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Petit-de-Grat, Nova Scotia

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Date: 1718 [unknown]
Location: Present day Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canadamap
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Petit-de-Grat is a small Acadian community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, located in Richmond County on Petit-de-Grat Island. Its name comes from the Basque word "dégrat" which means "fishing station" or "whaling station"[1].

The community was first populated by French fishermen in 1718 after they arrived from Canso, Nova Scotia having survived a raid by New Englanders. The community was made up of 10 to 20 merchants who each owned a few shallops and employed about a dozen men. Petit de Grats was home to 173 people, including 8 women and 20 children. The community was a permanent, year-round village.

In 1745, the village was destroyed by New Englanders, led by Captain Jeremiah Moulton under the Command of Colonel William Pepperell, during the aftermath of the Siege of Port Toulouse.

By 1800, Petit-De-Grat was again home to several families of French-speaking Acadians, returned after the Expulsion.

Political affiliation

Early Families



  1. Wikipedia article for Petit-de-Grat, Nova Scotia. Accessed 2018.

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