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Peterhead, Aberdeenshire

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Peterhead (Scottish Gaelic: Ceann Phàdraig; Scots: Peterheid, The Blue Toun)

Peterhead is the largest settlement in Aberdeenshire, with an estimated population of 17,790 in 2011. It is the coastal town furthest east in Aberdeenshire, lying about 30 miles north northeast of Aberdeen and 17 miles south southeast of Fraserburgh.

Peterhead was founded by fishermen and developed as a planned settlement. In 1593, the construction of Peterhead's first harbor, Port Henry, encouraged the growth of Peterhead as a fishing port and established a base for trade.

Peterhead was a Jacobite town in the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745. In particular, it was one of the Episcopalian ports where reinforcements, plus money and equipment, landed from France during the Forty-Five.

A lifeboat station was first established in 1865. Since early times, Peterhead has received a portion of its water supply from Morris Wells. Peterhead convict prison was opened in 1888, gaining a reputation as one of Scotland's toughest prisons.

The present harbor has two massive breakwaters, enclosing an area of approximately 300 acres in Peterhead Bay. The south breakwater, about 2700 ft long, was constructed in 1892–1912 using convict labor from the prison. The north breakwater, constructed 1912–56, is approximately 1500 ft long.

New growth began in the 1970's, with Peterhead becoming a major oil industry service center, and the completion of the nearby St Fergus gas terminal. At the time, considerable land holdings were allocated for industrial development. [[1]]

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