Location: State of Minnesota
Surnames/tags: Disasters Mining_Disasters Minnesota
Disasters | Mining Disasters | United States Mining Disasters | Minnesota Mining Disasters
Contact: United States Mining Disasters
Native Americans used rock and mineral resources long before mining was initiated in Minnesota. They created pottery, knives, spears, and paint from the available resources. The military used limestone to build Fort Snelling in Minnesota, but it wasn't until 1868 that the first granite quarry was opened. By then, gold rush miners had flocked to the area. While unsuccessfully looking for gold it was discovered that the ground was rich in iron. The mines attracted immigrants from around the globe. By 2018 up to 44 million tons of ore were mined from the Mesabi Iron Range yearly.
In modern times, resources such as copper-nickel have been found as an additional asset to the state. Although less than one percent of Minnesota's economy is made up of mining proceeds; it is common to find signs around the state saying "We Support Mining." In 2018 Minnesota was the fifth-largest state for mining in terms of the value of the minerals sold. In 2018 mines in both Minnesota and Michigan shipped 98% of the usable iron ore products in the United States.
- While Minnesota is the largest producer of iron ore in the United States, most of the high-grade ore has already been mined. Now, a lower grade called taconite is mined, crushed, processed into pellets, and then shipped to steel mills. In 1996 about 44 million tons of taconite pellets were shipped from Minnesota. The original ranges that iron was mined from were Cuyuna, Mesabi and Vermilion. Now only the Mesabi Range produces taconite.
- Other less common resources mined in Minnesota are contributors to the states economy.
- Clay is used for bricks, porcelain, tiles and medicine and is mined in the Minnesota River Valley.
- Silica Sand is very fine sand composed of quartz and is mined in the southeastern part of Minnesota. It is used to make glass and used in oil drilling.
- Granite and Limestone are used for home construction, buildings, roads and tombstones.
- Peat, a plant material, is used in the gardening industry and for absorbing oil and fuel
- Minerals such as manganese, copper, nickel, and titanium are present but not in high enough quality to mine profitably. Though copper and nickel have not been found with a higher quality, 44% of Minnesota residents favored building copper-nickel mines in 2018 after considering the effect on jobs and the states economy. Michigan produced approximately 19,000 tons of nickel in 2018, which was exported. The first nickel mine in Minnesota was expected to open in 2020. Exploration continues for good sources of gold, platinum, diamonds, zinc, and lead.
|Minnesota Mining Disasters
- The Minnesota Genealogical Society (MGS) has information about events in the state, such as conferences.
- FamilySearch.org contains a database of births and christenings that cover 1840-1980 (Index only).
- FamilySearch.org has a database for marriages covering 1958-2001 (Index only).
- The Minnesota Historical Society has indexes of births, marriages, deaths, census records, and veterans graves (as well as some online collections). If you are looking for a vital record, the county offices will refer you here.
- Ancestry.com allows free access to the index for Minnesota, Indian Allotment Records, 1888-1919.
- The Iron Range Research Center has a searchable database of naturalization records, census rolls, death cards, newspaper announcements, and alien registration records.
- Taconite.org has up-to-date information on how mining is effecting Minnesota. If you click on "View all news" you can access archived articles.
- PolyMet Mining contains court decisions, information on the new copper-nickel mine, information about resources, and opportunities in the state.
- The Minnesota Legislature has articles on mining in Minnesota, the history of mining in Minnesota, and links to other (non-mining) resources within the state.
Museums & Monuments
- The Minnesota Museum of Mining in Chisholm, Minnesota has historic mining equipment, an underground mine to tour, and other historical mining items.
- The Milford Mine Memorial Park in Crosby, Minnesota is the site of Minnesota's worst mining disaster (The Milford Iron Mine Disaster, 1924).
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Minnesota Mining History," Department of Natural Resources (DNR) (DNR.State.MN.US), viewed 22 February 2020.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Mining is a small part of Minnesota’s economy..." Minn Post (MinnPost.com), viewed 22 February 2020.
- ↑ New Survey Reaffirms Strong Support for Copper-Nickel Mining in Minnesota," Mining Minnesota (MiningMinnesota.com), viewed 22 February 2020.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Orr, Isaac. "Minnesota Now Fifth-Largest Mining State, ..." Center of the American Experiment (AmericanExperiment.org), viewed 7 March 2020.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 "Mining in Minnesota" Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR.State.MN.US), viewed 7 March 2020.
- ↑ "New Survey Reaffirms Strong Support For Copper-Nickel Mining In Minnesota" (MiningMinnesota.com), viewed on 7 March 2020.
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