Misadventures of Elizabeth Linfield and John Whittaker

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Have you ever felt that the ancestors were helping you? Maybe even nudging you along to find what you are looking for? This story belonged among the likes of those in Hank Z. Jones, Jr's book "Psychic Roots".

This, my first story ever published, happened almost on it's own steam. I already had a copy of the breach of promise case in my hands when someone sent me copies of a story written about it in a book by Roger Thompson; "Divided We Stand", published by the University of Massachusetts Press at Amherst. Pages 178-183 presented the theory that John Whittaker was a "cad" because he had promised to marry "Mary Linfield"; but, had probably married her sister, Elizabeth, instead. It also stated that the 50 pound bond that he was forced to post in this case had not been returned; but had been awarded as damages. Many more court cases were mentioned, occurring in Watertown, after he and Elizabeth had moved there. In fact, it was even stated, that after they had moved on to Billerica, they had "continued to upset and outrage that frontier community" as well.

I knew the very first theory to be false because I had actually read the whole court case. The person who had brought the charges of breach of promise against John Whittaker, in the first place, had been none other than Elizabeth Lindfield, the woman whom he subsequently married. A court clerk had recorded her name in one of the papers, in error, as Mary Lindfield; and, it was pretty obvious that this was the case.

At this point I got films of all the Middlesex County court cases of the time period and began to investigate. The very first thing I found was that, while it was true that John and Elizabeth had missed the next court date, he had shown up in court at Charlestown the following month; and, the bond had then been returned to him. This would never have happened had he married anyone else but the woman that he had promised to marry, Elizabeth Linfield.

Among other things, I also found that the only court case in Billerica which John Whittakers name appeared in was a case in which he appeared as a witness. I soon decided that, though John and Elizabeth were no longer in this world and could no longer defend themselves, I would try to do it by writing about what I had found.

Exactly two weeks later, I decided to join the Lin(d)field One Name Group. When I did, they asked me to send them a genealogy on Elizabeth Lindfield's descendants in this country. They are located in Sussex England, where the Linfields have lived for hundreds of years. When they received my "genealogy report", it was complete with all my notes about these court cases; and they immediately asked me could they publish the story. The story was published in their "Longshot Journal" Vol. 12, No. 1 and No. 2 and may be found on their website:

Lin(d)field One Name Group

It may also be found at the Library in Salt Lake City, as well as several other repositories in the US and England.

Here follows my story of the Misadventures:

Misadventures and Descendants of Elizabeth Linfield and John Whittaker

by Dolores Christophel D’Errico

Generation No. 1

1. ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD (JONATHAN2, HENRY1)# was born 05 May 1644 in Fittleworth, Sussex, England,# and died 08 Jan 1707 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#. She married JOHN WHITTAKER Apr 1660 in Middlesex County, Massachusetts#, son of ROBERT WHITTAKER and ANN WRIGHT. He was born 27 Jun 1641 in Skipton, Yorkshire, England#, and died Aft. 1689.

Notes for ELIZABETH LINFIELD: Elizabeth is a bit of a mystery. How she actually got to America, at this point, is still unknown. She shows up in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1660 in a breach of promise court case brought against John Whittaker of Cambridge Farms who eventually marries her after much foot dragging. I believe she is the daughter of Jonathan Linfield of Fittleworth, Sussex, England. Her age more nearly fits this Elizabeth Linfield who was baptized there about 1644. The mother would probably have been the second wife, Mary Bartlett whom Jonathan married in 1641.

I do not have any documented evidence of this fact yet; but, please note that she named her second son, Jonathan, and her first daughter, Mary. Also, Jonathan Linfield was charged with the offense of stealing a bushel of barley worth 10d, so, was brought up before the Justices of Arundel in 1649. I intend to investigate this case to learn the outcome. If he were transported, imprisoned, or even hung, it may give a reason for her to have wound up in America on her own.

A thorough search for any record of her being born in America was not fruitful. No record was found for any Linfield Family being here during this time period. There was no mention of her being either an orphan or a servant in any town record. There was no mention of her ever being on the town dole. Usually, if a child or underage person were for some reason without support, the town would have record of the households which would have taken care of them as they would have been reimbursed for such support. Finally, there was no record of Elizabeth having been apprenticed out, which was an accepted practice for handling such situations at the time as well.

During the Breach of Promise Case, Elizabeth was portrayed as "being so far gone in her affections for him (John Whittaker)" that the Magistrates were concerned what might become of her.

In later years, she seemed to always stand by him, testifying at his court hearings; and, being right there during arguments with the neighbors to support him. All in all, she seems to have helped to raise a very tight knit family who seemed to stick together through good times and bad.

Near the end of her life Elizabeth was living in Concord, Middlesex, Massachusetts. It is possible that she may be buried there in the "Old Hillside Cemetery". Her son, David Whittaker, is definitely buried there, along with two of his sons; as evidenced by tombstones in the graveyard. When she died in 1707 she was listed in the vital records with the extra notation, "an aged woman". One can but wonder if this was a reflection of the path which she had long ago chosen for herself. Ultimately, life was hard in this new land. The faint hearted need not apply.

Notes for JOHN WHITTAKER: Many in the past, including the Mormon Church, have believed that John Whittaker of Watertown was born in 1623 at Halesowen, Worcestershire, England, son of Nicholas Whittaker. I do not agree with this premise.

The Mormon Church has this pedigree as part of the Ancestors of Brigham Young. Sarah, the daughter of John and Elizabeth Whittaker born 12 Jun 1666 at Watertown married William Young at Boston in 1694 and they were the Paternal Great Great Grandparents of Brigham Young. I think this is why many have accepted this hypothesis without question.

The first problem in this idea is the age of John Whittaker of Watertown. "Ages From Court Records 1636 to 1700" by Melinde Lutz Sanborn, Page 216, gives his age at the time of the "1677 Hog Case" to be 36years. This would put his birth year at about 1641. We know that this is indeed the same John Whittaker of Watertown because his wife and two children were also deposed in the case; and, their ages are given also. Elizabeth is stated as being 35 years of age, John, Jr. 14 years of age and Mary 16 years old. This matches up with the exact names and dates of birth of his children. If he were born in 1623, he would be 54 years old. I believe that even if the ages were an estimate, which I don't think they are, it would be unusual to say the least to mistake a 54 year old man for a 36 year old.

The second problem raises it's head in the "1660 Breach of Promise Case", where John pledges a debt owed to him by his brother, Richard, toward the 50 pound bond that he is re- quired to post. There is no record of Nicholas Whittaker ever having a son named Richard.

The end of this case has also been described as John having married Elizabeth while he was still under legal age. A birth date of 1641 would fit in with this scenario. However, the birth date of 1623 would make him well over the legal minimum at 37 years old at the time of the marriage.

I believe that John Whittaker of Watertown was born 27 Jun 1641 at Skipton, Yorkshire, England to Robert Whittaker and his wife, Ann Wright. John was named after an earlier born brother, also named John, who met an untimely death at the age of 11 in the year 1636. Among other siblings, he had a brother named Richard born 19 Jan 1634.

It is said that the first settlers of Watertown were a rebellious lot, always arguing and refusing to kowtow to authority. John's personality seemed to fit that description. He was a real fireball with a chip on his shoulder from the moment he burst on the scene, which seems to be when he promised to marry Elizabeth Linfield; and, then apparently reneged. According to the depositions in the case, included in Folio numbers 18, 20, and, finally, 28 of the Middlesex County Court Records of 1660/1661, he set her up in a house; and after spending months there with her, was readying to leave for England, which he had done before. It seems to be at this point, that he decided he no longer wanted to marry her and left for another town, Cambridge. Elizabeth was in the town without family to protect her. Two men, Edward Oakes and William Manning, took up Elizabeth's cause and brought her to the Magistrate. John was brought back to town to explain himself. When asked why he no longer wished to marry Elizabeth, he was evasive, just stating that he had "lost affection" for her and that she had done no wrong. The court required him to post a 50 pound bond, after which they gave him approximately two weeks to get his mind right about marrying her. If he had not married her by this time, then he would lose the 50 pounds; and then have to post another bond of 100 pounds, this time, in order to procure another couple of weeks to think....and so on. John apparently married Elizabeth before having to post any further bonds. This case has done more than any one thing to malign his character; and unfairly, at that. Due to a mistake in transcribing the court records, this case was listed in history books such as Bond's "History of Watertown" as "John promised marriage to Mary Linfield; but , did not perform". Right after this bomb was dropped, in the next paragraph, it was acknowledged that he married Elizabeth (no last name). For hundreds of years this has made it look as if he promised to marry one girl; but, instead, married another; when actually he not only did marry the same woman; but, stayed with her for the rest of his life and raised a large and very interesting family with her.

There are those who have claimed to have researched this "Breach of Promise" case; and say that it proves that John was a cad and a rogue. I have found evidence that their claims are simply not founded in truth. I took the time to go through the films of all of the actual court cases of Middlesex County and found that on 25 June 1661 at a court in Charlestown, the magistrates Richard Bellingham, Richard Russell and Thomas Danforth returned the 50 pound bond which John Whittaker had forfeited when he had not shown up on 02 April 1661 at the court in Cambridge to either marry Elizabeth or prove that he had already married her. This appears in the later transcribed book of Pulsifer on pages 231-232. The proof also appears in the original transcript of the court records on pages 190 and 191. The wording is as follows: "John Whitticus discharged> John Whitticus (another spelling of Whittaker) appearing in court, is released of his bond for the good behavior and from the penalty of those bonds forfeited by his non-appearance at Cambridge court." I submit that there is no way that they would have released the bond to John Whittaker if he had not married the woman who had sued him for breach of promise. It also proves that the designation "Mary Linfield" was a mistake in the records because if he had promised to marry "Mary" and then married "Elizabeth" he still would have forfeited the bond money. The truth is that he promised to marry Elizabeth Linfield, got cold feet, was called in front of the magistrates to explain himself, posted bond, did not show up at the next court session; then did show up at the session at Charlestown with proof that he had married Elizabeth Linfield who became the mother of his children and lifetime companion. The above evidence for the return of the bond may be found on both LDS film #892250 and film #892251 covering the court records of Middlesex County Massachusetts.

Another possible reason for Elizabeth Linfield being designated as "Mary Linfield" in some of the court records has been presented in "Connecticut, 1600s-1800s Local Families and Histories, New England Families, Volume 1, Genealogies and Memorials", Page 452, copyright by MyFamily.com, Inc., where it is stated that during the early 1700s it was still a legal custom to assume the name Mary when the given name of a woman was unknown.

The Linfield Family in Sussex, England, where they seemed to have resided for hundreds of years became involved with the Quaker movement early on. I also plan to investigate whether the parents of Elizabeth were involved in this. If this is the case, it would go far to explain not only why John Whittaker may have had "cold feet" when it came to marrying Elizabeth; but why the Watertown neighbors may have looked upon both of them with such disdain. Quakers were not regarded with any degree of sympathy. Sometimes they were whipped and killed. This might also explain why John was quite evasive when asked for a reason why he changed his mind about marrying her, finishing up with "I have lost affection for her".

The next most singly important litigation in the lives of the Whittakers occurred in 1673. At this time John Whittaker was leasing half of the Widow Eyre's farm in Watertown. The other half was leased to John Chenery, who agreed to improve the farm; and, agreed not to remove any wood from the property. Mrs. Eyre signed over power of attorney to John Whittaker to take Mr. Chenery to court for eviction from the property and damages done to it. The case comprises almost the whole of Folio number 63 for that year. At least a dozen of the townspeople testified that they had seen John Chenery removing rough wood and clapboards from the farm and taking them to his own property. One wonders if these clapboards may have been a part of the barn which we shall see also played a key part in the later unfolding scenario. The court found for John Whittaker and Mrs. Eyre, evicting John Chenery before his lease was up and charging him damages. It was brought out in this case that the fences were in disrepair at this time. After the end of this case, John Whittaker bought the farms from Mrs. Eyre on a mortgage, making himself a staunch enemy in the town in the bargain.

The Hog Case of 1677 precipitated the family pulling up stakes, selling their property, and moving to Billerica. John, Jr. and his sister, Mary, testified in this case; and three men of the town, including one John Chenery, being an enemy of John Whittaker, Sr., testified that John Whittaker, Jr. was "a very lying boy". The prosecution of this case was also rooted in an ongoing feud with the Whittaker's next door neighbor, John Hammond, who had been called before the court in the past for confiscating animals which strayed onto his property. One such case is that of John Bridge vs John Hammond which appears in the 31st frame of the LDS film #892250 of the Middlesex County Court Transcripts. Back in this beginning, the court found for the owner of the livestock and against Mr. Hammond.

The troubles apparently started when the fence between the two properties fell into disrepair and Whittaker's livestock were straying onto the land of John Hammond. John Hammond confiscated the animals and took them to the town pound. Apparently, John Whittaker was removing the animals on his own, as they were disappearing from the pound. Whittaker and Hammond started to argue with each other. They also began to bring suit against each other for slander and assault and battery. John and Elizabeth sued John Hammond for knocking Elizabeth down in the road and kicking her in the stomach. This level of hostility was reached only after, John Whittaker, had beaten Hammond with a stick on his own property, as well as beating his servant with a tree limb in the road near both properties.

These suits and their subsequent fines pressed the Whittakers into debt. They already had a mortgage to pay for the farm which they had bought from the Widow Eire. Finally John Whittaker was forced to give up most of his livestock as collateral for an eight pound loan to buy provisions. Listed in this exorbitant collateral were 18 cattle, two heifers, three swine, a steer, and a bay mare, as well as his entire corn crop. John Dix was the creditor of the loan who was holding the collateral livestock. Hammond moved to attach the livestock of Whittaker being held by Dix. Mr. Dix had already sold two hogs to one Jeremy Morse or Moss. The Whittaker children testified that the two hogs were the same swine which their father had turned over to Mr. Dix for collateral; and, this was the testimony for which John Jr. was labeled "a very lying boy". However, the jury found for Mr. Hammond in this case because they decided that the papers which John Dix and John Whittaker had drawn up themselves for the collateral on the eight pound loan were not legal, even though they had been witnessed and sealed by those same men who later found them illegal.

When John, Sr. was to come to court to answer the complaints, he refused to appear; and, was found guilty of contempt; and, fined twenty shillings or ten days imprisonment. I have not yet uncovered the outcome of that choice. Once the case started rolling, it seemed to be thundering down a steep hill without benefit of brakes. All of the cases and papers which were generated during this feud may be found in Folio numbers 74, 76 and 77 of the Middlesex County Court Records for that year, 1677.

Adding insult to injury, the nosey neighbors of John and Elizabeth next called him before the court for stuffing his crop into his house. This case was included in Folio number 80 of the Middlesex County Court Papers for the year 1677. He appeared not to have the benefit of a barn to store the crop in after harvest. His only hope to get out of debt was the sale of this crop. His livestock had already been confiscated by the wily next door neighbor. Watertown during this time was one of the worst hit towns as regards Indian attacks. They killed people and livestock, burned buildings and ran off with the children. Whether his lack of a barn was due to some Indian Depredation, due to disrepair, or to the pilfering of John Chenery is not known. He refused to remove the crop from his house and was once again fined. This appears to be the straw which broke the camel's back. Soon, he sold the farm to Nathaniel Payne of Rehoboth, who was a neighbor of his brother Richard for 230 pounds.

Before the Whittakers could leave town and remove to Billerica, the magistrates had to have one last word. They called Elizabeth before the court for defacing the quit claim deed. Another bond had to be posted for Elizabeth's good behavior and return appearance before the court. Papers in Folio number 82 of the Middlesex County Court Papers for the year 1678 show that this "defacing" of the deed involved Elizabeth allegedly changing the name of the buyer on the deed from Stephen Payne of Rehoboth to Nathaniel Payne, his son. What stood to be gained from this act is now lost in the mists of time. Elizabeth did confess to "defacing" this deed which conveyed the farm in Watertown to Mr. Payne; and, then leaving it at the Clerk's office to be recorded. She was ordered to pay "treble" damages to Stephen Payne. She was later discharged from the bond.

There are those who say, having studied these cases, that all of the fault in these goings on rests with the Whittakers; and, that they continued to be "magnets for mayhem" after moving to Billerica. However, after going through every Middlesex County Court Case filmed by the Mormon Church, I disagree totally with that conclusion. John Whittaker was only involved in one more case in Billerica, being only a witness in another person's trial. The wife of John Durand, neighbor of Whittaker, was called in front of the court for carousing at night with men other than her husband. John Whittaker testified that one day, upon visiting the Durands at their house with two other men, he was seated with the two men at the fireside smoking a pipe when Mrs. Durand came up to him calling him a "pretty rogue" and grabbing him on both sides of his face and kissing him of a sudden. This was witnessed by the two other men present at the fireside. It is interesting to note that, long after the Whittakers had moved on to Concord, in 1692, John Durand died in prison after being sent there upon being charged with "Witchcraft".

I don't think that these happenings should be viewed with a mind of today. I think they should be viewed in the context of the social infrastructure of the times in which they occurred. The truth is that none of the towns in Massachusetts were planned with the idea of expansion or "new" citizens moving in. Towns were set up with the Church (called a Meeting House then) in the middle of the town. Around the Meeting House, the lots for houses were assigned to each original purchaser in the town (who had been an approved member of the church). In a ring around the house lots, additional lots of, say 20 acres each, were apportioned to each neighbor for their vegetable gardens. Then an outer ring of larger lots for grazing of livestock were parceled out to each family. There would also be common property for all town members for common uses, which would be shared by all. You could only acquire property in these towns by buying it from an original owner, or if they died, from their heirs (which is what John Whittaker did). However, under these very stringent circumstances, you would still be an outsider, viewed with suspicion. If the town bought additional land, as sometimes happened, it was divided up between the townspeople. If you bought some of this outlying land and tried to eke a living out there, you would be much more liable to Indian attack. As another aside, you would also be further from the Meeting House, to which you must go every Sunday, without fail; rain, sleet or snow, preferably walking as even the beasts were not to work on Sunday.

