Portugal Street

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Surnames/tags: Money House_History
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The goal of this project is to follow the history of a house in Mayfair, London.

I came across "Portugal Street" whilst researching the MONEY family, specifically my great grandfather William James Henry Money in the England 1861 Census.


History and Location

The history of a house in Portugal Street, now named Balfour Place, Mayfair. Originally named Portugal Street (honouring the Portuguese wife of King Charles II), until the Grosvenor family renamed it in 1891 after their chief surveyor Eustance Balfour[1].

"Eustance Balfour, a Fellow of the RIBA, was incredibly ambitious and well connected. His mother was the daughter of the 2nd Marquess of Salisbury; his brother Arthur was Prime Minister and his wife Lady Frances Campbell was the daughter of the Duke of Argyll and favourite niece of the 1st Duke of Westminster (she got Eustance the job of Chief Surveyor to his Grosvenor Estate)"[2].

The street has been redeveloped since the 1861 Census took place, between 1892-1894. It is not clear exactly where the original Number 11 Portugal Street was and that number is not used today.

Please see the 1870 map. Just south of Mount Street and a couple of block east of Park lane is Portugal Street. Also to be seen are Streets Buildings and Chapel Street. This section of buildings forms the 1851 Census we are interested in.

Portugal Street (1870s)

Now look at the same map, revised 1914 map. Portugal Street has become Balfour Place. Balfour Mews is new. The 'Streets Buildings' is widened and now extends as 'Mews' south of the road to what was Kings Mews, now named Rex Place. Chapel Street is renamed as Aldford Street. Also of interest is how the 'Grave Yard' and 'Grosvenor Chapel' and gardens have altered.

Portugal Street (1914)

Census 1841

This 1841 Census covers 'Chapel Street & Stables, Portugal Street, Streets Buildings and South side of Mount Street from park lane to South Audley Street.[3].
Portugal Street, Mayfair. 1841 Census, Middlesex, St. George Hanover Square, Mayfair, District-12, Pages 1-5

This Census lists Portugal Street but does not show house numbers. Further research needed.

Census 1851

This 1851 Census covers 'Chapel Street & Stables, Portugal Street, Streets Buildings and South side of Mount Street from park lane to South Audley Street.'[4]
House number 11, Portugal Street, Mayfair. 1851 Census, Middlesex, St. George Hanover Square, Mayfair, District-12, Page-24[5]

Schedule 68, number 11; the occupants at this time were:

Census 1861

This 1861 Census covers 'Chapel Street and Stables, Portugal Street, Streets Buildings and the South Side of Mount Street being from Park Lane to South Audley Street Nos 65 to 85'[6]
House number 11, Portugal Street, Mayfair. 1861 Census, Middlesex, St. George Hanover Square, Mayfair, District-11, Page-12 and 13[7].

Schedule 65, number 11; the occupants at this time were:

Schedule 66, number 11; the occupants at this time were:

  • Sarah Hilton (mitchef ? aged 44)
  • Sarah Westfold (servant, aged 25)
  • Emma Keywood (servant, aged 20) . Note about Emma Keywood, there are two choices, both cousins of similar age Emma Keywood or Emma Keywood. Both were housemaids, both from Hersham as was Sarah Hilton.

Of the Money family occupants listed, Arthur Money appears to have been born at Portugal Street, certainly his birth was St George Hanover Square, London, England. So its assumed that the Money family were living at the address in 1841. Williams son Gordon Lorn Campbell Money is not listed on this Census. Gordon would have been abt. 13 years old and possibly at school, but no records found so far.

Census 1871

This 1871 Census covers 'Hanover Square, Yards, Chapel Street and Yards, Portugal Street, Streets Buildings and the South Side of Mount Street, South Audley Street Nos 65 to 85[8]

House number 11, Portugal Street, Mayfair. 1871 Census, London, St. George Hanover Square, Mayfair, District-8, Page-15[9].

Schedule 74, number 11; the occupants at this time were:

  • Mary Fortescue Turvile (head, aged 43)
  • Emily Clay Blunt (visitor, aged 36)
  • Mary Healey (housekeeper, 52)
  • Elizabeth Bryan (lady's maid, aged 37)
  • Marian Robertson (housemaid, aged 27)
  • Mary Connolly (kitchen maid, aged 19)

Census 1881

This Census page took a bit of finding as the pages and enumeration header page have become separated and are in District 9 and 8, respectively.

House number 11, Portugal Street, Mayfair. 1881 Census, London, St. George, Mayfair, District-9, Page-4[10].
Census 1881 Description of Enumeration District-8[11]
Edith Aylesford, in the 1881 England Census, The Enumeration. 11, Portugal Street[12]

Census 1891

1891 Census - London - St. George Hanover Square - Mayfair - District 13 - Page 23 - schedule 129-130. Enumeration[13] page and Schedule[14] page.

