Location: World Wide
Surnames/tags: pre-1500 resources Profiles
Purpose and Scope
This page is for collecting and sharing reliable resources for pre-1500 research. The information presented is available to all Wikitree members, however the page is only editable by members who have qualified for the pre-1500 badge.
These are some existing available resources from WikiTree Categories Category:Source and [[Project:Dutch_Roots/Dutch_Portal_World-The_Netherlands#Dutch_Archives_and_sources|Project:Dutch_Roots/Dutch_Portal_World-The_Netherlands#Dutch_Archives_and_sources]]
- These are modern secondary sources with a high level of scholarship. They should be followed unless proven incorrect by other modern sources.
- The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE), The Department of History and the Centre for Computing in the Humanities, at King’s College, London, The Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic Studies, University of Cambridge, August, 2010 (searchable database). (Note: This is a well sourced relational database claimed by the authors to contain all the recorded inhabitants of England from the late sixth to the late eleventh century.)
- The Henry Project: The Ancestors of king Henry II of England, by Stewart Baldwin. An exceptionally high level of scholarship with a critical analysis of all known sources. This website should be taken as the definitive word on the ancestors of Henry II. Henry II Ancestor Table Index of Current Pages
- Medieval Lands by Charles Cawley. A study which attempts to provide a narrative biography of all of the noble houses of Europe cross-referenced to some original sources. Valuable because of the broad scope of the study but mostly doesn't have the in-depth investigation of individuals as some other resources in this list. Searchable.
- Complete Peerage, by G.E. Cokayne is a comprehensive and authoritative source for the peerage of England. Originally published in 8 volumes between 1887 and 1898, the high level of scholarship generally holds up well until today. Though, like all works of its kind, improvements and corrections to CP are constantly being made.
- From 1910 to 1959, 'revised and expanded' versions were published. This stretched the original 8 volumes to 13. Finally, in 1998 a 14th volume of 'Additions and Corrections' was published. Many additional corrections, most of which were first noted on the SGM newsgroup, have been collected by Chris Phillips on his Medieval Genealogy site. All 14 volumes are available for download at FamilySearch.org 
- Royal Ancestry, by Douglas Richardson. 
Resource Sites Online
- Places to help you find primary records.
- Medieval and Renaissance Studies: Full Text Primary Sources A Guide to Research in Medieval and Renaissance Studies, New York University <guides.nyu.edu>
- English Regnal Calendar - Most medieval documents did not state the actual year but referred to the reign of the king. This online calendar will allow you to quickly convert to the correct year.
- Some Notes On Medieval English Genealogy, by Chris Phillips. Website. An extraordinarily useful collection of links and primary resources. Including:
- Medieval Genealogy Resources, by Joe Cochoit. Website. A handy collection of links to the primary sources used in medieval genealogy.
- British History Online "British History Online is a digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources for the history of Britain and Ireland, with a primary focus on the period between 1300 and 1800."
English Medieval Primary Records
- Domesday Book Online, searchable by county, Domesday Book images kindly made available by Professor J.J.N. Palmer. Images may be reused under a Creative Commons BY-SA licence - please credit Professor J.J.N. Palmer and George Slater, Site by Anna Powell-Smith. Domesday data created by Professor J.J.N. Palmer, University of Hull, (open source): PostgreSQL, PostGIS, GeoDjango, and OpenStreetMap.
- Inquisitions Post Mortem: https://sites.google.com/site/cochoit/home/inquisitions-post-mortem English inquisitions post mortem (IPMs) from c. 1236 to 1509. but site is in beta stage and only has data from 1418-1447 at the moment
See also Chris Philp's list of IPM resources. http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/sources/ipm.shtml
- Patent Rolls: https://sites.google.com/site/cochoit/home/patent-rolls
- Fine Rolls: Fine Rolls are records relating to the financial affairs of the king. They frequently touch on issues of genealogical interest as they can record transfers of property which were held of the king. Also, writs of Diem Clausit Extremum were recorded in the Fine Rolls making this a key source for dates of death for medieval persons.
- Feet of Fines: (Pedes Finium) https://sites.google.com/site/cochoit/home/feet-of-fines
- Anglo-American Legal Tradition (AALT) Website: Documents from Medieval and Early Modern England from the National Archives in London
- British Isles:Scotland
- Called the POMs. This is a searchable collection of charters from 1093-1314, http://db.poms.ac.uk/search/
- Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 http://www.rps.ac.uk/ Records from 1235, show records in original Latin, French, Scots, and Modern English translation, or both side by side. Browse by reign or use Advanced Search.
