toward the end of the century and on into the early 1800s. The name Alexander comes from Margaret (Julia) Alexander, the mother of eight of his fifteen children. Their youngest son is named James Alexander Martindale.
James' biography can be found on many sites. He marries Elizabeth Bishop 10-1-1771 in Cross Keys, Union, SC. There are no land records that can be found in S.C. for James as there are for brothers John, William Jr., and Joseph. It is possible that farming was not for him as he went back into the military after the Revolutionary War as a Lieutenant. He left his wife Eliza and seven children and never returned. There is an oral tradition that has come down to us that his family in South Carolina thought he had died. In Samuel's family, it has been said that Sam had to tend to the family at the age of nine. Since Sam's youngest sibling Thomas was born in 1782, that age seems accurate. It has also been written that Eliza died in 1796 in her mid-40s.
When his brother William Jr. applies for Veterans' pension from the war, the military locates James to corroborate his application information. They find him living in Gallia, OH, with wife Julia and family. This appears to be the first time William knew of his brother being alive as has been written by William Jr.'s grandson. No marriage record has been found for James and Julia Alexander.
From the 1790 census, we see that Eliza is HOH with one male over 16 (Samuel b. 1773) and two sons under 16 (one being Thomas b. 1782); with 5 females (one we know is Martha). Samuel marries in 1795, and Eliza dies in 1796. When we use the two census records as if they were Google Earth maps and compare the 1790 with the 1800 census, William has started a family and is living very near if not the same location as where Eliza was living in 1790, (same neighbors as are in the 1790 census). William is on pg 7; Samuel is married and living near by on pg 13. William Sr. is on pg 46; John Sr. and Jesse (with John Jr. living with Jesse) are on pg 45; Thomas is close on pg 49; and Joseph is on pg 37.
This helps to show that of the three men who are in Limestone, AL, in 1820, (William, James, and Daniel), William is the most likely to be James' unknown son. Without seeing that William is living so close to Samuel in 1800, and also in the same locality where Eliza was living in 1790, it would be impossible to determine where William fits in with these cousins, whether James' or John's son.
I have found my William. He is the unknown son of James. There is a birth record in Union county dated 1775 with parents James and Elizabeth Martindale, no name attached. Recent computer entries for this child has his name James due to the father's given name; we know now who he is.
Note: DNA comparison to a descendant of James Martindale revealed a match to this researcher.
James and Eliza Bishop Martindale's children: Samuel b. 2-23-1773; William b. abt 1776; Martha b. 2-5-1780; Thomas b. 2-17-1782; 3 daughters - names unknown
Samuel marries Elizabeth Campbell in 1795; Martha marries William Pearson; and Thomas marries Lydia Belue about 1810. They all move north to Miami, Ohio, not knowing their father is across the state from them, near West Virginia. These three are written about in Find A Grave, but as we can see, there are three other sisters whose names are lost to history.
James and Margaret (Julia) Alexander Martindale's children: John Alvin b. 1786 d. 1820; Druzilla (Josie) b. 1788 Bedford, VA d. 1875 Gallia, OH; Tabitha b. 1790 Bedford, VA d.1863; Joseph b. 1-11-1796 Greenbrier, VA d. 1837 Jackson, OH; David b. 4-1-1798 d.1837 Gallia, OH; Polly b. 1800 d. 1836; Moses b. 10-9-1802 Greenbrier, VA d.1849 Jackson, OH; Andrew S. b. 1806; James Alexander b. 3-26-1809 Greenbrier, VA d.1900 Gallia, OH.
WILLIAM MARTINDALE b. 3-8-1753 Bucks, PA
William Jr. was b. 1753 and marries Martha Bishop, the sister of Elizabeth Bishop Martindale. Their first two sons are John b. 10-12-1772; and Moses b. 1-26-1777. William and Martha move their younger children to Ohio before the 1800 census was taken and subsequently move to central Indiana. The John and Moses in the 1800 census are these two young men, and they take their families to Ohio as well; Elijah Martindale, John's son, remembers around 1800. Elijah is the author of the book available on line, "The Sermons of Elder Elijah Martindale".
After William Sr. passes in 1808, his widow Elizabeth Whitley Martindale moves north to be near William Jr. and his family. Martin, Miles, and David move north with their mother as they would have been under 18.
JOSEPH MARTINDALE c. 1759 Bucks, PA
Joseph. Nothing has been written about Joseph except tradition is that he married a Mary Young. All we know of Joseph is that he purchased 139 acres on a branch of the Enoree River in Dist. 96 on 12-17-1788, four years after brother John. The 1800 census shows he has one daughter under 10. He is not enumerated in 1810; the only Martindale in 1810 is 16-year-old William, John Sr.'s youngest son/Joseph's nephew.
Joseph is not thought to have had any sons; however, in the 1830 census Laurens, SC, we find a James and a Thomas, both born between 1800-1810. Joseph's original land deed is in Laurens. The only son of William Sr. still living in this area of SC is Joseph. William Jr. and James have moved north, and Thomas has moved west. John Sr. is deceased and his sons John Jr. and Jesse go to Georgia; the younger three sons named James, Daniel, and Thomas are the men found in Limestone, AL, in 1820. Joseph does have sons before he dies some time before 1810.
