Placeholder for reliable and unreliable NA sources. A work in progress. In the meantime, visit:
- Note: WikiTree places a strong emphasis on sources, especially for vital statistics and relationships. We realize that this emphasis sometimes conflicts with oral tradition often associated with Native American ancestry. We try to reflect family tradition in the narrative while at the same time following WikiTree's standards for sourcing when it comes to relationships and vitals.
Ancestry.com and FamilySearch have digitzed Indian censuses from 1880 - 1940:
- United States Census, 1910 Indian Population, Minnesota - White Earth Reservation
- United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940 (FamilySearch)
Some reliable sources for Cherokee history and genealogy are:
- Dawes Commission (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chikasaw, Creek and Seminole Tribes/ Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes)
- Guion Miller Commission. The Guion Miller payment was for all Cherokee/Cherokee descendants who were affected by Removal; there was no residence requirement. The Dawes Commission awarded individual land allotments to Cherokee living in Indian Territory. The Guion Miller Commission awarded individual payments.
Wikitree Cherokee pages (includes book list):
- https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Cherokee_Sources/Resources list of rolls and records
- https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Reliable_Sources_-_Books_-_Cherokee list of books and articles
- https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Dawes_Rolls explanation of Dawes Rolls
- https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Dawes_Census_Card explanation of card information
New England Tribes
- David Allen Lambert (comp.) , Massachusetts: Earle Report of Native Americans, 1861, (database); Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society (2020); index to the Appendix of 1861 Massachusetts Earle Report of Native Americans from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Includes the names, tribal membership, tribe/race, and location where the Native Americans resided in Massachusetts in 1861. The database is searchable by name, location, and tribe. The index contains nearly 1,700 searchable names. This is available only to members of NEHGS.
- New Native American Mitochondrial Haplogroups, by Roberta Estes
- Native American DNA Resources, Roberta Estes
- Don Greene, Shawnee Heritage
- Frankin Elawatum Bearce
- Unsourced family trees or pedigrees, including those found on ancestry.com and familysearch.org.
Remember a lot of questions can be answered by referring to the help pages link at the top right of pages.
- Native American History
- Native Americans Project Images
- Native Americans of the French and Indian War
- Trail of Tears
- Native Americans in the Civil War
- US Southern Colonies, Native Americans
- Creek War, Battles and Forts
- Creek Department of Warriors Choctaw Troops, War of 1812
- How to Find Hidden Native American Ancestors
The following have not been reviewed for accuracy. Use with caution.
Native American Genealogy Search Sites / Indexes
- Cyndi's List - American Indian focuses on genealogy
- Native Americans in Michigan. Highly genealogical.
- Index of American Indian Genealogy Resources on the Internet. Quite a mix; Ideally we extract the best from this and incorporate the best above.
Guides to Conducting Native American Genealogy
- Bureau of Indian Affairs A guide to tracing American Indian and Alaska Native Ancestry
- National Archives guide
- Tracing your Genealogy (National Indian Law Library)
- FamilySearch Native American Page wiki
Native American Historical Indexes
- Native American Sites (American Indian Library Association) Mostly historical and general information; not genealogical.
- Edward S Curtis, The North American Indian Photographic Images (1907-1930) (Northwestern University). Largely historical. Stunning photography.
- Omaha Indians Music (Library of Congress)
- American Indians of the Pacific Northwest (University of Washington). Largely historical. Not specifically genealogy.
- Glenn Walker, Great Chiefs & Leaders (Indigenous Peoples Literature)
- Top 10 Greatest Indian Chiefs (California Indian Education)
- Native American Leaders of the Wild West (Biography.com)
- Notable Native Americans on the Frontier (Legends of America)
- Native American Indian Chiefs Facts, information and articles about Native American Indian Chiefs from the history of the Wild West. (History.net)
- This Day in History - Sep 21, 1904 -The great Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph dies in Washington. (History.com)
- Black Kettle Cheyenne Indian (unknown - 1868) (The Wild Wild West)
- American Horse Wasicu Tasunke Oglala 1840-1908 (American Tribes.com)
- Past Notable Native Americans (Snow Wowl.com)
- Nd Studies - Traditional Leaders of the Hunkpapa Lakota
- Wild West History - The Minnesota Massacre, or Dakota War of 1862 Chief Little Crow.
- Legends of America - Native American Tribes.
- Alphabetical Enumeration of the Indian Tribes and Nations
- Old West Daily Reader - A list of Native American Tribes
- aaanativearts - Native American Indian tribes of the US
- Wikipedia - List of Federally Recognized Tribes by State
- Vlib.us - Plains and Emigrant Tribes of Kansas.
- History on the Net - Native Americans - Tribes/Nations.
- Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible to Receive Services from the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs
- American Indian Tribes in North Carolina
- American Indian Tribal List
- List of Tribes, Library of Congress
- List of Federally Recognized Tribes by State
- Unrecognized Tribes of the US
- US Archives_(National)_The Five Civilized Tribes
- Indians of Michigan
- Great Lakes Indians & Metis
- French-Canadian & Native families
- Les Relations des Jesuites WikiTree space page for for Jesuit publications is a resource for researching documented historical interactions. Publications are in French.
- Transcribed Chapman Rolls The Siler and Chapman Rolls were created in 1851/2 to identify Cherokee who remained in the East after Removal who were entitled to payment. Siler missed a lot of people, so the Chapman Roll is a better source. It also is one of the first lists to show all members of a family, not just heads of households.
- Roll of North Carolina Cherokees who removed to the Cherokee Nation 08 June 1881 Text transcribed from NARA microfilm ID: 7RA74, annotated by Glen Davis. All annotations copyrighted 2003 Glen Davis
- Native American Tribes of Texas
- Indians of Texas
- Bullock Museum American Indians in Texas
- Kickapoo Indians, Texas
- Texas Handbook Karankawas
- This Day in History - Dec 20, 1836 - Jackson submits Indian treaty to Congress
- Historynet.com - Death at Summit Springs: Susanna Alderdice and the Cheyennes
- Tolerance.org - Teaching Tolerance This Land Is Ours
- Texas Beyond History - The Passing of the Indian Era
- Eye Witness to History - Massacre At Wounded Knee, 1890
- PBS - Events in the West 1870 - 1880
- Cherokee Museum.org - The Museum of the Cherokee Indian.
- Bjmjr.net - THE WILD WEST OF THE SEMINOLE NEGRO INDIAN SCOUTS - The Killing of Adam Paine, Medal of Honor Winner
- American History - American History Timeline Clashes Between US Soldiers and Native Americans In the Wild West
- History to go Utah - Native Americans in Utah David Rich Lewis Utah History Encyclopedia
- Athentic History.com - 1861-1890: The Plains Indians Timeline
- The Wild West - Native American Wisdom
- Legends of America - Native Americans, the First Owners of the West
- Ailanet.org - American Indian Library Association
- RB Hayes.com - United States Indian Policy During The Late Nineteenth Century: Change And Continuity by Edmund Jefferson Danzinger, Jr.
- Native Languages - Native Languages of the Americas -Preserving and promoting American Indian languages
- Native Languages - Native American State Names
- Wikipedia Native Americans
- Gutenberg - THE EXTERMINATION OF THE AMERICAN BISON.BY WILLIAM T. HORNADAY, Superintendent of the National Zoological Park.
- History Newswork.org - Were American Indians the Victims of Genocide?
- The Wild West - Native Americans
- Daily Mail - The real Wild West - On the Navajo trail of Arizona's Native Americans
- Show Indians (Wikipedia)
Trail of Tears
This has its own page on Wikitree.
Native Americans and the Buffalo
- History Learning - Buffalo and the Native Americans
- Indians.org - American Buffalo
- National Humanities Center - Buffalo Tales - The Near-Extermination of the American Bison
- Historical Insights - Buffalo Bill and Native Americans
- Living Myths - Native American Myths
- Native Languages - Native American Buffalo Mythology
- Eye Witness to History - Buffalo Hunt, 1846
- White Buffalo Miracle - Sacred Buffalo,American Indian Stories and Poems
- Legends of America - Legend of the White Buffalo
- Mercer online - The White Buffalo - "The White Buffalo Woman"
- of America - Arapaho - Great Buffalo Hunters of the Plains
- First People - Native American Legends The story of the Buffalo Dance - A Blackfoot Legend
- Emerson Kent.com - Indian Posts, Tribes, and Battles 1860-1890.
- Native Languages - Maps of American Indian Tribes and Reservations
- This Land press - MAP OF THE WEEK: Native American Nations
- Flutopedia.com - Native American Indian Tribal Maps
- Emerson Kent.com - Map of the United States - Native American Tribes.
- Wikimedia Commons - Maps of Native American tribal territories
- 500 Nations - 500 Nations, Tribes, Bands
- Ancient Wisdom - American Indian Tribes
- Emerson Kent - A collection of Native American maps.