- British Isles:Ireland
- Please see this collection of sources: Historical Sources of Ireland
- Annals of Ulster compiled in 15th Century from oral and written traditions starting in 461 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annals_of_Ulster The Annals are said to have been copied verbatim from the sources so are a boon to historians and linguists alike.
- British Isles:England
- Gildas https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gildas best known for De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, history of Britain, the only widely accepted source for history of the post-Roman period written by a near-contemporary
- Anglo-Saxon Chronicle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Saxon_Chronicle Organized by year; the earliest dated at 60 BC (the annals' date for Caesar's invasions of Britain), and historical material follows up to the year in which the chronicle was written, at which point contemporary records begin. These manuscripts collectively are known as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Written in 9th Century in Old English. Many copies made and dispersed throughout England each being updated independently. 1154 is latest update known. Written from perspective of the invaders. 9 Surviving manuscripts are known about.
- http://landedfamilies.blogspot.com Nick Kingsley's site He is a careful researcher who cites his sources.
- Monumenta Germaniae Historica https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monumenta_Germaniae_Historica "carefully edited and published primary sources (mostly in Latin, no translations)... for the study of German history, but includes other areas - Britain, Czech lands, Poland, Austria, France, Low Countries, Italy, Spain etc" Often see them used as sources with abbreviation MGH in The Henry Project or Medieval Lands etc. Online version containing all volumes up to 2010 here http://www.dmgh.de
- Vatican Online 15th Century Manuscript Archives: http://digi.vatlib.it/news/
- https://www.gutenberg.org/ Many ancient texts have been translated and digitized here. Some are searchable.
- Germany: http://gedbas.genealogy.net/ this is a searchable data base for surnames the http://ofb.genealogy.net/ takes you to family books by city location.
- http://home.bawue.de/~hanacek/ info/edatbase.htm this is a list of German genealogical resources
- Landesarchiv Baden Württemberg - Recherche & Bestellung
- France: French records that have been published online. http://ddebus.free.fr/ indexe.htm I like the surname to village database
- http://www.moselle-genealogie. net/index.php?lng=fr&tconfig=0 see archives on line to the right side of screen
- http://www.freesurnamesearch. com/search/france.html French Revolution Digital Archive
- www.genverre.com access only for paid members. This site is specific to glass and crystal makers and their craft. Multiple databases. User donated ones are reviewed and notes made by review group. Other databases from physical acts and other official documents. Laura Bozzay is an officer in the Organization and can access all databases.
- http://jeanjacques.villemag.free.fr/ généalogie des rois de France arbre généalogique des rois de France, mérovingiens, carolingiens, robertiens, capétiens, valois, bourbons, orlé...
- http://www.archives57.com/ index.php/recherches/archives- en-ligne
- Chronicon Hanoniense (Gislebert de Mons) (12th century) : https://archive.org/details/lachroniquedegis00gisl
- http://gallica.bnf.fr/accueil/?mode=desktop : Gallica, the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. Has many genealogy books available.
- Histoire Généalogique de la Maison Royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la Couronne... by Père Anselme. USE WITH CAUTION for medieval genealogies. Whole collection available here.
- Savoy (Savoie, Savoia) Previté-Orton, Charles William. 1912. The early history of the House of Savoy (1000-1233). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press" Digital image: Internet Archive. https://archive.org/details/earlyhistoryofho00prevuoft Appears to be really well-researched using primary and secondary sources. Perhaps a bit dated?
- 1492: http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/1492.exhibit/Intro.html an Exhibit of the Library of Congress, Washington, DC
Family Specific Resources
- Please only put high quality and well-sourced references here.
Quality Websites - Use with Caution
- Best used as a guide to further research.
- The Bartrum Project presents Peter C. Bartrum's "Welsh Genealogies AD 300- 1500". This work was a continuation of earlier publications. As described in 'The Bartrum "Welsh Genealogies"' by Darrell Wolcott (accessed September 15, 2017 at Center for the Study of Ancient Wales): 'So long as today's researchers understand that Bartrum was NOT attempting to portray actual and feasible family charts, but limited his purpose to summarizing the material found in other manuscripts, his work can be very helpful. It should not, however, be cited as the principle source to "prove" any asserted facts.'