The 1830 census shows James and wife Elizabeth Templeton Martindale, with one male 20-29, a young son under 5, and two slaves. This under-5-year-old male is George Leland Martindale who moves to Arkansas. George is b. 12-25-1827, marries Martha Minerva Hutchinson, and d. 4-6-1909 Howard, AR. George held many prominent positions in Arkansas, being for many years a teacher, surveyor, and Justice of the Peace. Later in the 1850 census, James is enumerated as Capt. James Martindale and is in Laurensville, Laurens, SC, but we find him with his son in 1860 in Pike, AR. Later we see descendants in Pulaski, AR, Little Rock area.
Enumerated near James is his brother Thomas who is 20-29 and wife Rebecca 20 with the first three of their nine children. James remains in Laurens, SC, until later in life when we find him in Arkansas with his son George Leland Martindale. Thomas moves his young family west to Lauderdale, AL, the county just east of Limestone where their cousins settled in the 1820s. From the 1850 and 1860 Lauderdale, AL, census, it can be determined that Thomas was born 1800-1805 SC and that his first three children were born in SC. It shows that by 1832 they had moved to TN, then to Lauderdale, AL, by 1838. They maintain a plantation in Laudrdale, AL, and are in communication with their older cousins in Limestone, AL, albeit a more modest plantation. We can determine this due to common family members of both when reading the will of Thomas of Lauderdale, AL.
James, enumerated as "Capt." James Martindale, is in Laurensville, Laurens, SC, in 1850, but we find him with his son George Leland Martindale in 1860. They are in Pike, AR, where George holds many prominent positions, i.e. a teacher, surveyor, and Justice of the Peace. His descendants can be found in Pope and Pulaski, AR.
Note: Joseph Martindale's descendants should not be confused with the Martindales of White, AR, who are the descendants of Andrew Jackson Martindale, the s/o the William who is the subject of this article. Also Joseph's descendants should not be confused with the Martindales of Sebastian, AR, who will be discussed later in this article found under MARTINDALES OF OVERTON COUNTY.
As mentioned, older cousins James and Daniel b. 1770/80s and Thomas b. 1790 (sons of John Sr.) are still in Limestone, AL, and maintain a substantial plantation with the help of 66 slaves. In 1860 the reale estate was valued at $100,000, and personal property was at $50,000. Consider $100 in 1860 was worth $3,089 in today's (2020) currency, the plantation alone would have been valued at over 3 million and personal property at 1.5.
ELIZABETH, MARTHA, and a MARY MARTINDALE b. Bucks, PA; and MARY JACKSON MARTINDALE
It has been written that William and Martha Merrick Martindale had three daughters. A Mary is suppose to have married a Young. We do know that their daughter Elizabeth b. 4-19-1763 Bucks, PA, mar. Rev. Jesse Young in 1780 Cross Keys, Union, SC. Jesse and Elizabeth's daughter Martha Young b. 11-15-1791 marries john Austen b.11-13-1818 Madison, AL. They are buried in the Austen Cemetary in Lauderdale, AL. This is the county Joseph's son Thomas moves to and is there by 1738. (See Joseph's bio section above.)
William Sr.'s Martha has been thought to have married a David Norman, but his descendants have a Martha Storey as their ancestor. Martha marries a man named Black. She is found in the 1830 census as living with Mary Martindale after William passes in 1828. In three census records, she is reported as b. 1760 in Pennsylvania. This is Martha Martindale Black and is still living at 91 years of age with Mary in 1850.
Mary Martindale, widow of William d. 1828 Hardeman, TN, will be discussed here. She is thought to be daughter of Martha Black since Martha comes to live with Mary after William dies. Now we know Martha is Martha Martindale Black so Mary's maiden name was not Black. Even though we have no marriage record, there is a maiden name to consider. Their sons were Thomas J. and Andrew Jackson, my 3X great grandfather who liked to be called Jackson. Other researchers of William and Mary have their first son as named William, and they refer to him as William J. Martindale. During the first few decades of giving middle names, the mother's maiden name was the most often used therefore I propose that Mary's maiden name was Jackson.
It would be of interest to include what Ida Martindale Fletcher Booth told this researcher when interviewed in 1982. She was born 8-1-1898 Searcy, White, Arkansas. She said her grandfather's mother was Cherokee Indian. Her grandfather was Andrew Jackson Martindale, and the mother she was referring to was Mary Jackson Martindale b. 1780 Georgia. If one looks at a 1776 map for the area just west of Union, SC, and Mecklenburg, NC, it was designated Indian territory, the time period William Sr. moves his family from Philadelphia to South Carolina.
THOMAS MARTINDALE c. 1767 Bucks, PA
Where we know little to nothing about Joseph, we learn a lot about Thomas from bits and pieces of information left to us in wills, land deeds, and the one source which is my favorite, the census records. There will be a cast of characters in the telling of Thomas and his nephew William's story. Davy Crockett is mentioned. A lesser known yet written about in history books, we will discuss a Lieutenant Nicholas Welch who, one could say, inadvertently helped to determine the fate of the Revolutionary War.
Before the days of on-line research, the parents of Andrew Jackson Martindale was thought to be a John and Mary Martindale. Not knowing where it would lead, following this false information did reveal more about the story than just parentage; it pieced together the story of the Maartindales moving west.
