|Flag of Norfolk Island, from 17 January 1980|
Norfolk Island is a small island of around 35 square kilometres (13 square miles) located in the Pacific Ocean between Australia, New Zealand, and New Caledonia. It lies 1,412 kilometres (877 miles) directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head, and about 900 kilometres (560 miles) from Lord Howe Island.
From its first colonial settlement the Island was variously overseen by the governors of New South Wales or Van Diemen's Land/ Tasmania. The island is currently formally deemed to be part of the Commonwealth of Australia, although many continue to question the legitimacy of this status.
On 8 June 1856 the Third Norfolk Island Settlement began when it was settled by former Pitcairn Islanders. From late 1856 the Island ceased to be part of what was then Tasmania and became subject to administration by the Governor of New South Wales, although it was a separate and distinct territory. In 1913, the United Kingdom handed Norfolk over to Australia to administer as an external territory.
- ↑ Norfolk Island: Norfolk Island's relationship with Australia
- ↑ Norfolk Island: The Third Settlement
- ↑ The Kingston and Arthur’s Vale Historic Area (KAVHA): Norfolk Island, Third (Pitcairn) settlement 1856–present
- Norfolk Island Tourism: History - Four Layers
- Wikipedia, accessed 16 June 2016.
- First Fleeter Deaths on Norfolk Island, accessed 11 June 2016.
- H.E. Maude, List of islanders from birth and death registers 1792-1941, 2017. Lists of Pitcairn Islander population, Polynesian settlers, register of births 1792-1940, illegitimates, register of deaths, list of inhabitants and households, list of Islanders, one of whose parents is a stranger on Island/off Island.
- Geoscience Australia: Remote Offshore Territories
- Australian Law Reform Commission: Legal Risk in International Transactions (ALRC Report 80), 10. External territories, Last modified on 15 July, 2010