no image

Migration Category Structure

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: migration categorization policy
This page has been accessed 4,316 times.


Contents

Scope

Migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily, in a new location. People may migrate as individuals, in family units or in large groups (known as mass migration).[1] For more clarification on the issue, see this G2G, Immigration vs Emigration.

The migration covered under this scope is often over long distances and includes emigration from one country and immigration to another. This often includes, but is not limited to, topics around colonization, diaspora, economic migrants, or those who are forced to move as a result of conflict, human rights violations, violence, or to escape persecution.

An emigrant leaves from his or her homeland to live in another country.
An immigrant is a person who once resided somewhere else and now lives here (wherever 'here' is).
An easy way to remember what emigrant and immigrant mean is that emigrant and exit both start with 'e', while immigrant and into both start with 'i' (when you emigrate you exit; when you immigrate you come into a country).
For example, a Swedish woman decides to move across the Atlantic Ocean. To herself, and to the country of Sweden, the woman is an emigrant, someone who left Sweden (and went to America). To her new American neighbors, the woman is an immigrant, someone who came into America (and had been born in or living in Sweden). Choosing which term to use depends on perspective: whether she is being referred to by Swedes or by Americans.'
Notes:
  1. While internal migration (within one geopolitical entity) is the dominant form globally (e.g. the general trend of movement from rural to urban areas)[2], it is not covered under the scope of this categorization structure. For internal migration that is important to genealogical research,Category: Regions or Template:Nonmigrating Ancestor should be used.
  2. The temporary movement of people for the purpose of travel, tourism, pilgrimages, or for commuting purposes is not regarded as migration, in the absence of an intention to live and settle in the visited places.
  3. Nomadic movements are not normally regarded as migrations as there is no intention to settle in the new place and because the movement is generally seasonal.

Principles

Categories are used to group profiles in order to serve a genealogical purpose. Planning on certain category structures is sometimes necessary to keep global categories from becoming useless (too broad or too narrow). If everybody developed categories that they wanted, or that only they could use, we would lose the benefit of having global categories altogether.

For notations, actions or characteristics that would only ever be of personal interest, Personal Categories, Stickers or Templates should be used.

Future needs and development should be considered when creating migration categories. Categories that may fall into multiple categories should be classified as accurately as possible, contain no self-usage (link a category to itself), and not introduce circular references (e.g. being both a parent of and a subcategory of another category).

When the scope of a migration category falls outside of the specified structure herein, or it is unknown how to properly classify the category, it should be discussed with Project:Categorization by asking a question in G2G using the tags - categorization and migration.

The names of all migration categories (especially the landing level migration categories expected to be placed on profiles) should contain enough information to clearly convey the scope and intent of that category, without needing the context of the parent categories it may be nested under.

  • [[Category: 1776 Immigration]] is an example of a category name that does not provide any meaningful information to a profile (i.e. where are they Emigrating from, and where are they Immigrating to?).
  • [[Category: Migrants from PlaceA to PlaceB]] clearly defines the migration path and no further context is needed to understand the intent of the landing category. Any other relevant details, such as time period, port of entry or vessel, can either be added to the biography, or through the use of other categories (see ).

Note: Since there are many possible migration categories, it should be noted that not all possible categories have been created, and will only be created when a need arises.


Structure

First Level

The first level is Migration. Since Migration is a top-level category, the parent category is Category:Categories and has been agreed to in G2G discussions, as well as through the collaborative efforts of the Categorization Project.[3][4]
[[Category:Migration]] L1
The Migration category page should not be modified without prior discussion with the Categorization Project, and no individual profiles should be linked to this category.

Second Level

The second level categories contain all country specific categories for both emigration and immigration. The format is Country, Emigrants and Country, Immigrants.
[[Category:Migration]]
[[Category:Country, Emigrants]] L2
[[Category:Country, Immigrants]] L2
No individual profiles should be linked to the second level category.
Content of the category: Category should have CategoryInfoBox Migration template with the following parameters. It will add all necessary parent categories.
For Country, Emigrants categories For Country, Immigrants categories
{{CategoryInfoBox Migration
|fromCountry= England
}}
{{CategoryInfoBox Migration
|toCountry= England
}}

