Location: White Hart Inn, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Oxford Journal, 15 August 1812
Transcribed by Nicholas Adams, with obvious typograhical errors corrected.
At a numerous and respectable Meetig held at
the White Hart Inn, in Chipping-Norton, on Wed-
nesday the 12th day of August, 1812, to take into consider-
ation the Penalties attaching in buying or selling Corn other-
wise than the Winchester Measure, and giving obedience to
GEORGE F. STRATTON, Esq. of Great Tew Park,
in the Chair;
After reading and considering the Act of the 22d Charles
the Second, imposing a penalty of 40g. upon any person selling
corn otherwise than by Winchester Measure; and the Act of
the 22d and 23d Charles the Second, enacting that, besides the
penalty of the former Act, every person who shall buy or sell
corn otherwise than by Winchester measure, shall forfeit the
corn so bought or sold, or the value thereof, and other Sta-
tutes relating to the Corn Laws: And also the judgement of
the Court of the King's Bench, in the KING, versus MAJOR, and
the KING, versus ARNOLD, in affirmance of convictions upon
these Statutes, for buying corn by a different bushel from the
Winchester measure, the following Resolutions were moved
and carried unanimously --
RESOLVED, That we cannot consider, without astonishment,
that notwithstanding the various Laws and Statutes which
have at different times been made for the use and adoption of
one standard measure throughout the kingdom for the buying
and selling of corn, they have, in so many instances, been
evaded and disobeyed; and that in this county in particular,
custom has so far superceded the established Law of the Land,
that the legal or Winchester measure is never used but in the
retailing of corn, while in all wholesale dealings the measure,
commonly called the 9-gallon measure, is universally adopted.
RESOLVED, That this practice is very prejudicial to the real
interests of the country, inasmuch as the loss, which the adop-
tion of these two different measures occasions, falls entirely on
the growers and on the consumers of corn, while the grain is
exclusively divided among the middle men, who buy it of the
grower by the larger measure, and sell it to the consumer by
the smaller one.
RESOLVED, That at this time, when all necessaries of life,
and corn in particular, have risen to such an high price, it
particularly behoves us to use our utmost endeavours to abo-
lish this custom so prejudicial to the interests of all occupiers
of land, and to the general interests of the country.
RESOLVED, THat we will, therefore, in all our dealings at
this and other markets, neither sell nor buy by any other than
the legal Winchester measure.
RESOLVED, That a Committee be appointed to attend at
Chipping-Norton on each Market and Fair Day, who shall
take such measures as they may think proper to carry these Resolutions into effect.
RESOLVED, That the following persons be the Committee,
any three of whom shall be competent to act, and that they
shall meet every Wednesday at the White Hart Inn, at One
|George F. Stratton, Esq.
|Mr. John Baker,
|R. Knayson, Esq.
|Mr. John Warmington,
|A. T. Rawlinson, Esq.
|Mr. Daniel Smith,
|Michael Corgan, Esq.
|Mr. Samuel Huckvale, jun.
|Mr. John Harris,
|Mr. Charles Stought.
RESOLVED, That we consider the fines and forfeitures* which
the Law has inflicted on all persons buying or selling by illegal
measures will be sufficient to pay the Law expences of this
Committee, but that if they are not, we will pay the sums
that are set against our names, or such proportion of them as
shall be required to indemnify them against loss; and that the
surplus of the fines and forfeitures (if any) which shall re-
main after paying the Law and other expences of the Com-
mittee, &c. shall be subscribed to such County Charity as the
next Meeting shall think proper.
RESOLVED, That we will meet, whenever called upon by a
summons from the Committee, to pursue such other measures
as shall be deemed advisable to be adpoted for the furtherance
of the object above mentioned.
RESOLVED, That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to
RESOLVED, That these Resolutions be inserted in the Ox-
RESOLVED, That this Meeting be adjourned till Wednesday
the 14th day of October next, at One o'clock, at this house.
|George F. Stratton
|A. T. Rawlinson
|Samuel Huckvale, jun.
N.B. Books are open for signatures and subscriptions at the
White Hart Inn.
* Persons selling or buying by the bag, or in any other man-
ner than by the Winchester measure, whether in private places
or public markets, are liable to the penalties and forfeitures.