Indigenous Population Maps
- Native American and Alaskan population Map
- Maps of North, Central and South America
- Tribes of the United States, clickable to state level
- Tribes you may not have seen before.
- Native American Maps
- Maps of American Indian Tribes and Reservations
- Historical Tribal Maps
- Google Books - Geronimo Stilton #21: The Wild, Wild West - By Geronimo Stilton
- Google Books - The 'Real' Wild West
- Google Books - The Indian Wars By Carol H. Behrman
- Google Books - Rookwood and the American Indian: Masterpieces of American Art Pottery from By Anita J. Ellis, Susan L. Meyn.
- Google Books The Extraordinary Book of Native American Lists By Arlene B. Hirschfelder, Paulette Fairbanks Molin
- Picture.com - Indians
- National Archives - Pictures of Native Americans in the United States
- History - NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURES
- Library of Congress - Pictorial Americana Western life and Indian fighting
- First People US - Old photographs of American Indians by Edward S Curtis.
- War parth 2 Peace pipes.com - Pictures of the Native Americans
- The Atlantic - Native Americans: Portraits From a Century Ago
- Days gone by - Rare, vivid portraits of Native Americans from Buffalo Bills Wild West Show
- Pinterest - Old Native American Photos
- Huffing Post - Rare, Old Photos of Native American Women and Children.
- Pinterest - Wild West/ Cowboys/ Native Americans
- Rivers Museum - The Collection of Native American Photographs
- Native American Images
- Amphilsoc.org - Native American Images Project
- Pinterest - Native American Indians, 1800's-1900's images, beautiful photos
- Wikipedia: Wikipedia Native Americans in the United States
- Indian Timeline, Native American Encyclopedia
- Treaty with the Cherokee, 1791 Treaty of Holston July 2, 1791. | 7 Stat., 39. | Proclamation, Feb. 7, 1792. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Vol. II (Treaties), Compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler, Washington : Government Printing Office, 1904, [Pages 29-33]
- Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Vol.I, (Treaties) United States: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1904.
- Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Vol. II (Treaties), Compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler, Washington : Government Printing Office, 1904
- US GenWebProject_Native American Census_Transcribers Needed
- Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center-microfilm Indians of North America Census
- WikiTree Source page (with links and citation examples):
- 1927 Potawatomi Indian Census - Film # 007141235 - Pg 7 -Potawatomi 30 Jun 1927 Census- Kansas
Pulled from US Southern Colonists Native Americans
Pulled from another project page; make sure incorporated into above:
- Description: How to use the Dawes Rolls
- The Dawes Rolls, (Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory) 1898-1914
- Baker Roll Eastern Band Cherokee
- National Archives, Native American Genealogy
- Trace American Indian Ancestry, Dept. of the Interior
- American Indian Records, Bureau of Indian Affairs
- Access Genealogy has links to each tribe in their database.
- National Indian Law Library Tracing your. Genealogy National Indian Law Library, Tracing Your Roots]
- First Nation Genealogy, Tracing Roots of American Indian and First. Nation Genealogy
- Dawes Index: Cherokee
- Chapman Roll Eastern Cherokees (1851)
- American Indian Slavery in Carolina
- Colonial American Native Research
- Great Lakes Algonquian Syllabics
Archive Family History Atlanta
The archive has the following records available:
Family History at the National Archives at Atlanta 5780 Jonesboro Road Morrow, Georgia 30260 Phone: 770-968-2100 Fax: 770-968-2547
Checklist of Records Available for Research for Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee.
