Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Nova Scotiamap
Surnames/tags: MiKmaq_Sources First_Peoples_Canada MiKmaq
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... ... ... was a Canadian First Peoples and member of the Mi'Kmaq Nation.
The Mi'Kmaq Nation encompasses areas of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and areas of Gaspe' within the Quebec Province, Newfoundland and Labrador. The ancestors of this nation were a nomadic people, and much of their movements, and lives was recorded by government officials, missionaries, Jesuits, explorers, traders and others.[1] The Mi'Kmaq unceded territory is known as Mi'kma'ki.[2]
The Mi'Kmaq bands/tribes are a part of the Wabanaki Confederacy[3] and the Algonquin Nation. They speak Algonquin Language forms known as Mi'kmaw/Mi"gmaw/Mi"gmak[4]
Being of a nomadic nature, they lived near to water-way accesses, and used their traditional birch-bark canoes to travel, hunt, fish and trade.
Birchbark Canoe of the Mi'Kmaq
To this current day (year-2020) The Mi'kmaq are known for their traditionally hand crafted items, such as porcupine quill-work, birch bark boxes, and ash basketry.[5]
Notable Mi'Kmaq People
  • Anli-Maopeltoog - Mi'Kmaq Grand Chief Membertou
Mi'Kmaq People on Wikitree [11]
  • Gaspe'
  • Labrador
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia
Office of Aboriginal Affairs - Aboriginal People in NS[12]
Acadia First Nation- https://www.acadiafirstnation.ca/
Annapolis Valley First Nation - http://avfn.ca/
Bear River First Nation - http://bearriverfirstnation.ca/
Eskasoni First Nation - http://www.eskasoni.ca/Home/
Glooscap First Nation - https://www.glooscapfirstnation.com/
Membertou First Nation - http://www.membertou.ca/
Millbrook First Nation - https://www.millbrookband.com/
Paq'tnkek First Nation - http://paqtnkek.ca/info/paqtnkekfirstnation/
Pictou Landing First Nation - https://plfn.ca/
Potlotek First Nation - https://novascotia.ca/abor/aboriginal-people/community-info/chapelislandfirstnation/
Sipekne'katik First Nation - http://sipeknekatik.ca/
Wagmatcook First Nation - http://www.wagmatcook.com/
We'koqma'q First Nation
  • Prince Edward Island
Locations /Burial Grounds & Cemeteries
  • Dartmouth Cemetery - Mi'Kmaq Burial Grounds & Catholics [6]
Correspondences -
  • Treaties- 1st Signed in 1725, but was not acknowledge until 1982 after a lawsuit and Canada Supreme Court Ruling that confirms the 1725 Treaty and the rights of the Mi'kmaq Nation (Constitution Act-Sect. 35).[7]
  • Treaty Ratification- 1725- [8]
  • 1713 July 11-14 - Treaty at Portsmouth, NH (Governing Council & Wabanaki Confederacy)-[9]

  • Nova Scotia- Mi'Kmaq [10]
  1. Nova Scotia Archives, Parish St. Jean de Baptiste "An Acadian Parish Remembered" [11]
  • MARIA AGENCY- Correspondence Claim of Micmac of Restigouche to Long Island in the Grand River Cascapedia - Copy of Petion signed by the Micmac Chiefs dated 4 August 1846 - 21 Document Images, Library & Archives Canada (RG10)
Micmac Petion / Maria Agency Restigouche -Claim to Long Island/Grand River/Cascapedial[12]

  • Picture Rocks: American Indian Rock Art in the Northeast Woodlands[13]
  • Books Available @ LOC (Library of Congress online)
Legends of the Micmacs Catalog Record - Date: 1894, Electronic Resource Available Edited by Helen L. Webster. Also available in digital form.Contributor: Rand, Silas Tertius - Webster, Helen Livermore,
Electronic copy from HathiTrust http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000291328
LCCN Permalink - https://lccn.loc.gov/02016471
  • Beothuk and Micmac, Catalog Record - Date: 1922, Electronic Resource Available Also available in digital form. Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith)
Mi'Kmaq Stories & Legends by Elders
Three Generations of a Micmac Family/Stories and Converstations, by Franziska von Rosen[14]


  1. Nova Scotia Archives/Mi'kmaq Holdings Resource Guide, [1]
  2. Halifax Municipal Archives,Mi'Kmaq Source Guide, [2]
  3. Wabanaki Confederacy/Map,"1713 Treaty of Portsmouth, Wabanaki Confederacy Map
  4. https://www.mikmaqonline.org=Mi'gmaq Mi'kmaq Micmac Online Talking Dictionary
  5. Mi'Kmaq Craft Images, Nova Scotia Archives, [3]
  6. Dartmouth Cemetery, "The Ground Beneath our Feet" Blog w/images, July 30, 2012, accessed 13 Jun 2020 [4]
  7. Wikipedia, Mi'Kmaq/treaties, [5]
  8. Images (transcript & original)Transcript 1725 Treaty Ratification, Boston, MA, Nova Scotia Archives
  9. 1713 Treaty of Peace and Friendship/Portsmouth NH, Website-Portsmouth.com, [6], [7], Map Wabanaki Confederacy- [8]
  10. Resource Guide to Genealogical Research (Instructions /Visit the Archives)- [9]
  11. NS Archives, Acadian Parish Remembered, Acadian and Mi'Kmaq Parishioners are listed within the records. [10]
  12. MARIA AGENCY - CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING CLAIM OF THE MICMAC INDIANS OF RESTIGOUCHE TO LONG ISLAND IN THE GRAND RIVER CASCAPEDIA (COPY ON PETITION SIGNED BY THE MICMAC CHIEFS DATED 4 AUGUST 1846) 1846-1896. Library and Archives Canada, Collections, Micmac, File. RG10. Volume/box number: 2844. File number: 173,288. Copied container number: C-11285. Textual material. [Access: Open]. Government. Finding aid number: 10-10, MIKAN 2068065
  13. Picture Rocks: American Indian Rock Art in the Northeast Woodlands, By Edward J. Lenik, pg.17+ (Petroglyphs of Nova Scotia) Petroglyphs Nova Scotia, google books, accessed 13 Jun 2020
  14. Three Generations of a Micmac Family/Stories and Converstations, Library and Archives, Canada, Finding Aid- FA 10 94, Mi'Kmaq, http://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.redirect?app=rcap&id=311&lang=eng, accessed on 5 May 2021 by Arora

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Categories: Mi'kmaq