Mayflower Compact

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Project: Mayflower

Mayflower Compact in Gov. William Bradford's hand

The "Mayflower Compact" was signed on 11 November 1620 while the Mayflower lay at anchor in what is now Provincetown Harbor. The Pilgrims had permission from the English authorities to settle in "Virginia." They planned to settle near the mouth of the Hudson River. They decided instead to stay outside the bounds of the Virginia Company because of the hazards which occurred when they tried to travel south. The Mayflower Compact set out a legal form of self-government until they could get formal permission from the Council of New England, which would be granted in the form of the Pierce Patent of 1621.

The original Mayflower Compact has been lost, but several copies were made and lists of signers were published before its loss. This one is from Governor William Bradford's history Of Plymouth Plantation. Spelling and punctuation have not been modernized, although modern lettering has been used.

In yͤ name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwriten, the loyal subjects of our dread Soveraigne Lord, King James, by yͤ grace of God, of great Britaine, Franc, & Ireland king, defender of yͤ faith, etc.
Haveing undertaken, for yͤ glorie of God, and advancemente of yͤ Christian faith, and honour of our king & countrie, a voyage to plant yͤ first colony in yͤ Northerne parts of Virginia, doe by these presents solemnly & mutualy in yͤ presence of God and one of another, covenant, & combine our selves togeather into a civill body politick, for our better ordering & preservation & furtherance of yͤ ends aforesaid; and by vertue hereof to enacte, constitute, & frame such just & equall lawes, ordinances, Acts, constitutions & offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meete and convenient for yͤ generall good of yͤ Colonie unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witnes whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cap-Codd yͤ . 11. of November, in yͤ year of yͤ raigne of our soveraigne Lord King James of England, france, & Ireland, yͤ eighteenth, and of Scotland yͤ fiftie fourth. Ano dom . 1620.

John Carver Edward Tilley Degory Priest
William Bradford John Tilley Thomas Williams
Edward Winslow Francis Cooke Gilbert Winslow
William Brewster Thomas Rogers Edmund Margeson
Isaac Allerton Thomas Tinker Peter Browne
Myles Standish John Rigdale Richard Britteridge
John Alden Edward Fuller George Soule
Samuel Fuller John Turner Richard Clarke
Christopher Martin Francis Eaton Richard Gardiner
William Mullins James Chilton John Allerton
William White John Crackston Thomas English
Richard Warren John Billington Edward Dotey
John Howland Moses Fletcher Edward Leister
Stephen Hopkins John Goodman

"Why Did Only Forty-One Passengers Sign the Compact?", Pilgrim Notes and Queries (Boston, Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1913) Vol. 1, Page 18

- Wikipedia
- Prince, Thomas. A Chronological History of New England in the form of annals ... (Cummings, Hilliard and Co., 1736) Vol 1 pp 84-86, list pp 85-86

Comments: 2

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Why does the Space:Mayflower_Compact page link to Teresseah Jane Rigdale (1816-1843) instead of John (Rigsdale) Rigdale (abt.1595-abt.1621)? Is it just the simple typo of Rigdale, instead of Rigsdale? If so, can anyone correct it? I've not made edits on a Free Space page before, so feel free to tell me the correct etiquette for this situation. Thanks and Happy 400th Anniversary from a 13x direct descendant.
posted by R Prior
Thank you, It was a typo. And it would have been ok for you to correct such an obvious error.
posted by Anne B