The story begins and centers around a young boy named John Martindale who was not on any census record, nor has a birth record or death record. He probably did not live to be 10 years old yet he ties the Martindales with the Welches and the Whitleys and was the start to my search for William. We know this John boy (pun intended) did exist b/c he is written about in the will of George Whitley of Lincoln, NC, dated 1798. We see that Thomas Martindale is an heir to the estate of John Welch (d.1769 whose family will be discussed later) with the selling of the land in 1789. Thomas Martindale is the father of John Welch's grandson by Mary Welch. It is this researcher's opinion that Mary Welch Martindale died in childbirth and that is the reason the child is named John. William Martindale Sr. is a witness to this 1789 land transaction which indicates the Martindales could read and write. George and Margaretha Whitley and also Thomas Martindale sign their names as well; the others sign with an X.
George Whitley also considers John Martindale as a grandson because John is his wife Margaretha's grandson. Margaretha remarries George Whitley in 1771, and they have children, one of whom is a Mary Whitley who Thomas Martindale marries. (George would also be William Sr. AND his son Thomas' father-in-law since they married two of George's three daughters. It's Complicated.)
John Welch dies in 1769, leaving a will stating the land should be sold to pay off any debts, and the proceeds be divided by his heirs. Mentioned in the will is his wife Margaretha Iving Welch, his daughters Rebecca and Margaret, and John Jr. They receive personal possessions, a horse and two mares. Not mentioned were his first three older sons Nicholas, Thomas, and William, or daughter Mary as she was an infant or not yet born. The will states "five pounds (sterling) for her in child Rearing" has been interpreted as "child Bearing", which could be the reason for the idea Mary was born after her father's death.
John Welch Sr. had received a land grant in Lancaster, PA, in 1737, which he sold in 1747 and moved to North Carolina. On 10-24-1759 John received a Majesty's (King's) Patent for 2,434 acres of land on the Catawba River in North Carolina, (then Anson and Tryon counties, now Lincoln). Five years after John's death, the land was sold to the highest bidder, son Nicholas Welch.
John Welch Sr.'s heirs: widow- Margaretha Irving Welch, Nicholas Welch Thomas Welch William Welch John Welch Rebecca Welch Oliphant Margaret Welch Edmondson Thomas Martindell
Margaretha remarries George Whitley in 1771. They have one son Moses, and daughters Elizabeth, Hannah, and Mary Whitley. Mary Welch and Mary Whitley are sometimes confused with one another. Also, this is the Elizabeth who married William Sr. When William Sr. dies in 1808, Elizabeth with her three sons move to be near William Jr.'s family in Indiana. From 1830 thru 1850, her nephew Enoch Kutch, Hannah's son, is living near Elizabeth in Hendrick, IN.
George and Margaret Whitley live on this land in Lincoln county during and after the Revolutionary War. Nicholas Welch had to purchase it before the war in 1774, with no potential buyers until 1789 when it finally sells. Nicholas, Thomas, and William Welch sold George Whitley some of this original land in 1795. This is reflected in his will where we learn of this elusive John, s/o Thomas and Mary Welch Martindale. He wills his land to his son Moses except for "the remainder of my land for the term of seven years"... to go to John Martindale "without having any rent conditions" ... "for her (Margaretha's) continuance on the place".
George Whitley wills to young John Martindale a cow, a yearling heffer, and his saddle. He writes "My rifle gun shall be sold at public sale, and the money to be put to use of schooling John Martindale and my daughter Hannah's older daughter Margaret". If Moses dies and the land has to be sold, "then John Martindale son of Thomas shall receive $50 out of the profit". The proceeds were to go to his three daughters Elizabeth, Mary, and Hannah. George Whitley also makes allowance for Elizabeth's oldest son and Hannah's oldest daughter with $50 each.
What this will shows is that John is at the age for an education and old enough to take care of two head of cattle. We know John was born by 1789 as Thomas is listed on the land deed transfer. He is alive in 1798 as he is written of in the will of George yet in the 1800 c, there is no son in that age group for Thomas who is living in Union, SC. Young John does not appear to be living in Lincoln, NC, with the Whitleys either. In the 1800 census, Thomas' sons are all under 10 years of age whereas John would have to be older than 10. When we follow the census records on into later years, it becomes apparent that John is not living as he is nowhere to be found. All of Thomas' sons can be identified as the decades go by, and none are John. John had to have died between 1798 and 1800.
Thomas' age must be recalculated from the original birth date of 1757. Several census records would indicate he was born in the early '70s; however, 1767 is probably more accurate. We remember Mary Welch, his first wife, had to have been born by 1769, the year her father John Welch dies.
THE WELCHES: Nicholas b. 1740; Thomas b. 1738; William b. 1758; John b. abt 1760; Rebecca Welch Oliphant, and Margaret Welch Edmiston.
Before we follow Thomas west to Kentucky then to Tennessee, we need to discuss the Welches. They are an integral part in the telling of Thomas' story. Thomas is living in Kentucky in 1810, but after Nicholas Welch dies in Giles, TN, in 1814, Thomas is living near Nicholas' widow Sarah in Lawrence, TN by 1820. Nicholas' half brother William Welch Sr., son William Welch Jr., and nephew Nicholas also follow Nicholas to Lawrence, TN.
In the 1810 census, we see there are two Thomas Martindales, one in Pulaski, KY; one in Rutherford, TN, (Nashville area). We need to discuss the Welches to distinguish which Thomas Martindale is which later on in this story. BOTH marry into the Welch family at about the same place and at about the same time. The Whitleys lived in Lincoln, NC, (formerly Mecklenburg). The Welches are in both Lincoln and neighboring Mecklenburg which is where the Thomas Martindale (s/o Daniel of Patrick, VA) purchased 87 acres in 1770. At this same place and time are the Martindales of Union, SC, where William Martindale has lived since 1773.
Nicholas Welch was born about 1740 in Lancaster, PA, to John and Elizabeth Whiteside Welch. He has one full brother Thomas; one half brother William; and four half-siblings John, Rebecca, Margaret, and Mary Welch whose mother is Margaretha Irving Welch.
Nicholas Welch not only "fought" for the British, he was instrumental in leading Tory men to battle, a battle that would eventually lead to the British losing the war. Nicholas Welch is in the history books regarding The Battle of Ramsour's Mill, just prior to the Battle of King's Mountain.
The website myrevolutionarywar.com/battles/800620-ramsours-mill describes Nicholas Welch from the time he lived:
"The Tories were embodied at Ramsour's Mill through the efforts of Lt. Col. John Moore and Maj. Nicholas Welch. ... Welch was the son of John Welch... . He was of Scottish descent, of great fluency of speech and fine persuasive power. They bore English commissions, were arrayed in splendid official equipment, and made lavish display of British gold. By June 20, these zealous loyalists collected at Ramsour's Mill a force of 1300 Tories...."
An article "The Battle of Ramsour's Mill (June 20, 1780)" written by Jonathan Martin can be found on website northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia. He writes:
"Four hundred militiamen primarily from the Burke, Iredell, Mecklenburg, and Rowan counties gathered... . A battle between Tory and Patriot neighbors and brothers soon occurred." The Patriots "advanced through the early morning fog to surprise the Loyalists. The Tories were confused until they were organized by Moore and Welch to repel the Patriot attack. As Daniel W. Barefoot noted (at the time) neither side had uniforms to distinguish who was friendly and who was foe, and many soldiers were forced to fight with their hands because they did not have weapons. Barefoot writes, 'to identify themselves, the Patriots pinned white paper on their hats while the Tories stuck green twigs to theirs' ". (Encyclopedia of N.C. p. 946).
Jonathan Martin summarizes in the North Carolina History Project as follows:
"Even though the Patriots were outnumbered, they soundly defeated the Tories at Ramsour's Mill. The battle took seventy lives and left two hundred wounded. ... The Patriot victory ...although poorly coordinated, left Cornwallis stricken for recruits when he later invaded the western section of North Carolina. In addition, Patriot morale was increased following their victory, indirectly leading to the later victory at King's Mountain on October 7, 1780."
Nicholas Welch's story does not end there. He and his family sought asylum in Florida and lived in deprivations there until relocating to the Bahamas. There is a commemorative memorial in his honor in England for his contribution in the Revolutionary War for the British. They are able to move back to the states where he becomes a land speculator. He among other family members and neighbors from this area of NC and SC "hunker down" so to speak in Giles, TN. They are awaiting their deeds to land in and around the Limestone county area in Alabama; this was called The Simms' Settlement. Lieutenant Nicholas Welch dies in this area, Giles, TN, in 1814.
The Simms' Settlement is the only time in American history when the Federal troops were called out to expel the white man. The military burned houses and barns they had built, torched fields, and took their livestock, whatever it took to get them to leave the area. Still the settlers waited (in Giles county) until it was agreed when they could return. Interesting read.
THOMAS WELCH b. 1738 Lancaster, PA
Thomas Welch is Nicholas' older brother who marries Rachel Blackburn. He receives a land grant 2-22-1772 for 250 acres on Buffalo Creek, Lincoln, NC. He has two daughters, Catherine who marries John Norman; and Ann who marries John's uncle Forney Norman. John Norman has a brother William, and Thomas Martindale of Mecklenburg, NC, marries William's daughter, thought to be named Mary Norman.
THE "OTHER" THOMAS MARTINDALE of MECKLENBURG, NC, and RUTHERFORD, TN:
This Thomas Martindale is the s/o the Thomas who came to Mecklenburg, NC, around 1770 from Patrick, VA. He is the grandson of Daniel (b. 1714) of Patrick, VA. Both Thomas Martindales had to have known each other, one having been Nicholas Welch's brother-in-law, the other married a Norman whose uncle and great uncle have married daughters of Thomas Welch. There is only a slight age difference, possibly five to ten years' difference in age.
This Thomas moves to Rutherford, TN, by 1810 along with other family from Mecklenburg, NC. Thomas Welch, brother of Nicholas, dies in Rutherford, TN, in 1808. The census shows Thomas Martindale living near Thomas Welch Sr.'s family: Thomas Welch Jr. 26-45; Rebecca Welch 45+ who lives next door to John Norman, brother of William Norman Sr., Thomas Martindale's father-in-law.
