- Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is a unitary county under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 effective April 1, 1996 located in south-east Wales. It was formed from the abolished county of Gwent but with much different boundaries. The largest town is Abergavenny.
Gwent County – 1974-1996
Under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1972 effective April 1, 1974 the county of Monmouthshire was abolished. Most of the area formed the new county of Gwent. However, Gwent County was abolished under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1974 effective April 1, 1996.
Historic Monmouthshire County
This historic county was formed from the Welsh Marches by the Laws in Wales Act 1535. The Laws in Wales Act 1542 again enumerated the counties of Wales and omitted Monmouthshire, implying that the county was no longer to be treated as part of Wales. However, for all purposes Wales had become part of the Kingdom of England, and the difference had little practical effect.
For several centuries, acts of the Parliament of England (in which Wales was represented) often referred to "Wales and Monmouthshire." However, the Local Government (Wales) Act 1972 effective April, 1974 confirmed the county as part of Wales.
NOTE: You will find official records such as BMD that refer to, for example, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, England. Where these occur, they are not an error and should not be corrected, but the Welsh category for Monmouth should be used.
External Monmouthshire Resources
External Monmouthshire Genealogy Resources
- Visitation(s) of England and Wales County Index lists surnames by county contained in the various volumes of Visitations files. This link goes to Monmouthshire County.
- FamilySearch - Family History Research Wiki
- FamilySearch - Wales Online Genealogy Records