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Nicholas Baker Will and Inventory

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1678 to 1678
Location: Scituate, Plymouth Colonymap
Surname/tag: Baker
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Last Will of Nicholas Baker (1610-1678)

The Last Will and Testament of Mr. Nicholas Baker, Pastor of a Church of Christ at Scituate, late deceased, exhibited to the Court held at Plymouth, the 30th of October, 1678, on the oaths of Major James Cudworth and Thomas Clapp, and is as followeth: [1]

I, Nicholas Baker, of Scituate, in the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England, being at this time weak of body but of perfect memory and of disposing mind, having through the Infinite Grace of God obtained comfortable hope of eternal life, through Jesus Christ, my onely Lord and Savior, do make this my last Will and Testament concerning the disposal of my worldly estate after my decease, as followeth:

First, I give unto Grace, my beloved wife, in the consideration of her singular and extraordinary love and faithfulness in the discharge of her duty unto me and my children during the whole time of her conversation with me in that relation, all that which was her own before marriage with me, whether in plate, clothing, bedding, books, or other household stuff or estate, which is yet remaining. To her and her heirs forever, excepting only the great cypress chest, which I give to her during her natural life only ; also of all other household goods as my overseers hereinafter mentioned shaJl in their discretion judge meet and necessary for her comfortable subsistance during her natural life onely, which my wife shall have power to dispose of unto any of my natural children or grandchildren at her death; also I give unto my wife two cows and six ewes, which she shall choose out of my stock, as her own forever. Together with all the provision for food which shall be in my house at my decease; as also all Mr. Shepards, Mr. Thomas Goodwins, and Mr. Randall's works, which I have;

also I give unto her my beloved wife, the one-half of that my dwelling house which is in Hull, in the County of Suffolk, in New England, aforesaid, that is the southeast part of it, with all the privileges of it, together with the full half of the orchard adjoining on the southeast side, together with the little garden adjoining on the same side, and so much out housing as may be sufficient to the forementioned cows and sheep; together with all my houselot in Hull aforesaid which lies upon the hill southwestward next adjoining to Thomas Jones his lot; together with that lot of Salt Meadow which lies in Whitehead meadows, and so much of the swamp at Allerton hill as is or may be mowable, together with one lot upon Strawberry Hill, one lot upon Sagamore Hill; one lot upon Whitehead, one lot upon Pedock's Island and the one-half of all my land upon any island belonging to Hull on which I have any land, together with one-half of all common rights whether for pasture or wood, v/hich I have or ought to have in the township of Hull; To be to her, my wife's proper use and behoof during her natural life only.
Also I give unto her my beloved wife, all my estate of upland and meadow land lying and being in Hingham in the County of Suffolk, aforesaid; together with all the common rights, privileges and liberties thereunto belonging. To be to her proper use and behoof during her natural life only; provided that my son Samuel or any other of my children living at Hull, shall have liberty to cut what wood or timber they shall have need of for their own building or burning thereoff from my second division of Conahasset lands in Hingham, and that my wife shall not have power to sell away the wood or timber off any of my lands in Hingham excepting that upon my first division of Conahasset lands, which she hath power to sell ; also it is my will that my son Samuel shall pay unto my wife forty shillings in money per annum during her natural life in consideration of such lands as I shall put into his hands immediately after my decease, by this my last will.