In 1817 there is a land deed transfer from a William Norman to Thomas Martindale, and he is on the 1832 tax list for Williamson, TN, the adjacent county.
There is also a marriage record for Thomas' daughter Nelly in 1829 who marries Joseph Denton in Rutherford, TN.
Thomas' daughter Nancy b.1-21-1803 married Abraham Chronister 10-9-1831 in Cape Girardear, MO. Abraham Chronister was b. 1791 Lincoln, NC. In the 1810 c, there is William Norman who is 16-25, probably Thomas Martindale's brother-in-law. This William Norman is the William who marries Eve Chronister, and they move to Cape Girardeau, MO.
GEORGE MARTINDALE of MARTINDALE, CALDWELL, TEXAS:
There is nothing to indicate who George Martindale and his brothers' father is, the George for whom the town of Martindale, TX, is named. He has been associated with Union county Martindales yet nothing conclusive. Using just census records, the three Martindale men who are in DeSoto, MS, in the 1840 and 1850 census can be associated with either Thomas Martindale of Rutherford, TN, in the 1810 census or James Martindale of Fayette, TN, in 1830.
It is thought by some researchers that George was born in Union, SC, because #1, Nancy Martin was from Union, SC; and #2, there was a George Norman who lived in Union, SC; however, there is a flaw to that. We have established that a James and a Thomas were the sons of Joseph. Joseph is the only Martindale who could have fathered sons born between 1800-1810 in Union, SC.
George Martindale is not the s/o Thomas of Union, SC, (later of McNairy, TN), and this can be proven. Comparing the 1830 census McNairy, TN, with the 1840 census DeSoto, MS, it is easy to see they are not the same George. There are two James Martindales enumerated in the same 1840 census, one in McNairy, TN, and one in DeSoto, MS; not the same James. Thomas' George moves as far west as Nevada where the paper trail ends.
The 1850 census DeSoto, MS, has two of the Martindale men born in Tennessee; George's place of birth says Ohio. He is not the s/o any Martindale known to be living in Ohio during this time (1800-1805). He is not the s/o James Martindale of Union, SC, (the s/o William Sr. who moved to eastern Ohio with Julia Alexander). He is not the s/o Samuel or Thomas, (the sons of James who moved to western Ohio). They are not sons of any of William Jr.'s older sons who were in Ohio for a few years before moving to Indiana.
Because the place of birth was enumerated Ohio for George in one census, a wider search may be needed. However, it appears to this researcher that the men of DeSoto, MS, are the sons of James of Fayette, TN, the s/o John Sr. The connections to the Union, SC, Martindales point to them as being their family. Notice that George Martindale and Nancy Martin marry in Lauderdale, AL, 12-4-1823 where Joseph's son Thomas had moved. James has four sons under 21 in the 1820 census Limestone, AL. He moved there with his brothers Daniel and Thomas, and with cousin William.
There is nothing to connect these DeSoto men to the Thomas of Rutherford, TN, yet it is possible they could be his sons. If they are not, as has been suggested, this researcher has yet to locate them in Tennessee or surrounding states for 1840 or 1850 census records.
WILLIAM WELCH c. 1750
William Welch is thought to be half brother to Thomas and Nicholas Welch and the Welch children whose mother is Margaretha. John Welch Sr. (d. 1769) was married to Ann Sharp who died shortly after their marriage, and William is thought to be her son. In the 1820 census Lawrence, TN, we see Thomas Martindale living near William Jr. and Sarah Welch, Nicholas' widow. William Sr. is also there with Nicholas Welch, s/o Thomas Welch. Thomas Welch's son headed west with his Uncle William and Uncle Nicholas (his name sake) rather than move to Rutherford, TN. Ten years later, William Sr. is in Wayne, TN, along with Thomas and Mary Whitley Martindale's oldest son William.
JOHN WELCH c. 1760
John is the only s/o John Welch (d.1769) with Margaretha. His name is not on the deed to the sale of his father's land in 1789 which has been questioned by other genealogists. There are no clues why as he does have a family in 1789.
THOMAS MARTINDALE (continued)
Thomas had left Pulaski, KY, where he was during the 1810 census and moved to southern Tennessee. He originally moved to KY with the Whitleys between 1800-1810 after George Whitley died in 1798. Hannah, the sister of Elizabeth and Mary Whitley, married Daniel Lee Koontz who was from Kentucky.
While in Lawrence, TN, Thomas meets another man known to history. David Crockett. The famous Davy Crockett was the enumerator for the 1820 c Lawrence, TN, and lived near Thomas and others from Union, SC. Davy Crockit, as he spelled it, was 34, and Thomas Martindale was in his mid-to-late 50s. There are only 13 pages to the 1820 Lawrence, TN, census. Some of the people we are familiar with who left Union, SC, and Lincoln, NC, can be found in this census. Listing them by page # are folks like:
pg 2 Thomas Martindale, Sarah Welch William Welch Jr. pg 3 James Duncan pg 4 Sally Duncan pg 9 Thomas Welch, James Young, James Edmondson, John Edmondson, Robert Edmondson (tax exempt) pg 10 (David Crockit), William Welch Sr. (tax exempt) pg 11 John Welch, William Counce (Kuntz) pg 12 James Welch
From the telling of the Martindales' story so far, the reader can see they are leaving the area in droves. This micro study of one family is an example of how people are moving north or west after the Rev. War. Leaders were hard pressed for money for schools, roads, or agricultural needs. These poor conditions led to significant out-migration, and in some years more numerous than those coming into the state.
