Surnames/tags: portuguese portugal Brazil
Name Field Guidelines
Portuguese Naming Conventions
Here is a short practical guide on how Portuguese names should be dealt with on WikiTree.
However, for a comprehensive background briefing on Portuguese names, one may look at Wikipedia and also at this free-space page dedicated to Naming Conventions. Remember, "We should use their conventions instead of ours."
Currently, in Portugal, the civil registration maintains a list of allowed first names that Portuguese can give to their children. This list can be consulted here:
Proper First and Middle Name
Most Portuguese people have two names but many treat them as one composite name. Thus for them the right thing to do on Wikitree would be to put BOTH of these names into the “Proper First Name” box. You will get a yellow warning message. Click 'Save anyways.'
The Middle Name field should not be used unless the person migrated and changed their name to conform to the new countries naming conventions. Check the radio button under that field 'no middle name.'
Last Name At Birth
The most common case is for Portuguese people at birth to take two surnames (family names).
The surnames can be one or two from the mother and one or two from the father, so can include the last surname of both. Thus:
- the first part is their mother’s last surname (which may be her father’s);
- the second part is their father’s last surname (which may be his father’s).
You can choose whether to use just the father's Current Last Name as registered in the baptism record, or you can use the full name possible from both parents, as listed in the baptism. Please leave the 'de' 'da' 'dos' from the Last Name At Birth field as it can cause search errors, creating duplicate profiles.
Example: Ana Rosa dos Santos Silva
- Proper First Name: Ana Rosa
- Preferred First Name: Ana
- Middle Name: (No middle name)
- Last Name at Birth: Rodrigues Silva
- Alternate Last Name at Birth: Cruz Santos Rodrigues Silva
- Other Last Names: da Cruz Santos de Rodrigues da Silva
- Current Last Name: dos Santos Silva
- Her father’s name was António Rodrigues da Silva
- Her mother’s name was Maria Rosa da Cruz Santos
It is therefore suggested that, on WikiTree, that the father's surname(s) (family names) should be put into the “Last Name at Birth” box. If you would like, you can put the mother's and the father's surname(s). Otherwise, place the full combination of mother's and father's surname(s) in the Other Last Names field.
Sometimes Portuguese surnames (family names) are connected by “e” (and), thus joining them and effectively making them one name. Portuguese names are counted as one name even without the 'e.' Per Wikipedia "the words constitute a single logical unit."
In addition, some names have more than one part, having a descriptor which takes the form “of the…” or “from…”. Example: Gomes dos Santos. This is an accepted form, and "de", “da”, “do”, “das”, or "dos" should not be used in the Last Name At Birth field, due to the increased chance that a profile will be duplicated on WikiTree. Instead, use the full surname in the Other Last Names field including the "de", “da”, “do”, “das”, or "dos."
In order to maintain consistency as we often don’t know how the parents decided to combine the names it is recommended that the father’s surname(s) should be used in the Last Name At Birth field, and the combination of the mother’s and father’s surnames should be used in the Other Last Names field.
Current Last Name
A woman in Portugal rarely took her husband’s surname(s). It is therefore recommended that the husbands surname(s) not be used unless records are found showing she took his name(s). In rare cases a woman did take her husband's surname(s), for example:
- Helena Maria Ribeiro Pacheco da Silva
In practice, however, she may call herself one of the following:
- Helena Pacheco da Silva
- Helena da Silva
- Helena Silva
Generally, women tend to keep using their maiden name:
- Helena Pacheco
In some cultures, the Current Last Name field is used for the woman’s married surname. As most Portuguese women don’t take their husband’s name, this field should be used for her name used on her marriage record, or the baptisms of her children. This may be a family name or a ‘devotional’ name such as de Jesus.
An example of a Descendant tree is (TO BE REPLACED BY A BETTER EXAMPLE):
Note that Portuguese names had no had no set order by law as to which names had to be used or in what order they had to be in. Portuguese names were flexible in that the parents could decide which names to use, as well as the order. When the child became of age they decided which name to carry through adulthood.
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