Taking all of this into consideration, I believe that the people of Watertown decided that they did not like these "strangers" living in their town; and began to act out. I conclude that John Whittaker tried to defend himself and his family the only way he knew how; and, when he saw that he was fighting a losing battle, he decided to cash in and move on before they found a way to confiscate his farm. Billerica, in the 1600s, was considered to be some of the best farming land in all of Massachusetts. However, it was on the frontier, and suffered many problems with Indians. This fact probably prompted the removal of the family to Concord. They may have stayed in Billerica for about 10 years; from 1678 to about 1688. Tax lists of 1688 do not show them as living there. The book "The History of Concord Massachusetts" states that they were in Concord before 1690.

John and Elizabeth and family may have been living in Chelmsford by 1688. John Senior and two of his sons, John Junior and Jonathan, appear in a court case covering events which occurred in Chelmsford in 1689. The case was Thomas Parker vs John Whittaker which appears in Folio numbers 133 and 140 of the Middlesex County Court Records of that year. By this time, I believe that John Whittaker had no faith in the court system ever helping him again. One day in Chelms- ford, according to testimonies of this case, he found Thomas Parker taking a yoke of his oxen down the road. He and his sons stopped Parker in the road, confronting him and asking for the return of the oxen. An argument erupted; and John grabbed an oak stick from a woodpile of a neighbor and hit Mr. Parker so hard over the head that he was knocked unconscious for two weeks and tended by a doctor at home. When the constable came looking for him to explain himself, he ran off; and was eventually caught hiding in a barn. When tried in court, it appears that the court made him pay the costs of medical care for Thomas Parker. This case may have been the cause of the move to Concord.

There is one mysterious case from Folio number 169 of the year 1696 in the same Middlesex County Court Records. It is a fornication case against John Whittaker and Sarah Brabrook of Concord; and, in it, Sarah is with child and accuses John of being the father. The mystery here is whether this is John Whittaker, Sr. or John Whittaker, Jr. All that exists for this case is a copy of the five pound bond he posted to appear to answer at the next court for this "crime". However, it was not mentioned at the next court. John, Jr. did not marry until 1705. John, Sr. having any involvement in this case would prove that he was still living in 1696; and, living in Concord.

"The Concord Guide Book", published in 1880, mentions the "Old Whittaker House" as still standing just behind Punkatasset Hill, on page 44. The house burned down about 20 years later. There is no way to be certain that John and Elizabeth Whittaker ever lived there together; but, the name of the house itself seems to suggest that this could be so. Punkatasset Hill was used by the Militia and Minute Men during the first alarm of the Revolutionary War, 19 April 1775, to watch the movements of the British troops. This area is now part of a protected preserve; and, is as wild as it probably was then, although not far from Monument Street in the heart of Concord.

One last tidbit of the times occurred in 1700 when a written warning was given to David Whittaker on November 25th. The warning was not to let his brother, Jonathan Whittaker, who was now of Connecticut Colony, stay at his house any longer. He had been there for about one month. The selectmen did not wish Jonathan to continue as an inhabitant of Concord; and they wished David to warn him off. Apparently, like some condo associations of today, they thought a month was a bit long for him to stay. This shows how hard it was to be an "outsider" in these little towns. The bottom of this directive was given "By Order of the Selectmen" and signed by Thomas Browne, town clerk.

I do not know yet what happened to John Whittaker at the end of his life or exactly when his life came to an end. His wife and children were living in Concord before 1690. There is no record of him dying or being buried in Watertown, Billerica or Chelmsford. I plan a trip to Massachusetts this year to attempt to find where he and Elizabeth rest.

Children of ELIZABETH LINFIELD and JOHN WHITTAKER are: 2. i. NATHANIEL4 WHITTAKER, b. Abt. 1676, Watertown, Middlesex, MA; d. 05 Jun 1755, Lincoln, Middlesex, MA. 3. ii. MARY WHITTAKER, b. 10 Mar 1661, Watertown, MA; d. 16 Feb 1756, Concord, Middlesex, MA. 4. iii. JOHN WHITTAKER, b. 23 Aug 1662, Watertown, MA; d. 07 May 1746, Stow, Massachusetts. 5. iv. JONATHAN WHITTAKER, b. 08 Oct 1664, Watertown, MA. 6. v. SARAH WHITTAKER, b. 12 Jun 1666, Watertown, MA. 7. vi. HANNAH WHITTAKER, b. 14 May 1669, Watertown, MA. 8. vii. ABIGAIL WHITTAKER, b. 04 May 1671, Watertown, MA; d. 31 Mar 1755, Billerica, Middlesex, MA. 9. viii. DAVID WHITTAKER, b. Abt. 1674, Watertown, MA; d. 08 Apr 1755, Concord, Middlesex, MA. 10. ix. DANIEL WHITTAKER, b. 10 May 1679, Billerica, Middlesex, MA.

Generation No. 2

2. NATHANIEL4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born Abt. 1676 in Watertown, Middlesex, MA, and died 05 Jun 1755 in Lincoln, Middlesex, MA#. He married (1) HANNAH KERLEY 20 Dec 1705 in Charlestown, MA#, daughter of WILLIAM KERLEY and JANE. She was born 08 Jan 1670 in Sudbury, MA#, and died 26 Jul 1738 in Lexington, Middlesex, MA#. He married (2) HANNAH PIERCE Aft. 1738#.

Notes for NATHANIEL WHITTAKER: There are no records for Nathaniel being the son of John and Elizabeth Whittaker in the respective towns where the family resided. He is, however, named in a bond which his sister, Abigail Whittaker Parker of Billerica posted for her deceased husband, John Parker's estate, dated 23 Jan 1698. It was also suggested in the "History of Concord" that he and David were of the same family#.

The estate of Nathaniel Whittaker was not settled for almost 40 years because he first left the bulk of it, 2/3, to his son, Samuel; and, upon Samuel's death it was to be divided between Samuel's children.


Nathaniel bought for 38 pounds from William Hartwell 42 acres within the limits of the town of Concord on 01 Apr 1706, recorded in Middlesex County, Massachusetts Deeds, 14:51, on 02 Apr 1706, FHL Microfilm number 554005.

Nathaniel bought for 3 lbs 15 shillings from Joseph Meriam of Cambridge, 7 acres of land in Cambridge in the farms on 27 May 1706 recorded in Middlesex County, Massachusetts Deeds, 21:165, on 09 Jun 1720, FHL Microfilm number 554010.

Nathaniel bought for 6 pounds from John Stedman and his wife, Sarah, 20 acres in Cambridge Farms recorded in Middlesex County, Massachusetts Deeds, 21:166, on 09 Jun 1720, FHL Microfilm number 554010.

Note that the name of Lexington before it was incorporated as Lexington was "Cambridge Farms".

Children of NATHANIEL WHITTAKER and HANNAH KERLEY are: 11. i. SAMUEL5 WHITTAKER, b. 17 Oct 1706, Concord, Middlesex, MA; d. Abt. 1794. ii. NATHANIEL WHITTAKER, b. 04 Dec 1707, Concord, Middlesex, MA. Notes for NATHANIEL WHITTAKER: Nathaniel has a token mention in the will of his father of "ten shillings, if he should come into this country to receive it". 12. iii. WILLIAM WHITTAKER, b. 27 Apr 1711, Concord, Middlesex, MA. iv. JONAS WHITTAKER, b. 12 Sep 1717, Concord, Middlesex, MA.

Notes for JONAS WHITTAKER: Jonas is mentioned in his father's will to receive 1/3 of his estate until Jonas' death; and then it would be divided between the children of his brother, Samuel.

3. MARY4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 10 Mar 1661 in Watertown#, MA, and died 16 Feb 1756 in Concord, Middlesex, MA. She married ABRAHAM TAYLOR 18 Dec 1681 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, son of WILLIAM TAYLOR and MARY. He was born 14 Nov 1656 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, and died 19 Jun 1729 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#.

Children of MARY WHITTAKER and ABRAHAM TAYLOR are: i. ELIZABETH5 TAYLOR, b. 07 Aug 1690, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. (1) ISAAC CUMMINGS; m. (2) THOMAS LUND, 16 Jan 1711, Concord, Middlesex, MA; b. Dunstable, MA. ii. ABRAHAM TAYLOR, b. 11 Jan 1682, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. SARAH PELLETT, 09 Dec 1706. iii. JOHN TAYLOR, b. 08 Sep 1685, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. SARAH CUMMINGS. iv. EBENEZER TAYLOR, b. 30 Apr 1688, Concord, Middlesex, MA; d. 25 Jun 1753, Concord, Middlesex, MA. v. MARY TAYLOR, b. 15 Mar 1691, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. JOSEPH BARRETT, 24 Mar 1714, Concord, Middlesex, MA; b. Chelmsford, MA. vi. JONATHAN TAYLOR, b. 10 Aug 1694, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. HANNAH. vii. SARAH TAYLOR, b. 13 Oct 1696, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. JOHN BURGE, 27 Jun 1717, Concord, Middlesex, MA; b. Chelmsford, MA. viii. DAVID TAYLOR, b. 31 Jan 1698, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. HANNAH. 13. ix. BENJAMIN TAYLOR, b. 18 Apr 1699, Concord, Middlesex, MA. x. NATHANIEL TAYLOR, b. 09 Feb 1701, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. ELIZABETH. xi. DANIEL TAYLOR, b. 22 Mar 1703, Concord, Middlesex, MA. xii. TIMOTHY TAYLOR, b. 05 Mar 1705, Concord, Middlesex, MA; d. 28 Mar 1706, Concord, Middlesex, MA.

4. JOHN4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 23 Aug 1662 in Watertown, MA#, and died 07 May 1746 in Stow, Massachusetts#. He married HANNAH BALL 20 Dec 1705 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#.

Children of JOHN WHITTAKER and HANNAH BALL are: i. MARY5 WHITTAKER, m. (?) STEWART. ii. LIDEA WHITTAKER, m. ABRAHAM TAYLOR, 21 Jan 1730, Bedford, Middlesex, MA. iii. HANNAH WHITTAKER, m. (?) DENSMORE. 14. iv. JOHN WHITTAKER, b. 26 May 1713, Stow, Massachusetts.

5. JONATHAN4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 08 Oct 1664 in Watertown, MA#. He married SARAH TOOTHAKER 15 Nov 1694 in Boston, Suffolk, MA#.

Notes for JONATHAN WHITTAKER: Jonathan removed to the Connecticut Colony, according to a warning given to his brother, David, that Jonathan had stayed at his house too long. The court docket where this letter of warning was entered was dated 25 Nov 1700.

Marriage Notes for JONATHAN WHITTAKER and SARAH TOOTHAKER: Jonathan and Sarah were married by the Rev. James Allen.

Child of JONATHAN WHITTAKER and SARAH TOOTHAKER is: i. SARAH5 WHITTAKER, b. 28 Nov 1695, Concord, Middlesex, MA.

6. SARAH4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 12 Jun 1666 in Watertown, MA#. She married WILLIAM YOUNG 11 Oct 1694 in Boston, Suffolk, MA#, son of JOHN YOUNG and SARAH. He was born 1658 in Boston, Suffolk, MA#, and died 1720 in Salem, Essex, MA.

Notes for SARAH WHITTAKER: Sarah Whittaker and William Young became the Great Great Grandparents of Brigham Young, the Colonizer, Territorial Governor and second President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. It was Brigham Young who led the Mormons into the promised land of Utah.

Child of SARAH WHITTAKER and WILLIAM YOUNG is: 15. i. WILLIAM5 YOUNG, b. 1695, Boston, Suffolk, MA; d. 16 Apr 1747, Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA.

7. HANNAH4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 14 May 1669 in Watertown, MA#. She married JOHN HULIT 13 Aug 1702 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#.

Children of HANNAH WHITTAKER and JOHN HULIT are: i. MARY5 HULIT, b. 12 Jul 1703, Concord, Middlesex, MA. ii. JOHN HULIT, b. 01 Apr 1705, Concord, Middlesex, MA.

8. ABIGAIL4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 04 May 1671 in Watertown, MA#, and died 31 Mar 1755 in Billerica, Middlesex, MA#. She married (1) JOHN PARKER 15 Dec 1696 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, son of BENJAMIN PARKER and SARAH. He was born 17 Mar 1667 in Billerica, Middlesex, MA#, and died 01 Jan 1698 in Billerica, Middlesex, MA#. She married (2) SIMON CROSBY 16 Mar 1702 in Billerica, Middlesex, MA#, son of SIMON CROSBY and RACHEL BRACKETT. He was born Abt. 1663#, and died Aft. Dec 1717 in Billerica, Middlesex, MA.

Notes for JOHN PARKER: The following is an inventory of the estate of John Parker on 11 Jan 1698:

House, land and meadow with all privileges belonging there unto

an old horse, one cow, two calves and 3 swine 06-00-00 several iron things and tools 01-00-00 A bed and bedstead and the furniture belonging to it 06-00-00 His wearing apparel 02-00-00 Table Linen 00-10-00 Puter and glasses 01-10-00 A frying pan, skillet, pot and pot hooks 00-10-00 A chest, box, chairs and other lumber 01-05-00 His saddle and things belonging to it 00-10-00 A gun, powder and powder horns 00-15-00 Grains, Rx, and Indian Corn 01-10-00 Total 71-10-00

Child of ABIGAIL WHITTAKER and JOHN PARKER is: i. JOHN5 PARKER, b. 14 May 1698, Billerica, Middlesex, MA; m. SARAH.

Children of ABIGAIL WHITTAKER and SIMON CROSBY are: ii. JAMES5 CROSBY, b. 29 May 1704, Billerica, Middlesex, MA; m. SARAH CROSBY, 01 Feb 1727, Billerica, Middlesex, MA. iii. PHINEAS CROSBY, b. 26 Nov 1705, Billerica, Middlesex, MA. iv. SOLOMON CROSBY, b. 08 Apr 1708, Billerica, Middlesex, MA; m. CATHERINE. v. NATHANIEL CROSBY, b. 03 Dec 1710, Billerica, Middlesex, MA; d. 28 May 1711, Billerica, Middlesex, MA. vi. RACHEL CROSBY, b. 07 Jun 1712, Billerica, Middlesex, MA. vii. BENJAMIN CROSBY, b. 16 Dec 1715, Billerica, Middlesex, MA.

9. DAVID4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born Abt. 1674 in Watertown, MA#, and died 08 Apr 1755 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#. He married MERCY HUNT 03 Dec 1707 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, daughter of NEHEMIAH HUNT and MARY TOWLE. She was born 29 Nov 1676 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, and died 28 Nov 1733 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#.

Notes for DAVID WHITTAKER: There are no records of David Whittaker being born the son of John and Elizabeth Whittaker in the respective towns in which they lived. His and Nathaniel's births probably went unrecorded due to problems all of these towns were having with Indian attacks and burning down of buildings within the towns. He along with Nathaniel were named, though, by their sister Abigail Whittaker Parker in the bond which she posted for the estate of her deceased husband, John Parker, at Billerica on 23 Jan 1698.

Children of DAVID WHITTAKER and MERCY HUNT are: 16. i. DAVID5 WHITTAKER, b. 01 Jul 1709, Concord, Middlesex, MA; d. Aug 1790, Concord, Middlesex, MA. ii. EPHRAIM WHITTAKER, b. 23 Jul 1711, Concord, Middlesex, MA; d. 03 Jun 1790, Concord, Middlesex, MA. Notes for EPHRAIM WHITTAKER: Ephraim died a bachelor at age 79 according to the Vital Records of Concord MA to 1850, Page 323. 17. iii. MARCY WHITTAKER, b. 25 Jun 1715, Concord, Middlesex, MA. iv. MARY WHITTAKER, b. 16 May 1716, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. JAMES CHANDLER, 14 Apr 1756. v. ELIZABETH WHITTAKER, b. 16 May 1716, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. ZECHARIAH BLOOD, 08 Sep 1737, Concord, Middlesex, MA. Marriage Notes for ELIZABETH WHITTAKER and ZECHARIAH BLOOD: Zechariah and Elizabeth were married by Justice Flint. 18. vi. NATHANIEL WHITTAKER, b. Abt. 1708, Concord, Middlesex, MA.

10. DANIEL4 WHITTAKER (ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 10 May 1679 in Billerica, Middlesex, MA#. He married (1) MARY CHAFFEE 16 Apr 1703 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA#. She was born 23 Oct 1675 in Swansea, Massachusetts#. He married (2) JOANNA MATTESON 20 Apr 1750.

Notes for DANIEL WHITTAKER: John and Elizabeth's son, Daniel, seems to be the one cohesive link between the John Whittaker Family and the Family of his brother, Richard Whittaker of Rehoboth, Massachusetts. Daniel moved to Rehoboth where he married, settled, and had a large family.

Children of DANIEL WHITTAKER and MARY CHAFFEE are: i. DOROTHY5 WHITTAKER, b. 27 Aug 1709, Swansea, MA; m. STEPHEN CARPENTER, 28 Nov 1734, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; b. Attleboro, Massachusetts. ii. EPHRAIM WHITTAKER, b. 08 Feb 1703, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; d. 12 Apr 1704, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA. iii. HANNAH WHITTAKER, b. 28 Mar 1705, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; d. Died young. iv. MARY WHITTAKER, b. 24 Aug 1706, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; m. JOSEPH COOMAN, 01 Jul 1731, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; b. Providence, Rhode Island. v. DANIEL WHITTAKER, b. 11 Feb 1707, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; m. HANNAH SCARBOROUGH, 08 Jul 1736, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA. 19. vi. SETH WHITTAKER, b. 11 Apr 1711, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA. vii. EBENEZER WHITTAKER, b. 29 Apr 1713, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; m. AMEY CARPENTER, 14 Nov 1745, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; b. Attleboro, Massachusetts 20. viii. JOSEPH WHITTAKER, b. 03 Feb 1715, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; d. 25 Jul 1744, Swansea, MA. ix. ANNE WHITTAKER, b. 30 Oct 1717, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; m. ELISHA CARPENTER, 15 Mar 1743, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA; b. Attleboro, Massachusetts.

Generation No. 3

11. SAMUEL5 WHITTAKER (NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 17 Oct 1706 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, and died Abt. 1794#. He married TABITHA DAVIS 14 Nov 1734 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, daughter of STEPHEN DAVIS and ELIZABETH FLETCHER. She was born 12 Sep 1717 in Bedford, Middlesex, MA#.

Notes for SAMUEL WHITTAKER: Samuel seems to have fallen on hard times at the ripe old age of 23, when he was taken by the sheriff and placed in the county Gaol (Jail) for not paying his debts. He owed two men sums of money which he had borrowed and not paid back when they were due. When the sheriff served the writ on him, Samuel appears to have not had anything of value that the sheriff could attach as collateral (to insure that he would appear in court on the day that the case was to be tried). Without this "Bond", Samuel was taken to jail. Since he was in jail at the time both cases were heard and he did not appear at court, he was judged to have defaulted. He had then to pay, not only the sums he had originally borrowed, plus interest, but also the costs of the court.

He seemed to have recovered from this reversal of fortune well, as he and Tabitha Davis were married about 5 years later. However, it was not to last as will be seen.

From "A Rich Harvest, The History, buildings, and People of Lincoln, Massachusetts" 1988 by Lincoln Historical Society:

Two earlier examples of the town binding out children involved the Whittaker Family. In 1762 Lincoln paid John Cleverly four pounds for taking Tabitha Whittaker as an apprentice until she was eighteen. Born on 14 Apr 1754, Tabbe was eight years old when bound out. Her younger sister, Huldah Whittaker, likewise reached her eighth year when indentured out by the town until her eighteenth birthday. Tabbe and Huldah were the children of town supported Samuel and Tabitha Whittaker.

Town supported poor had varied backgrounds. Many were single or widowed women with children. Also included were the wife and younger children of Samuel Whittaker, and, at least for a while, Samuel himself. Married to Tabitha Davis of Bedford in 1734, Samuel's prospects had once seemed more promising. Samuel was the son of Nathaniel Whittaker, who owned a 120 acre farmstead in North Lincoln along the Bedford border. While probably well wooded, Nathaniel's farm was larger than most, and appears to have been of nearly average productivity. His simply furnished house was not large, but he had been able to acquire a slave. When Nathaniel died in 1755, three sons were mentioned in his will. Nathaniel, Jr. was in the army and would only receive token inheritance "Provided he comes into this country to receive it". A third of the estate went to Jonas, of whom the father wrote: "I believe that my estate is this day two hundred pounds the worse for the said Jonas living at my house." A third son, Samuel, received two thirds of their father's reduced estate. Whether through illness or other causes, the Whittaker fortunes were further reduced, and by 1758, the Samuel Whittakers were under the town's support.

Poor families were often divided among different households. Except for children apprenticed out, the town paid those housing the poor an agreed upon weekly stipend for providing bed and board, plus additional payments for clothing or medical care. In 1761, for example, Lincoln paid Jonathan Tower one pound and fourteen shillings for boarding Tabitha Whittaker six weeks and for a pair of shoes and for cloth for shifts and for making said shifts; and, also paid Benjamin Parks one pound two shillings and five pence for keeping Tabitha Whittaker for nineteen weeks and for a pair of stockings and for a coat. Indeed, during a period of about five years, Whittakers had been placed in eight different homes around Lincoln. Where the poor were placed frequently depended upon who offered to care for them at the least cost to the town.

Notes for TABITHA DAVIS: Tabitha Davis was a descendant of Dollar Davis, who arrived in America in 1630, and built houses all accross Massachusetts. It appears that it was probably this alliance with the Davises which brought the trade of carpentry into the Whittaker family.

Children of SAMUEL WHITTAKER and TABITHA DAVIS are: 21. i. WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, b. 28 Jul 1750, Concord, Middlesex, MA; d. 22 Jul 1830, Princeton, Worcester, MA. ii. SAMUEL WHITTAKER, b. 15 Sep 1735, Bedford, Middlesex, MA. iii. HANNAH WHITTAKER, b. 30 Oct 1737, Bedford, Middlesex, MA; m. DAVID DUTTON, 03 Nov 1760, Lexington, Middlesex, MA iv. ELIZABETH WHITTAKER, b. 22 Jul 1742, Bedford, Middlesex, MA; d. 06 Sep 1743, Bedford, Middlesex, MA. v. LUCY WHITTAKER, b. 10 May 1744, Bedford, Middlesex, MA; d. 1794; m. (?) MELONEY. vi. LYDIA WHITTAKER, b. 19 Jun 1746, Bedford, Middlesex, MA; m. (?) BAKER. vii. BETTEY WHITTAKER, b. 11 Aug 1748, Bedford, Middlesex, MA. viii. TABITHA WHITTAKER, b. 14 Apr 1754. ix. HULDAH WHITTAKER, b. Abt. 1756; m. (?) WILLIAMS.

12. WILLIAM5 WHITTAKER (NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 27 Apr 1711 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#. He married (1) ANNE ANDERSON 04 Sep 1745 in Rutland, Worcester, MA#. She was born in Hardwicke, and died 02 Jan 1753 in Rutland, Worcester, MA#. He married (2) JANE CONINGHAM 27 Nov 1753 in Rutland, Worcester, MA#.

Notes for WILLIAM WHITTAKER: This William Whittaker was erroneously named the father of William Whittaker b. 1750 in Concord by descendants of his sister, Lydia Whittaker Watson, when applying to the Daughters of the American Revolution for membership. Actually he was William and Lydia's uncle because he was the brother of their father, Samuel. They both were sons of Nathaniel Whittaker and Hannah Carley.

William's wife, Anne, died early in 1753; and, by the end of that year he remarried. He married Jane Coningham in November of 1753.

Children of WILLIAM WHITTAKER and ANNE ANDERSON are: i. JEREMIAH6 WHITTAKER, b. 15 Sep 1747, Rutland, Worcester, MA. ii. MATTHEW WHITTAKER, b. 04 Feb 1749, Rutland, Worcester, MA. iii. ELIZABETH WHITTAKER, b. 13 Oct 1750, Rutland, Worcester, MA. iv. WILLIAM WHITTAKER, b. 09 Jul 1746, Rutland, Worcester, MA; m. SARAH HEYWOOD, 13 Nov 1773, Rutland, Worcester, MA.

13. BENJAMIN5 TAYLOR (MARY4 WHITTAKER, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 18 Apr 1699 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#. He married SARAH Bef. 17 Jan 1727.

Child of BENJAMIN TAYLOR and SARAH is: i. SARAH6 TAYLOR, b. 17 Jan 1727, Concord, Middlesex, MA.

14. JOHN5 WHITTAKER (JOHN4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 26 May 1713 in Stow, Massachusetts#. He married LYDIA (?) Bef. 26 Jul 1737.

Children of JOHN WHITTAKER and LYDIA (?) are: i. JOHN6 WHITTAKER, b. 26 Jul 1737, Stow, Massachusetts; d. 1739, Stow, Massachusetts. ii. LYDIA WHITTAKER, b. 02 Oct 1739, Stow, Massachusetts. iii. SARAH WHITTAKER, b. 10 Sep 1741, Stow, Massachusetts. iv. JOHN WHITTAKER, b. 02 Oct 1744, Stow, Massachusetts. v. HANNAH WHITTAKER, b. 02 May 1747, Stow, Massachusetts; d. 1747, Stow, Massachusetts. vi. WILLIAM WHITTAKER, b. 19 Jan 1748, Stow, Massachusetts. vii. LUCY WHITTAKER, b. 28 Sep 1751, Stow, Massachusetts. viii. HANNAH WHITTAKER, b. 04 Oct 1754, Stow, Massachusetts. ix. MARCY WHITTAKER, b. 12 May 1758, Stow, Massachusetts.

15. WILLIAM5 YOUNG (SARAH4 WHITTAKER, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 1695 in Boston, Suffolk, MA#, and died 16 Apr 1747 in Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA. He married SUSANNAH COTTON 27 May 1722 in Northchurch, Portsmouth, Rockingham, NH, daughter of JOHN COTTON and SARAH HEARL. She was born Abt. 1695 in Portsmouth, Rockingham, NH, and died Abt. 1730.

Child of WILLIAM YOUNG and SUSANNAH COTTON is: 22. i. JOSEPH6 YOUNG, b. 12 Feb 1729, Boston, Suffolk, MA; d. 14 Nov 1769, Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA.

16. DAVID5 WHITTAKER (DAVID4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 01 Jul 1709 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, and died Aug 1790 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#. He married (1) MERCY (MARY) BROWN 01 Jan 1737 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, daughter of THOMAS BROWN and RACHEL POULTER. She was born 22 Apr 1710 in Concord, Middlesex, MA, and died 10 Jun 1737 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#. He married (2) HANNAH HOPKINSON 27 Jun 1738 in Concord, Middlesex, MA. She died 11 Apr 1798 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#.

Marriage Notes for DAVID WHITTAKER and HANNAH HOPKINSON: David, Jr. and Hannah were married by Justice Flint.

Child of DAVID WHITTAKER and HANNAH HOPKINSON is: i. OLIVER6 WHITTAKER, b. Abt. 1743; d. 29 Jan 1756.

17. MARCY5 WHITTAKER (DAVID4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 25 Jun 1715 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#. She married JOSIAH FULLER 06 Sep 1738 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#.

Marriage Notes for MARCY WHITTAKER and JOSIAH FULLER: Josiah and Mercy were married by Justice Flint.

Child of MARCY WHITTAKER and JOSIAH FULLER is: i. HANNAH6 FULLER, b. 24 Jan 1740, Concord, Middlesex, MA; m. WILLIAM WILSON, 10 Nov 1757, Concord, Middlesex, MA.

Marriage Notes for HANNAH FULLER and WILLIAM WILSON: William and Hannah were married by Rev. Bliss.

18. NATHANIEL5 WHITTAKER (DAVID4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born Abt. 1708 in Concord, Middlesex, MA. He married SARAH.

Notes for NATHANIEL WHITTAKER: From History of the Town of Concord Page 246:

Nathaniel Whitaker, son of David Whitaker, was graduated from Harvard College in 1730. After being some time employed as a minister at Norwich in Connecticut, he went to England in 1765 or 1766, accompanied by Sampson Occum, the first Indian educated by the Rev. Mr. Wheelock, afterwards President of Dartmouth College, to solicit donations for the support of Mr. Wheelock's school "for the education of Indian youth to be missionaries and school masters for the natives of America." He was installed July 28, 1769, over the third church in Salem. In 1774 his meeting house was burnt, and a division in his society took place. He and his friends erected a new house, and called it the Tabernacle Church in 1776; but, difficulties having arisen, he was dismissed in 1783, and installed at Canaan, Maine, September 10, 1784. He was again dismissed in 1789, and removed to Virginia, where he died.

From Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College Page 495:

As early as 1764, Mr. Wheelock made appeals to persons of wealth in Great Britain, among others to the young Earl of Dartmouth, and late in 1765 he sent Mr. Occum and the Reverend Nathaniel Whitaker (Harvard 1730) of Norwich, to solicit in person the charities of British Christians, with a view to more extended operations. They were especially befriended in their mission by Whitefield and by John Wentworth, just appointed to the Governorship of New Hampshire, and succeeded in raising about 12,000 pounds, which was left in the hands of the British Trustees.

As the scheme expanded, though there was less Indian patronage, Dr Wheelock, who received the degree of D. D. from the University of Edinburgh, in June of 1767, thought it best to develop a college, in which the whole course of studies necessary for ministers might be pursued; and, for various reasons, the colony of Connecticut (where a charter had been solicited as early as 1764) seemed not the most desirable location for such an institution. As early as 1762 he had been offered by Governor Benning Wentworth a tract of land in the western part of New Hampshire for the use of the school; and, a comparison of other offers finally induced the Trustees of the funds, in April 1769, to advise Dr. Wheelock to accept this location. On the 13th of December, 1769, a charter was obtained for Dartmouth College from the Governor of New Hampshire, Dr. Wheelock being named as the President, and in July, 1770, the site of the institution was definitely fixed at Hanover. Meantime, on April 15, 1770, Dr. Wheelock was dismissed from the pastorate of his church in Lebanon, and, in the ensuing fall, he established himself with his family at Hanover. The settlement was in the midst of a wilderness, with only a few log huts for shelter, and the hardships of the early period were very trying; but, the first college year began with about thirty students.

From the Charter of Dartmouth College - Beginning Line No. 22:

WHERE-UPON the said Eleazar Wheelock thought it expedient that endeavors should be used to raise Contributions from well disposed Persons in England for the carrying on and extended said undertaking, And for that purpose said Eleazar Wheelock requested the Reverend Nathaniel Whitaker now Doctor in Divinity to go over to England for that purpose, and sent over with him the Reverend Samuel Occum an Indian Minister who had been educated by the said Wheelock, And to enable the said Whitaker to the more successful performance of said Work on which he was sent, said Wheelock gave him full Power of Attorney by which said Whitaker solicited those worthy & generous contributors to the Charity VIZ: The Right Honorable William Earl of Dartmouth, the Honorable Sir Sidney Stafford Smythe Knight, one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer, John Thornton of Clapham in the County of Surrey Esquire, Samuel Roffey of Lincoln's Inn Fields in the County of Middlesex Esquire, Charles Hardy of the Parish of Saint Mary-Le-Bonne in said county Esquire, Samuel Savage of the same place Gentleman, Josiah Roberts of the Parish of Saint Edmund the King Lombard Street, London Gentleman, and Robert Keen of the Parish of Saint Botolph Aldgate London, Gentleman,to receive the several sums of money which should be contri- buted, and to be the Trustees for the Contributors to such Charity, which they cheerfully agreed to.

Children of NATHANIEL WHITTAKER and SARAH are: i. JOHN6 WHITTAKER, b. 1772, Salem, Essex, MA. ii. WILLIAM SMITH WHITTAKER, b. 1770, Salem, Essex, MA.

19. SETH5 WHITTAKER (DANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 11 Apr 1711 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA#. He married (1) MARY KENT. He married (2) RACHEL BORDEN. He married (3) MARY LEE.#

Notes for MARY LEE: Mary was named executrix of Seth's will, along with Jonathan Mosher. Witnesses were Jonathan Mosher, Richard Norton, and Ebenezer Norton.



20. JOSEPH5 WHITTAKER (DANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 03 Feb 1715 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA, and died 25 Jul 1744 in Swansea, MA#. He married RACHAL PERREN 25 Mar 1743 in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA. She was born in Rehoboth, Bristol, MA#.

More About JOSEPH WHITTAKER and RACHAL PERREN: Marriage: 25 Mar 1743, Rehoboth, Bristol, MA


Generation No. 4

21. WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER (SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 28 Jul 1750 in Concord, Middlesex, MA#, and died 22 Jul 1830 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#. He married LYDIA HOWE 03 Aug 1774 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, daughter of ABRAHAM HOWE and LYDIA STOW. She was born 06 Oct 1756 in Marlborough, Middlesex, MA#, and died 22 Oct 1844 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#.

Notes for WILLIAM WHITTAKER: William Whittaker served in the American Revolutionary war; being called out on the first alarm of April 19, 1775. He was a drummer in Capt. Boaz Moore's Company of Col. Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment. He served only 9 days, then returning home. Support for this will be found in the book "Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors In the War of the Revolution" on Page 24.

Most likely he thought better of it because he was newly married and had an infant son who had just been born in January of 1775, my Great Great Great Grandfather, William Whitteker. He sent his apprentice, Eli Stearns, to take his place, according to the book "Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts" written by Henry Bond, M.D. on page 462.

I believe William Whittaker may have been apprenticed out, himself, early in life, as were some of his brothers and sisters. His father, Samuel Whittaker, having been supported by the town upon two occasions during his life. I find it particularly striking that he never named any of his children after his father, Samuel, or mother, Tabitha. Poor children were apprenticed out by the towns rather early.....around eight years of age. It helped the towns to take care of the poor; but, I fear it did not do much to foster a relationship with the children's natural parents.

At any rate, William seems to have overcome this stigma; and, learned some lessons from it. All of his sons were very enterprising and hardworking individuals. The ones who later moved to Western Virginia all operated at least two; and, sometimes more, businesses. He taught all of them to be farmers; and carpenters, according to the diary of his son, William Whitteker.

Children of WILLIAM WHITTAKER and LYDIA HOWE are: 23. i. WILLIAM7 WHITTEKER, b. 14 Jan 1775, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 12 Mar 1853, Burlington, Iowa. 24. ii. LYDIA WHITTEKER, b. 04 Feb 1777, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 06 Jun 1857, Princeton, Worcester, MA. iii. CATHERINE WHITTEKER, b. 24 Sep 1778, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 21 Jun 1782. 25. iv. CAPT. JOHN WHITTEKER, b. 19 Aug 1780, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 08 Jul 1854, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME. 26. v. LUTHER WHITTEKER, b. 08 Jul 1782, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 29 Oct 1874, Princeton, Worcester, MA. vi. AARON WHITTEKER, b. 06 Oct 1784, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 17 Jul 1786, Princeton, Worcester, MA. 27. vii. LEVI WHITTEKER, b. 03 Oct 1786, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. Abt. 1823, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. 28. viii. MARY WHITTEKER, b. 24 Nov 1788, Princeton, Worcester, MA. 29. ix. AARON WHITTEKER, b. 28 Feb 1790, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 26 Feb 1882, Charleston, Kanawha, WV. x. CATHERINE WHITTEKER, b. 23 Dec 1792, Princeton, Worcester, MA. 30. xi. THOMAS WHITTEKER, b. 27 Dec 1795, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 03 Jun 1867, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. xii. CHARLES WHITTEKER, b. 17 Dec 1799, Princeton, Worcester, MA.

22. JOSEPH6 YOUNG (WILLIAM5, SARAH4 WHITTAKER, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 12 Feb 1729 in Boston, Suffolk, MA#, and died 14 Nov 1769 in Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA. He married ELIZABETH HAYDEN 21 Aug 1759 in Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA, daughter of JOHN HAYDEN and LUCY MAYNARD. She was born 01 Feb 1728 in Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA, and died 23 Jun 1810 in Upton, Worcester, MA.

