Surnames/tags: Perrot Perrott Parrot(t)
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This is a One Name Study to collect together in one place everything about one surname and the variants of that name. The hope is that other researchers like you will join our study to help make it a valuable reference point for people studying lines that cross or intersect.
A Brief History of the Perrots
|Perrot Armorial Bearings
A parrot and three gold pears often feature in Coats of Arms associated with the family. The devices shown are of
Sir Stephen Perrot of Popton, Pembrokeshire 1338,
Sir Thomas Perrot's shield impaled with Picton c1430,
Sir John Perrot' s achievement in November 1549, and also Sir Herbert Perrott of Herefordshire in 1660. The arms of
James Perrott the Dartmoor guide in the photo on the right are from his Chagford home. They are quartered with those granted in 1661 to Sir Robert Jason and his wife Susan Lyon.
Family Origins in Wales
|Maurice FitzGerald (c1105-76)
Marcher Lord of Llanstephan
"In South Wales there was a halt of some twelve years to the Norman conquest of the country, due to the recognition by William II of the claims of its king, Rhys ap Tewdwr, Hywel Dda's descendant, who had defeated his rivals at the Battle of Mynydd Carn in 1081. But on his death in 1093 all obstacles were removed; Glamorgan fell to Robert FitzHamon, Dyfed & Ceredigion to the House of Montgomery, Brecknock to Bernard of Neufmarche. All that was worth having went to French-speaking soldiers, from Monmouth to St. David’s; only the barren hills and remote wooded retreats were left to the country's ancient denizens. Such was the position in South Wales at the death of Henry 1 in 1135." Sir John Edward Lloyd
Intermarriage frequently occurred between the Norman-descended Marcher lords and Welsh Ruling Houses. The pedigrees of these bonheddig familes, as set down by their arwyddvarrd (herald bards), are based on oral traditions now considered to have significant historical value. They show the Perrot advenae connection by marriage to a descendant of Hywel Dda and back through him to his royal ancestors of Cymry legend.
|Dinefwr: Chief Seat of Hywel Dda
Hywel (c. 880–948), as grandson of Rhodri Mawr, was a scion of the Royal House of Dinefwr and Prince of Deheubarth, who came to rule most of Wales. Recorded as King of the Britons in the Annales Cambriae, the Senned building is named Tŷ Hywel (Hywel's House) in his honour. The Dinefwr dynasty ruled in Deheubarth until the annexation of Wales by Edward I in 1283. 
|Lewys Dwnn Perrot Pedigree
| 'The Haroldston Calendar' circa 1474
Earliest Surviving Perrot Pedigree
The Perrot lineage in Wales is often uncertain, inconsistent and difficult to date accurately before the 1290s. Identifying later fabrications is clearly crucial but modern historiography also takes full account of corroborating pedigrees based on primary sources which record early indigenous connections with the advenae. Despite contradictions in chronology such pre-Conquest genealogies provide powerful evidence confirming the intermarriage of the Perrots with the princely families of south west Wales during the 12th century.
From the 16th century onwards pedigrees became increasingly detailed as they gained importance as warranties of property and inheritance. The customary Welsh patronymic forms, usually without surnames, were gradually replaced by sophisticated heraldic tabular charts.
Cymric bardic sources, on which the very early history of many noble families relied, continued to be incorporated but often with creative embellishment. As late as 1848, the new edition of Burke's 'Baronetage' still contained such imaginative constructions together with clear fabrications and was the subject of harsh contemporary criticism as a result. In 1867 E.L.Barnwell memorably described its Perrott Pedigree as "a tissue of mendacious absurdities."
"Who then were the Perrots?" asks Dr Roger Turvey - "The Perrots were a Pembrokeshire phenomenon and represent the classic tale of a family’s rise from obscurity to dominance in the space of two centuries. By the early 16th century they were powerfully planted in south-west Wales. At this time the family consisted of several branches settled [first at Jestyngton] and later at Scotsborough with its cadet at Tenby, Cheriton, Kidwelly, [Caerforiog, Oxford, Laugharne] and of course, the main line at Haroldston outside Haverfordwest. They were among the county’s largest landowners with estates scattered throughout the earldom and its constituent lordships. The family’s success was due to the hard work of talented individuals who ensured that each generation contributed something to enhancing their social, political and economic power."
Eastington (Jestynton) Fortified Peel Tower, Angle Bay & Haroldston (Steward's Tower), Haverfordwest
Both early Perrot seats in Pembrokeshire
Sir John Perrot
|"The Man & The Myth" by Dr Roger Turvey
Stone mask of Sir John from the 1580s. 
A great Elizabethan from Pembrokeshire, now restored by modern scholarship to his rightful place in history.
In 1589, soon after his return from Ireland, he was elevated to the Privy Council, but then suffered a spectacular downfall, being falsely charged with treason in 1590.
Lord Burghley masterminded a secretive, deadly attack on Perrot, in order to cover up the corrupt administration of Ireland after his departure by Burghley's late wife's cousin, William Fitzwilliam. Tried and found guilty in April 1592, he was not executed but died in the Tower seven months later, probably poisoned by his enemies fearing a pardon.
|Sir John's Castles at Laugharne and Carew
Two of the later Ps were also prominent as Dissenters in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
|Quaker John Perrot of Waterford
He came to England after surviving three years imprisonment in Rome. Following a short but turbulent period of preaching and a famous disagreement with George Fox about wearing hats during worship, he emigrated to Barbados in 1662 and from there visited the Quakers of Virginia. John's wife Elizabeth and at least two children joined him shortly before his death in Jamaica in 1665.
His problematic orgins and amazing exploits were explored, albeit with questionable dramatic license, in a 2006 Irish TV programme.
|Capel Heol Awst, built 1726 and enlarged 1826,
home to Thomas Perrot's Academy until 1733.
In the 14th century Llanybri, the birthplace of Thomas, was a bond village called Morabri (Morblechurch) part of the Lordship of Llanstephan. His father John was from a long established family of Perrots settled throughout the area.
They may well have been a branch of the Scotsborough line, possibly via John Jenkin and later John Griffiths Perrott, whose daughter Angharad married Iuwan Lloyd in the late 1550s.
SOURCES & RESEARCH NOTES
- ↑ The Normans in South Wales by L.H.Nelson
- ↑ Descent of Norman Lordships
- ↑ Perrot Notes Part 1 E.L.Barnwell + Wm of Malmesbury (c1095-c1143) see reference on p 88 S.R.Meyrick ed. Visitations of Wales Lewys Dwnn 1588
- ↑ Visitations Vol 1 p 88
- ↑ Corbel from a gatepost at Laugharne Castle, now at the Bishop's Palace, Abergwili
- ↑ Sir John P - Destruction of a Myth by R.K.Turvey
- Perrot Notes by E.L.Barnwell / Review of Barnwell by the Herald & Genealogist
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