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Native Americans Project Reliable Sources

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Placeholder for reliable and unreliable NA sources. A work in progress. In the meantime, visit:


Reliable Sources

Note: WikiTree places a strong emphasis on sources, especially for vital statistics and relationships. We realize that this emphasis sometimes conflicts with oral tradition often associated with Native American ancestry. We try to reflect family tradition in the narrative while at the same time following WikiTree's standards for sourcing when it comes to relationships and vitals.

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch have digitzed Indian censuses from 1880 - 1940:


Some reliable sources for Cherokee history and genealogy are:

  • Dawes Commission (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chikasaw, Creek and Seminole Tribes/ Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes)
  • Guion Miller Commission. The Guion Miller payment was for all Cherokee/Cherokee descendants who were affected by Removal; there was no residence requirement. The Dawes Commission awarded individual land allotments to Cherokee living in Indian Territory. The Guion Miller Commission awarded individual payments.

Wikitree Cherokee pages (includes book list):

New England Tribes

  • David Allen Lambert (comp.) , Massachusetts: Earle Report of Native Americans, 1861, (database); Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society (2020); index to the Appendix of 1861 Massachusetts Earle Report of Native Americans from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Includes the names, tribal membership, tribe/race, and location where the Native Americans resided in Massachusetts in 1861. The database is searchable by name, location, and tribe. The index contains nearly 1,700 searchable names. This is available only to members of NEHGS.


Unreliable Sources

WikiTree Resources

Remember a lot of questions can be answered by referring to the help pages link at the top right of pages.

Additional References

The following have not been reviewed for accuracy. Use with caution.

Native American Genealogy Search Sites / Indexes

Guides to Conducting Native American Genealogy

  • National Archives guide
  • FamilySearch Native American Page wiki

Native American Historical Indexes






North Carolina

  • Transcribed Chapman Rolls The Siler and Chapman Rolls were created in 1851/2 to identify Cherokee who remained in the East after Removal who were entitled to payment. Siler missed a lot of people, so the Chapman Roll is a better source. It also is one of the first lists to show all members of a family, not just heads of households.
  • Roll of North Carolina Cherokees who removed to the Cherokee Nation 08 June 1881 Text transcribed from NARA microfilm ID: 7RA74, annotated by Glen Davis. All annotations copyrighted 2003 Glen Davis



Western US


Trail of Tears

This has its own page on Wikitree.

Native Americans and the Buffalo


Indigenous Population Maps


  • Google Books - Geronimo Stilton #21: The Wild, Wild West - By Geronimo Stilton
  • Google Books - The 'Real' Wild West
  • Google Books - The Indian Wars By Carol H. Behrman
  • Google Books - Rookwood and the American Indian: Masterpieces of American Art Pottery from By Anita J. Ellis, Susan L. Meyn.
  • Google Books The Extraordinary Book of Native American Lists By Arlene B. Hirschfelder, Paulette Fairbanks Molin



Census Information


Language Resources

Pulled from US Southern Colonists Native Americans

Pulled from another project page; make sure incorporated into above:



Archive Family History Atlanta

The archive has the following records available:

Family History at the National Archives at Atlanta 5780 Jonesboro Road Morrow, Georgia 30260 Phone: 770-968-2100 Fax: 770-968-2547

Checklist of Records Available for Research for Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee.

http://www.archives.gov/atlanta/finding-aids/genealogy.html Includes:

Indian Records: Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1881. 962 Rolls. M 234 Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1807-1904. 85 Rolls. M 574 Census of Creek Indians Taken by Parsons and Abbott in 1832. 1 Roll. T 275 Roll of Creek Orphans and List of 1870 Payments (1832 Treaty). 2 Rolls. A41 & A42 Cherokee Register (1817-1819). 1 Roll. A 21 Armstrong/Houston Surveys, 1817-20. 1 Roll. A 22 Cherokee Emigration and State Muster Rolls, 1817-1838. 1 Roll. A 23 Census Roll and Index, 1835, of the Cherokee Indians East of the Mississippi. 1 Roll. T 496 Cherokee Spoilation Decisions. 1 Roll. A 17 Cherokee Tennessee and Georgia Valuations. 1 Roll. A 18 Cherokee Powell Roll, 1867. 1 Roll. A 29 Cherokee Freedmen Payment Roll, 1897. 1 Roll. A 32 Old Settler Cherokee Census, 1895, & Index to Payment Roll, 1896. 2 Rolls. T 985 Records Relating to Enrollment of Eastern CherokeeS by Guion Miller, 1908-10. 12 Rolls. M 685 Eastern Cherokee Applications of the United States Court of Claims, 1906-09 (Miller Roll Applications). 348 Rolls. M1104 Records of the Cherokee Agency, 1886-1952. 170 Cubic Feet. Eastern Cherokee Baker Roll, 1926-31. 1 Roll. A 35 (Dawes Commission) Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914. 93 Rolls. M1186 Final Rolls of Citizens & Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (on or before March 4, 1907, with supplements dated September 25, 1914--Dawes Commission). 3 Rolls. T 529 Chickasaw Muster Rolls, 1837-39. 1 Roll. A 36 Chickasaw Census, 1847. 1 Roll. A 36 Choctaw Armstrong Roll, 1831. 1 Roll. A 39 Choctaw Reserves. 2 Rolls. A37 & A38 Choctaw Census Taken by Cooper. 1 Roll. A 40 Choctaw Muster/Emigration Rolls. 1 Roll. A 40 Choctaw Annuity Rolls, Oklahoma, 1918-1934 1 Roll. R4T75 Choctaw, Chickasaw, Mississippi Choctaw Freedmen Annuity Rolls, 1848-1927 1 Roll. R4T76 Mississippi Choctaw Annuity Rolls, 1908-1929 1 Roll. R4T77 SAC & FOX, Mississippi Annuity Rolls, 1866-1947. 1 Roll. R4T78 Delaware, 1867-74. 1 Roll. A 45 Menominee Annuity Rolls, 1849-73. 1 Roll. A 46 Ottawa/Chippewa Roll, 1870. 1 Roll. A 50 Ottawa and Chippewa Tract Books. 1 Roll. A 51 1880 Special Census of Indians (Dak Terr., Calif, & Wash. State) 5 Rolls. R4T70 1880 Special Census of Indians: Tulalip Agency, Yakima Agency, and Standing Rock Agency Indians in California, Volume 4. Indian Census Rolls, 1884-1940. M 595 Eastern Cherokee, 1898-1939 Rolls 22-26 Mississippi Choctaw, 1926-39 Rolls 41-42 Green Bay Agency, 1885-94 Roll 172 Hupa & Klamath, 1915-22 Roll 183 Seminole (Florida) 1913-40 Rolls 486-487