Child of JOSEPH YOUNG and ELIZABETH HAYDEN is: 31. i. JOHN7 YOUNG, b. 06 Mar 1763, Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA; d. 12 Oct 1839, Quincy, Adams, IL.

Generation No. 5

23. WILLIAM7 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 14 Jan 1775 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, and died 12 Mar 1853 in Burlington, Iowa#. He married PHILENA COBB 29 Sep 1806 in Boston, Suffolk, MA#. She died 21 Jun 1846 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#.

Notes for WILLIAM WHITTEKER: The Kanawha Spectator Vol 1 by Julius A. DeGruyter:

After, Isaac Noyes, William Whitteker was one of the very early permanent settlers in Charleston, arriving in December of the year 1806, shortly after his marriage to a Mrs. Philena Cobb of Boston.

He was an active & respected citizen and held in high regard by everyone in the community. Two years after his arrival here, he was appointed Postmaster of Kanawha Courthouse by President Jefferson. Whitteker Street was named in memory of this man and his brothers.

He owned and operated a salt making business, was a commissioner, operated a tavern on his property; and, in later years was a toll collector on the river. Before moving to Charleston, he did business in the fur trade; and, in his early manhood, sailed twice to China, signing on as a carpenter's mate. All of the Whittakers learned the carpentry trade; and built houses.

William was a good man, who tried to give something back to the community. As a commissioner, he worked hard to bring a school to Charleston. He also served on a Board of Overseers of the Poor. He served as an Elder in the Presbyterian Church for over 15 years as well.

He resigned from his position as Elder of the church, and left the church in the summer of 1835. This act was probably in reaction to a commotion which was started in the town by Isaac Noyes, involving William's niece, Maria Whitteker, daughter of Levi. Isaac repeated to several people in town that he wagered that Maria would run off with the pastor of the church; and, they would commit adultery within six month's time. Maria was only 14 years old at that time. All of this resulted in Levi's widow, Elizabeth, filing suit against Isaac to the tune of $10,000.00 damages; quite a sum for the time. As stated above, William had served as an elder in the church for 15 years. Isaac Noyes had also become an elder in the church just five years previous to this incident. William's withdrawal from the position of elder; and, from the church, altogether, happened in the same month in which the slanderous libel was spoken.

Toward the end of his life, William wrote a manuscript, in diary form, of all of his travels, adventures, dreams and inventions. In his youth, at the age of twenty, he had signed on the ship "New Jersey" as a carpenter's mate to make his first voyage to China. During the return voyage, after they had rounded the Cape of Good Hope, they were hi-jacked by French Privateers; and, taken under threat of death to San Juan, Puerto Rico, while the ship was taken to court as plunder by the Privateers. The voyage, which should have taken around three but no more than four months wound up lasting twenty-one months. Upon return to Philadelphia, from whence they had sailed, he signed up to go again to China on the same ship. The second voyage would have been pretty uneventful if William had not contracted Small Pox on the first week out. There was a doctor on board who treated him with a "dose of salts" and "chicken soup" and "bleeding". William was forced to stay below for fear of him infecting the rest of the crew. This voyage, however, was more profitable as he was actually able to return with items he had bought in the Far East and sell them at a profit in addition to the money he made as wages. The details of these adventures are best left to the telling of William himself in his Diary, but that is another story.


Before William moved to Charleston in 1806, he had made a trip to the area with Isaac Noyes whom he had met in New York while trading furs. He had been so impressed with Isaac's description of the Kanawha Valley as the perfect place to settle; that he set out with him at once, traveling part of the way by boat; but, walking the last 400 miles.

While William was in the Kanawha Valley, in 1805, he purchased 4 pieces of property. He purchased 30,000 acres on the Ohio River from Andrew Donally and his wife, recorded in Book C, page 72. Recorded in the same book, on page 74, is the transfer of 4,000 acres on the Gauley River to him from Nehemiah Wood and his wife. Also from Nehemiah Wood, he bought 16,000 acres on Slaughter and Cabin Creeks, which is recorded in the same book, on page 75. Finally, he purchased a "Tract on the Ohio River"(no further description) from Luther Willard, which is also recorded in Book C, on page 77.

In 1806 he sold the above mentioned 30,000 acres to Jacob Rogers which is recorded in Book C on page 118. The year before he had sold 15,000 of the above 16,000 acres to William Penniman. He also bought and sold many house lots in Charleston, no doubt during the course of the Whitteker family's house building business. He also sold a building contract to William C. Phelps in 1823, Book F, Page 225.

Two weeks after he moved to the Kanawha Valley in late December of 1806, he purchased two additional pieces of property, which were recorded in 1807. These were two lots near the mouth of the Elk River purchased from William Williams and his wife, as well as a one acre lot in Charleston. Both of these purchases were recorded in Book C, pages 220 and 222 respectively. He later sold the one acre lot in Charleston to his brother Levi, in 1818.

Additionally, in 1818, recorded in Book E, he obtained from Edmund Price 361 acres on Two Mile Creek and the Elk River (Page 112), another one acre lot in Charleston from Samuel Williams (Page 118), and 150 acres south and east of the Elk River from David Shallenberger and his wife (Page 138). He and his wife, Philena, sold the 361 acres to his brother, Levi, in 1820, Book E, Page 459. In 1823, William purchased a "Tract" of land near Two Mile Creek from James Mayes, Book F, Page 254. Finally, in 1832, he purchased a lot on Water Street in Charleston from George W. Buster, Book H, Page 116. I believe this may have been the lot on which Norris, his son, built the Mac Farland House. Kanawha Boulevard, at that time, was called "Water Street". The Mac Farland House is located at 1310 Kanawha Boulevard.

When Philena, his wife, died in 1846, William sold all of the property their house stood on including the house to Edna A. Whitteker, his daughter-in-law for one dollar.

Marriage Notes for WILLIAM WHITTEKER and PHILENA COBB: She was a widow with two small children when William married her , according to his Diary. Her married name was Cobb. Have never found any mention of her maiden name or of the names of the Cobb children. One at least was a boy mentioned in the history of the Presbyterian Church, as being William's step child.

Children of WILLIAM WHITTEKER and PHILENA COBB are: 32. i. NORRIS STANLEY8 WHITTEKER, b. 03 Feb 1807, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 04 Sep 1889, Charleston, Kanawha, WV. 33. ii. WILLIAM F WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1811, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. Jul 1848, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. 34. iii. PHILENA V. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1812, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. iv. REV. HENRY BRIGHAM WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1814, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 15 Sep 1844, Upper Alton Illinois; m. ANNA HOWE; b. 05 Dec 1808, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. Aft. 1870, Princeton, Worcester, MA.

Notes for REV. HENRY BRIGHAM WHITTEKER: From WV Newspaper Obituaries 1822-1899 by KVGS

The Kanawha Republican October 1, 1844

Died at Upper Alton, Illinois on the 15th of September, from a violent attack of fever, Rev. Henry B. Whitteker, in the 30th year of his life. Mr. Whitteker was born and spent the years of his youth in this place. In the days of his youth, he made a profession of religion, connected himself with the Presbyterian Church, and with much zeal entered on his master's service. He was licensed to preach the gospel in 1841, and at the time of his death was pastor of the Church at Upper Alton. The day before his death he said to his beloved wife, "I have a great deal to say to you but cannot say it. All is well with me. I will commit you to a kind Savior. He will take care of you."

Notes for ANNA HOWE: Anna Howe Whitteker, like her sister, Emily, came to the south to teach. Southerners had a definite problem keeping schools for their children; and, those who had the money were willing to pay for teachers to come from the north and set up schools on their property. They did this mainly to educate their own children; but, most of them allowed the teachers to sell subscriptions to the neighbors' children, as well, so teaching in the south became much more lucrative.

Anna had been educated, herself, at a school in Keene, New Hampshire. It is quite possible that this is where she may have first met William F. Whitteker, one of her best friends and the brother of her future husband, Henry B. Whitteker. Anna had also been raised in the politics of the abolitionist movement. She is the one of the sisters who retained this adamant belief throughout her stay in Virginia; and, indeed throughout her life.

For nearly 50 years she kept up a correspondence with her sisters, mother, and other family members, which letters I have obtained copies of. She presents herself, in these letters, as feeling alone among the enemy without a sympathetic person to her cause to talk with. After two years teaching in the home of Col. Isbell in Cumberland County, Virginia, she began to move northward, stopping first in Charleston, Virginia (later West Virginia) in 1836. Eventually, before 1840, she wound up living in Columbus, Ohio and her mother came to stay. By the time of the Civil War, and after her husband's death in 1844, she had moved back to Virginia to stay with her sister. Once the Civil War started in earnest, she became enamored with the idea of returning to Massachusetts; and began writing to relatives in the north to try and procure a pass for travel. This was done and she with her mother, who was old and feeble by now, and Willianna Whitteker, now a young girl in her charge, returned to Princeton, Massachusetts in 1861. Willianna had come under the protection of Anna when her mother Edna Campbell Whitteker was dying from consumption; and, brought the 6 year old child, across the mountains, to her some time in 1860. Edna died shortly after arriving at Emily's house, where Anna was then staying; and, is buried there at Linden in Prince Edward County.

Anna said very little about Henry in her letters. The year that he proposed to her, she mentioned that she had two proposals that year; one of which was a carpenter in Charleston. She never said why she accepted Henry's proposal above the others. I suspect, though, that the fact that he was a minister of God had much to do with it. She seemed to be very preoccupied with religion; which was also one of the reasons she disliked the religious leanings of the people of Virginia, as well as their practice of slavery. She complained that they rarely went to church on Sunday; but, stayed home and received guests instead. Henry, himself, had been raised with slaves on the property of his father, William Whitteker, but by 1840 William had changed his mind about slavery and set all of his slaves free. Alas, this marriage was not to last long! Henry died very young, by 30 years of age, succumbing to a high fever.

During the second time that Anna lived in Virginia as a teacher, she also had a school on Sunday for the Negroes. She wrote of it in a letter which was dated 1847, explaining that it was against the law to educate Negroes; but it could be done with permission of their masters. She also stated that they were some of her best pupils and very easy to teach. These most surely were the slaves of Emily, who must have given her permission for them to be taught.

v. ALFRED WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1817, Charleston, Kanawha, VA.

Notes for ALFRED WHITTEKER: Not much is known of Alfred Whitteker; but, in 1839, he became Deputy Sheriff to the Sheriff, Daniel Ruffner, as evidenced by his bond which was filed with the Kanawha County Court. So, he was still living in Kanawha County at this time. There is no record of a marriage, children, or death in Kanawha County.

24. LYDIA7 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 04 Feb 1777 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, and died 06 Jun 1857 in Princeton, Worcester, MA. She married JACOB WHEELER WATSON 18 Oct 1797 in Princeton, Worcester, MA##. He was born 15 Apr 1777 in Princeton, Worcester, MA, and died 25 Aug 1864 in Princeton, Worcester, MA.

Child of LYDIA WHITTEKER and JACOB WATSON is: i. WILLIAM WARREN8 WATSON, b. 24 May 1810, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 15 Jan 1861, Princeton, Worcester, MA.

25. CAPT. JOHN7 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 19 Aug 1780 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, and died 08 Jul 1854 in Ellsworth, Hancock, ME#. He married CHRISTIANA JORDAN #16 Jun 1804, daughter of SOLOMON JORDAN and CHRISTINA SIMONTON. She was born 08 Aug 1782 in Ellsworth, Hancock, ME, and died 09 Mar 1862 in Ellsworth, Hancock, ME.

Notes for CAPT. JOHN WHITTEKER: The information on this family was first found on the internet. John Whitteker who was born 1780 in Princeton did not seem to marry or die there. When I saw the names of the children of this family, I was convinced that this was our John Whitteker of Princeton's family. I tried to contact the man who had posted this family tree; but, apparently the E-mail address was no longer valid. This tree gave no information as to where John Whitteker was born or who his parents were. The age was also similar. I also noted that there was not a Luther, Charles, Lydia, Mary "Augustus", or PHILENA COBB in the family of Christiana Jordan to explain this naming pattern. PHILENA COBB WHITTEKER was enough in itself to get my attention; but, the other names in addition seemed too much of a coincidence.

The Ancestral File from LDS gives John Whitteker's date of birth as about 1778; and the place as Ellsworth, Hancock, ME, with no documentation or name of either parent. I feel 100% sure that this is John Whitteker of Princetons' wife and children.

From "History of Ellsworth, Maine" by Albert H. Davis - Lewiston Journal Printshop, Lewiston, Maine 1927, Page 12:

John Whittaker was the first of the Whittakers to settle here. He came from Princeton, MA, married Christina Jordan, and settled on the east bank of Union River, on the Marcus Whittaker place, just below the city proper.

John is interred at Bayside Cemetery in Ellsworth, Hancock, Maine.

Children of JOHN WHITTEKER and CHRISTIANA JORDAN are: i. LUTHER8 WHITTEKER, b. 13 Dec 1804, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME; d. 1811, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME. ii. LYDIA WHITTEKER, b. 13 Jan 1807, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME. 35. iii. JOHN WHITTEKER, b. 11 Jan 1809, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME. iv. JULIA A. WHITTEKER, b. 11 Feb 1811, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME. v. MARY AUGUSTUS WHITTEKER, b. 16 Sep 1814, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME; d. 02 Jun 1888, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME. vi. PHILENA COBB WHITTEKER, b. 26 Sep 1818, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME; d. 1834, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME. vii. CHARLES LUTHER WHITTEKER, b. 04 Nov 1820, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME; d. 1847, Ellsworth, Hancock, ME.

26. LUTHER7 WHITTEKER# (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 08 Jul 1782 in Princeton, Worcester, MA, and died 29 Oct 1874 in Princeton, Worcester, MA. He married (1) BETSY BRIGHAM 25 Apr 1813 in Princeton, Worcester, MA, daughter of ABNER BRIGHAM and ELIZABETH CHILDS. She was born 28 Feb 1792 in Princeton, Worcester, MA, and died 12 Aug 1825 in Princeton, Worcester, MA. He married (2) BETSY DODD Abt. 08 Apr 1827 in Princeton, Worcester, MA, daughter of TILLY DODD and HANNAH CHAFFIN. She was born in Holden, MA, and died 28 Jun 1869 in Princeton, Worcester, MA.

Children of LUTHER WHITTEKER and BETSY BRIGHAM are: i. HARRIET MINERVA8 WHITTEKER, b. 18 Mar 1815, Princeton, Worcester, MA. ii. WILLIAM BRIGHAM WHITTEKER, b. 30 Oct 1816, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 1818, Princeton, Worcester, MA. iii. CHARLES A. WHITTEKER, b. 13 May 1819, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 03 Jun 1903, Princeton, Worcester, MA. iv. AARON D. WHITTEKER, b. 15 May 1821, Princeton, Worcester, MA; m. LUCINDA M.; b. 1828, Massachusetts. v. ELIZABETH C. WHITTEKER, b. 30 Jul 1823, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 13 Jul 1862, Leominster, MA. vi. SOPHIA L. WHITTEKER, b. 04 Aug 1825, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. 18 Aug 1827, Princeton, Worcester, MA.

27. LEVI7 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 03 Oct 1786 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, and died Abt. 1823 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#. He married ELIZABETH ANNE.

Notes for LEVI WHITTEKER: Levi Whitteker somehow amassed many debts in his short life. He joined in the salt making business with his brother, William, and Isaac Noyes in about 1810. Whether these debts were from this business is doubtful as William does not seem to have been so affected.

There is a court case from 1816 where Levi sued one Bennett Crawford for assault and battery. Contained in these papers is an account of Crawford accosting Levi on the street with a large club, threatening him, and proceeding to beat him about the head and body with this club. Levi sued him for $5,000.00 and received $7.50 for his trouble. Whether this altercation was the result of some debt has been lost to the shadows of time.

Levi died about 1823; and his personal property was appraised and ordered to be auctioned, apparently to satisfy creditors. William Whitteker went to this auction with Levi's widow, Elizabeth, and helped her to buy back hers and her Childrens' beds & bed clothing and kitchen utensils. One can only imagine how mortified she must have been at such a sad time, after loosing her husband at 37 years of age. It is not known what he died of.

William was later sued for his kindness, as they only paid about $15.00 to buy back articles which had been appraised at $55.00. Elizabeth and her two daughters, Maria and Salina, relied solely on her and Levi's son, William Wallace Whitteker who was named after his uncle, for support. He too died on the 10th of July of 1843. His obituary from the Kanawha Republican Newspaper stated: "Died at Louisville, Kentucky Hotel on Saturday evening , Mr. William Wallace Whitteker, in the 28th year of his age. He was a native of this place, has left a widowed mother and two sisters, who has been almost entirely dependant upon him for support; to them the loss is irreparable. He was a young man of great industry, sterling and moral worth." What became of them is not known.


Levi bought two lots in Charleston from his brother William, one in 1817; and, the other in 1818, probably to build houses on to sell, which seems to have been a side business for the Whittekers. He also bought in 1820, from William and his wife, Philena, 361 acres on the south side of the Elk River, Deed Book E, Page 459.

Notes for ELIZABETH ANNE: Elizabeth Anne Whitteker had quite a portion of solid upright backbone, when she brought suit against Isaac Noyes for the slander of her daughter, Maria L. Whitteker, who was only 14 years of age at the time. William Whitteker had originally come to Charleston in the company of Mr. Noyes back in 1806, so the family had not only known him for 29 years; but, William and Levi, Maria's father, had also been in business with Isaac.

The slander that was perpetrated against Maria was mean spirited at best. Isaac told several townspeople that Maria and the Reverend Nathaniel Calhoun, who at that time was married and still living with his wife, Nancy, would commit adultery together within 6 months time; and that he, the Rev. Calhoun, would run away with Maria. Due to this comment, which had no basis in fact, all of Maria's neighbors and acquaintances shunned her in society. Two things happened, first, on the same day, William Whitteker withdrew as an elder of the Presbyterian Church, after having served in that capacity for over 15 years. Secondly, Elizabeth brought suit against Isaac, asking for $10,000.00 in damages.