To my eldest son Samuel I give the other part of my dwelling house, outhousing, yards, orchyards, and all my other lands, meadows, both upon the main and upon the islands not before mentioned as given unto my wife during her natural life. I say I give all this together with all the common rights both for wood and pasture belonging to one lot, and all other privileges likewise and appurtenances to it belonging to him, my son Samuel, and his heirs forever. Also I give unto my son Samuel after my wife, her decease, the other part of my said dwelling house, out housing, orchard and garden before given unto my wife during her natural life; together with the other part of my land at Allerton Hill, and half all upland and meadow whether upon the main or upon the island, and half the common right both for wood and pasture in the township of Hull aforesaid, with the privileges thereof which is before granted and given to my wife during her natural life; together also with my first division of Conahasset lands in Hingham, this also I give unto him, my son Samuel, after my wife's decease. The half of my house lot next to Thomas Jones, his lot excepted from this gift. Also to my son Samuel I give my home lot entirely, which lieth next to Thomas Jones, his lot, before given unto my wife during her natural life, together with the other half of all the land or meadow either on the islands or the main, with the other half also of the common rights both of pasture and wood, with the privileges and liberties thereto belonging which I have above given unto my wife during her natural life. I say I give this after my wife, her decease to him, my son Samuel, to be to him and his heirs forever: provided this to be under-stood of my lands in Hull aforesaid only; also provided that my son Samuel pay or cause to be paid unto my daughter Mary and my daughter Elizabeth ten pounds to each of them in silver money within one year after my wife's decease, or his enterance upon the above given estate.

To my son Nicholas I give all my estate in land and meadows, common right and whole estate in Hingham aforesaid, before giving unto my wife during her natural life. I say I give this immediately after my wife's decease unto my son Nicholas, and his heirs forever, excepting only the first division of Conihasset land before given unto my son Samuel, provided my son Nicholas shall pay or cause to be paid unto my daughter Sarah ten pounds in silver money, and to my daughter Deborah ten pounds in silver money, all which to be paid or cause to be paid, within one year after my wife's decease, or his entrance upon the above given estate; but in case my son Nicholas should not live to come again, then my mind and will is that all my estate in Hingham settled upon Nicholas as aforesaid, do vest and settle upon my four daughters as co-parceners: Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah and Deborah; and I do give, bequeath the same to them and their heirs and assigns forever; and in case it should so come to pass, then my mind and will is, that my son Samuel is discharged and shall be free from paying the legacies to my two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, before mentioned in my will; also the land given me by a town vote in Scituate I give and bequeath unto my four daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah and Deborah, to be equally divided betwixt them.

I give unto my wife's grandchild, Mary Web, after my wife's decease, the Cypress Chest and the brass andiron and the rest of my books not before disposed of. I give unto my children, sons and daughters, by an equal division, the rest of my movables not before given, nor to be disposed of by my overseers according unto this, my will, unto my wife for her comfortable subsistence. I give unto my four daughters above named by an equal division, and my will is that out of the movables my wife hath at her death, she should give unto my grandchild, Mercy Baker, ten pounds. T. appoint my beloved wife Grace, Executrix, and my eldest son Samuel Baker, as joint executor with her, of this, my last will and testament, and do entreat my beloved brother, Nathaniel Baker, and my loving kinsman, John Loring, to be the overseers of this, my last Will. To see it performed according to the true intent and meaning of it: and I revoke all former Wills, and do declare this to be my last Will and testament.

In witness whereof I have here unto set my hand and seal this fifteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord God one thousand six hundred seventy and eight.

Nicholas Baker and A. (Seale)

This instrument was signed, sealed and delivered by Mr. Nicholas Baker to be his last Will and testament in the presence of us,

Thomas Clapp
James Cudworth.

I, Thomas Nichols, aged about forty years, testifieth and saith, that a little before Mr. Nicholas Baker, of Scituate, died, I was at his house and watched with him, and he called his son Samuel and his wife, and said that it was his mind that his sons Samuel and Nicholas should have his wearing clothes, all linen and woolen, for he said that he had forgot to set it down in his Will, but he said it was my real mind.

Taken upon oath the 29th of October 1678, before me,

James Cudworth, Assistant.

Mistress Grace Baker gave her oath to the truth hereof before the Court holden at Plymouth the 29th of October 1678, as attesteth.

Nathaniel Morton, Secretarv.

