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Military Service Controversy of 2 men named Henry Flesher

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The NSSAR, Patriot # P-159321, and DAR, # A040745, both lists a Henry Flesher as being born about 1739 but in Augusta, Virginia with the death listed as after 26 Nov 1802. The DAR does have a notice on Henry Flesher’s page, 'of 2 men with the same name from Augusta County'


Heinrich Fleischer aka Henry Flesher Born: circa 1734 in Ober-Seemen, Hessen-Darmstadt, Germany Arrival: 2 Nov 1752 Onboard the ship Phoenix; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania[1] Arrived with his brother Johannes Peter Fleischer, aka Peter Fleisher, and his family. Peter had a son, Henry Fleisher born: circa 1758 in Pendleton, Virginia[2]

Henry Flesher, b. 1734, died in Harrison, Virginia. Date of his death is between 26 Nov 1802, the date of his Will[3] and 5 Mar 1803 the date his estate was inventoried.[4]

Henry Fleisher, b. 1758, died in Highland, Virginia. Date of his death is between 26 Mar 1821, the date of his Will[5] and July 1821 the probate date of his Will.[6]

In the book “Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish settlement in Virginia, extracted from the original court records of Augusta County, 1745-1800”, by Lyman Chalkley. Pub. by Mary S. Lockwood, Henry Fleisher is appointed as 2nd Lieutenant in Capt. William Lowther’s company on page 201 in August 1778. On page 202 of the same book, Henry Fleisher is appointed as second lieutenant in Capt. John McCoy’s company in October of 1778. It is unlikely the same person was appointed as 2nd Lieutenant to two different Captains.

Capt. William Lowther was living in Harrison, Virginia in 1778. He moved to the Hacker’s Creek Settlement in 1772.[7] He spent most of his service time on the western frontier defending settlements from Indian attacks.

Capt. John McCoy was living in Augusta Co, VA (now Highland Co) starting in 1773.[8]

Based on the information above, it could be concluded that Henry Flesher b. 1734 was most likely in Capt. William Lowther’s company since they both lived and had interests in Harrison, Virginia. Henry Fleisher b. 1758 was most likely in Capt. John McCoy’s company since they were both residents of what is now Highland, Virginia.

The Henry Flesher that enlisted 10 Oct 1776, served at Valley Forge, and was discharged 19 Aug 1778 was most likely the Henry Flesher born in 1758 in Pendleton, Virginia. This is due to him having been single during this time and probably having just turned 18 in 1776. This also gives some support to conclusion that this Henry Flesher was in Capt. John McCoy’s company since the time frame of his appointment fits better with his discharge date. The other Henry Flesher born in 1734 had a large family by 1776 to provide for so it is unlikely he would enlist. Also the 1734 Henry Flesher is said to have gone with the settlers returning after Dunmore’s War to the settlements at Hacker’s Creek and settled at the mouth of Stonecoal Creek on the West Fork River around 1776.[9]

  1. Strassburger, Ralph Beaver. “Pennsylvania German Pioneers”. Page 503
  2. Schneider, James F. “Enos Jones of Augusta Co., VA, and Some of His Descendants” Page 105
  3. Harrison Will book, v. 002 1788-1794 Page 174
  4. Harrison Will book, v. 002 1788-1794 Page 165
  5. Pendleton Will book, v. 004 1815-1858 Page 54
  6. Schneider, James F. “Enos Jones of Augusta Co., VA, and Some of His Descendants” Page 105
  7. Haymond, Henry. “History of Harrison County, West Virginia : from the early days of Northwestern Virginia to the Present” Page 381
  8. Morton, Oren Frederic “A History of Highland County, Virginia” Page 86
  9. Farewell, Walter. "Biographical Sketch of Henry Flesher." Hacker's Creek Journal VI, no. 3 Page 160

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