There is no record of a judgement in the case. It was probably settled out of court.

Children of LEVI WHITTEKER and ELIZABETH ANNE are: i. MARIA L.8 WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1821, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. ii. SALINA WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1818, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. iii. WILLIAM WALLACE WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1815, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 10 Jul 1843, Louisville, Kentucky.


Young William W. Whitteker, barely 21 years old, bought from James M. Laidley, in 1836, 375 acres on the Coal River. This was recorded in Deed Book IJ, Page 263. This was his only land purchase in Kanawha County.

28. MARY7 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 24 Nov 1788 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#. She married JONAS HARTWELL 16 May 1811 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, son of ISAAC HARTWELL and EUNICE MIRICK. He was born 22 Nov 1786 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, and died Abt. 1837 in Charleston, Kanawah, VA.

Children of MARY WHITTEKER and JONAS HARTWELL are: i. MARY A.8 HARTWELL, b. 25 Dec 1811; d. 1812. ii. JONAS HERVEY HARTWELL, b. 27 Dec 1812; d. 07 Jun 1837, Kanawha River, Virginia. iii. WILLIAM WHITAKER HARTWELL, b. 30 Jun 1814; d. 21 Jul 1840. iv. MARY AUGUSTA HARTWELL, b. 18 Jun 1816. v. JULIA AMANDA HARTWELL, b. 13 Jun 1818; d. 08 Feb 1836, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. vi. LYDIA MARIA HARTWELL, b. 16 Jun 1820.

29. AARON7 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 28 Feb 1790 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, and died 26 Feb 1882 in Charleston, Kanawha, WV#. He married BETSY DANNENBERRY QUARRIER 27 Mar 1816 in Kanawha County VA#, daughter of ALEXANDER QUARRIER and ELIZABETH DANNENBERRY. She was born 20 Sep 1797 in Richmond, Henrico, VA, and died 15 Aug 1881 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#.

Notes for AARON WHITTEKER: The Kanawha Spectator Vol. 1


The man bearing the name above mentioned is the one to whom we referred, in our preface, as having killed bears in places in Charleston where now the streets have to be restricted to one way traffic.

Aaron Whitteker was a younger brother of William Whitteker, who had come to Charleston in company with Isaac Noyes in 1806, and settled here in that year. Aaron was born in Massachu- setts in 1790. On a trip to New York in 1810, he met Bradford Noyes, a younger brother of Isaac, who was in a town near New York City at that time, to dispose of his furs. Mr. Noyes spoke so enthusiastically of the advantages of Kanawha Valley as a place to live that Whitteker decided to go back to Charleston with him. They traveled as far as Baltimore, Maryland on a sloop, and from Baltimore, they set out on foot, walking the 400 mile distance in 12 days, an average of 33 1/2 miles per day.

Aaron and William, together with a third brother, Levi, the youngest of the three, who also came out later still, to this valley, proceeded to engage in the drilling of wells for salt brine. A few years later, Aaron quit the work of drilling and contracted with Bradford Noyes to furnish wood for Mr. Noyes' salt furnaces, coal not yet being utilized for this purpose. It has been stated that Aaron Whitteker, during the period of time he was engaged in this work, "cleared all of the land from Magazine Branch on the Elk River to Wilson's Hollow on the Kanawha River. This hardly seems possible, with the methods of logging available in those days; he probably thinned out the growth a bit, but left quite a bit standing.

He was very successful at this, and while so engaged, he found time to construct a number of houses, in addition to his own store building, built of brick, and another brick building that was used by one of his competitors in the dry goods business; Arnold & Abney. Mr. Whitteker enjoyed a wide acquaintance, and was highly regarded. He lived to quite an advanced age, his time expand- ing from deer paths and Indian trails to brick pavements and gas lights.

Aaron also owned and operated a hotel; and, was a part owner of a steam boat.

Pioneers and Their Homes on Upper Kanawha by Ruth Woods Dayton


One of the first of Charleston's early frame houses is still standing, although now it is in deed a sorry looking spectacle, with it's windows broken, and it's door swinging open in the wind. If it were in a more isolated spot, it could easily become a haunted house. Even in the eleven hundred block of Kanawha Boulevard on a sunny morning, one steps across the threshold in a sort of gingerly fashion, and doesn't have much enthusiasm for seeing what is on the second floor. There was a time when this residence, best known as the "Miller House", was a very charming home, surrounded by flowers and comfortably shaded by magnificent elm trees--which, like all the other elms that beautified Kanawha Street, were recently killed by an incurable disease, leaving the street bare and the homes much less inviting.

This house was built about 1830 by Aaron Whitteker, the skillful builder of many of Charleston's early dwellings. His practice was to purchase a lot, erect a good looking house, and promptly sell. Broad Street, then called Summers Lane, extended only a short distance back from the river, and leading to the Summers and Ryan Houses, marked the eastern boundary of the town. The Miller House, facing Kanawha Boulevard and the river, is now the second one above the eastern corner of Broad, but originally it stood alone, as no other houses were built in the block until afterward when the brick dwellings of the Noyes brothers were erected.

The Miller house was of excellent material and construction, much of it put together with wooden pegs. During plastering repairs in 1896, the wide and irregular shaped lathes were found to be riven and split by hand, some ten or more feet in length. Rather tall, with a steep roof above a full attic, there is a lower two story wing extending from the rear of the house. A porch across the front has interesting octagon-cut columns, and a dentil molding around the top. The porch was formerly on the upper side of the house, but was moved later to the front. Green shutters hang at the windows, which were the usual style of small-paned sash.

A white picket fence once enclosed the yard, but was replaced by a well-designed and, inci- dentally, very lovely one of iron--said to have been the first piece of ornamental ironwork made by the Thayer Foundry.

The entrance doorway is on the upper side of the house and large square rooms with fireplaces are on the left. The doors are fine and paneled, and the unusually wide floor boards are still intact. For all of it's having been open to weather and vandalism for several years, much of the woodwork is still surprisingly well preserved.

There was ample opportunity to demonstrate the durability of it's construction, however, years ago, for the house has had what sure must be a unique distinction, that of having been twice moved from it's original location. First, it was moved backward to the rear of the large lot, and turned around to face Broad Street. The land upon which it stood was later sold to the First Presbyterian Church for the erection of the church school building. So again the Miller house was hauled backward, and shifted about to its former location, except for be place further away from Kanawha Street. It continued to be occupied as late as the early days of World War II, when it was used for headquarters of the "Bundles for Britain" organization, but the old "Miller House" is now destined in the near future to be demolished to make way for a large office building.

The Miller house was razed in the late summer of 1947.


According to the Index to Deeds of Kanawha County, starting in 1817 and ending in 1840, Aaron Whitteker purchased a total of 11 lots in the city of Charleston. These lots ranged in size from 1/2 acre to two acres at the largest. He sold one of these lots to his brother Thomas in 1830. In 1839, he sold two lots to Charles S. Whitteker. It is doubtless, that these transactions represent his purchasing land on which to build houses to sell.

Included in the Index to Deeds is the recording of an "Emancipation of Slaves" from Aaron in 1833 which is recorded in Book H, Page 389.

OBITUARY: THE STATE TRIBUNE, Saturday 04March 1882

Departed this life yesterday morning at 6 O'clock at his late residence in this city, after a brief illness, Mr. Aaron Whitteker, one of the oldest, if not the very oldest of our citizens, aged ninety-one years.

He was born the 28th day 9of February 1791 in Princeton, Worcester County, Massachusetts, and came to this county in the year 1810, where he has ever since resided. He is the last, but one of a large family, a sister, residing in Massachusetts, several years his senior survives him. All contemporaries, who with him here at the earlier period of Charleston's and the County's history, the Noyes family, the Donnallys, the Ruffners, the Shrewsburys, the Reynolds, the Summers, the Quarriers, the McFarlands, the Lewis, and others have long since passed away, leaving him, the survivor, to follow them at last, in a much further advanced age than any of those had attained. He survived by many years four brothers, William, Levi, Charles, and Thomas, all of whom were residents of Kanawha. At the early age of 19 or 20, he engaged in the manufacture of salt with the late Isaac and Bradford Noyes and some one or more of his brothers. At that day coal was not utilized as a fuel very extensively, but salt water was boiled with wood. Mr. Whitteker was among the first to strip the bottoms and the mountainsides of Elk and the Kanawha of their timber, and furnished cord wood, not only to his own furnace, but had contracts to furnish it to others. In the later years, he engaged in merchandising in Charleston, and was one of the two who carried on that business more extensively. He was industrious and enterprising, and built many of the earlier dwelling houses in Charleston, some of which are still standing. He married Betsy D. Quarrier, youngest daughter of Col. Alexander Quarrier, deceased,( by his first marriage) whom he had survived but six months, she having died on the 15th of August last. They had passed their 66th year of married life, (rare instance of the present day), having had twelve children, five of whom only survive. Their descendants to the fifth generation are numerous, living in various parts of the country. Mr. Whitteker has always lived a moral life, temperate in his habits, but not until the Spring of 1876, in the 86th year of his age, did he unite with the First Presbyterian Church under the ministry of Mr. Barr. He lived the remainder of his life a devoted member of the church.

But two of his children, Mrs. Hubbell, of Cincinnati, and Mrs. Fontaine, with whom he lived, were with him at his death. His daughter, Mrs. Niles, of Boston, being absent in Europe.

The funeral took place at the First Presbyterian Church this afternoon at 3 O'clock, and his remains laid beside his wife, who so recently preceded him, at Spring Hill Cemetery.

Notes for BETSY DANNENBERRY QUARRIER: OBITUARY: THE STATE, Charleston WV (Newspaper), Wednesday August 17, 1881

We regret the announcement of the death of Mrs. Whitteker, at her residence in this city, on Monday morning last at 2 O'clock, within a few weeks of being 84 years old. Her husband, the venerable Aaron Whitteker, known to all our people who have lived here for the past 20 years and longer, as Uncle Aaron, and one of the only few remaining of Charleston's earlier citizens, for a long series of years one of her most prominent dry goods merchants, over 90 years of age survives her. This venerable and most respected couple were in the 66th year of their married life. Funeral services were held over her remains at the First Presbyterian Church yesterday morning, J. C. Barr officiating, assisted by Rev. J. C. Brown of Malden, where a large number of her old associates and companions with numerous descendants of children, grand children and great grand children, and many of the friends of the family had gathered to pay the last sad tribute to the memory of one, who was once an ornament to society in her valuable and useful life. She was born in Richmond in the latter part of the last century, and came to Kanawha in 1811 with her father's family at an early age with ten brothers and sisters, some older and some younger than herself. She was the youngest of the 8 children of the late Col. Alexander Quarrier, by his first marriage, and the last to pay the debt of nature. She leaves but three of a family of 15 children of her father's, a half brother and two half sisters, her survivors. Mrs. Whitteker was the mother of 12 children, 5 of whom, only, are living.

For 53 years she was a devoted, consistent member of the Presbyterian Church.

She passed away after an illness of only a few days, quietly and serenely as a sleeping infant. Her remains are interred at Spring Hill Cemetery, and lay besides those of her sister, the late Mrs. Harriet Laidley, who preceded her some six years, and who in their earlier life lived together 20 years in the church as well as in the flesh.

Children of AARON WHITTEKER and BETSY QUARRIER are: 36. i. WILLIAM A.8 WHITTEKER, b. 29 Oct 1826, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 23 Oct 1864. ii. JULIA A. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1829, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. iii. MARIE WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1817, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. iv. MINIE WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1831, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. v. MARGARET WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1837, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. vi. LIDIA A. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1842, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. vii. SARAH F. CORRINA WHITTEKER, m. STEPHEN R. NILES, 09 Jun 1853, Kanawha County VA.

30. THOMAS7 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 27 Dec 1795 in Princeton, Worcester, MA#, and died 03 Jun 1867 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#. He married NANCY CHADDOCK 07 Jun 1826 in Kanawha County VA#, daughter of CALVIN CHADDOCK and CLARISSA. She was born Abt. 1810 in Virginia#.

Notes for THOMAS WHITTEKER: Thomas Whitteker owned and operated a saw mill. He was a merchant as well.


Thomas first purchased from John Reynolds, 50 acres on the Coal River, in 1823, Deed Book F, Page 184. Next, he bought a lot in Charleston from Aaron, his brother, in 1830, Deed Book G, Page 507. In 1832 he acquired a lot on Front Street from James C. Mac Farland and his wife, Deed Book H, Page 176. His first big purchase came in 1839 from the heirs of John Morris, a parcel of 100 acres on Kelly's Creek, Deed Book K, Page 586. He purchased two more lots in Charleston between 1840 and 1842. Then, in 1843, he became owner of 407 acres on the Pocatalico River, bought from David Hill, Deed Book N, Page 388. The year 1846 brought a purchase of a Charleston lot from Henry and Phelena Whitteker Anderson which was recorded in Deed Book O, Page 636. This last lot may have been a part of William Whitteker's estate, which he sold after the death of his wife, Philena, in 1846. The other part went from Henry C. Anderson to Edna A. Whitteker in 1847, recorded also in Deed Book O, Page 638. This part was described as" William Whitteker Est. Charleston".

Also recorded in the Deed Book IJ, Pages 421-422 is Thomas Whitteker's "Emancipation of Slaves" in 1836.

Children of THOMAS WHITTEKER and NANCY CHADDOCK are: i. FRANCIS C.8 WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1828, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. ii. HELEN WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1830, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; m. HENRY WILLIAM REYNOLDS, 21 Dec 1852, Kanawha County VA. iii. WILLIAM WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1832, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. iv. JOHN C. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1834, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. v. THOMAS C. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1836, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; m. ALICE M. CARPER, 13 Apr 1892, Kanawha County WV.

31. JOHN7 YOUNG (JOSEPH6, WILLIAM5, SARAH4 WHITTAKER, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 06 Mar 1763 in Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA, and died 12 Oct 1839 in Quincy, Adams, IL. He married ABIGAIL NABBY HOWE 31 Oct 1785 in Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA, daughter of PHINEAS HOWE #and SUSANNAH GODDARD. She was born 03 May 1765 in Hopkinton, Middlesex, MA, and died 11 Jun 1815 in Aurilius, Cayuga, NY.

Notes for JOHN YOUNG: Following service in the Revolutionary Army of George Washington in 1783, John Young married Abigail Howe, and settled on a farm in Hopkinton, Massachusetts. After a brief interlude in Platauva District of east central New York, the Youngs returned to Hopkinton and then moved to southern Vermont in Whitingham Township, where Brigham was born. Brigham was the ninth of eleven children born to John and Abigail. When Brigham was three years old, the family moved to central New York State and later to Smyrna, New York. Brigham helped clear land for farming, trapped fur animals, fished, built sheds, dug cellars, and helped with planting, cultivating and harvesting crops. He also cared for his mother, who was seriously ill with tuberculosis.

Brigham's mother died in 1815, when he was fourteen. Not long after her death, in search for someone to care for his younger children, John Young married a widow, Hannah Brown, in Steuben, now Schuyler County, New York, who brought her own children into the family.

Children of JOHN YOUNG and ABIGAIL HOWE are: 37. i. BRIGHAM8 YOUNG, b. 01 Jun 1801, Whitingham, Windham, VT; d. 29 Aug 1877, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT. ii. JOSEPH YOUNG. iii. PHINEAS YOUNG. iv. FANNY YOUNG.

Generation No. 6

32. NORRIS STANLEY8 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM7, WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 03 Feb 1807 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#, and died 04 Sep 1889 in Charleston, Kanawha, WV#. He married LETITIA MORRIS 19 Jan 1832 in Kanawha County VA#, daughter of CARROLL MORRIS and FRANCES SEE. She was born 1809 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#, and died 17 Apr 1876 in Charleston, Kanawha, WV#.

Notes for NORRIS STANLEY WHITTEKER: "History of Kanawha County" by George Atkinson - Page 280-281: Mr Whitteker is a man of great physical power and endurance. He is 5 ft 8 in tall and his average weight for 50 years has been 180 lbs.

Norris S. Whitteker was born in Charleston, Kanawha County, Virginia on 3rd February 1807, where he has resided ever since. He has always claimed the honor of being the first white child born in the city limits of Charleston, and in this, no doubt he is correct. He established a reputation for being an expert fisherman and hunter in his younger years. He attended school at the Mercer Academy, under the instruction of Dr. Henry Ruffner, Jacob Rand, and Parson Chaddock, and obtained a fair English education.

After he grew to manhood, he became a Keel boatman in the trade between Charleston and Cincinnati, which required about one month to complete the round trip. These boat were the only transportation, in those days, between the Kanawha and the Western cities. Mr. Whitteker's next occupation was that of Flat boatman, running salt to the towns on the lower Ohio. He next learned the carpenters' trade and there are a number of houses still standing in Charleston, constructed by him as architect & builder. He also learned the painters' trade and painted more houses in Charleston than any man. His Uncle Thomas Whitteker was the proprietor of a large saw mill at the mouth of the Elk River, and for 11 years, Norris was head sawyer at the mill, and superintendent of building boats, which was carried on as part of the business of all saw mills of the time. He was also engaged in steam boating in the employ of Armstrong Grant & Co. as Mate on the steamer "Emigrant" from 1828 until 1830.

In 1831 he built three large brick houses on Kanawha Street, now owned by W. T. Thayer, Mrs. W. J. Rand and John C. Ruby. All of these houses were constructed of brick mad by Norris' own hands.

Mr. Whitteker was an ardent supporter of the Union, and as a token of respect and confidence, he was appointed Postmaster of Charleston, in the Spring of 1851 by President Lincoln, which office he held until the Fall of 1866, when he was removed by President Johnson, because he refused to pay allegiance to him after he switched to the Democratic Party upon the Assassination of President Lincoln. During the War, Charleston was an important military post; and, on one memorable day his registry book showed that 40,000 letters passed through his office. For three or four years the average had been 12,000 per day. That is more than treble the letters now handled in the same office, although the town has more than trebled it's population.