The lands and tenements Mr. Nicholas Baker, hath, lying in Hingham, as they are imprised by us whose hands are underwritten, I say appraised by us, the seventh day of October, 1678, that is all the lands and privileges of the late deceased, Mr. Nicholas Baker, in Hingham we apprised at one hundred and forty pounds. Appraised by us,

Nathaniel Baker
George Lane

An Inventory of the goods and chattels of Mr. Nicholas Baker taken the 28th of August, 1678, taken and appraised by Mr. John Allen and exhibited to the Court held at Plymouth the 30th of October 1678, on the oaths of Mistress Grace Baker and Samuel Baker as followeth:

The goods in the Parlor which were his wife's before he married her.
Imp. One cypress chest 05 — 00 — 00
In the parlor chamber
Item 2 carpets, three cushions, 1 chair 00 — 08 — 00
Item one bed, bedstead, curtains, vallence 1 rug 08—00—00
Item curtains and vallance, eight pillows. . 03 — 10 — 00
Item sheets, pillow beers and table linen. . .07 — 07 — 00
Item looking glasses and brushes 00 — 10 — 00
Item the plate 16—00—00
Item the pewter 06 — 04 — 00
Item 1 pair brass and irons and tongs 02 — 10 — 00
Item butter and cheese 02 — 15 — 00
Item 1 trunk and chest and locks and
small hinges 02 — 05—00
Item 1 copper kettle, 1 still, 1 pot, and other
small things 03—00—00
Item for other small things 00 — 06 — 00

Now followeth the estate of Mr. Nicholas Baker which was his proper goods before he married her.

Imp. 2 red cows 04 — 15 — 00
Item 2 other sparked cowes 04 — 10 — 00
Item a heifer and a horse 02 — 10 — 00
Item 3 hogs 02—16—00
Item 3 sows 01—19—00
Item 4 pigs 00—18—00
Item his purse and wearing clothes 15 — 14 — 00
Item 2 yards of carsey 00 — 08 — 00
Item Eight pair of sheets, 4 pair of pillow beares, towells, napkins, table cloths 07—17—00
Item books 08—18—00
Item curtains, vallence and blankets and cotton wool and yarn and other small things 02—16—00
Item corn of several grain 06 — 13 — 06
Item other things in the further chamber
bed & bedstead 03—05—00
Item a bed and bolster bedstead and rug in the kitchen chamber 02 — 15 — 00
Item goods in the 2 further lower rooms . . 01 — 12 — 00
Item goods in the kitchen, 3 brass kettles and some other things 02 — 05 — 00
Item pewter 01—04—00
Item 1 iron pott, kettle and some other small things 03—00—00
Item a bedstead, table joyne hooks 01 — 10^ — 00
Item a paddle 00—10—00
Item an axe and wedges and beetle 00 — 10 — 00
barrel, tubs and boards 00 — 14 — 00
In debts from several men 07 — 11 — 00
Sum 84—10—06
John Allen.
October the 8th, 1678.

An inventory of the estate of Mr. Nicholas Baker, of Scituate, in Plymouth Colony, deceased, the 22d of August, 1678, lying in Hull, in the County of Suffolk, in New England, Thomas Colyer and Eobert Gould, being desired by Samuel Baker, heir and executor to his father's last Will and Testament, appraise it as followeth:

We, the aforesaid Thomas Colyer and Robert Gould, according to our best understanding, do value the home lot lying on the northeast hill in the town of Hull, with all the privileges and appurtenances belonging thereunto at one hundred and fifteen pounds; and the homelot lying on the southwest hill, in the town of Hull, with all the privileges and appurtenances belonging thereunto, at Eighty and five pounds; and seven sheep at two pounds 9 shillings and four lambs at sixteen shillings and six pence, and twenty-five pounds of sheep's wool at 12s. and six pence. By us,

Thomas Colyar
Robert Gould.
Plymouth, ss. August 7th, 1882. [Check date. Should it be 1682?]

The foregoing is a true copy from Plymouth Colony Record of Wills. volume Ill, pages 133-4-5-6 and 7. Attest: Wm. S. Danforth, Reg. of Deeds for Plymouth County.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Genealogical record, Rev. Nicholas Baker (1610-1678) and his descendants" by Fred A. Baker, self-published 1917 in Detroit, Michigan, Library of Congress CS71.B17 1917 page 6 etc.

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