Mier Expedition

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Date: Nov 1842 to Feb 1843
Location: Ciudad Mier, Tamaulipas, Mexicomap
Surnames/tags: Texas Mexico
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"The Mier expedition was an offshoot of the Somervell expedition, an unsuccessful military operation launched in November 1842 by a Texian militia against Mexican border settlements. It included a major battle at Ciudad Mier on December 26 and 27, 1842 which ended with a Mexican victory. The attack was partly in hopes of financial gain and partly in retaliation for the Dawson Massacre (as named by Texans) earlier that year, in which thirty-six Texas militia were killed by the Mexican Army. Both conflicts were part of continuing efforts by each side to control the land between the Rio Grande and Nueces River. Texas believed that this territory had been ceded to the Republic in the Treaties of Velasco, by which they gained independence; but Mexico did not agree." [1]

Date: November 1842 – February 1843
Location: Ciudad Mier, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Result: Mexican victory
Belligerents: Texas/Mexico
Commanders and leaders:

  • Texas: Alexander Somervell, William S. Fisher, Ewen Cameron
  • Mexico: Francisco Mejía, Pedro de Ampudia


  • Texas: ~700
  • Mexico: ~3,000


Battle of Mier

Black Bean Episode

"At a location called El Rancho Salado, a jar containing 159 white beans and 17 black beans was presented to the Texan prisoners. Each man drew a bean from the jar, while blindfolded. The 17 Texan prisoners who drew black beans were executed at dusk by a Mexican firing squad. This is known as the Black Bean Episode and occurred on March 25, 1843, three months after the Battle of Mier." [2] "In 1847, during the Mexican-American War, the remains of the men executed in the Black Bean Episode were retrieved from Mexico and interred near La Grange, Texas, (with those who died in the Dawson Massacre), at which site has been established a monument." [3]



The following transcript is from: The Morning Star (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 5, No. 550, Ed. 1 Saturday, September 9, 1843, page 3 of 4, newspaper, September 9, 1843; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth1497966/: accessed May 3, 2023), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu.

Near Mexico, Jult 14th, 1843.
Messrs. Lumsden, Kendall, & Co:
GENTLEMEN—Herewith you have a statement of the fate of the Texian prisoners taken at Mier, on the 26th of December last, up to the present time, viz:
John Dusenberyy, NY
Daniel McDonald, NY
Cyrus K Gleason, NY
P F Bowman, NY
James Young, NY
H Journay, NY
Thos Davis, NY
Wm H Van Horn, NY
A B La Forge, NY
Abraham Hedenberg, NY
John Brennan, NY
Peter Ackerman, NY
Wm H Moore, NY
Sam'l H Walker, Md
Francis White, Md
Wm Davis, Md
Thos S Smith, Md
Wm F Wilson, Va
Ezekiel Smith, Va
— Millon, Va
Wm A Wallace, MI
David Allen, Va
John Johnson, Va
Thos W Murray, Va
H B Morrell, Ga
F M Gibson, Ga
Ransom Boswell, Ga
Jeffrey Hill, Ga
John Hill (boy), Ga
W J Reyman, Ga
J P Wyatt, Ga
Wm F McMath, Ga
E H Pitts, Ga
Freeman Douglass, Ga
Robt Willoughby, England
William R Davis (sic), Alabama
The above is a list of those daily working on the public streets.
At the Hospital in the City of Mexico.
John Taney, Md
John McMullen, Md
Gilbert R Brush (boy), NY
Wm M Vandyke, Ga
Patrick Lusk, Tenn
Leonidas Edwards, Tenn
Thos K Nelson, Tenn
Mark Rogers, Tenn
Wm Dunbar, Tenn
O N R Willis, Tenn
A Moser, La
At the Hospital of San Luis Potosi.
Peter Rockyfellow, NY
Jas McMichen, Va
John Stansborough, Ky
Allen Holderman, Ky
Wm P Stepp, Mo
B Z Boone, Mo
Wm Martin
Chas Hill, Eng
At the Hospital at Matamoros.
Frank Hughes, Penn
Lynn Bobo, SC
Malcolm McAuley, Scot
Jos Barber, Mass
Nathaniel Mallan, Mass
Released by Santa Anna.
Geo B Crittenden, Ky
Wm Reese, (boy), Ky
Orlando Phelps, Miss
Asa Hill, NC
J J Sinickson, NJ
Wounded at Mier who made their escape.
Henry D Weeks, NY
Winfield Chalk, Va
Wm T Scott, Ga
John St Clair, Penn
John Bideler, Penn
Wm Ripley, Penn
Geo W Piland, Tenn
James O Rice, SC
Lewis Hays, SC
Nath'l Mallen, Mass
Robt Beale, DC
Left in the Mountains after the Charge at the Salada.
John Blackburn
J T Morehead, Va
Wm Oldham
Wm H Cody, Ga
John Calvert, Tenn
John R Alexander, Ina
C Buster, Ky
S Rice, Mass
John Toops, Ohio
Wm Mitchell, Mo
A J Lewis, Ala
Perry Randolph, Ala
Thos W Cox, Ala
J B Nealy, Ala
Geo Anderson, Scotland
F Bray, Germany
Killed, and Died of their Wounds at Mier.
Dr Isaac Tower, NY
Wm H Hasmore, Ga
Hanks Kirkendall, Tenn
W S Illyea, Penn
Jos Berry, Ind
— Bassett, Ky
— Dickenson, Ky
Wm Hopson, Ky
Jas Austen, Mo
— Hannah, SC
Jas Urie, SC
Alvin E White, Vt
Stanley Lockerman
J E Johnes, Eng
Alex McKinnell, Scotland
A Jackson, Ireland
— McDade
Mich'l Cronican
Shot by Order of Santa Anna, April 25, 1843, at Huchutoca, ten leagues from Mexico.
Massacred at the Salada, 25th March, 1843.
M C Wing, NY
Jas Ogden, Va
Jas D Cocke, Va
Wm Rowans, Ga
J N McThompson, Tenn
Charles Roberts, Tenn
Wm M Eastland, Tenn
Robert Dunham, Tenn
John S Cash, Pa
Henry Whaling, Ia
Thos L Jones, Ky
Edward Este, NJ
R W Harris, Mo
James V Torrey, Conn
J L Shepard, Ala
James Turnbull, Scotland
Patrick Maher, Ireland
Died at Mexico and on the Road.
Wm H Blanton, Ga
Robert Smith, Tenn
E G Kaufman, Tenn
B Middleton, Ill
John Owens, Pa
R Beard, Mo
John M Shipman, Mo
Thos Colville, Scotland
Sam'l McClellan, Ireland
W B C Bryant
At Perote Prison, 60 Leagues from Mexico.
Charles Clark, NY
Wm S Fisher, Va
Mm M Shepard, Va
Dan'l A Hallowell, Tenn
Judge Sanders, Tenn
George Bush, Ky
Richard Keene, Ky
Daniel Davis, Ky
Daniel J Barney, Ky
Samuel Lyons, England
Escaped from Perote, July 2d.
Thomas J Green, NC
Chas K Reese, Ky
D Drake Henry, Ohio



  1. Mier expedition, Wikipedia
  2. Ewen Cameron, Wikipedia]
  3. Ciudad Mier, Wikipedia

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I've started a transcription from https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth1497966/m1/3/zoom/?resolution=2&lat=3668.880333157568&lon=2152.432197927408

I hope you don't mind. Happy to have help, though. I've put in the section headings and put ... where names are missing.

Kind regards, Chris

posted by Chris Willoughby