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Native American History

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Location: Americamap
Surname/tag: native_americans
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This space page is associated with the Native Americans Project. See also: Native Americans Project Reliable Sources.


Grandfather Great Spirit Fill us with the Light Give us the strength to understand And the eyes to see. Teach us to walk the soft earth as relatives to all that live.


The first peoples of the America's lived, hunted and cared for the lands in the America's for tens of thousands of years prior to European plantations. With these Plantations, Native Peoples were transplanted, moved or killed in order for the new arrivals to create nations. The treaties these nations signed with the native peoples fell aside and the european plantations expanded. Expansion across the continents created pockets of habitation and marginalized the once prosperous Native, indígenas, Aborigen, Amerindian, Guianas, Aboriginal, First Nations, Inuit, Métis, and Alaskan Natives.

In the US, colonization and western expansion created conflict between the Native Peoples and settlers.

Contents

Expansion

Eastern Lands

As colonization began along the coasts of the US Native populations plummeted. The Colonists brought with them diseases that these populations had no resistance to. The tribal members who were not killed off were assimilated by other tribal communities.

Western Lands

At the end of the Civil War and the completion of Transcontinental Railroad,there were a number of Indian Wars. Over time, the United States forced a series of treaties and land cessions by the tribes and established reservations for them in many western states. In 1924, American Indians who were not already U.S. citizens were granted citizenship by Congress.

American Indian Lands





American Indian is of the soil, whether it be the region of forests, plains, pueblos, or mesas. He fits into the landscape, for the hand that fashioned the continent also fashioned the man for his surroundings. He once grew as naturally as the wild sunflowers, he belongs just as the buffalo belonged..
Standing Bear, Oglala Sioux


When you were born, you cried and the world rejoiced. Live your life so that when you die, the world cries and you rejoice.
White Elk

American Indians

The Trail of Tears

The Trail of Tears was the forced relocation of American Indian tribes from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Including Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others,they were moved from their homelands to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. More information about Trail of Tears.

Other Native American History Links

Native American Historical Indexes

Chiefs

Tribes/Nations

Florida

Mexico

Michigan

North Carolina

  • Transcribed Chapman Rolls The Siler and Chapman Rolls were created in 1851/2 to identify Cherokee who remained in the East after Removal who were entitled to payment. Siler missed a lot of people, so the Chapman Roll is a better source. It also is one of the first lists to show all members of a family, not just heads of households.
  • Roll of North Carolina Cherokees who removed to the Cherokee Nation 08 June 1881 Text transcribed from NARA microfilm ID: 7RA74, annotated by Glen Davis. All annotations copyrighted 2003 Glen Davis

Oklahoma

Texas

Western US

Other

Native Americans and the Buffalo

Language Resources

Asylums

Schools/Seminaries

Beginning in 1878 the goal was to assimilate Indian people into the general population of the United States. By placing the Indian children in first day schools and boarding schools it was thought this would be accomplished. Federal policy sanctioned the removal of children from their families and placed in government run boarding schools. It was thought they would become Americanized while being kept away from their traditional families. Source: Access Genealogy

  • Access Genealogy Lists of students names, tribal affiliation, residence and age in hopes that by searching these records you will find your native ancestor.

General

Sources


See also:





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The “profiles” list is odd to say the least, and includes at least one mythical person (Mourning Dove). There is no way a single page can cover Native American History, it seems like the project page should be enough.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
I'm going to move the Profiles section to the Project page
posted by Jillaine Smith
And Trail of Tears has its own page: http://www.wikitree.com/Space:Trail_of_Tears; should we move what's on this page to that one and link to it from here?
posted by Jillaine Smith
As I'm re-familiarizing myself with all the pages related to the Native Americans project, I'm still trying to get my head around the purpose of this page vs. the purpose of the project page. Until it gets to profiles, it seems like a type of historical overview of Native Americans in what is now the United States. But then I'm uncertain about the purpose of the "Profiles" section. Can someone walk me through it?
posted by Jillaine Smith
Paula, too bad those decisions weren't documented anywhere so subsequent project leadership had something to follow or at least understand. The problem with both Moytoy and Doublehead is that the bulk of those "lines" is fictional. We've spent most of the last two years cleaning up those fictional profiles.
posted by Jillaine Smith
I think we are trying to eliminate the mythical family names like “Moytoy” and get the LNAB changed to Cherokee.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
We adopted the Tribe as last name when we noticed the duplicates that were made because of the policy at the time to name all indigenous peoples with last name Unknown. This was shortly after we put the project up. It started as a subproject to Westward Ho! named American Indians which only covered the western tribes. We got a lot of request for inclusion of Northeastern tribes. We consulted a Cherokee Nation member who strongly suggested we change the name so we did and made the sub a full project that covered all Native Americans. At that time we adopted Tribe as LNAB.

Later through member discussion, there were two famous lines they agreed should be given the last name they were popularly known by due to the continuation of multiple duplicates for these profiles. These were Moytoy and Doublehead. That part was changed after the project changed hands. It was a good idea and there were other famous lines that could have benefited from this idea due to the huge size of the Cherokee tribe and a few Plains Indian Tribes. Now, with the significant improvements with the matching system when adding a profile, that naming convention addition may no longer be needed. However, the name Moytoy is of great historical significance.

posted by Paula J
We now have a project page for Reliable NA Sources; I'm going to move the Sources section out of this page and onto that one.
posted by Jillaine Smith
I am interested in this project because many of my Creek ancestors were forced to march in the Trail of Tears.
posted by [Living Rankin]
Think it's important not to forget the Iroquois Nation tribes who left New York in the 1700's The Onieda Tribe( one of the seven nations) settled in Wisconsin and Minnesota .My maternal grandfather was about 50% Native American.
It's not a duplicate. This page has a good deal of information that was never included on the NA Project Page. It is a very useful, very attractive page. And will not be merged into the NA Project Page.

Naming Guidelines should be included on the NA Project Page.

Shirley