Mason Name Study

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Surname/tag: Mason
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Mason is a common name, with numerous variants. It is usually an occupational surname derived from stonemasons, although there seem to be exceptions to this, see the section on Italian origins below. This study will be primarily concerned with determining lineages that use the spelling Mason, but variations are welcome, especially if a particular Mason profile uses multiple variants or is the point where one variant changes to another in the lineage.


  • France: An occupational surname possibly derived from Old French word machun which means "stone cutter". There has been a Mason family seat in Provence since ancient times[1] Mason is also considered a variant of Masson, which could come from marsh dweller.[2]
  • England: The name was brought to England with the Normans after 1066.. Some sources also indicate a Flemish origin. "The name Mason originates from Scotland and England. It is derived from the occupational name for a stone mason, from the Middle English, Old Flemish of 'mas(s)on' (apparently of Germanic origin, perhaps akin to the Old English 'macian' which means to make or 'mattuc' meaning mattock). Compiled information from Historical and Private archive's has confirmed that the surname 'Mason' and or it's variant's, dates as far back as the 13th century were a 'Gotte le Mazoun', from the County of Hertfordshire, England, is recorded on the Hundred Rolls in 1273."[3]
  • Italy: the surname derives from Maso, short for Tommaso, "The surname Mason was first found in Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte, Piedmontese and Occitan: Piemont) in the 13th century where early records show the Masini family, decedents of a long line of counts, lived and whose members included Oddone, elected captain of the commune in 1284, and Oddonnino, governor of a town, Vercelli, in 1290."[4]
  • Ireland: "Christopher Mason from Sion in Middlesex arrived in Waterford in 1627 and settled there. His grandson John was four times mayor of Waterford between 1696 and 1712. Another line via Robert Mason came to Galway in the 1690’s. Their home was Masonbrook. This line became the Monck Masons and they made their mark as writers."[5]
  • Scotland: Wikipedia lists Mason as a Sept of Clan Sinclair[6] and also as a variant of Masson, which could come from MacMhathain[7]


There are an amazing amount of variations for this name. Mason is an old name derived from an important occupation and most variations seem to be based on phonetic spellings in several European languages. Examples include (but are not limited to) Mayson, Masson, Massen, Macon, Machun, Mazun, Machen, Machin, Maceon, Meeson, etc.

"The first recorded spelling of the family name is possibly that of Richard Machun. This was dated about the year 1120, in charters of the Danelaw, for the county of Lincolnshire, during the reign of King Henry 1st," -Read more:


These Mason profiles moved the surname considerable distances

  • There are plans to move this Migration section to a free space page with more geographical sections (for Australia and others as needed) and research/resources notes.

Arrivals in North America

Major General John Mason: England to Connecticut, Puritan Great Migration, Pequot War
Sampson Mason: England to Massachusetts
Robert Mason: England to Massachusetts, Puritan Great Migration
John Mason: England to Massachusetts, Puritan Great Migration
Captain Hugh Mason: England to Massachusetts, Puritan Great Migration
Samuel Mason: Devon, England to Darlington, Upper Canada

How to Participate

Add the category to your profiles and check out the task list if you want. Add details about your research and jump right in with whatever you think the study needs. Please contact the project leader Sarah Mason or leave a comment at the foot of the page if you have any questions or suggestions. Thanks!


This is a One Name Study to collect together in one place everything about the Mason surname and the connections to variants of that name. The hope is that other researchers like you will join our study to help make it a valuable reference point for people studying lines that cross or intersect.

Task List

  • Please add [[Category:Mason Name Study]] to your Mason profiles.
  • Location based categories within the study have previously been based on birthplace at the county level when possible to help trace migrations of family groups. This was thought to help organize what could become a large study. However, this thought has changed. Please, feel free to categorize Mason profiles to any location they have records for. Hopefully this will help with connections. If you are not comfortable creating a category that does not exist yet, please leave a note with the Wiki id of the profile and desired location category
    • Please remember Mason is a common surname and being in the same location WILL NOT mean profiles are related. However, this practice WILL give clues that can help find those relationships.
  • If your Mason line connects to a spelling variation, please consider including information about it in your research notes for the relevant profiles.
  • Check these out for the surname Mason:


Source Library

WikiTree space pages

External Links

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I have added information on Mason arrivals in 1834 from Devon, England, to North America, at Darlington, Upper Canada (Ontario). See Mason-15934 .
posted by James Mason
edited by James Mason