Mr. Whitteker was a noted temperance worker in Charleston and surrounding country for more than 40 years. During that time, he delivered more than one thousand Temperance speeches. In 1830 he joined the Washingtonian Temperance Society. During the rest of his life he never even tasted anything intoxicating. He joined the Presbyterian Church in 1831 and lived as a Christian from that time on.

From WV Newspaper Obituaries 1884-1894 by KVGS

Saturday, September 7, 1889 Charleston, West Virginia September 4

Norris S. Whitaker, aged 83 years, who was the first white child born in the city limits of Charleston, was killed by the shifting engine at the Kanawha and Ohio Yard this afternoon at about 4:00 O'clock. All the wheels passed over the middle of his body.


Norris and his brother, Henry B. Whitteker, bought from Isaac Noyes a lot in Charleston fronting 300 ft. on the Kanawha River bank, in 1832. This was Norris Whitteker's first purchase recorded in Deed Book H. Page 349. Four years later, in 1836 he, by himself, bought from John F. Faure and his wife a 2 acre lot in Charleston, Deed Book IJ, Page 199. Thomas C. Thomas sold him another 1/2 acre lot in Charleston the same year, Deed Book IJ, Page 357. The next year, he obtained from Frederick Brooks, two parcels 1 1/2 acre and 3 acres near Charleston, Deed Book IJ, Page 474. In 1842, in partnership with brothers Alfred T. and William F. Whitteker, he gained 152 acres in Kanawha County, Deed Book N, Page 180. Then, not until 23 years later, in 1865, did he buy another parcel, the Cox property back of Charleston from the heirs of William R. Cox, Deed Book Y, Page 565. Norris bought a lot on Brooks Street in Charleston from William T. Thayer and his wife in 1868; and the following year, in partnership with Virginia Whitteker, he bought from the George H. Porter Trust 110 acres on the point and 620 acres on the Elk at Two Mile Creek, recorded in Deed Book 25, Page 497. Another 100 acres on the Elk at Two Mile was purchased from the H. C. McWhorter Trust in 1869, Deed Book 26, Page 333.

Notes for LETITIA MORRIS: THE WEST VIRGINIA COURIER: Wednesday, April 26, 1876

The remains of the late Mrs. Letitia Whittaker were placed in their final resting place in Spring Hill Cemetery on Tuesday evening.

Children of NORRIS WHITTEKER and LETITIA MORRIS are: i. WILLIAM WALLACE9 WHITTAKER, b. 1842, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 19 Apr 1890, Portsmouth, Scioto, Ohio; m. VIRGINIA F. HIGH, 14 Jul 1860, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; b. 18 Sep 1842, Putnam County, VA; d. 02 Aug 1930, Charleston, Kanawha, WV.

Notes for WILLIAM WALLACE WHITTAKER: The 13th Regiment of the West Virginia Infantry was organized in October of 1862, when William W. Whitteker began his service in the Union Army. Within only a few months, he was injured by a box falling on his leg and dislocating his knee; and was discharged with a disability in March of 1863.

During his service, the 13th Regiment served in the Kanawha Valley, mostly doing guard duty and scouting. After his discharge, the Regiment went on to fight in many skirmishes and event- ually fought in the Battle of Lexington and the Battle of Lynchburg. They displayed conspicuous gallantry in the Battle of Winchester, Virginia.

He is buried in the Greenlawn Cemetery at Portsmouth Ohio, in the Soldiers' Circle, Section A, Row 4, Grave 9.

Notes for VIRGINIA F. HIGH: Lived at 209 Tennessee Avenue, Charleston, West Virginia. According to her death certificate, she died of senility, contributing cause was heart failure. Undertaker was John Barlow.

Buried at Spring Hill Cemetery in Charleston, West Virginia in the Hall & Edmunds Addition, Section J, Lot 39.


MRS. VIRGINIA WHITTAKER Funeral services for Mrs. Virginia Whittaker, who died at her home on Tennessee Avenue Wednesday evening, were to be held Friday afternoon at 2:00 O'Clock at the residence. Reverend W. B. King of Central Methodist Church was to officiate and burial was to be in Spring Hill Cemetery.

She is survived by three sons, John, William and Albert Whittaker; 16 grandchildren and 14 great grandchildren.

ii. HENRY B. WHITTAKER, b. 1845, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. Aft. 1880, Putnam County, WV; m. SARAH A. KINDER, 30 Jun 1869, Charleston, Kanawha, WV; b. Abt. 1840, Ohio; d. Aft. 1900, Putnam County, WV.

Notes for HENRY B. WHITTAKER: At the end of 1871 on the 16th of December Henry B. and Sarah A. Whittaker sold their house and property and transferred the deed to Bushrod Creel. They moved to Winfield in Putnam County, West Virginia, where Henry was a jeweler.


Henry B. only bought one lot which was situated on Dickinson Street from William A. Quarrier and his wife in 1874 which was recorded in Deed Book 29 on Page 512.

Notes for SARAH A. KINDER: When Sarah A. Kinder married Henry B. Whittaker, she was already a widow at the age of 29. The writing on the Kanawha County Marriage Record of 1869, Page 66, is very hard to read; but looks like her last name when she was married was "Overalls". However, this marriage record provided the names of her parents, Henry and Mary Kinder.


Sarah bought two lots in Charleston. The first, on Third Street, was bought in 1869 from B. H. Smith, Deed Book 26, Page 124. The second, was purchased in 1871 from William A. Quarrier and his wife and recorded in Deed Book 29, Page 512.

iii. ROXALENA JANE WHITTAKER, b. 10 Nov 1838, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 17 Aug 1907, Charleston, Kanawha, WV; m. JOHN WINCHESTER GARCELON, Abt. 1858, Kanawha County WV; b. 1831, Oak Bay, New Bruswick, Canada; d. 10 Apr 1912, Charleston, Kanawha, WV. iv. CYNTHIA ANN WHITTAKER, b. 1836, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. Aft. 1850. v. MILDRED ELIZABETH WHITTAKER, b. Feb 1833, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. Aft. 1910, Fort Worth, Tarrent, TX. vi. ELIZABETH WHITTAKER, b. Abt. 1851, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. Aft. 1880, Charleston, Kanawha, WV; m. PHILLIP REECE, Abt. 1868, Kanawha County WV; b. Abt. 1823, Charleston, Kanawha,VA; d. Charleston, Kanawha, WV. vii. PHILENA WHITTAKER, b. May 1834, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 27 Jul 1909, Charleston, Kanawha, WV; m. FIELDING STARK, 14 Nov 1849, Lawrence County OH; b. Feb 1823, Kanawha County VA.

Notes for PHILENA WHITTAKER: She lived at 512 Court Street, according to her obituary, which appeared in the Charleston Gazette on July 27 1909. She was buried at Spring Hill Cemetery. Her husband probably preceded her in death, as he was not listed among the surviving relatives: Mrs. Murray Groves of Fort Worth TX, Mrs. H. A. Stark of Charleston WV, Norris Stark of Charleston WV, Mrs. Kitty Whittaker of Elk City, Mrs. Lena Tompkins of Charlotte NC, Mr. B. F. Stark of Charleston WV, Paul Stark of Dallas TX, and Morris Stark of Charleston WV.

More About PHILENA WHITTAKER: Name 2: Philena Frances Whittaker

Notes for FIELDING STARK: Fielding Stark served as a private in the Confederate Army, 8th Virginia Cavalry, Company D. In civilian life, he worked as a carpenter. He is buried in the Spring Hill Cemetery in Charleston WV.

33. WILLIAM F8 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM7, WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born Abt. 1811 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA, and died Jul 1848 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#. He married EDNA ANNA CAMPBELL 04 Jun 1835 in Keene, New Hampshire#. She was born Abt. 1817 in Keene, New Hampshire#, and died Aft. 1860 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA.

Notes for WILLIAM F WHITTEKER: William F. Whitteker was killed in July of 1848, when the boilers of the steam boat "Blue Ridge" blew up on the river. The Blue Ridge regularly traveled up and down the river. This trip was being made from Gallipolis, Ohio to Cincinnati. The explosion occurred in the vicinity of Raccoon Island. Blue Ridge was what was known as a side-wheeler. William was one of at least 11 people lost in the explosion. The bell of the steamer was salvaged and hangs on the front of the Putnam County Courthouse in Winfield, West Virginia. The courthouse was built in 1848, the same year that the accident happened.

Printed in the Charleston Evening Mail 19 May 1894:

Mrs. Skinner, of Princeton, Massachusetts, and son Henry, are the guests of Major and Mrs. A. T. Laidley for a day or two. Mrs. Skinner is the only daughter of the late William F. Whitteker, one of the unfortunate victims of the disastrous explosion of the boilers of the steamer "Blue Ridge", in the Kanawha River, in July of 1848. Mrs. Skinner was born in Charleston, a first cousin of Major A. H. Campbell of this city. This her only visit to the place of her nativity since leaving at the age of six years. Her mother was Miss Edna Campbell, sister of the late Mason Campbell, a well known resident of Charleston, but for many years Comptroller of the Navy Department at Washington.


William's first purchase, in 1828, at the age of 17, was quite impressive; 500 acres at Fort Steele and 27,000 acres in Kanawha County from William Tompkins, Deed Book G, Page 282. Next, in 1835, came 2 acres in Charleston from Isaac Noyes. George H. Patrick sold him a parcel described only as "Land at Elk River" in 1836. That same year he obtained a lot in Charleston from S.A. Cobb, Deed Book IJ, Page 399. He bought a Pew in the St John's Church in 1838, Deed Book K, Page 128. Another impressive purchase in 1840 was 202 acres plus 63500 acres on the Elk and Poca Rivers from A. Donnelly, Deed Book L, Page 307. Then he bought, in partnership with Norris S. Whitteker and Alfred T. Whitteker 152 acres in Kanawha County from John Cryden in 1842, Deed Book N, Page 180. This was his last purchase in Kanawha County.

Notes for EDNA ANNA CAMPBELL: Perhaps one of the most poignant stories of the Whitteker family was lived out by Edna Campbell Whitteker and the daughter whom William F. Whitteker left her with when he was plucked from this life so soon. Edna never seemed to be a particularly healthy woman; but, by the time Willianna, her daughter was six years old, Edna knew she was dying of consumption as they called tuberculosis then.

She and her sister-in-law, Anna Howe Whitteker, had been the best of friends; and, now she wrote to her with a very special request. Edna asked Anna if she would take Willianna and raise her as her own. Upon receipt of an affirmative answer she and Willianna left for Linden in Prince Edward County, Virginia. The very ill Edna traveled over the mountains with the six year old child; and shortly after their arrival at Linden, she died. She is the only non-DuPuy buried in the family plot on the plantation.

Anna took charge of Willianna; and, at the start of the Civil War, in 1861, she returned to Princeton, Massachusetts, taking Willianna with her. Willianna finished her growing years in Princeton and married Thomas Skinner and raised a family there. She did not return to the Charleston area where she had been born until the early 1890s, when she returned only for a visit.

Child of WILLIAM WHITTEKER and EDNA CAMPBELL is: i. WILLIANNA F.9 WHITTEKER, b. May 1848, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. Aft. 1910, Franklin, Linn, IO; m. THOMAS H. SKINNER, 15 Oct 1872, Princeton, Worcester, MA; b. Apr 1851, Princeton, Worcester, MA; d. Aft. 1910, Franklin, Linn, IO.

Notes for WILLIANNA F. WHITTEKER: In 1870, Willianna was living with Anna Whitteker and Lucinda Howe, in Princeton, Massachusetts. Anna was the widow of Henry B. Whitteker. Right next door was the Skinner family including Thomas H. Skinner, who was to become Willianna's husband.

One of the children of Willianna and Thomas Skinner was Edna C. Skinner. She later became a teacher. She was interested in History of the family. She found out about the existence of the "Diary of William Whitteker". The diary was in the possession of a Historical Society in Charleston, West Virginia. Edna contacted them; and, they sent her the diary, for her to copy and return to them.

Edna moved to San Juan Puerto Rico by 1910; and can be found in the Census there as a teacher living on a pension.

34. PHILENA V.8 WHITTEKER (WILLIAM7, WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born Abt. 1812 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#. She married HENRY C. ANDERSON 01 Oct 1830 in Kanawha County VA#. He was born Abt. 1807 in New York#.

Children of PHILENA WHITTEKER and HENRY ANDERSON are: i. WILLIAM HENRY9 ANDERSON, b. Sep 1831, Charleston, Kanawha, VA; d. 20 Dec 1832, Charleston, Kanawha, VA. ii. ELIZA ANDERSON, b. Abt. 1843, Flint River, Des Moines, IO. iii. EMMA ANDERSON, b. Abt. 1848, Flint River, Des Moines, IO. iv. WALLACE ANDERSON, b. Abt. 1853, Flint River, Des Moines, IO.

35. JOHN8 WHITTEKER (JOHN7, WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 11 Jan 1809 in Ellsworth, Hancock, ME#. He married MARY A.. She was born Abt. 1813 in Maine#.

Children of JOHN WHITTEKER and MARY A. are: i. ARVILLA W.9 WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1838. ii. JOHN M. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1840. iii. MARCUS M. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1842.

36. WILLIAM A.8 WHITTEKER (AARON7, WILLIAM6 WHITTAKER, SAMUEL5, NATHANIEL4, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 29 Oct 1826 in Charleston, Kanawha, VA#, and died 23 Oct 1864. He married LELIA Z. PAYNE Abt. 1849#, daughter of JAMES PAYNE. She was born Abt. 1825 in Charleston, Kanawha,Virginia#, and died 02 Dec 1917 in Huntington, WV#.

Notes for WILLIAM A. WHITTEKER: Source: Historical Data Systems, "Military Records of Individual Civil War Soldiers", database on line (Provo UT)

William A. Whitteker enlisted in the Confederate Army as a Private on 08 May 1861, at the age of 37. He was in Company H of the 22nd Infantry Regiment for the state of Virginia. This regiment was first known as the 1st Kanawha Regiment until it was reorganized in July of 1861. He was absent on 31 August 1861, cause unknown. He died, Company H 22nd Infantry Regiment Virginia on 23 October 1864. Before joining the army he was a merchant.

After the war, in 1867, I believe his son William A. Whitteker, Jr., together with his mother, arranged to have his body removed to Cincinnati, Ohio and buried at Spring Grove Cemetery. I believe the body arrived on 22 October 1867; and the undertaker, who filled out the internment card, supplied a date of death by simply subtract 2 days from the date of arrival. He was not actually interred until 07 November 1867, being held in the public vault until that time. Cause of death was given as "typhoid pneumonia".

The National Archives at Washington, DC was queried for William's Confederate service records; but the only thing included there was the roll call card for August 1861 on which he was reported absent without an explanation. Only one other piece of information was available on this card; the fact that Company "H", by this time had never received any pay.


From the General Index to Deeds of Kanawha County, it appears likely that William A. Whitteker, like his father, was in the practice of buying lots to build houses on. He bought the first 1/2 acre lot in 1848 from Thomas Fife; which lot was located near the city of Charleston, Deed Book P, page 384. He continued buying lots, up through 1857, buying three more. Then in 1859, he bought two larger parcels. First, from Henry Williamson, he bought 19r acres on the point and 1,000 acres on the Coal River, Deed Book UV, Page 613. Then, from August Wood and his wife, he purchased 107 acres on Brown's Creek and the Coal River, Deed Book UV, Page 623. This last purchase was made in 1859.


Lelia held in her name, land obtained from her husband which consisted of a lot near Charleston recorded in Deed Book R, Page 206. Then , in 1857, she bought another lot from Thomas Fife, Deed Book T, Page 297.

Children of WILLIAM WHITTEKER and LELIA PAYNE are: i. MINNIE C.9 WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1850, Virginia; m. ---------------- WHETSTONE. ii. WILLIAM A. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1851, Virginia; d. 28 Nov 1926, Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio; m. MARY L. FRY, Abt. 1878; b. 10 Sep 1851, Florence, Alabama; d. 11 Feb 1939, Greenfield, Massachusetts.

Notes for WILLIAM A. WHITTEKER: William A. Whitteker, Jr. and his family lived at 255 Hackberry Street in Cincinnati, according to the internment card of his daughter, Gertrude Fry, who was only 3 yrs old when she died in 1891. She died of dyptheria as there were no inoculations for this dread disease at that time.

iii. LILLIE WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1854, Virginia. iv. JAMES E. WHITTEKER, b. 15 Oct 1855, Charleston, Kanawha,Virginia; d. 08 Mar 1936, Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio; m. MARGARET BECKMAN; b. 10 Mar 1860, Lawrenceburg, Indiana; d. 22 Aug 1924, Norwood, Ohio.

Notes for JAMES E. WHITTEKER: When James died in 1936 he had been living at the Widow's Home on McMillan Street in Cincinnati. The heirs listed on his Spring Grove Cemetery Internment Card were probably his children.

v. GASTON C. WHITTEKER, b. Abt. 1859, Virginia.

37. BRIGHAM8 YOUNG #(JOHN7, JOSEPH6, WILLIAM5, SARAH4 WHITTAKER, ELIZABETH3 LINFIELD, JONATHAN2, HENRY1) was born 01 Jun 1801 in Whitingham, Windham, VT, and died 29 Aug 1877 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT. He married (1) MIRIAM WORKS 08 Oct 1824 in New York, daughter of ASA WORKS and JERUSHA. She was born in Aurelius, Cayuga, New York, and died 08 Sep 1832 in Mendon, Monroe, New York. He married (2) MARY ANN ANGEL 18 Feb 1834 in Kirtland, Ohio, daughter of JAMES ANGEL and PHOEBE MORTON. She was born 08 Jun 1803 in Seneca, Ontario, New York, and died 27 Jun 1882 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (3) LUCY DECKER 15 Jun 1842 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of ISAAC DECKER and HARRIET WHEELER. She was born 17 May 1822 in Ontario County, New York. He married (4) HARRIET ELIZABETH COOK 02 Nov 1843 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of ARCHIBALD COOK and ELIZABETH MOSHER. She was born 07 Nov 1824 in Whitesborough, Oneida, New York, and died 05 Nov 1898 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (5) AUGUSTA ADAMS 02 Nov 1843 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL. She was born 1802 in Lynn, Massachusetts, and died 1886 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (6) CLARA DECKER 08 May 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of ISAAC DECKER and HARRIET WHEELER. She was born 22 Jul 1828 in Freedom, Cattaraugus, New York, and died 05 Jan 1889 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (7) EMILY DOW PARTRIDGE Sep 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of EDWARD PARTRIDGE and LYDIA CLISBEE. She was born 28 Feb 1824 in Painesville, Geauga, OH, and died 09 Dec 1899 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT. He married (8) CLARISSA ROSS 10 Sep 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of WILLIAM ROSS and PHOEBE OGDEN. She was born 16 Jun 1814 in New York, and died 17 Oct 1858 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (9) SUSAN SNIVELY 02 Nov 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of HENRY SNIVELY and MARY HAVENER. She was born Oct 1815 in Woodstock, Shenandoah, VA, and died 20 Nov 1892 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (10) MARGARET PIERCE 1845 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of ROBERT PIERCE and HANNAH HARVEY. She was born 19 Apr 1823 in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and died 16 Jan 1907 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (11) OLIVE GRAY FROST Feb 1845 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of AARON FROST and SUSAN GREY. She was born 24 Jul 1816 in Bethel, Oxford, Maine, and died 06 Oct 1845 in Nauvoo, Illinois. He married (12) EMMELINE FREE 30 Apr 1845 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of ABSALOM FREE and BETSY STRAIT. She died 17 Jul 1875 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (13) LOUISA BEAMAN 1846 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of ALVA BEAMAN and BETSY BURTT. She was born 07 Feb 1815 in Livonia, Livingston, New York, and died 15 May 1850 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (14) ELLEN ROCKWOOD Jan 1846 in Far West, Missouri, daughter of ALBERT ROCKWOOD and NANCY HAVEN. She was born 1829 in Holliston, Middlesex, MA, and died 06 Jan 1866 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (15) MARIA LAWRENCE Jan 1846 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of EDWARD LAWRENCE and MARGARET. She was born in Canada, and died Abt. 1847 in Nauvoo, Illinois. He married (16) MARTHA BOWKER 21 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of SAMUEL BOWKER and HANNAH ATKINS. She was born 24 Jan 1822 in Mount Holley, New Jersey, and died 26 Sep 1890 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (17) NAAMAH KENDEL JENKINS CARTER 26 Jan 1846 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of BILLINGS CARTER and BETSY LAW. She was born 20 Mar 1821 in Wilmington, Massachusetts, and died in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (18) ZINA DIANTHA HUNTINGTON 02 Feb 1846 in Winter Quarters, daughter of WILLIAM HUNTINGTON and ZINA BAKER. She was born 31 Jan 1821 in Watertown, Jefferson, New York, and died 29 Aug 1901 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (19) MARGARET M. ALLEY 14 Oct 1846 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, daughter of GEORGE ALLEY and MARY SYMONDS. She was born 19 Dec 1825 in Lynn, Massachusetts, and died 05 Nov 1852 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (20) LUCY BIGELOW Mar 1847, daughter of NAHUM BIGELOW and MARY GIBBS. She was born 03 Oct 1830 in Charleston, Cook, Illinois, and died 03 Feb 1905. He married (21) ELIZA R. SNOW 29 Jun 1849 in Salt Lake, Utah, daughter of OLIVER SNOW and ROSELLA PETTIBONE. She was born 21 Jan 1804 in Becket, Berkshire, Massachusetts, and died 05 Dec 1888 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (22) ELIZA BURGESS 03 Oct 1850 in Salt Lake, Utah. She was born in England, and died Aug 1915 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (23) HARRIET BARNEY 14 Mar 1856 in Salt Lake, Utah, daughter of ROYAL BARNEY and SARAH EASTABROOK. She died 14 Feb 1911 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (24) HARRIET AMELIA FOLSOM 24 Jan 1863 in Salt Lake, Utah, daughter of WILLIAM FOLSOM and ZERVIAH CLARK. She was born 23 Aug 1838 in Buffalo, New York, and died 11 Dec 1910 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (25) MARY VAN COTT 08 Jan 1865 in Salt Lake, Utah, daughter of JOHN VAN COTT and LUCY SACKETT. She was born 02 Feb 1844 in Elmira, New York, and died 15 Jan 1884 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (26) ANN ELIZA WEBB 06 Apr 1868 in Salt Lake, Utah, daughter of CHAUNCEY WEBB and ELIZA CHURCHILL. She was born 13 Sep 1844 in Nauvoo, Illinois.

Notes for BRIGHAM YOUNG: Brigham decided to leave Tyrone Township, New York, when he was only 16 years old, just two years after his mother's death and his father's re-marriage to widow Hannah Brown. Living for a period with a sister, he became an apprentice carpenter, painter and glazier in nearby Auburn. Over the next five years, in Auburn, he assisted in building it's first marketplace, prison, theological Seminary, and the home of Squire William Brown, which was later occupied by William H. Seward, Governor of New York and Lincoln's Secretary of State. Many old homes in the region today have chairs, desks, staircases, doorways and mantelpieces made by Brigham Young.

Brigham left Auburn in the spring of 1823 to work in Port Byron, New York. On October 25, 1824, at the age of twenty-three, Brigham married Miriam Angeline Works. They initially established a home in Haydenville, where they joined the Methodist Church. After a later move to Port Byron their first child, Elizabeth, was born 26 September 1825. After four years in Port Byron, Brigham and family moved to Oswego where he joined a small group of religious seekers.

Near the end of 1828, Brigham again pulled up roots and moved to Mendon, New York, to be near his father and other relatives. At Mendon, Miriam gave birth to a second daughter, Vilate, but contracted chronic tuberculosis and became a semi-invalid. Brigham prepared the meals, dressed the children, cleaned the house, and carried Miriam to a rocking chair in the morning and back to bed in the evening. In Mendon, he built a shop and a mill, continuing in the carpentry trade.

In April of 1830, Samuel Smith, brother of Joseph Smith, passed through Mendon while on a journey to distribute copies of the Book of Mormon. He left a copy with Brigham's brother, Phineas, a preacher for the reformed Methodist Church. Phineas was impressed with the book and lent it first to his father and then to his sister, Fanny, who passed it on to Brigham. Though impressed, Brigham counseled caution. After nearly two years of investigation, Brigham, moved by the testimony of a Mormon Elder, Eleazer Miller, was baptized on 15 April 1832. All of Brigham's immediate family were also baptized. Miriam, who also joined, lived only until 8 September 1832.

One week after his baptism, Brigham gave his first sermon. He said "After I was baptized, I wanted to thunder and roar out the Gospel to the nations. It burned in my bones like fire pent up, so I commenced to preach. Nothing would satisfy me but to cry abroad in the world, what the Lord was doing in the latter days." He felt this so strongly that he enlisted the help of Vilate and Heber C. Kimball to care for his daughters and abandoned his trade to devote himself wholeheartedly to building the "Kingdom of God".

That fall, after Miriam's death, Brigham, his brother Joseph, and Heber Kimball, traveled to Kirtland, Ohio, where he first met the twenty-six year old prophet, Joseph Smith. Invited to evening prayer in the Smith home, Brigham was moved by the Spirit and spoke in tongues, the first speaking in tongues witnessed by the prophet.

Brigham and his brother, Joseph, made several preaching trips and missionary tours into New York and upper Canada. He traveled to Kirtland in the summer of 1833 with several of his Canadian converts. Here they heard Joseph Smith teach about the gathering of the Saints, emphasizing that building the Kingdom of God required more than just preaching. Brigham then returned to New York and , with the Kimballs, moved his household to Kirtland so he could participate in building a new society.

Among those whom Brigham met in Kirtland was Mary Ann Angell, a native of Seneca, Ontario County, New York, who had been a factory worker in Providence, Rhode Island, until her conver- sion to the church and her move to Kirtland. Brigham married her on 18 February 1834. She looked after Brigham's two daughters by Miriam, and subsequently had six children of her own.

Brigham and his brother, Joseph, served with Zion's Camp, a small army of Saints led by Joseph Smith that marched from Ohio to Missouri in the summer of 1834 to assist those driven from their homes by Hostile mobs. Brigham regarded the trek as an education and later called it "the starting point of my knowing how to lead Israel".

Brigham became an ordained member of the church's original Quorum of Twelve Apostles on 14 February 1835. The Twelve were regarded as a traveling high council, charged to take the Gospel to all nations, kindred, tongues and people. They presided, not at home, but abroad.

Brigham helped construct the Kirtland Temple which was dedicated in the spring of 1836. When the Kirtland community became divided over Joseph Smith's leadership, Brigham Young's strong defense of the Prophet so enraged the critics that Brigham had to flee Kirtland for his safety on 22 December 1837. He and his family made their way to Far West, Caldwell County, Missouri.

By the summer of 1838, most of the Kirtland faithful had also moved to Caldwell County in Northern Missouri. Growing numbers of new arrivals rekindled antagonisms with the old settlers, and violence erupted. Disarmed, violated and robbed of most of their holdings, the Latter Day Saints were driven from the state. With Joseph Smith, his brother Hyrum, Sidney Rigdon, and other church leaders imprisoned, Brigham Young, then the senior member of the Quorum of Twelve, directed the evacuation of the Saints to Quincy and other Illinois communities. To ensure that members without teams and wagons would not be left behind, he and other members of the Committee on Removal, drew up the Missouri Covenant. All who signed it agreed to make their resources available to remove every person to safety who wished to leave the state of Missouri. There were between 8,000 and 12,000 exiles.

Joseph Smith designated Commerce, Illinois (later the name was changed to Nauvoo), the new gathering place of the Saints. Brigham and his family had just settled in the area during the spring of 1839, when he and other members of the Twelve left to fulfill their missions to Great Britain. Despite poverty and poor health, Brigham left his wife and children in September, determined to go to England or to die trying. Preceded by some members of the Quorum in March 1840, President Young and his companions finally docked at Liverpool in April.

Brigham directed the work in Britain, during an astonishing year in which they baptized between 7,000 and 8,000 converts; printed and distributed 5,000 copies of the Book of Mormon, 3,000 Hymn Books, 1,500 copies of the Millennial Star, and 50,000 tracts. They also established a shipping agency and helped nearly 1,000 to emigrate to Nauvoo.

Back in Nauvoo, Brigham was given the assignment of directing the Twelve in their supervision of Missionary Work, the purchase of lands, settling of immigrants, and various construction projects. Brigham was taught, along with others, the doctrine of plural marriage; he accepted it, after much reluctance and considerable thought and prayer. With Mary Ann's consent, he married Lucy Ann Decker Seeley in June of 1842, and later other plural wives. In all he married 27 times and fathered 56 children.

In May 1844, Brigham and other apostles left on summer missions. While they were gone, events in Nauvoo deteriorated. Joseph Smith was arrested and, on 27 June, was killed with his brother Hyrum when a mob stormed the jail at Carthage, Illinois, where they were being held. Brigham began to hear rumors of the murders while they were in the Boston area, but did not hear definite word of the assassination until 16th of July in Peterboro, New Hampshire. He and his companions immediately rushed back to Nauvoo, arriving on August 6th. On August 8th, Brigham and the Twelve were sustained by the membership to lead the church. Brigham remained the President of the church until his death in 1877.

Soon after completing the Nauvoo Temple, violence erupted once again in September of 1845. The Saints publicly announced their intention to leave by the following spring. They all spent the fall and winter preparing for the exodus. Brigham began the migration in the cold and snow of February 1846, rather than wait for spring. Some 16,000 people along with animals and wagons crossed the Mississippi River into Iowa; and, continued on through Iowa. Reaching the Missouri River in June, it was decided that there would be no attempt to press on to the Rocky Mountains until the spring of 1847. Headquarters, what was called "Winter Quarters", were established on the Missouri River with everyone spread over some 80 small communities.

Brigham personally directed the massive odyssey on the westward trail. This demanding ex- perience taught him valuable lessons which he used throughout his years of leadership. He also learned anew, that when human resources prove inadequate, one must turn in faith to God. Brigham set out toward Salt Lake with an advance group of 143 men, three women and two children on 5th April 1847. Delayed by illness, he arrived in Salt Lake Valley on 24th July, a few days behind the advanced party.

Once he saw the valley with his own eyes, he confirmed that it was the right place for a new headquarters and city and it would be the new gathering place. He also identified the exact spot for a new temple, directed the exploration of the region, and helped survey and apportion the land for homes, gardens and farming. He named the new settlement: "Great Salt Lake City, Great Basin, North America". August 26, 1847 he returned to the Winter Quarters.

The following April, Brigham, his family and approximately 3,500 others headed for the Salt Lake Valley. His activities in Building Bridges, organizing companies, repairing equipment and training oxen developed abilities that would be in evidence for the rest of his life.

In the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham dealt with the immediate problem of providing shelter for his family. On a lot, in the center of what is now Salt Lake City, he built a row of log houses for his wives and children that, collectively, were called Harmony House. To the south of this, he later built "The White House", a sun dried adobe structure covered with white plaster. Still later, he built a large two story adobe house that fronted on what came to be known as Brigham Street, now South Temple Street. This was Brigham's official residence as territorial governor and President of the church. In 1856, he also built an impressive three story adobe structure in which several of his families lived. He later built homes in South Salt Lake City, Provo and St. George. All of the homes were well constructed and architecturally sound.

The problem of finding places to accommodate the masses of incoming Saints was a great and immediate concern to be addressed by Brigham and others. Salt Lake City was divided into ten acre blocks, and each family head was allotted a one and one fourth acre lot on one of the blocks in the city. There people would keep their homes, livestock and gardens. A ten acre block just west of Brigham's was appointed the Temple Block. Construction of the Salt Lake Temple was begun in 1853.

Outside the city, five and ten acre plots were apportioned to those who wanted to farm. Under Brigham's direction, cooperative teams were assigned to dig ditches and canals to irrigate crops and to furnish water to homes. Other brigades fenced residential areas, built roads, cut timber and set up shops. Other groups selected new locations for settlements and helped place people in the best areas.

As President of the church, Brigham conducted regular Sunday services in Salt Lake City and each year visited as many outlying communities as possible. He gave some 500 sermons in pioneer Utah that were recorded word for word by a stenographer. His discourses were like "Fireside Chats", an informal "talking things over" with his audiences.

This new community had been built up along side various tribes of Native Americans. Intent upon helping them, converting them, and avoiding bloodshed, Brigham established Indian Farms, took Indians into his own home, and established a policy of "feeding them is cheaper than fighting them". His policies were not always successful, but he consistently sought peaceful solutions and firmly opposed the all too common frontier practice of shooting Indians for petty causes. In 1851, Brigham was appointed governor and superintendent of Indian Affairs of Utah Territory by then U.S. President Millard Fillmore. His principal problem as governor was dealing with the "outside" federal appointees, many of whom were, from any point of view, both unsympathetic to the church and inexcusably incompetent. There were problems over small federal expenditures, the failure of the settlers to use federal judges in cases of civil disputes, the lack of tact of federally appointed official in discussing the church, their opposition to the union of church and state, and their assumption that Latter-day Saints were immoral because of their tolerance of plural marriage.

This continuing controversy eventually led to the decision of U.S. President James Buchanan in 1857 to replace Brigham Young with and "outside" governor, Alfred Cumming of Georgia. At the same time, President Buchanan, who had been wrongly informed that the Mormons were "in a state of substantial rebellion against the laws and authority of the United States," sent a major portion of the U.S. Army to Utah to install the new governor and to ensure the execution of U.S. laws. Though Governor Young was not notified of this action, scouts observed and reported armed forces secretly heading for Utah. Fearful of a repitition of the incidents of Missouri and Illinois, he called people home from outlying colonies and mobilized the Saints to defend their homes. Eventually, with the assistance of a non-Mormon friend of the Saints, Thomas Kane, a peaceful settlement of the affair was arranged. President Young remained, as his colleagues boasted, governor of the people, while his replacements merely governed the territory. The military left Utah in 1861, at the start of the Civil War. However, they were replaced in 1862 by the California Volunteers, who were stationed at Camp Douglas.

A believer in adapting the newest technologies to the advantage of LDS society, Brigham Young contracted in 1861 to build a portion of the Transcontinental Telegraph Line, which was then being constructed from Nebraska to California. He then proceeded to erect the 1,200 mile Deseret Telegraph Line from Franklin, Idaho to northern Arizona. This connected the Mormons with the world. While the railroad was under construction, he negotiated for contracts with the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads. As a result, LDS contractors were appointed to build the roadbeds east of Salt Lake City into part of Wyoming and west into Nevada. He then organized the Utah Central, Utah Southern, and Utah Northern Railroads, thereby facilitating the extension of a line south from Ogden to Frisco in southern Utah and one north to Franklin, Idaho, and eventually to Montana.

Aware that the completion of the railroad would imperil the independent social economy of his people, President Young inaugurated a protective movement that sought to preserve, as much as possible, their unique way of life. He organized cooperatives to handle local merchandising and manufacturing; initiated several new enterprises to develop local resources; promoted Relief Societies in each ward in order to provide opportunities for self-development, socialization, and compassionate service for women; opened the doors of the University of Deseret (later called the University of Utah) for both young men and women; encouraged women to become professionally trained, especially in medicine; and gave women the vote. In 1875 he established Brigham Young Academy (later to become Brigham Young University), in 1877 Brigham Young College at Logan , Utah and put in motion a host of academies to follow, including the Latter-day Saints College at Salt Lake.