The 1891 Census lists Portugal Street within its area but states that "The whole of Portugal Street has been pulled down and is being rebuilt".

Pictures & Maps

Please see images of maps published in 1895 and 1914. Between these dates it can be seen that substantial development was taking place. See the British Library "Insurance Plan of 1889" map which shows Portugal Street and Streets Buildings. This map has copywrite restrictions so is linked to only[15].

Charles Booth poverty maps[16].

National Library of Scotland, OS 25-inch, Surveyed 1870 (Mayfair)[17] National Library of Scotland, OS 25-inch, Surveyed 1867-71, Revised 1914 (Mayfair)[18]


  1. 7 and 8 Balfour Place, Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7_and_8_Balfour_Place
  2. Peter Wetherell. Balfour Place was designed in 1891 by Eustace Balfour. https://wetherell.co.uk/wetherell-blog/mayfair-diary/featured-property/unique-balfour-place-apartment-building-sale/
  3. Census 1841 Description of Enumeration District https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/8978/images/MDXHO107_734_735-0020?ssrc=&backlabel=Return
  4. Census 1851 Description of Enumeration District https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/8860/images/MDXHO107_1476_1477-0122?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&queryId=f77c69071b71ccb43d9f78ea88074e85&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Gde2956&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.97837660.27062658.1609713577-1211924828.1604873067&_gac=1.196202078.1608215165.CjwKCAiAoOz-BRBdEiwAyuvA6yL7HBj1-pA3GJ-Bm40htVhDUAZvYmIxVuWQzk1lNErPkNnJV60CjxoCsvAQAvD_BwE&pId=2242282
  5. Census 1851 District 12, Page-24. Class: HO107; Piece: 1476; Folio: 259; Page: 23; GSU roll: 87799 https://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=8860&h=2242282&tid=&pid=&queryId=f77c69071b71ccb43d9f78ea88074e85&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Gde2956&_phstart=successSource
  6. Census 1861 Description of Enumeration District https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/8767/images/MDXRG9_44_46-0175?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.31377276.27062658.1609713577-1211924828.1604873067&_gac=1.184714843.1608215165.CjwKCAiAoOz-BRBdEiwAyuvA6yL7HBj1-pA3GJ-Bm40htVhDUAZvYmIxVuWQzk1lNErPkNnJV60CjxoCsvAQAvD_BwE&pId=232212
  7. Census 1861, District 11, Page-12 & 13. Class: RG 9; Piece: 45; Folio: 91; Page: 12; GSU roll: 542562 https://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=uki1861&indiv=try&h=232216
  8. Census 1871 Description of Enumeration District https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/7619/images/LNDRG10_101_104-0218?ssrc=&backlabel=Return
  9. Census 1871 District 8, Page-15. The National Archives; Kew, London, England; 1871 England Census; Class: RG10; Piece: 102; Folio: 11; Page: 14; GSU roll: 838762 https://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=7619&h=10857259&tid=&pid=&queryId=a21b0e6c8b1e82d3c7b4d9b474862af4&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Gde2983&_phstart=successSource
  10. Census 1881 District 9, Page-4 https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/7572/images/LNDRG11_96_100-0066?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.27249278.27062658.1609713577-1211924828.1604873067&_gac=1.92432111.1608215165.CjwKCAiAoOz-BRBdEiwAyuvA6yL7HBj1-pA3GJ-Bm40htVhDUAZvYmIxVuWQzk1lNErPkNnJV60CjxoCsvAQAvD_BwE&pId=13505331
  11. Census 1881 Description of Enumeration https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/7572/images/LNDRG11_96_100-0057?treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true&usePUBJs=true&_ga=2.27249278.27062658.1609713577-1211924828.1604873067&_gac=1.92432111.1608215165.CjwKCAiAoOz-BRBdEiwAyuvA6yL7HBj1-pA3GJ-Bm40htVhDUAZvYmIxVuWQzk1lNErPkNnJV60CjxoCsvAQAvD_BwE&pId=13497446
  12. Edithe Aylesford in the 1881 England Census. Class: RG11; Piece: 96; Folio: 49; Page: 4; GSU roll: 1341022. https://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?dbid=7572&h=13505331&indiv=try&o_vc=Record:OtherRecord&rhSource=7619
  13. Census 1891 Description of Enumeration District https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/6598/images/LNDRG12_67_69-0547?ssrc=&backlabel=Return
  14. Census 1819 District 13, Page-23 https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/6598/images/LNDRG12_67_69-0574?ssrc=&backlabel=Return
  15. British Library, Online Gallery http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/firemaps/england/london/vitox/zoomify150517.html
  16. Charles Booth's London Maps https://booth.lse.ac.uk/map/17/-0.1498/51.5084/100/0
  17. NLS OS 25 inch 1870 https://maps.nls.uk/view/103313021
  18. NLS OS 25 inch 1915 https://maps.nls.uk/view/103313318

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