Native Americans Project Space Page

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Categories: Nominated Profiles | Tribes | Native Americans | Native American History.

This space page is associated with the Native Americans Project

Grandfather Great Spirit Fill us with the Light Give us the strength to understand And the eyes to see. Teach us to walk the soft earth as relatives to all that live.

The first peoples of the America's lived, hunted and cared for the lands in the America's for tens of thousands of years prior to European plantations. With these Plantations, Native Peoples were transplanted, moved or killed in order for the new arrivals to create nations. The treaties these nations signed with the native peoples fell aside and the european plantations expanded. Expansion across the continents created pockets of habitation and marginalized the once prosperous Native, indígenas, Aborigen, Amerindian, Guianas, Aboriginal, First Nations, Inuit, Métis, and Alaskan Natives.

In the US, colonization and western expansion created conflict between the Native Peoples and settlers.


Naming Guidelines

It is the policy of WikiTree's Native American project to use the TRIBE (or NATION) name as the Last Name at Birth (LNAB) for those Native Americans who were born prior to the introduction of surnames. Therefore, Pocahontas' LNAB is Powhatan, for example. Chief Doublehead's LNAB is Cherokee.


Eastern Lands

As colonization began along the coasts of the US Native populations plummeted. The Colonists brought with them diseases that these populations had no resistance to. The tribal members who were not killed off were assimilated by other tribal communities.

Western Lands

At the end of the Civil War and the completion of Transcontinental Railroad,there were a number of Indian Wars. Over time, the United States forced a series of treaties and land cessions by the tribes and established reservations for them in many western states. In 1924, American Indians who were not already U.S. citizens were granted citizenship by Congress.

American Indian Lands

American Indian is of the soil, whether it be the region of forests, plains, pueblos, or mesas. He fits into the landscape, for the hand that fashioned the continent also fashioned the man for his surroundings. He once grew as naturally as the wild sunflowers, he belongs just as the buffalo belonged..
Standing Bear, Oglala Sioux

When you were born, you cried and the world rejoiced. Live your life so that when you die, the world cries and you rejoice.
White Elk

American Indians

The Trail of Tears

"I saw the helpless Cherokees arrested and dragged from their homes, and driven at the bayonet point into the stockades. And in the chill of a drizzling rain on an October morning I saw them loaded like cattle or sheep into six hundred and forty-five wagons and started toward the west....On the morning of November the 17th we encountered a terrific sleet and snow storm with freezing temperatures and from that day until we reached the end of the fateful journey on March the 26th 1839, the sufferings of the Cherokees were awful. The trail of the exiles was a trail of death. They had to sleep in the wagons and on the ground without fire. And I have known as many as twenty-two of them to die in one night of pneumonia due to ill treatment, cold and exposure...'"
Private John G. Burnett, Captain Abraham McClellan's Company, 2nd Regiment, 2nd Brigade, Mounted Infantry, Cherokee Indian Removal, 1838-39

The Trail of Tears was the forced relocation of American Indian tribes from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Including Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others,they were moved from their homelands to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.

It is estimated that out of the 17,000 Cherokee men, women, and children, 6,000 died on the 1,200 mile march called the Trail of Tears,other Cherokee escaped to North Carolina.

17,000 Choctaws men, women and children made the journey to what would be called Indian Territory over 2,500 died on the Trail of Tears[citation needed]

Trail of Tears Map


Red Bullet Sitting Bull - was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man, who led his people as a tribal chief during years of resistance to United States government policies.
Red Bullet Henry Bullion - was an American Indian outlaw who robbed banks .He was acquainted with outlaws William Carver "News Carver" and Ben Kilpatrick "The Tall Texan.His daughter Laura was a prostitute and a outlaw she was a member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang.
Red Bullet Red Cloud - was a war leader and a chief of the Oglala Lakota. He was chief from 1868 to 1909. He led a successful campaign in 1866–1868 known as Red Cloud's War over control of the Powder River Country in northeastern Wyoming and southern Montana.
Red Bullet Morning Dove- was thought to be a Cherokee Indian,she was very knowledgeable in herbal medicine, which she used to help settlers,She was the 3x Great Grandmother of Elvis Presley.
Red Bullet Rain in the Face - was a warchief of the Lakota tribe of Native Americans. He was one of the Indian leaders who defeated George Armstrong Custer, and the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment at the Battle of Little Big Horn in 1876 .
Red Bullet Geronimo - Geronimo was a leader of the Bedonkohe Apache.He led his people against the military of the United States during the Apache Wars.
Red Bullet Luis - was one of two Miwok American Indians who were guides for the infamous Donner Party in 1846. They were both shot and killed for food.
Red Bullet Joseph Nez Perce - was known as Chief Joseph ,he is remembered for his resistance to the U.S. Government's attempts to force his tribe onto reservations. After months of fighting and forced marches, many of the Nez Perce were sent to a reservation in what is now Oklahoma, where many died from malaria and starvation.
Red Bullet Joseph Renville - was an interpreter, translator, and an important figure in dealings between white men and Dakota (Sioux) Indians in Minnesota.
Red Bullet Sacagawea - was a Lemhi Shoshone woman, who accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition, acting as an interpreter and guide, between 1804 and 1806.
Red Bullet Salvador - was one of two Miwok American Indians who were guides for the infamous Donner Party in 1846. They were both shot and killed for food.
Red Bullet Sam Starr - was a Cherokee Indian ,he was the husband of the notorious American outlaw Belle Starr.He was a Horse thief,Outlaw,Gun fighter and Bootlegger
Red Bullet Cochise Cheis "A-da-tli-chi" Apache