Third Level

The third level incorporates the details of the administrative entities for a particular Country. The format is AdminEntity, Emigrants and AdminEntity, Immigrants (based on the parent (second level) category).
[[Category:Migration]]
[[Category:Country, Emigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Emigrants]] L3
[[Category:Country, Immigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Immigrants]] L3
Individual profiles should only be temporarily linked to the third level category when more detailed information is currently unknown.
Content of the category: Category should have CategoryInfoBox Migration template with the following parameters. It will add all necessary parent categories.
For AdminEntity, Emigrants categories For AdminEntity, Immigrants categories
{{CategoryInfoBox Migration
|fromCountry= England
|fromEntity= Kent
}}
{{CategoryInfoBox Migration
|toCountry= England
|toEntity= Kent
}}

Fourth Level

The fourth level starts to incorporate details of the movement (both from and to), and will include both an Administrative Entity designation and another Country designation. The format is AdminEntity, Emigrants to Country and AdminEntity, Immigrants from Country.
[[Category:Migration]]
[[Category:Country, Emigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Emigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Emigrants to Country]] L4
[[Category:Country, Immigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Immigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Immigrants from Country]] L4
Individual profiles are welcome and accepted at the fourth level. In many cases, only one side of the story is known (i.e. a person left Austria and arrived in New York, United States; or a person left Moravia, Austria and landed in the United States). Once more details are discovered, profiles should be moved to lower-level categories.
Content of the category: Category should have CategoryInfoBox Migration template with the following parameters. It will add all necessary parent categories.
For AdminEntity, Emigrants to Country categories For AdminEntity, Immigrants from Country categories
{{CategoryInfoBox Migration
|fromCountry= England
|fromEntity= Kent
|toCountry= United States
}}
{{CategoryInfoBox Migration
|fromCountry= United States
|toCountry= England
|toEntity= Kent
}}

Fifth Level

The fifth level is the landing category that profiles should strive to fall under. This category level will contain movement from an Administrative Entity to an Administrative Entity. The format will always be Migrants from AdminEntity to AdminEntity, regardless of the parent category that it is nested under (i.e.Emigrants from or Immigrants to). The level of detail provided in this level of categorization allows for multi-stream categorization.
[[Category:Migration]]
[[Category:Country, Emigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Emigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Emigrants to Country]]
[[Category:Migrants from AdminEntity to AdminEntity]] L5
[[Category:Country, Immigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Immigrants]]
[[Category:AdminEntity, Immigrants from Country]]
[[Category:Migrants from AdminEntity to AdminEntity]] L5
Individual profiles should strive to reach this level of categorization.
Content of the category: Category should have CategoryInfoBox Migration template with the following parameters. It will add all necessary parent categories.
For Migrants from AdminEntity to AdminEntity categories
{{CategoryInfoBox Migration
|fromCountry= England
|fromEntity= Kent
|toCountry= United States
|toEntity= New York
}}

Multi-Stream Categorization Structures

By following the Categorization Structure displayed in Section 3, a profile can be categorized at the preferred level (Level 5) through two different category streams (Emigration and Immigration). This allows users to follow multiple streams either to, or from a category.

[[Category:Migration]]
[[Category:Scotland, Emigrants]]
[[Category:Argyll, Emigrants]]
[[Category:Argyll, Emigrants to United States]]
[[Category:Migrants from Argyll to Louisiana]]
[[Category:United States, Immigrants]]
[[Category:Louisiana, Immigrants]]
[[Category:Louisiana, Immigrants from Scotland]]
[[Category:Migrants from Argyll to Louisiana]]

Redistribution (Redistricting)

Redistribution is the process by which administrative regions (or geographic areas) are added, removed, or otherwise changed. Redistribution is a form of boundary delimitation that changes political (or geographic) boundaries, usually in response to periodic census results, or through annexation.[5]

By following the Categorization Structure displayed in Section 3, a profile can be categorized at the preferred level (Level 5) through multiple different streams (i.e. origin and destination). This allows users to follow multiple streams either to, or from a category.