Indian Records: Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881. 962 Rolls. M 234 Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1807-1904. 85 Rolls. M 574 Census of Creek Indians Taken by Parsons and Abbott in 1832. 1 Roll. T 275 Roll of Creek Orphans and List of 1870 Payments (1832 Treaty). 2 Rolls. A41 & A42 Cherokee Register (1817-1819). 1 Roll. A 21 Armstrong/Houston Surveys, 1817-20. 1 Roll. A 22 Cherokee Emigration and State Muster Rolls, 1817-1838. 1 Roll. A 23 Census Roll and Index, 1835, of the Cherokee Indians East of the Mississippi. 1 Roll. T 496 Cherokee Spoilation Decisions. 1 Roll. A 17 Cherokee Tennessee and Georgia Valuations. 1 Roll. A 18 Cherokee Powell Roll, 1867. 1 Roll. A 29 Cherokee Freedmen Payment Roll, 1897. 1 Roll. A 32 Old Settler Cherokee Census, 1895, & Index to Payment Roll, 1896. 2 Rolls. T 985 Records Relating to Enrollment of Eastern CherokeeS by Guion Miller, 1908-10. 12 Rolls. M 685 Eastern Cherokee Applications of the United States Court of Claims, 1906-09 (Miller Roll Applications). 348 Rolls. M1104 Records of the Cherokee Agency, 1886-1952. 170 Cubic Feet. Eastern Cherokee Baker Roll, 1926-31. 1 Roll. A 35 (Dawes Commission) Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914. 93 Rolls. M1186 Final Rolls of Citizens & Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (on or before March 4, 1907, with supplements dated September 25, 1914--Dawes Commission). 3 Rolls. T 529 Chickasaw Muster Rolls, 1837-39. 1 Roll. A 36 Chickasaw Census, 1847. 1 Roll. A 36 Choctaw Armstrong Roll, 1831. 1 Roll. A 39 Choctaw Reserves. 2 Rolls. A37 & A38 Choctaw Census Taken by Cooper. 1 Roll. A 40 Choctaw Muster/Emigration Rolls. 1 Roll. A 40 Choctaw Annuity Rolls, Oklahoma, 1918-1934 1 Roll. R4T75 Choctaw, Chickasaw, Mississippi Choctaw Freedmen Annuity Rolls, 1848-1927 1 Roll. R4T76 Mississippi Choctaw Annuity Rolls, 1908-1929 1 Roll. R4T77 SAC & FOX, Mississippi Annuity Rolls, 1866-1947. 1 Roll. R4T78 Delaware, 1867-74. 1 Roll. A 45 Menominee Annuity Rolls, 1849-73. 1 Roll. A 46 Ottawa/Chippewa Roll, 1870. 1 Roll. A 50 Ottawa and Chippewa Tract Books. 1 Roll. A 51 1880 Special Census of Indians (Dak Terr., Calif, & Wash. State) 5 Rolls. R4T70 1880 Special Census of Indians: Tulalip Agency, Yakima Agency, and Standing Rock Agency Indians in California, Volume 4. Indian Census Rolls, 1884-1940. M 595 Eastern Cherokee, 1898-1939 Rolls 22-26 Mississippi Choctaw, 1926-39 Rolls 41-42 Green Bay Agency, 1885-94 Roll 172 Hupa & Klamath, 1915-22 Roll 183 Seminole (Florida) 1913-40 Rolls 486-487
- Access Genealogy Census rolls from 1885-1940
- 1910 Census Fort Shaw Industrial School
- Parsons and Abbott Roll 1832 Creek Tribe. By a treaty of March 24, 1832, the Creek Tribe ceded to the United States all of their land east of the Mississippi River. Heads of families were entitled to tracts of land, which, if possible, were to include their improvements. In 1833 Benjamin S. Parsons and Thomas J. Abbott prepared a census of Creek Indian heads of families, which gave their names and the number of males, females, and slaves in each family. The entries were arranged by town and numbered; these numbers were used for identification in later records. Source: Access Genealogy
- Native Americans – Most American Indians in the US were not counted on the 1810 Census. At this time, “Indians not taxed,” which were those living on reservations or in unsettled territory, were not counted. - See more at: http://www.genealogyinc.com/census-records/1810-census/#sthash.RAlHZwH7.dpuf
Beginning in 1878 the goal was to assimilate Indian people into the general population of the United States. By placing the Indian children in first day schools and boarding schools it was thought this would be accomplished. Federal policy sanctioned the removal of children from their families and placed in government run boarding schools. It was thought they would become Americanized while being kept away from their traditional families. Source: Access Genealogy
- Access Genealogy Lists of students names, tribal affiliation, residence and age in hopes that by searching these records you will find your native ancestor.
- "SOLDIERS OF FLORIDA in the Seminole Indian, civil and Spanish-American wars", 1903: Democrat Book and Job Print, under the supervision of the Board of State Institutions, Live Oak, FL, with the muster rolls of almost all of the regiments enrolled in the State for the CSA between 1861 and 1865. It is available in reproduction at http://www.amazon.com/Soldiers-Florida-Seminole-Indian-Spanish-American/dp/1176993178 ; many reference libraries have copies. There is an online archive copy at https://archive.org/details/soldiersofflorid00flor with freely downloadable options from PDF to ePub.
- Native Americans in Massachusetts 1861 Apr 13, 2020.
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