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Pre-1500 ChangeRequest Gostwick-26

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Willington, Bedfordshire, Englandmap
Surname/tag: Gostwick
Profile manager: Chris Gorman private message [send private message]
This page has been accessed 209 times.

Target Profile: William Gostwick, Esq.

Current Profile Content:

William was born about 1485 at Willington, Bedfordshire, the son of Sir John Gostwick and his wife, a Leventhorp. [1][2]
He married Ann Pyke of Ranhull (Renhold?), Bedfordshire. The Visitation lists seven children; six sons, Robert of Marston (Moretaine?), John, Thomas, Edmund, Edward, and Robert, and one daughter, Elizabeth.
He died in 1549 and was buried in Willington church.[3]
This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.


Metadata changes: Please change the marriage date to 'before 1536, Bedfordshire, England'



This profile is part of the Gostwick Name Study.
Flag of Bedfordshire (adopted 2014)
... ... ... was born in Bedfordshire, England.

William Gostwick was born before 1490, in Willington, Bedfordshire, England. He was the son of John Gostwick, Esquire, and Mary Leventhorp.

William married Lady Anne Pyke, daughter of John Pyke & wife Elizabeth (Androwes) of Renhold, Bedfordshire.

This generation of Gostwick's had very close ties to the Petre family, marrying the eldest son, John to Elizabeth Petre, gaining Willington & Cople manors in the marriage settlement.

In 1545, the 'sudden unexpected death' of Sir William's nephew William, immediately following his brother's death, (which the family knew was near), left William the recipient of a very large estate. He was already an old man of 55yrs, so this would be seen as a chance to create a dynasty for his son John. John Gostwick was only 7yrs old at the time his father arranged his marriage to Elizabeth Petre, in exchange for Willington & Cople Manor houses. Just a year later, King Henry VIII was near death, and turbulence was brewing among the landed gentry.

William Gostwick would live just long enough to see Henry VIII die, leaving his relic, Lady Anne, to remarry Sir Thomas Verney, and raise his two young boys.

Marriage & Children

bef 1536, marriage, Bedfordshire, England[1][2]

William Gostwyke to Lady Anne Pyke
  1. John Gostwyck, b. abt 1539, married Elizabeth Petre
  2. William Gostwyck, bap. 22-Jun-1540, died bef 1546, childhood death, age 5yrs
  3. Robert Gostwyck bap. 31-Jul-1543, of Marston Moretaine, married Margaret Taylor
  4. Joan/Joanna Gostwyck, (b.1-Aug-1545-d.1-Aug-1545), infant death

kids are all baptized at St. Mary, Bedford, Bedfordshire, England

11-Oct-1536, Lease, Caldwell Priory, Bedfordshire, England[2]

i) Court of Augmentations
ii) William Gostwyke and wife Anne
LEASE (Indenture) by (i) to (ii) for 21 years from Michaelmas last, at annual rent of £14 9s 4d.
  • ... the site of the late Priory of Caldwell, and all buildings within the precincts.
  • ... 'a motherfeld' 34 acres;
  • Bedhoole field 29 1/2 acres;
endorsed 'Mensis Decembr' 1562 I have xxxvj yeares yet to comme of a Lease or graunt of the demeanes of Caldwell Tho: Legh

1546-1550, Lord Willington, Willington, Bedfordshire, England

For what would be only 4yrs, Sir William was Lord of Willington, and inherited the estates of His brother and nephew who both died in 1545.
Sir William immediately began leasing his newly inherited properties

1546, Lease, Church End, Renhold, Bedfordshire, England[3]

Newnham Priory Leases

pp.3-4. Lease for 50 years from 1548; William Gostwicke of Willington, Esq., to John Pyke [Pike] of Ronhall, junior, gentleman. A capital messuage in the 'Church Ende' in Ronhall called Flavells [no details], formerly in occupatioon of William Lucas and then of Richard Bishoppe. Annual rent £7 6s 8d. 1546.

10-Feb-1546, License to Alienate, Welwyn, Hertsfordshire, England[4]

Licence to Alienate:
Wm. Gostwyk to Wm. Wylshyre. Tenements called "le Boreshed" and "le Frythe" in Welwyn, Herts. p.6 m12

16-Feb-1546, Westminster, England[5]

William Gostwyk. Livery of lands as kinsman and heir of Wm. Gostwyk. dec. (exact relationship not stated). Del. Westm., 16 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Sewster and Beamount. Pat. p. 5, m. 43.

24-May-1546, Recovery, Willington, Bedfordshire, England[6]

Wm. Gostwyke to Sir Wm. Petre, Wm. Pouncett. Thos. Houghton, clk., and Thos. Leighe, to the use of the said Gostwyke for life; and, after his decease, to the use of Elizabeth, one of the daughters of Sir Wm. Petre, or any other daughter whom Petre or his executors shall appoint to marry John or Robt. Gostwyke, sons of the said Wm. Gostwyke, or to the third son of the said Wm. Gostwyke, during the life of the said son. with proviso for Petre's recovery of 1000 mks. out of the estate if the marriage fails to take effect. Manors of Willington and Cople and rectory of Willington. Beds. (24th.) P. 6, m. 11.

15-Feb-1546/7, Legal, Surrey, England[7]

Gostwicke v Goldsmyth

Plaintiffs: William GOSTWICKE, executor of the said Sir John.
Defendants: James GOLDSMYTH.
Removal to Paris Garden of the goods of Crystyan Wynter, deceased, whereof the said Sir John was administrator. Surrey

6-Apr-1547, Lease, Warden Monestary, Dounton and Eyeworth, Bedfordshire, England[8]

Lease with power of repossession

(1) William Gostwyke, esquire, of Willington
(2) William Underwood, of Dounton, husbandman, and William Barford, of Mylnho, husbandman
3 closes, called the graunge Closes lying and beyng in Dounton and Eyworth in the said Countie of Bedfordshire, on Dounton syde of the Rey runnyng betwene Asshewell and Dounton aforesaid with all maner of arable londs, medows, pastures and fedyngs With all and singler thappurtenances late perteynyng to the late dyssolved Monastery of Wardon, Which were letten, demysed and graunted to one Gerard Caryngton by the Abbott and Covent of the said late dyssolved monastery of Wardon and nowe in the tenure of the executors of one Thomas Burgoyn, esquire, which time yette endureth
22 yr lease, rent 51s. p.a.

28-Jul-1547, Last Will & Testament, Willington, Bedfordshire, England[9]

Transcription from Bedfordshire Notes & Queries, vol2, pg186
I, William Gostwike, of Willington, Beds. Esq're, my bodye to be buryed in the Ille of the Chapell latlye buyldede within the p' she Churche in Willington.
To Sir William Biddenham, meate and drinke to be taken at my wyffs costs &c.
To Nicholas Coper, my horse keeper, one cowe.
To Agnes Callander, my aunt, {illegible}
To John Gostwike, my sonne, all stuf and moveable goodes in the Chapell and in the Chamber nere unto the said Chapell.
Where my King Henry VIII of famous memorye of late laye therein called the King's Chamber & c. (said John unm. and under 23.
One Turkeye Carpette which I bequeath to Robert my sonne to have after the death of Anne my wife. To the said Robert Gostwick my son, all my feather beds, ymplements & c. in my Chamber where my brother Sir John Gostwick, Knight, dyed.
The residue to the said Ann, my Wife.
My Manor at Donton, otherwise called 'Chamberleynes Burye' and 'Copeis', and all my other lands, Meadows, pastures & c. and other hereditaments in Donton, Middleton, Newton, Milnehoo, C'morthe, Asshwell, Schelton, Wroxhill, Marston, Bardfforde, and Willdean in the said Co. of Beds and in the par. of Asshwell in the Co. of Herts to be disposed of in the form following ---
First, all my lands and tennements in Bardfodde of the yearly value of 20/- unto my friend Edmu'de Talmache
Lands in Willdean yearly value above 16/- unto my friend John Oxoker
Unto Anne my wife, and to Edmund Pike my brother in law, and also the said Edmund Talmache, all my said manors in Donton, otherwise called Chamberlains Burye and Goyces.
And all my other Manors & c. unto the said Anne, Edmu'de and Edmu'de for the term of 16yrs after my death.
Anne my wife, Edmund Pike, and Edmund Talmage to be my executors. Sir William Petre, Knight, Supervisor. Witnessed by John Colbecke, William Clerke and others. --- William Gostwicke

Dec-1549, Death, Willington, Bedfordshire, England

William Gostwyck died

4-Dec-1549, Burial, Willington, Bedfordshire, England[10]

William Gostwyck was buried at Willington


  1. date based on the fact that they leased Caldwell together in Oct 1536
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for William Gostwyke, 11 Oct 1536, Lease (accessed [4-OCt-2021]); ref: AD3644
  3. "Bedfordshire Archive Catalog Service (BEDCAT)" [database on-line]. bedsarchivescat.Bedford.gov. Entry for William Gostwicke, 1546, Lease (accessed [5-Oct-2021]); ref: PO13
  4. British History Online, [database on-line]. www.british-history.ac.uk, Letters & Papers of Henry VIII, Entry for Wm. Gostwyk, License to Alienate, Welwyn, Hertsfordshire, 10 Feb 1546, Ref: pg148
  5. British History Online, [database on-line]. www.british-history.ac.uk, Letters & Papers of Henry VIII, Entry for William Gostwyk, Legal, Westminster, 16 Feb 1546, Ref: pg142
  6. British History Online, [database on-line]. www.british-history.ac.uk, Letters & Papers of Henry VIII, Vol. 21,Entry for Wm Gostwyke, Marriage Settlement, Willington, 24 May 1546, Ref: pg480
  7. "United Kingdom National Archives Online" [database on-line]. Discovery.Nationalarchives.gov.uk Entry for William Gostwicke, Legal, 1546/7 (accessed [4-Oct-2021]); citing National Archives: Kew , NA Ref: C 1/1123/43
  8. "United Kingdom National Archives Online" [database on-line]. Discovery.Nationalarchives.gov.uk Entry for William Gostwyke, Lease, 6 Apr 1547, Dounton and Eyeworth, Bedfordshire. (accessed [5-Oct-2021]); citing Bedfordshire Archives Record Service, NA Ref: R 6/62/12/209
  9. "United Kingdom National Archives Online" [database on-line]. Discovery.Nationalarchives.gov.uk Entry for Will of William Gostwike of Willington, Bedfordshire, 16 Jun 1550 (accessed [23-Aug-2021]); citing National Archives: Kew, NA Ref: PROB 11/33/252
  10. 'Parishes: Willington', in A History of the County of Bedford: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1912), pp. 262-266. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/beds/vol3/pp262-266 [accessed 7 April 2019].

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Please see: Project: My Private Idaho

I havent used a cell phone since 2009, but I can still hack my way right past a network roadblock. ;) Stay safe out there researchers!

posted by Chris Gorman
I reached out to an archivist at BedCat to have a look at how I cited this page, with a specific question to researching property documents that often can be very lengthy. I trimmed it. They were closed this winter during the pandemic, not sure how staffed they are now. ​
I almost always have to regurgitate something to understand it, so let me see if I understand
a) Concise, precise, exact source references
b) Non-specific, non-exact source content quotations
...unless 1) they are less than X number of words

The archives can make $ from content they may not own, so ask. Maybe you own it? The content is provided free to do research, but use of such content for research where the content is available to others, and that content is too close to the original, *may* be in violation.

This reminds me of working with KPMG auditing the traceability matrix for Symantec's order state management code. You can audit something, or you can obfuscate something, but you cant do both.

If there is a 'test' used to measure copyright infringement, or guidance on how to express the acquisition of copyright usage approval, please advise.

A list of all entries in a database is a violation
A list of all entries for 'ice cream' in a database, is not.
A quote from the entry cannot be more than 60% of the original content when verbatim
If any of this is better on G2G, I am not shy.
posted by Chris Gorman
edited by Chris Gorman
Our initial review:

It looks like you are copying and pasting large sections of text which goes against very clear WT guidance, and some of this may be in breach of copyright. https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Help:Copying_Text

British History Online, has this copyright notice: "British History Online is a content provider rather than a content owner. Generally we do not own the copyright of the content in our collection, so we cannot grant permission for reuse. That does not mean permission cannot be obtained from the relevant copyright owner (usually the author or the publisher), and we would encourage you to contact them with your queries."

Much of the lengthy info about landholdings appears to be copied from the online catalogue of Bedfordshire Archives. We are confident that information is copyright, and there is this copyright notice which applies to the site: "The Council’s information shown on this site may not be copied, distributed, sold, reproduced, licensed or dealt with in whole or in part without the prior written consent of the Council. All use of the Council’s information shall be accredited with its moral rights." Again, a summary of the information with the appropriate links would be satisfactory.

Great clarification, as I expanded the references specifically based on the requirement stated here:

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Pre-1500_Work_without_a_Badge "If the source is behind a pay wall you should copy the entirety of the source to your request."

I am certainly careful of copyright. I was actually discussing image resolution for my Gostwick will National Archives sources with the NA folks last night. $40 for ten images, a great deal, all with perpetual license for specific Wikitree use. I know the folks at Bedfordshire, and have discussed land transaction traceability with them a few times. They explained it more like "a full paste of text is ok if you analyze and use the whole paste of text., but dont do it as a policy" In the case of this profile, the land ownership represents tangeable, traceable evidence, so I included it my own work...with links to the next property owner, much like links to chidren.

Wow, we almost have a G2G topic here! Please let me know which guidance to follow. -Chris

posted by Chris Gorman
FYI, I have also engaged with British History Online, etc. regarding the requirements to assume 'ownership' of the VERO rights management for original Gostwick family documents. I can provide as much claim as anyone else given the big GOSTWICK names on our drivers licenses. If I secure those rights, do you need something extra from me?
posted by Chris Gorman
“Much of the lengthy info about landholdings appears to be copied from the online catalogue of Bedfordshire Archives. We are confident that information is copyright…” Global claims that everything on a website is copyrighted are frequently made, but also frequently invalid. Examples of improper claims include information not subject to copyright protection (e.g. facts), public domain material, and content copyrighted by another entity. In this case, words transcribed or abstracted from a public domain document are still in the public domain. Copyright involves some component of creativity. Has the U.K. National Archives violated the copyright of the Bedfordshire Archives by quoting their material? Example. As in the U.S., copyfraud is alive and well in the U.K.: Why Is The UK's Intellectual Property Office Praising National Portrait Gallery's Copyfraud Claims Over Public Domain Images? Even when something is copyrighted, limited quotation is allowed in certain circumstances (under fair dealing in the U.K.) or when copyright-holder permission is granted.

Help:Copying Text is in need of clarification and revision. It was written to address the rampant problem of copying user content from Geni, FindAGrave, Rootsweb, etc. into Wikitree profiles. Hopefully no one is arguing that it is improper to copy an entire will, marriage record, land patent, or other genealogically significant public domain document. Like these deed records, every word may be important and a paraphrase or summary may mis-convey important details. Context matters greatly. I think it’s unfortunate that Chris is being chastised rather than applauded for his scholarly approach.

posted by Kerry Larson
As was pretty evident, I am neither shy, nor inexperienced.

I went quiet yesterday while I did a favor for a friend who is a currently employed copyright/patent attorney for a company that does parks for kids in Anaheim and Florida. He confirmed lots of interesting things and suggested some even more interesting ones, such as:

(loosely paraphrased, we were drinking) Pinching text from a biography aint the same as from the UK archives...man, if that thing is printed after 1925, stay away. If there is any evidence that someone created a 'plan' to turn a biography into regurgitated works as a process by which they create instructions, then recruit and incentivize the work....that becomes 'Racketeering' and has ZERO to do with any money being involved, since its about stealing the 'potential of opportunity in the market' and nothing else. ~ name witheld, attorney at law

posted by Chris Gorman