American Indian Nations


The major publications for Native American ancestry and genealogy are:

  • Dawes Commision (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chikasaw, Creek and Seminole Tribes)
  • Guion Miller Commission. The Guion Miller commission is primarily for the Cherokee Tribe residing east of the Mississippi River who escaped Indian removal to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma. The Dawes Commission awarded land allotments. The Guion Miller Commission awarded annuities. [1]
  • American Indian vs. Native American

Search Sites




Trail of Tears

Native American and the Buffalo


Indigenous Population Maps


  • Google Books - Geronimo Stilton #21: The Wild, Wild West - By Geronimo Stilton
  • Google Books - The 'Real' Wild West
  • Google Books - The Indian Wars By Carol H. Behrman
  • Google Books - Rookwood and the American Indian: Masterpieces of American Art Pottery from By Anita J. Ellis, Susan L. Meyn.
  • Google Books The Extraordinary Book of Native American Lists By Arlene B. Hirschfelder, Paulette Fairbanks Molin


Images: 5
Eagle Dancer
Eagle Dancer

Ghost Dance
Ghost Dance

Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull

American Indians
American Indians

Bread Crow 1908
Bread Crow 1908


On 7 Dec 2018 at 17:09 GMT Howard Rankin Jr wrote:

I am interested in this project because many of my Creek ancestors were forced to march in the Trail of Tears.

On 10 Jul 2018 at 00:47 GMT R. Nelson wrote:

Think it's important not to forget the Iroquois Nation tribes who left New York in the 1700's The Onieda Tribe( one of the seven nations) settled in Wisconsin and Minnesota .My maternal grandfather was about 50% Native American.

On 9 Jul 2018 at 13:38 GMT Shirley (Strutton) Dalton wrote:

It's not a duplicate. This page has a good deal of information that was never included on the NA Project Page. It is a very useful, very attractive page. And will not be merged into the NA Project Page.

Naming Guidelines should be included on the NA Project Page.


On 9 Jul 2018 at 13:29 GMT Mags Gaulden wrote:

If it's a duplicate it can be merged - but I would check with Shirley first. Debbie may have and idea of the intent of this page as well.


On 2 Jul 2018 at 12:35 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

This page appears to be a duplicate of the official NA Project page-- at least by name. I've asked Debbie Black (who created this page) for more details, so we can figure out how best to use it.

On 2 Jul 2018 at 05:09 GMT Paula J wrote:


Check with Mags. We began using tribe for last name when I started the project to replace Unknown. Prior to leaving the project, the members had requested that Moytoy be accepted as a last name due to the historical significance of the Moytoy family and also because we kept getting duplicates otherwise. After that, Doublehead was also voted to be an acceptable last name, for the same reasons. It did help people identify those profiles. However, I know nothing of how the naming guidelines continued after that point. All that could have changed.

On 1 Jul 2018 at 15:07 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Hi Liz, I totally forgot about this page-- looks like I was made a PM last year. It is definitely missing anything about the LNAB guidelines, which is that we use the tribe name for LNAB for those profiles of Native Americans who lived prior to the introduction of surnames (mostly pre-1700-- perhaps pre-1800). I'll add that somewhere. Thanks for the nudge.

On 1 Jul 2018 at 14:12 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Hi! I just realized that I never received a URL for NA Project name guidelines. Is there one? Currently, there's only a G2G discussion that I have to point to from this page.


On 12 Nov 2017 at 14:11 GMT Shirley Davis wrote:

Removal, p. 2 states more than 2,500 Choctaw men, women and children died on their journey to Oklahoma.

On 4 Nov 2017 at 17:25 GMT Shirley (Strutton) Dalton wrote:

Thanks, Paula, for correcting "Trial of Tears" to "Trail of Tears."

Thanks, Shirley

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