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Norfolk Island, Third Settlement

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Flag of Norfolk Island, from 17 January 1980

Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island is a small island of around 35 square kilometres (13 square miles) located in the Pacific Ocean between Australia, New Zealand, and New Caledonia. It lies 1,412 kilometres (877 miles) directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head, and about 900 kilometres (560 miles) from Lord Howe Island.

From its first colonial settlement the Island was variously overseen by the governors of New South Wales or Van Diemen's Land/ Tasmania. The island is currently formally deemed to be part of the Commonwealth of Australia, although many continue to question the legitimacy of this status.[1]

On 8 June 1856 the Third Norfolk Island Settlement began when it was settled by former Pitcairn Islanders.[2][3] From late 1856 the Island ceased to be part of what was then Tasmania and became subject to administration by the Governor of New South Wales, although it was a separate and distinct territory. In 1913, the United Kingdom handed Norfolk over to Australia to administer as an external territory.


  1. Norfolk Island: Norfolk Island's relationship with Australia
  2. Norfolk Island: The Third Settlement
  3. The Kingston and Arthur’s Vale Historic Area (KAVHA): Norfolk Island, Third (Pitcairn) settlement 1856–present

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