It is difficult to determine who left first of the men still in Union and Laurens, SC, during the first ten years of the 19th century. Whether it was John's sons John Jr. and Jesse going not far but into Georgia; Thomas leaving for Kentucky; or if it was John's younger sons James, Daniel, and Thomas along with my William, to Alabama, they were all gone by 1810. All the Martindales have left except for, as mentioned earlier in John's section, John Sr.'s youngest son William who was b. 1794 and is 16 and single in the 1810 census. It appears that this William inherits their father's land in Laurens.
Thomas Martindale moves his family to Pulaski, KY, some time after 1800 and before 1810. After George Whitley dies in 1798, the men of the family are George's son Moses Whitley, Thomas Martindale, and their brother-in-law Daniel Lee Kutch who had married Hannah, Mary and Elizabeth Whitley's sister. Daniel Kutch was from Casey, KY, adjacent to Pulaski. His father Deidrick Kutch was b. 1745 in Prussia so Daniel is first generation born in this country. The families of Thomas Martindale, Moses Whitley, Daniel Lee Kutch, and Margaretha (Irving Welch) Whitley all move to Kentucky.
While living in Kentucky, Thomas' son William marries. William is Thomas and Mary Whitley Martidale's oldest son, and a year after he returns from the War of 1812 marries Elizabeth Slavin in Garrard, KY. They travel to Indiana for awhile and are in the 1820 c near his Uncle Billy (William Jr.) and his cousins. Elizabeth Slavin Martindale is quoted later in life to have said she has children and grandchildren scattered over several states. Thomas and Mary's daughter Elizabeth marries Joel Warren 7-17-1815 in Pulaski, KY, and they move to Shelby, KY. It states on the record, "with the consent of the father Thomas", and Moses (her brother) was the bondsman.
Another marriage takes place while in Kentucky, and that is Daniel Lee and Hannah Kutch's daughter Margaret who marries William Duncan s/o James and Mary Crockett Duncan. These family connections will show up in the 1830 c for Hardeman, TN, and was evidence for this researcher that my William was related to the Thomas of McNairy, TN. James and Willilam Duncan (father and son) are living near widow Mary Martindale in Hardeman, TN, in 1840.
After William and Elizabeth Slavin Martindale return from Indiana, it appears his father Thomas helps him purchase land in Wayne, TN. In the 1830 census Wayne, TN, William and wife Elizabeth are 30-39, with eight children. He died some time between 1830 when the census was taken and 1835. Their daughter would not have married in Hardeman, TN, if they were living in Wayne. Elizabeth G. Martindale marries 12-20-1835 Robert Edmondson Kyle Sr. (1805-1875). Of note is William Welch Sr. is in this census for Wayne, TN, and he is 70-80, next to Edmond Welch 50-60.
It is thought that Thomas, often called Thomas Moses (incorrectly, there is no middle name), had seven sons; however, this researcher has only found five which corresponds to the census records. William has been mentioned, Moses, Daniel, and the two youngest George Whitley Martindale, and James K. By 1820, William is the only one who has left home. It is reported that Moses married an Indian girl, and they moved to Texas. Moses' descendants show he has two sons, George b. 1830 Pulaski, KY, and Elisha b. 1832 Ouachita, NV. There is also a marriage place for Harris, TX, but the record has not been found.
Since Moses and brother George are thought to have lived in Harris, TX, there may have been a mass exodus of the entire family to Texas. Daniel settles in Panola, TX, with his niece and nephew whereas Moses and George go further to Houston, Harris, TX; with Moses going further to Nevada.
George had been purchasing land in McNairy, TN, before moving west. James K. remains in McNairy and has six sons under 10 in the 1840 census. One of these sons, William b. 1835, moves to Alcorn, MS, just east of Tippah, MS.
The niece and nephew referred to are Elizabeth G. Martindale Kyle and William W. Martindale who are also in the 1860 census. Elizabeth and William W. are the children of William and Elizabeth Slavin Martindale, the grandchildren of Thomas Martindale, mentioned previously. They are buried in the Old Union Cemetary, Panola, TX.
We have evidence to suggest their cousin William went to Texas, and he was suppose to have lived in Harris, TX. Which William was this? "My" William's first son, the William who Martindale researchers refer to as William J. Martindale. He married Rispha Williams in Hardeman, TN, in 1830. Two decades later there is a Mary J. Martindale in the 1850 c who is living with the Williams family in Hardin, TN. She is 18 years old and born in Texas. This girl must be William and Rispha Williams Martindale's daughter. What happened to William and Rispha?
On the same page as Mary J. Martindale age 18 in Hardin, TN, is Carolyn Sweeten age 27 as HOH, with five children ages 11 to 3. Carolyn Sweeten is the proven daughter of William and Elizabeth Slavin Martindale. Elizabeth Martindale's will lists her eight children: Arthusa Richards; Elizabeth G. Kyle b. 1818; Solon b. 1821 IN; Cyrena (Carolyn) b. 1823; William W. b. 1824; Theodore b. 1826; Tabitha Marshall, and Mary A. Martindale.