[[Category:Migration]]

[[Category:France, Emigrants]]
[[Category:Alsace, Emigrants]] L3 contains multiple parents (both France and Germany)
[[Category:Alsace, Emigrants to United States]]
[[Category:Migrants from Alsace to New York]]
[[Category:Germany, Emigrants]]
[[Category:Alsace, Emigrants]] L3 contains multiple parents (both France and Germany)
[[Category:Alsace, Emigrants to United States]]
[[Category:Migrants from Alsace to New York]]

Country division

CountryDivision TypeSubDivisions
Europe
Austria 9 States Burgenland (Burgenland), Carinthia (Kärnten), Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), Upper Austria (Oberösterreich), Salzburg (Salzburg), Styria (Steiermark), Tyrol (Tirol), Vorarlberg (Vorarlberg), Vienna (Wien)
Denmark Not Divided
England Counties Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Cornwall, Cumberland, Derbyshire, Devon, Dorset, County Durham, Essex, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Kent, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Middlesex, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, Northumberland, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Rutland, Shropshire, Somerset, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Sussex, Warwickshire, Westmorland, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, Yorkshire
Finland Not Divided
France (Pre-1790) Provinces Île-deFrance, Berry, Orléanais, Normandy, Languedoc, Lyonnais, Dauphiné, Champagne, Aunis, Saintonge, Poitou, Guyenne, Gascony, Burgundy, Picardy, Anjou, Provence, Angoumois, Bourbonnais, Marche, Brittany, Maine, Touraine, Limousin, Auvergne, Alsace, Artois, Roussillon, Flanders, Franche-Comté, Lorraine, Corsica, Nivernais, Comtat-Venaissin, Savoy...
France (Post-1790) Not Divided
Norway Not Divided
Russian Empire Governorates
Slovenia Not Divided
Sweden 24 Counties (including 6 former counties and excluding 3 counties created 1997/1998) Stockholm County, Västerbotten County, Norrbotten County, Södermanland County, Östergötland County, Jönköping County, Kronoberg County, Kalmar County, Gotland County, Halland County, Värmland County, Örebro County, Västmanland County, Gävleborg County, Västernorrland County, Jämtland County, Blekinge County, Uppsala County, Skaraborg County, Gothenburg and Bohus County, Älvsborg County, Kopparberg County, Malmöhus County, Kristianstad County
Switzerland22 Cantons Canton of Zürich, Canton of Bern, Canton of Luzern, Canton of Uri, Canton of Schwyz, Canton of Unterwalden, Canton of Glarus, Canton of Zug, Canton of Fribourg, Canton of Solothurn, Canton of Basel, Canton of Schaffhausen, Canton of Appenzell, Canton of St. Gallen, Canton of Grisons, Canton of Aargau, Canton of Thurgau, Canton of Ticino, Canton of Vaud, Canton of Valais, Canton of Neuchâtel, Canton of Geneva. (Modern cantons: Jura, Appenzell Inn/Ausserrhoden, Nidwalden/Obwalden, Basel-Stadt and Basel-Landschaft should not be used unless migration happened after 1999).
Asia
India Not Divided
North America
Canada 10 Provinces and 3 Territories Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, ALberta, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut
United States 52 States and other jurisdictions Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington State, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Oceania
Australia 6 States and 3 Territories (excluding external territories) New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Northern Territory, Norfolk Island
New Zealand 16 Regions North Island: Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Taranaki, Manawatu-Wanganui, Wellington
South Island: Tasman, Nelson, Marlborough, West Coast, Canterbury, Otago, Southland

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors. "Human migration." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 16 Mar. 2018. Web. 21 Mar. 2018.
  2. Wikipedia contributors. "Internal migration." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 27 Jan. 2018. Web. 21 Mar. 2018.
  3. Category Tree Level 1
  4. What is the Purpose of Categories?
  5. Wikipedia contributors. "Redistribution (election)." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 25 Nov. 2015. Web. 17 Mar. 2018.




Collaboration
Comments: 54

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
Is anyone working on adding the county list for Scotland?

From what I can see, this list should be the definitive list for this purpose. https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Scottish_Counties Which matches this subcategory list: https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Category:Scottish_Counties

posted by Stu Ward
edited by Stu Ward
The Space page and the Category:Scottish_Counties are the approved list of counties as maintained by the Scotland Project.
posted by Doug McCallum UE
Thanks Doug, I'm just suggesting that there should be the same list here on this page so people can find it when they look here. Then if they're confused over whether to add Inverness, Invernessshire or Inverness-shire, they will know right away. If noone is doing it, I'll do it myself except I need edit access to this page.
posted by Stu Ward
edited by Stu Ward

Categories: Categorization Help