Newfoundland and Labrador

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Newfoundland and Labrador, Canadamap
Surname/tag: newfoundland
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Beothuk Lands

The Beothuk were an indigenous people, inhabiting Newfoundland. Genetic tests show they were not very closely related to subsequent inhabitants of Newfoundland. They were all, probably, wiped out by 1829[1].

European Settlement

The Beothuk lands were succeeded by Nouvelle France in 1534[2].

English Colony of Newfoundland

From 1610 to 1728, proprietary governors were appointed to establish colonial settlements on the island, as England tried to create North American footholds. John Guy was governor of the first settlement at Cuper's Cove. Other settlements were Bristol's Hope, Renews, New Cambriol, South Falkland and Avalon, which was organized as a province in 1623. The first governor given jurisdiction over all of Newfoundland was Sir David Kirke in 1638.

Colonial Premiers


  • What links to this page.
  • Newfoundland Grand Banks site has a great deal of transcribed information, including censuses, wills, and vital records for Newfoundland, covering the 18th and 19th centuries[3].

See Also


  1. Wikitree article on the Beothuk. Accessed 2018.
  2. Colonial North American Place Names, spreadsheet. Colonial Era Canadian Place Names. Barry Sweetman, 2018.
  3. Newfoundland Grand Banks Site, Genealogical and Historical Data for the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

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I'm having a heck of a time trying to find information on my Newfoundland ancestors.

My 2+g-grandmother, Margerette McManus and her parents, Hugh McManus & Catherine "Kitty" Shea, were shipwrecked off St. Johns, Newfoundland in 1847. One of their rescuers was James Morris, son of John & Mary Morris (possiblty Morrissey), who later married Margerette. They emigrated to the U. S. in 1872. I could use any suggestions that anyone can give me. about finding records for them in Newfoundland. Thank you, Susan Alexander

posted by Susan Alexander