Please refer to the WikiTree entry for Elizabeth Slavin's father John Slavin b. 12-25-1757 in Bladen, NC. In his bio is an article which describes a letter to a judge in Garrard, KY, from Elizabeth. The letter explains that she has purchased land (160 acres) in Tippah, MS., and that she is going to be living near her daughter Cyrena Sweeten. We see the widow Elizabeth and my William's widow Mary living near one another in Tippah, MS, in the 1840 census. Solon and Theodore settle in Tippah; and William W. is in Tallahatchie, MS, beginning his family. William W. moves to Texas with sister Elizabeth G. Kyle and uncle Daniel Martindale.
For this Martindale family to lose these two men in such a short span of time is cause to ask if there is a reason for both Williams to pass within a 5-7 year period. William (s/o James) dies in 1828 in his early 50s, and Thomas' son William would have been in his 40s. It is possible that both these men were struck down by cholera as there was a cholera pandemic which hit this area of the country from 1826 to 1837.
The move to Tippah, MS, for both widows Mary and Elizabeth and their families was initiated by Thomas J. Martindale b. 1806 TN, s/o William and Mary. Thomas purchases 160 acres 4-9-1842, followed by Elizabeth purchasing 160 acres 6-15-1843. Thomas purchases another 156 acres in 1845, then two and a half years later Andrew Jackson Martindale purchases 197 acres.
By 1847, the Martindale families are farming over 670 acres in Walnut, Tippah, MS. In the 1850 census we see Thomas J., Riley, Andrew Jackson, and Claiborne; along with their second cousins Solon and Theodore in Tippah, MS, beginning their families.
MARTINDALES OF OVERTON COUNTY TENNESSEE:
A John Martindale seems to suddenly appear in the southern states in the 1820 census for Overton, TN. If we look at land records, however, he was not the first Martindale to come to the county. They are brothers, or close family, as they have the same deed records albeit at different dates. The deeds appear to refer to the same location as Land Grant #137.
9-16-1807 Daniel Martindale #478; 1-1809 Daniel Martindale Land Grant #137; 9-28-1812 Daniel and William Martindale.
Those are the last entries for Daniel or William. The only name we see now is John.
11-7-1814 John Martindale. Also dates: 11-6-1816; 11-1-1821; 11-14-1825; 1836; 5-25-1837; and 10-1-1839.
Going back to the 1790, 1800, and 1810 census records, we see that there are Martindales in Caroline and Talbot counties in Maryland. They are the descendants of Samuel b. 1667 who stayed in Talbot, MD, and joined the local militia. (NOTE: This is contrary to his brother John b. 1676 who remained Quaker and relocated to Philadelphia. More details need to be checked as to whether these two Martindales were actually brothers or if this was a genealogical error entered into the computer. Land records would suggest the Martindales of Maryland were in this country before Immigrant John Martindale arrived in Maryland and going on to Upper Makefield, Bucks, PA.)
Samuel's sons were Henry b. 1696; twins Thomas who moves to Kent, DE, and Samuel b. 1708; and Daniel b. 1714, the Daniel who moved to Patrick, VA, and whose sons also moved south after the Rev. War. Daniel's descendants moved to the surrounding areas of North Carolina with the exception of one, Thomas of Mecklenburg and later Rutherford, TN.
The 1790 census lists Samuel's grandchildren but has no data, just names: Samuel, Henry, Esther, and Mary in Caroline, MD; and an Elizabeth in Charles, MD. (None recorded in Talbot.)
In 1800 we have Henry, Samuel, John Sr., and John Jr. There are Martindales now in Talbot, MD, where Samuel originally lived. It is written that when Samuel died Henry inherited the farm and Samuel Jr. and sisters moved to Caroline county. We see a Richard, Price, and a Nottaway Martindale in Talbot establishing a plantation.
The 1810 Talbot census shows a progression that ten years' effect will have. Richard has died and his widow Ruth is now HOH and Price Martindale shows a plantation with nine slaves. The Caroline county record is different; it has a decline in population. There are eight less males in 1810 than in 1800. John Martindale Sr. is there, but John Jr. is not, nor is there a Samuel which in 1800 had three males living with him.
One other clue is in a . . . census record. . . although we have to go decades to get it. If we follow the John of Overton, TN, we see his sons Thomas and James are in Barry, MO, in 1850; and Daniel, the youngest son, remained in Overton. In Barry, MO, there is a Mary Martindale living with a young couple, the Stockdons, James and Rebecca ages 18 and 17. Mary is 63, born 1787 in Maryland, and is probably Rebecca's mother. (This has been interpreted as Michigan, but one can clearly see it is very legible as Maryland.) This Mary is the widow of John Martindale of the 1820 Overton, TN, census.
The fact that Mary is born in Maryland is not proof, just a lead. The next step is to see if there are any neighbors or family members who came with John. Fortunately there are marriage records for Maryland during this time period. There are three Johns marrying between 1790 and 1801 in Caroline county. Richard marries in 1792 in Caroline but is in Talbot by 1800.