Brigham Young remained vigorous until his death in August of 1877. He was a well built, stout man of five feet ten inches. His light brown hair had very little gray. He had blue-gray, penetrating eyes. His mouth and chin were firm, bespeaking his iron will. He was generally composed and quiet in manner, but he could thunder at the pulpit. His manner was pleasant and courteous. His dress generally neat and plain, was often homespun. He combined vibrant energy and self- certainty with deference to the feelings of others and a complete lack of pretension. His most obvious achievements were the product of his lifelong talent for practical decision making. He instituted Church governing patterns which persist to this day. But for him these were means not ends. His overriding concern was to build on the foundation, begun by Joseph Smith, to establish a commonwealth in the desert where his people could live the gospel of Jesus Christ in peace.

Based on original text by Dr. Larry C. Porter, Department of Church History and Doctrine.

Notes for MIRIAM WORKS: Miriam Works was the first wife of Brigham Young. They were married before Brigham embraced the Mormon teachings and joined the Church. They were members of the Methodist Church.

Miriam was a most estimable woman, devoted to the Mormon religion, an affectionate wife and loving mother. She was a kind and faithful friend to all who had the honor of her acquaintance. She died of the dreaded scourge, tuberculosis, in 1832 at the home of Heber C. Kimball in Mendon, New York.

Notes for MARY ANN ANGEL: Mary Ann, the second wife of Brigham Young, was always religiously inclined, her family was of old Puritan stock; and, she became a member of the Freewill Baptists and was also a Sunday School Teacher. Her study of the scriptures so engrossed her mind that she resolved never to marry until she should "meet a man of God", one in whom she could confide, and with whom her heart could unite in the active duties of a Christian life. Thus it was that she remained single until she was nearly 30 years of age.

In the year 1830, she prayerfully read the Book of Mormon loaned her by Thomas B. Marsh. After this she went to Southern New York where she and her parents were baptized. Mary Ann set out alone for Kirtland, Ohio, the gathering place of the Saints. Here she met and was married to Brigham Young and for 45 years was a devoted wife to him. She was also a kind and loving mother to his two little daughters by his first wife, Elizabeth and Vilate.

Everyone of Brigham Young's wives loved Mother Young, as Mary Ann Angel was fondly termed. She was a mother to her husband's family; and courteous and obliging to all with whom she came in contact.

Mary Ann was skilled in the use of medicines and herbs. She was able to help many of the weary travelers on the trek of 1848. Bringing with her, seeds of many varieties, she was credited with planting many of the fine trees which grew along what was once known as Brigham Street. Her first home there was a little hut next to the "Log Row". Later, she made her home in the "White House" which was erected for her.

Notes for LUCY DECKER: Both Lucy and her sister, Clara, were wives of Brigham Young. Lucy was his first "Plural Wife". Lucy was of fair complexion and medium height. She was a kind and loving mother, a devoted wife, was of a charitable disposition, and true to her religion. She was always diligent, energetic, and attentive to every duty reposed upon her. She was beloved by all who knew her.

Notes for HARRIET ELIZABETH COOK: Harriet's father was a skilled pattern maker for machinery. He was well-to-do and saw that each of his children received a formal education. Her parents were of Quaker stock and did not approve of her attending the Latter Day Saint Meetings.

When her father learned that she was determined to remain with the Mormons he gave her $500.00 in fold to help her on the journey west. The trip was begun in May 1848, under the direction of her husband, Brigham Young. They arrived at the Salt Lake Valley Sep 20th of that same year. Harriet's log cabin stood on the present site of the Capitol Building. In 1856, Harriet and Oscar moved into the Lion House with the majority of the other wives and children. Harriet taught school for a number of years in one of the rooms on the lower floor which was equipped for this purpose.

Notes for AUGUSTA ADAMS: Augusta was tall and dignified, yet sociable and kind in disposition. Her complexion was fair and her features finely formed. She was most devoted, never shrinking from any hardships she was called upon to endure. She died sincerely mourned by her family and friends. She left no children from her marriage.

Notes for CLARA DECKER: When she was sixteen years of age, Clara married Brigham Young. She made the Pilgrimage with her husband and the pioneers to Salt Lake Valley in 1847. She was not a public woman and took no part in affairs outside of her home. She was small in stature and of medium complexion. She was an avid reader and always kept in touch with vital subjects. When she died in her old home on State Street, in 1889, she was the last of the three original pioneer women of Utah to pass from this life.

Notes for EMILY DOW PARTRIDGE: While in the depths of poverty, the Prophet Joseph Smith and his wife, Emma, offered Emily and her sister Eliza a home with them and treated them with great kindness. After having resided with them about a year, the principal of plural marriage was made known to them, and Emily and Eliza were married to Joseph Smith in the year 1843.

After the Prophet's death, Emily was married to Brigham Young. Then she left Nauvoo with the rest of the Saints. After crossing the Mississippi River, she was again a wanderer without a home or shelter. On one occasion, she sat for several hours on a log with a babe, three months old, exposed to the pitiless blast of a blinding snow storm, cold and hungry, but the Lord tempered the elements and preserved her life and that of her little one.

Notes for CLARISSA ROSS: Clarissa was of medium height, had dark hair and brilliant dark brown eyes. She was devoted to her children, but was not allowed to enjoy their society for long, as she was called away to that great beyond. She died in Salt Lake City in 1858 after bearing four children. She herself was reared by Isaac Chase who married her mother. She was deeply mourned by the Young and Chase families, as well as by a host of friends.

Notes for SUSAN SNIVELY: Susan was a little above medium height and of dark complexion. She was energetic and industrious, ever ready to render aid in every way possible to the needy, or to those in distress. "Aunt Susan", as she was fondly called, was faithful unto her death. She was a woman of strong will power, positive and determined in her general bearing, yet kind and accommodating. She left no children.

Notes for MARGARET PIERCE: Margaret was a little above medium height, fair complexioned, active and charming. In later years, she helped her husband by cooking and caring for the millhands and other workers employed by him. She was also actively engaged for about two years in raising silk worms. She did much Temple work and was active in Relief Society. She wrote an autobiography in her own hand.

Notes for OLIVE GRAY FROST: Olive was religiously inclined from childhood; and, often retired to some secret place to pour out her soul in prayer to God. Frequently she was ridiculed by those not so religiously inclined. In 1840 Olive went to England with her sister and did missionary work in that land. On her return she was taken sick with the Measles while on a passenger boat going up the river. She arrived in Nauvoo on 12 Apr 1843. From this time on she was never well.

Notes for EMMELINE FREE: Emmeline came to Nauvoo with her father's family when quite young; and suffered in common the hardships and privations forced upon the Saints through the cruelties of a merciless mob.

She was above medium height, very fair and of fine appearance. She bore Brigham ten children. Realizing that Emmeline with her large and growing family needed a home of her own, Brigham purchased a spacious house on upper Main Street into which he moved her and her family. The house had been built by Jedediah M. Grant, his friend and counselor.

Notes for LOUISA BEAMAN: Louisa moved with her parents to Ohio and afterwards to Missouri, where she suffered in the persecutions and mobbings until driven with the Saints out of that state. She later moved to Nauvoo, Illinois, where she became acquainted with the Prophet Joseph Smith, who taught her the principals of of plural marriage. She became his wife when she was 26 years old. She was one of the first women to be married according to the order of plural or celestial marriage as taught by the Prophet Joseph.

It was in the late fall of 1846 that Louisa became the wife of President Brigham Young. Louisa and her people arrived in the Salt Lake Valley early in October of 1847, having traveled in the Jedediah M. Grant Company.

Notes for ELLEN ROCKWOOD: Ellen moved from Holliston, with her Uncle Jesse Haven and her Aunt Elizabeth, in 1838, and went to Far West, Missouri, with the Saints. She was married to Brigham Young in 1846, and arrived in Salt Lake Valley with the family in September 1848. She had no children.

Notes for MARIA LAWRENCE: Maria was prepossessing in her appearance, a little above medium height, rather dark complex- ioned, and was a woman of sterling integrity. She left no issue of her marriage.

Notes for MARTHA BOWKER: Martha was a prudent woman, faithful to her husband and friends. She was an invalid for years, but her faith never wavered. Martha descended from the founders of Philadelphia, and was a Quakeress by birth She had no children, but the Brigham Young Family loved her dearly.

Notes for NAAMAH KENDEL JENKINS CARTER: Naamah did a great deal of redemption work for the dead in all the temples in Utah.. She was a rather small, fair complected woman. She was kind and affectionate; genial in disposition and devoted to the principals of the gospel. It has been said of her "she went around doing good".

Notes for ZINA DIANTHA HUNTINGTON: After the martyrdom of Joseph Smith, Zina was united in marriage to Brigham Young and with others of the Saints, left Nauvoo February 9, 1846 crossing the Mississippi on the ice. Arriving at Mt. Pisgah, her father was called to preside over the branch of the church organized at this place. Zina with her two little boys remained with him temporarily. Sickness visited the camp and deaths were so frequent that help could not be obtained to make coffins. Many were buried with logs at the bottom of the graves and brush at the sides. Her father was taken sick and 18 days later, he died. After these days of trials, she went to Winter Quarters and was welcomed into the family of Brigham Young. With them she began the journey to the Salt Lake Valley. On the journey she walked, drove teams, cooked beside campfires and lived in tents and wagons.

Notes for MARGARET M. ALLEY: Margaret was a woman of small stature, medium complexion, intelligent, energetic and faithful to all her trusts true to her religion, her husband and her friends. She was devoted to her children.

Notes for LUCY BIGELOW: Lucy moved into the Lion House in 1855, before it was finished and remained there until Brigham moved her and her family to St. George in November 1870, where she remained until 1892. Lucy did considerable missionary work in the Sandwich Islands and other places. She was of fair complexion with brown hair and blue eyes, a little above medium height and rather stout. She was of a lively disposition and the mother of three daughters.

Notes for ELIZA R. SNOW: Eliza taught a select school for girls in Kirtland, Ohio. She boarded with the family of the Prophet Joseph Smith and gave most of her means toward the building of the Kirtland Temple. In 1838, she left Kirtland with the persecuted Saints for Far West where she remained for some time nursing her brother, Lorenzo Snow, through a severe illness. She then journeyed on to Quincy and then to Nauvoo, Illinois where again she resided in the home of the Prophet whom she married June 29, 1842. On June 12, 1847, she started with the second company and arrived at journey's end in October of that year. Eliza lived in the Old Fort for twenty-two months. On June 29, 1849, she married Brigham Young.

During her childhood she began writing poetry and her great ability was soon recognized. Nine volumes of prose and poetry were published by this remarkable woman.

"Our life is a cup where the sweet with the bitter, And bitter with the sweet oft commingle again; Where we're meeting and parting and parting and meeting, Pain changes to pleasure and pleasure to pain. When stern duty demands of my husband long absence, In spite of my judgement my feelings will mourn; But the time wears away, though it seems with slow motion, And my heart beats with joy when I hail his return."

Eliza R. Snow

Notes for ELIZA BURGESS: For some years practically all of Brigham Young's wives lived in the Bee Hive and Lion Houses, but as the children grew up he either erected or purchased separate homes for several of his wives. In 1869, he bought an old colonial home in Provo where he moved his wife Eliza and her son, Afales. It was here he lived whenever he went to Provo, which was often. In 1878 Eliza returned to Salt Lake City to live and it was her that she died. She was a beautiful woman, a courageous pioneer and added her strengths and talents to the building of the western commonwealth.

Notes for HARRIET BARNEY: Harriet was united in marriage with a man who proved unworthy. After an unhappy marriage of several years, she was separated from her husband. She was the mother of 5 children, 4 of them by her first marriage and one of those dying in infancy. She bore one son to President Young named Phineas Howe.

Notes for HARRIET AMELIA FOLSOM: Shortly before President Young's death, he decided to erect an official residence where he could entertain people who came to see him. The family understood that Amelia would live there and was happy that he had chosen her to assume the responsibilities of all social affairs. Before the residence was completed, Brigham passed away. It was finished by President John Taylor and named the Gardo House.

Notes for MARY VAN COTT: Mary had been the wife of James Kirby. She divorced him before the birth of her daughter, Louella. Several years later, she was married to Brigham Young. She was a tall, fine looking woman of fair complexion, kind hearted and affectionate, a loving wife and mother. Her first home was located south of the Temple grounds where she died in 1884.

Notes for ANN ELIZA WEBB: Becoming dissatisfied also with her second marriage, she entered suit against Brigham Young in 1875. The case was finally settled and she was excommunicated from the church. For many years she spent most of her time lecturing through the country against Mormonism. Years later, Ann Eliza married Moses R. Deming but this marriage lasted only three years. The date and place of her death are unknown.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and MIRIAM WORKS are: i. ELIZABETH9 YOUNG, b. 25 Sep 1825, New York. ii. VILATE YOUNG, b. 01 Jun 1830, Mendon, Monroe, New York.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and MARY ANGEL are: iii. JOSEPH ANGEL9 YOUNG, b. 13 Oct 1834. iv. BRIGHAM YOUNG, b. 18 Dec 1836. v. MARY ANN YOUNG, b. 18 Dec 1836; d. 1843. vi. ALICE YOUNG, b. 04 Sep 1839. vii. LUNA YOUNG, b. 20 Aug 1842, Nauvoo, Illinois. viii. JOHN WILLARD YOUNG, b. 01 Oct 1844, Nauvoo, Illinois.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and LUCY DECKER are: ix. BRIGHAM HEBER9 YOUNG, b. 19 Jun 1845, Nauvoo, Illinois. x. FANNY YOUNG, b. 26 Jan 1849, Salt Lake City, Utah. xi. ERNEST I. YOUNG, b. 30 Apr 1851, Salt Lake City, Utah. xii. SHEMIRA YOUNG, b. 21 Mar 1853, Salt Lake City, Utah. xiii. ARTA DE CHRISTA YOUNG, b. 16 Apr 1855, Salt Lake City, Utah. xiv. FERAMORZ YOUNG, b. 16 Sep 1858, Salt Lake City, Utah. xv. CLARISSA H. YOUNG, b. 23 Jul 1860, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Child of BRIGHAM YOUNG and HARRIET COOK is: xvi. OSCAR BRIGHAM9 YOUNG, b. 10 Feb 1846, Nauvoo, Illinois.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and CLARA DECKER are: xvii. JEANETTE R.9 YOUNG, b. 14 Dec 1849, Salt Lake City, Utah. xviii. NABBIE HOWE YOUNG, b. 22 Mar 1852, Salt Lake City, Utah. xix. JEDEDIAH GRANT YOUNG, b. 11 Jan 1856, Salt Lake City, Utah. xx. ALBERT JEDDIE YOUNG, b. 1858, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxi. CHARLOTTE TALULA YOUNG, b. 04 Mar 1861, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and EMILY PARTRIDGE are: xxii. EDWARD P.9 YOUNG, b. 30 Oct 1845, Nauvoo, Illinois. xxiii. EMILY AUGUSTA YOUNG, b. 01 Mar 1849, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxiv. CAROLINE YOUNG, b. Feb 1851, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxv. JOSEPH DON CARLOS YOUNG, b. 06 May 1855, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxvi. MIRIAM YOUNG, b. 13 Oct 1857, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxvii. JOSEPHINE YOUNG, b. 21 Feb 1860, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxviii. LURA YOUNG, b. 02 Apr 1862, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and CLARISSA ROSS are: xxix. MARY ELIZA9 YOUNG, b. 08 Jun 1847. xxx. CLARISSA MARIA YOUNG, b. 10 Dec 1849, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxxi. WILLARD YOUNG, b. 30 Apr 1852, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxxii. PHOEBE LOUISE YOUNG, b. 01 Aug 1854, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Child of BRIGHAM YOUNG and MARGARET PIERCE is: xxxiii. BRIGHAM MORRIS9 YOUNG, b. 18 Jan 1854, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and EMMELINE FREE are: xxxiv. ELLA ELIZABETH9 YOUNG, b. 31 Aug 1847. xxxv. MARINDA HYDE YOUNG, b. 30 Jul 1849, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxxvi. HYRUM S. YOUNG, b. 02 Jan 1851, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxxvii. EMMELINE YOUNG, b. 11 Feb 1853, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxxviii. LOUISA YOUNG, b. 31 Oct 1854, Salt Lake City, Utah. xxxix. LORENZO D. YOUNG, b. 22 Sep 1856, Salt Lake City, Utah. xl. ALONZO YOUNG, b. 20 Dec 1858, Salt Lake City, Utah. xli. RUTH YOUNG, b. 04 Mar 1861, Salt Lake City, Utah. xlii. DANIEL WELLS YOUNG, b. 09 Feb 1863, Salt Lake City, Utah. xliii. ARDELLE YOUNG, b. 26 Oct 1864, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and LOUISA BEAMAN are: xliv. JOSEPH9 YOUNG, b. 1848; d. Died in early infancy. xlv. HYRUM YOUNG, b. 1848; d. Died in early infancy. xlvi. ALVA YOUNG, b. 1850; d. Died in early infancy. xlvii. ALMA YOUNG, b. 1850; d. Died in early infancy.

Child of BRIGHAM YOUNG and ZINA HUNTINGTON is: xlviii. ZINA9 YOUNG, b. 03 Apr 1850.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and MARGARET ALLEY are: xlix. MAHONRI M.9 YOUNG, b. 11 Nov 1847. l. EVELYN LOUISA YOUNG, b. 30 Jul 1850, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Children of BRIGHAM YOUNG and LUCY BIGELOW are: li. DORA M.9 YOUNG, b. 12 May 1852, Salt Lake City, Utah. lii. SUSA YOUNG, b. 18 Mar 1856, Salt Lake City, Utah. liii. RHODA MABEL YOUNG, b. 22 Feb 1863, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Child of BRIGHAM YOUNG and ELIZA BURGESS is: liv. ALFALES9 YOUNG, b. 03 Oct 1853, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Child of BRIGHAM YOUNG and HARRIET BARNEY is: lv. PHINEAS HOWE9 YOUNG, b. 15 Feb 1863, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Child of BRIGHAM YOUNG and MARY VAN COTT is: lvi. FANNY9 YOUNG, b. 14 Jan 1870, Salt Lake City, Utah.


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