Ottumwa_Iowa.jpg

Ottumwa, Iowa

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: 1843 [unknown]
Location: Ottumwa, Wapello, Iowa, United Statesmap
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This space includes images and information about Ottumwa, Iowa.

Ottumwa is the seat of Wapello County, Iowa, and is located on the banks of the Des Moines River.[1] From 1880 through at least 1910, Ottumwa was a confident, rapidly-growing city built on the back of the local coal mining and meat-packing industries.[1] To give a sense of that, Ottumwa's population nearly tripled during that period, increasing from about 8,000 residents in 1880 to over 22,000 by 1910.[1] Residents in that period would have witnessed the arrival of electric lighting and a streetcar system and the construction of many impressive civic structures, including the Coal Palace, a large new railway station and towering city hall.


Contents

Coal Palace 1890

"The Coal Palace was a temporary exhibition center that stood in Ottumwa, Iowa from 1890 until 1892. It was used most prominently to showcase the local coal mining industry. During its brief history President Benjamin Harrison and Congressman [and future President] William McKinley visited the building, but a decline in attendance and nature's toll on the building's exterior ultimately resulted in the building's demolition in 1892."[2]

Coal Palace c1890.[3]
Coal Palace c1890.[4]


Railway Station

City Hall

Wapello County Courthouse c1901.[5]

Downtown

Ottumwa_Iowa-2.jpg Main & Market St., Ottumwa, 1907.[6]

Ottumwa_Iowa-3.jpg Main & Market St., Ottumwa, 1907.[7]


Churches

Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church, c1887
Ottumwa's First Evangelical Lutheran Church, located at 126 North Jefferson Street, was previously known as, from 1871 to 1916, the Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church.[8] "In 1871, 33 Swedish immigrants organized The Swedish Evangelical Lutheran Church in Ottumwa and became part of the Augustana Synod. This site at the corner of Fourth and Jefferson streets has remained the home of the congregation to this date. In those early days, services were held in Swedish until the immigrants learned and adopted the English language along with American customs and practices. The first church building was destroyed by fire in 1884, and a second building was constructed on the same site in 1887. In 1924, the second building was replaced with the larger brick building that today includes the sanctuary, offices, nursery, choir room, bride’s room, library lounge and labyrinth room, which was originally the fellowship hall."[9] The rendering above is the second version of the church, the one constructed in 1887.
Swedish Church Site 1909.[10]
Swedish Church Site 1897.[11]
This is evident by comparing the rendering above to the footprints of the church and adjoining parsonage shown on Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps from 1897 and 1909, both of which showing the structures facing North Jefferson Street, just below East Fourth Street. The date of the rendering isn't known, but it was plainly made before 1909 because by the time of the 1909 map a major addition had been made to the back of the church and a porch had been added to the parsonage, neither of which appear in the rendering. The rendering is consistent with the 1897 map's footprint, and the 1909 map adds detail identifying the spire. Note: The 1897 map is the earliest Sanborn map showing this area.


Poor Farm

Wapello County Poor Farm c1901.[12]


Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Wikipedia contributors, "Coal Palace," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coal_Palace&oldid=944793779 (accessed July 26, 2020).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Coal Palace," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coal_Palace&oldid=944793779 (accessed July 26, 2020).
  3. Photograph. c1890. Coal Palace (Ottumwa, Iowa). Samuel B. Evans, comp. and ed. Photographer unknown. Public domain. Online Source: <a title="Samuel B. Evans, comp. and ed. Photographer unknown. / Public domain" href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coal_Palace_(Ottumwa,_Iowa).jpg"><img width="512" alt="Coal Palace (Ottumwa, Iowa)" src="https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/Coal_Palace_%28Ottumwa%2C_Iowa%29.jpg/512px-Coal_Palace_%28Ottumwa%2C_Iowa%29.jpg"></a>
  4. Photograph. c1890. Coal Palace (Ottumwa, Iowa). Photographer unknown. Public domain. Online Source: <a title="Unknown photographer / Public domain" href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ottumwa_Coal_Palace.jpg"><img width="512" alt="Ottumwa Coal Palace" src="https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/Ottumwa_Coal_Palace.jpg/512px-Ottumwa_Coal_Palace.jpg"></a</a>
  5. Evans, Samuel B. 1901. History of Wapello County, Iowa: And Representative Citizens. Chicago, Ill.: Biographical Publishing Co. Available without restriction courtesy of Hathitrust here.
  6. Bandholtz, Frederick J. 1907. Main & Market St., Ottumwa, IA. Available w/o restriction at Library of Congress, no known restrictions on publication. Reproduction LC-USZ62-86753. Available here. Accessed 26 Jul 2020.
  7. Bandholtz, Frederick J. 1907. Bird Eye View, Ottumwa, IA. Available w/o restriction at Library of Congress, no known restrictions on publication. Call Number: PAN US GEOG - Iowa no. 32 (E size) [P&P]. Available here. Accessed 26 Jul 2020.
  8. See Archives of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Elk Grove Village, IL, USA; Swedish American Baptisms, Marriages, Deaths, and Burials; Parish: First Evangelical Lutheran Church; ELCA Film Number: A155(1+2); SSIRC Film Number: A155. Online Source: Ancestry.com. U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Swedish American Church Records, 1800-1947. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2017.
  9. "Historic Churches Walking Tour." Greater Ottumwa Convention & Visitors Bureau. Available online here. Accessed 26 Jul 2020.
  10. Sanborn Map Company. Ottumwa, Wapello County, Iowa, Dec, 1909. New York: Sanborn Map & Publishing Co, 1909. Page 22. Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. Available online [hhttps://www.loc.gov/item/sanborn02790_005/ here]. Accessed 26 Jul 2020.
  11. Sanborn Map Company. Ottumwa, Wapello County, Iowa, Mar 1897. New York: Sanborn Map & Publishing Co, 1897. Page 12. Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. Available online here. Accessed 26 Jul 2020.
  12. Evans, Samuel B. 1901. History of Wapello County, Iowa: And Representative Citizens. Chicago, Ill.: Biographical Publishing Co. Available without restriction courtesy of Hathitrust here.




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