There appears to be three Johns enumerated in 1800 Caroline, MD. From the marriage records, this is understandable. A John marries Mary Manship 3-5-1790; a John marries Margaret Saulsbury 3-8-1791; and then ten years later a John marries Charlotte Montague 12-12-1801 (after the census). There is also a Nancy Martindale who marries a James Harrison 12-28-1808 in Caroline. This is the last entry for any Martindale marrying in Caroline county. From 1801 to 1827, the only marriages are six in Talbot, one in Anne Arundell, and one in Baltimore county, MD.
Cross-referencing these maiden names with those surnames in Overton, TN, in 1820 we find two James Harrisons. One is James Jr. who is in the age range 26-44 with wife (Nancy) 26-44, and a son and daughter 10-15, and three sons under 10. Proof that John, and the Daniel and Willilam who came before him to Overton, TN, are from Caroline, MD.
- 1 Hardeman County Wills 1828-1838 LL Goodman E.B. Hill, Recorded Jan. 28, 1829 TN Probate Court Books 1795-1927. Dated 10-28-1828, pg 87/93.
- 2 1830; Census Place: Hardeman, Tennessee; Series: M19; Roll: 176; Page:348; Family History Library Film: 0024534.
- 3 "Reflections: A History of McNairy County Tennessee 1823-1996".
- 4 Alabama Census Returns 1820 and An Abstract of Federal Census of Alabama 1830 Reprinted from The Alabama Historical Quarterly Vol. 6, Number 3, Fall Issue 1944.
- 5 Year: 1810; Census Place: St. Phillip's, Charleston, South Carolina, Roll: 60; page 391.
- 6 1820 U.S. Census; Census Place: Charleston Neck, Charleston, South Carolina; Page:79; NARA Roll: M33_119.
- 7 Ancestry.com. South Carolina, Wills and Probate Records 1670-1980 (database on-line). Provo, UT USA. Page 289-290.
- 8 Ancestry.com. Colonial Soldiers of the South 1732-1774 (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA. Original data: Clark, Murtie J. Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co. 1999.
- 9 Archives of Maryland Vol. 18, page 23, found on line @ query.mdarchives.state.MD.US.
- 10 Source #9
- 11 Mecklenburg County North Carolina GenWeb Archives. Found on line @ USGWArchives.net. Submitted by Connie Ardrey
- 12 "The American Revolution in North Carolina" found on line @ carolana.com.
- 13 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 15 Third Census of the United States, 1810. (NARA Microfilm Publication M252, 71 rolls). Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 16 U.S. Quarterly Meeting Records 1681-1935 Swarthmore College; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; Minutes, 1719-1903; Collection: Quarterly Meeting Records; Call Number: RG2/Ph/W73.7.
- 17 Union County South Carolina Minutes of the County Court 1785-1799 by Brent H. Holcomb, C.A.L.S.
- !8 Second Census of the United States, 1800. NARA Microfilm Publication M32 (52 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 19 Location of Clarke County, Georgia Tax Digests compiled by Mary Hoit Abbe. Clarke-Oconee Genealogical Society @ Sites.rootsweb.
- 20 Fourth Census of the United States, 1820. (NARA Microfilm Publication M33, 142 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 21 Sixth Census of the United States, 1840. (NARA Microfilm Publication M704, 580 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 22 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. (NARA Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, roll 63.
- 23 Ancestry.com "Georgia Wills and Probate 1742-1992". (database on line). Provo, UT, USA.
- 24 Sixth Census of the United States, 1840. (NARA Microfilm Publication M704, 580 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington D.C.
- 25 Source #19
- 26 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. (NARA Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 27 Third Census of the United States, 1810. (NARA Microfilm Publication M252, 71 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 28 Source #4
- 29 Source #17
- 30 Year: 1790; Census Place: Union, South Carolina; Series: M637; Roll 11; Page: 38; Image: 42; Family History Library Film: 0568151
- 31 Year: 1800; Census Place: Union, South Carolina; Series: M32; Roll: 50; Page: 218; Image: 428; Family History Library Film: 181425
- 32 DNA available upon request.
- 33 Source #17
- 34 Source #31
- 35 Fifth Census of the United States, 1830. (NARA Microfilm Publication M19, 201 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 36 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. (NARA Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 37 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. NARA microfilm publication M653, 1438 rolls. Washington D.C.: National Archives Record Administration, n.d.
- 38 Probate Record Packets, 1800-1920; Author: Alabama Probate Court (Lauderdale County); Probate Place: Lauderdale, Alabama.
- 39 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. (NARA Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls). Record of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
- 40 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. NARA microfilm publication M653, 1438 rolls. Washington D.C.: National Archives Record Administration, n.d.
- 41 Source #40
- 42 Lincoln County, North Carolina, Wills and Estate Papers; Author: North Carolina. Division of Archives and History; Probate Place: Lincoln, North Carolina.
- 43 Wills; Author: North Carolina. County Court of Pleas and Quarterly Sessions (Tryon County); Probate Place: Lincoln, North Carolina.
- 44 Ancestry.com. North Carolina, Land Grant Files, 1693-1690 (datbase on-line). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry Operations, Inc., 2016.
- 46 Source #42
- 47 Source #15
- 48 Source #15
Researched and written by: Karen Martindill Graham E-mail: email@example.com