Census Records

  • Access Genealogy Census rolls from 1885-1940
  • 1910 Census Fort Shaw Industrial School
  • Parsons and Abbott Roll 1832 Creek Tribe. By a treaty of March 24, 1832, the Creek Tribe ceded to the United States all of their land east of the Mississippi River. Heads of families were entitled to tracts of land, which, if possible, were to include their improvements. In 1833 Benjamin S. Parsons and Thomas J. Abbott prepared a census of Creek Indian heads of families, which gave their names and the number of males, females, and slaves in each family. The entries were arranged by town and numbered; these numbers were used for identification in later records. Source: Access Genealogy

Virginia 1810


Beginning in 1878 the goal was to assimilate Indian people into the general population of the United States. By placing the Indian children in first day schools and boarding schools it was thought this would be accomplished. Federal policy sanctioned the removal of children from their families and placed in government run boarding schools. It was thought they would become Americanized while being kept away from their traditional families. Source: Access Genealogy

  • Access Genealogy Lists of students names, tribal affiliation, residence and age in hopes that by searching these records you will find your native ancestor.



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Comments: 13

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For your consideration, please evaluate and consider this source.

Source: The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol 13, No. 3 (Jan, 1906, pp 225-264). Published by: Virginia Historical Society.

Virginia and the Catawbas and Cherokees, A Treaty Between, 1756, page 225

pdf pages 258 - 296 of 596

page 260 of 596

"See The Cherokee Nation of Indians, by Charles C. Royce, Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology. Mr. Royce appears, however, not to have read the Dinwiddie Papers, to have been ignorant of the treaty here printed, and is entirely, mistaken when he says (p. 145) that Fort Loudon was built by South Carolina."


Best! Richard Jordan, Amherst County, Virginia

posted by Richard (Jordan) J (I-M253)
edited by Richard (Jordan) J (I-M253)
This article is in error. Virginian troops built a fort a mile above Chota, the South Carolina troops, accompanied by German engineer DeBrahm, build Fort Loudon.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
The source is 37 pages long. Excluding the error, would the remainder be of any value?

If not, please consider adding the source to the un-reliable list.

Best! Richard Jordan, Amherst County, Virginia

posted by Richard (Jordan) J (I-M253)
edited by Richard (Jordan) J (I-M253)
At the time this article was written - 1906 - these records were only accessible in a library or archive. Most are now digitized and readily available. Some early journal articles can be very useful, but most are simply outdated.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
I have this man I put story about family in research tab. I found couple books that mentions this guy brother as being Machapunga I like review of information to verify or deny information.



The information you added has nothing to do with the Andrew Dew in the profile, a well-documented white man who was born, lived, and died in Virginia. His parents, wife, children, and brother Thomas are all well documented in records.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
Wow, there's a mountain of resources here. I did a little looking but I wonder if you've looked at Aaron Carapella's Tribal Nations Maps? https://www.tribalnationsmaps.com/?fbclid=IwAR0u37to7Gb86N1g0GtRVklqaz_A16bvYkYkqrvxPHOCE4xOteXlvD_2TB8
posted by Lorraine O'Dell M.L.S.
Thanks, Lorraine; I'm a tad conflicted. The maps are beautiful, but the site appears to be mostly about selling rather high-priced maps for purchase. Can you say more about how you've used this site for research?
posted by Jillaine Smith
I'm sorry, Jillaine, I haven't used the maps for research. I was mostly wondering if anybody in the project has looked at them to form an opinion of them. I may have looked at them to see what tribes were where in my area of interest but I usually also check 2 to 4 sources to see what agreement different sources have for a bit of information; especially in Native American things.
posted by Lorraine O'Dell M.L.S.
Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute : founded by General S.C. Armstrong in 1868, Hampton, Virginia, H.B. Frissell, principal. Daniel Murray Pamphlet Collection copy , Indian Residential Industrial School


posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
not sure where you want this

Bartlesville Area History Museum- Online Collections, Includes Mariages of white men to native women, also many other collections involving, Oklahoma Cherokee, Choctaw, Shawnee, and others.

home page- https://bartlesvillehistory.pastperfectonline.com/ Archives & Search page- https://bartlesvillehistory.pastperfectonline.com/archive

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
edited by Arora (G) Anonymous
Free-space source page for "Indian Census of the United States, 1885-1940"


posted by Sarah Mason
Yale Indian Papers Project [1]
posted by Anne X