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Brig Gen. Karl Heinrich Albert (Charles) Adams Jr formerly Schwanbeck

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[unknown]
Surnames/tags: Military Civil War Indian Wars
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The goal of this project is to ... prove Charles Adams military record from the time he emigrated to America from Prussia to when he was discharged from the 3rd US Cavalry as Brigadier General, circa 1873-75??? His 2nd enlistment by Gov. McCook

Right now this project just has 2 members,

  1. me. I am Carole Taylor. DAR Smoky Hill Trail
  2. Hyla S Tryon-Jenks DAR Smoky Hill Trail

Here are some of the tasks that I think need to be done. I'll be working on them, and could use your help.

  • FIND the rest of his military history
  • 6th Mass. Inf.
  • 21st Mass Inf
these are the only 2 regiments mentioned on his military headstone

Will you join me? Please post a comment here on this page, in G2G using the project tag, or send me a private message. Thanks!


Research

The f-a-g photos of both headstones give DOB as 1840 not 1845,
YES, it is the right man, as per Notables of the cemetery. The 1870 census gives "1845" as DOB.
The parents according to wikipedia.com, give us a match for the attached birth record. Carl's name is different, see the birth Records
  1. The fold3 does have one Charles Adams BORN IN MASSACHUSETTS, Charles Adams B:1843 Mass. JOINED the 6th Massachusetts Infantry (100) D:1925 Minn. not GERMANY, This Charles Adams died 1925 in Minnesota, Pension card with place of death.

Military

" In April 1866, Companies A, D, E, H, and L were sent to Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania to be brought back up to strength, and the regiment wasonce again ordered to the New Mexico territory to campaign against the Indians.
In 1868–1869 many fights against Mescalero Apache, and also Jicarilla Apache, Navajo and Ute Indians involved detachments of the regiment between the Rio Grande and the Pecos River." (wikipedia.com)

Engagements

3rd Massachusetts cavalry civil war
Siege of Port Hudson, La., June 17-July 9, 1863.
Duty at Port Hudson until January 1864, scouting, outpost and patrol duty.
Action at Jackson August 3, 1863.
Plain's Store November 30.
Ordered to New Orleans, La., January 2, 1864.
Duty at Carrollton until February 29.
March to Berwick and Brashear City
February 29-March 10.
Red River Campaign March 10-May 22.
Advance from Franklin to Alexandria March 14–26.
Monett's Ferry and Cloutiersville March 29–30.
Natchitoches March 31.
Crump's Hill, Piney Woods, April 2.
Bayou de Paul, Carroll's Mills, April 8.
Sabine Cross Roads April 8.
Pleasant Hill April 9.
Natchitoches April 19.
Monett's Bluff, Cane River Crossing, April 23.
Hudnot's Plantation and Alexandria May 1.
Mansura May 4.
Retreat to Morganza May 13–20.
Mansura May 16.
Moreauville May 17.
Yellow Bayou May 18.
Dismounted June 25 and equipped as infantry.
Moved from Morganza to New Orleans, La., July 3;
then to Fort Monroe, Va., and Washington, D.C., July 15–28.
Moved to Monocacy, Md., July 29;
then to Harpers Ferry, W. Va., August 4,
Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28.
Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19.
Fisher's Hill September 22.
Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.
At Cedar Creek until November 9.
At Opequan Creek, near Winchester, until December 25.
Moved to Stephenson's Landing, then to Remount Camp, Pleasant Valley, Md.,
December 25–28, and duty there until February 24, 1865.
Again mounted and equipped as cavalry February 15.
Moved to Opequan Creek March 8.
Scout to Front Royal March 16.
Scout to Woodstock April 1.
Duty at Cedar Creek, Edinburg, Winchester, and Berryville until April 20.
Moved to Washington, D.C., April 20–22, and
duty at Fall's Church until May 22.
Grand Review of the Armies May 23–24.
Duty at Bladensburg and Cloud's Mills until June 14.
Moved to St. Louis, Mo., June 14–20;
then to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, June 21–25.
Regiment consolidated to six companies July 21.
March to Fort Kearney, Neb., July 27-August 16.
March to Cottonwood Springs, Colo., August 23–28;
then to Fort Kearney August 29-September 1, and
to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, September 8–18.
3rd Massachusetts cavalry civil war
Lieutenants
  1. Charles Adams
  2. Curry
  3. Granger
  4. Fenno
  5. Pope
  6. Pierce
  7. Rowley
  8. Sanborn
  9. Weston

"Beginning in February 1870, most of the companies of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment began moving individually to the Arizona Territory, but the Regimental Headquarters and Company I moved to Camp Halleck, and Company D to Camp McDermit, both in northern Nevada.

Late in 1871, the regiment was transferred north to the Department of the Platte, which included what are now the states of Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Nebraska. The 3rd Cavalry became the main cavalry force for Department operations in the Black Hills region.[7]"

THIS would be the time period that General Charles Adams was Commanding the 3rd Cavalry.
wikipedia.com on
"The history of the Colorado National Guard began Jan. 23rd, 1860, when the 1st General Assembly of the Jefferson Territory authorized the formation of two military companies - the “Jefferson Rangers” and the “Denver Guards”. These units were later disbanded and the Colorado Volunteers stood up as the official Territorial Militia.
On Feb. 26, 1861, Colorado became a territory of the Union. William Gilpin, the first Governor, organized the “Colorado Volunteers” for the defense of the territory and to oppose the looming invasion of Confederate forces during the Civil War.
The 1st Colorado Volunteers met and defeated the Texas Confederates at La Glorieta Pass, New Mexico, on March 23-25, 1862.
Colorado’s 2nd Volunteer Cavalry served with distinction against Confederates in Missouri and Kansas while also responding to Indian attacks in the area. Battle of Sand Creek, Nov 1864, the 3rd Colorado Cavalry successfully stemmed the killings of settlers in the area.
After Colorado became a state in 1876, the Colorado State Militia was activated dozens of times. With Arapahoe and Cheyenne aggression reaching a boiling point on the Colorado plains in the 1860s, a militia was raised in an attempt to quell violent bands of Indians>"




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Categories: Military