- Genealogics.org - Personal website of Leo van de Pas. Large database generally created with quality secondary sources. It has the advantage frequent error correction by contributors to SGM newsgroup. Like all sites of its kind, some errors are inevitable and it is best to confirm the information directly from quality secondary and primary sources.
- Our Royal, Titled, Noble, & Commoner Ancestors and Cousin, Personal website of Marlyn Lewis. Large database generally created with quality secondary sources. Like all sites of its kind, some errors are inevitable and it is best to confirm the information directly from quality secondary and primary sources.
Sources to avoid / known Frauds
- WikiTree free space containing a compilation of known fraudulent family trees and the genealogists that fabricated them.
- Royalty for Commoners, by Roderick W. Stuart. Seemingly authoritative and similar in structure to Magna Carta Sureties and Ancestral Roots, this publication is filled with unproven speculation, and disproved lines. Do not use.
- Nicolas Viton de Saint-Allais (author of Nobiliaire Universel de France and numerous other genealogy books): Viton de Saint-Allais's genealogy work is considered "of poor value", and should only be accepted with extreme caution. Contains approximations and some artificial connections. Do not use for pre-1500 profiles.
- Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Jullien de Courcelles (Dictionnaire Universel de la Noblesse de France), while his reputation is not as bad Nicolas Viton de Saint-Allais's, Jullien de Courcelles bought Saint-Allais's practice and continued his work, and for this reason should be used with caution. Do not use for pre-1500 profiles.
- Formatted full references for your copy-paste ease of use.
- ↑ Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Online at Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Website (accessed 20xx).
- ↑ Cokayne, George Edward ed. Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, 2nd edition in 14 volumes. (London,1910-1998).
- ↑ Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, in 5 vols. (Salt Lake City, Utah, 2013).
Pre-1500 Help Aids
- Translation Tools
- Latin to English/English to Latin text translatior Translate Latin text to English by typing or copy/pasing text. Will also translate other languages. May have better accuracy rate than Google Translate
- Old English (Anglo Saxon) to Modern English Translator, Website developed by www.blueenginewebdevelopment.co.uk (Online translation engine)
- Calendar Tools
- A medieval English calendar, version of the Julian calendar, as used in England, covering the 11th to 16th centuries, "SOME NOTES ON MEDIEVAL ENGLISH GENEALOGY" (Website)
- Britain in the Middle Ages : Wikipedia, Includes information about the division of kingdoms in the middle ages by period, includes some medieval maps (images)
- Maps of Britain and Ireland’s ancient tribes, kingdoms and DNA by Sandra Rimmer for Ancestry - Genealogy & DNA, (for reference)
- Login to request to the join the Trusted List so that you can edit and add images.
- Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: Laura Bozzay, Joe Cochoit, and John Atkinson. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
- Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)
- Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)
On 8 Jun 2019 at 14:57 GMT Richard Devlin wrote:
On 3 Jun 2019 at 18:27 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
On 3 Jun 2019 at 06:34 GMT Vance Mead wrote:
Anglo-American Legal Tradition: Ten million images of original documents http://aalt.law.uh.edu/
Kings/Queens Bench http://aalt.law.uh.edu/Indices/KB27Indices/KB27Indices.html
On 3 Feb 2019 at 17:16 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
On 1 Feb 2019 at 23:43 GMT John Atkinson wrote:
On 1 Feb 2019 at 23:03 GMT John Atkinson wrote:
I've just noticed lately that Darryl is using more sources that are debatable such as Clan Macfarlane website https://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/ and even though we do say to use Peerage.com with caution I think it is better to delete it altogether?
On 10 Jan 2019 at 19:05 GMT Michael Thomas wrote:
On 9 Jan 2019 at 19:15 GMT Joe Cochoit wrote:
It uses a wide varied of sources but does rely heavily on Burke's Peerage. Since the general view of Burke's Peerage is that it is not reliable, especially as you go farther back into the medieval period, I would consider stirnet.com to be an unreliable source for medieval genealogy. You can use it as a guide but I would always try to find the underlying sources stirnet uses and also confirm from other sources.
On 9 Jan 2019 at 18:04 GMT Michael Thomas wrote:
On 27 Aug 2018 at 05:16 GMT John Atkinson wrote: