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The Kingdoms of Pre-Norman Britain

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The Kingdoms of Pre-Norman Britain
For profiles and categories, see Pre-Norman Britain
For Britain before the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms; see Celtic - Roman Britain
For resources see Pre-Norman Britain Resource page
Each named Kingdom has been linked to a Wikipedia page with maps and a full description.
Please link useful pages and categories here as they are created.

ANGLO-SAXON BRITAIN - see category: Anglo-Saxon Britain

From about 500 AD, a new wave of tribes from northern Europe began moving into Britain; the Angles invading Norfolk, Yorkshire and Northumbrian coasts; the Jutes and Saxons invading further south, through the Thames estuary and along the Kent, Sussex and Wessex shores. These new peoples eventually formed the seven kingdoms of the Heptarchy of Anglo-Saxon England; Wessex, Sussex, Kent, Essex, East Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria (Deira and Bernicia).

Wessex was the kingdom of the West Saxons. - see category: Kingdom of Wessex - page: House of Wessex

Sussex, the kingdom of the south Saxons - see page: Sussex Research Resources

Kent was settled by invading Jutes from Jutland (Denmark); the kingdom of Kent was absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex. - see category: Kingdom of Kent

Essex, the kingdom of the East Saxons, included the Roman towns of London and Colchester. The kingdom of Essex was absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex.

East Anglia, the Kingdom of the Angles; later became the Danelaw. see category: Kingdom of East Anglia

Danelaw - ruled by the Danish Viking, Guthrum following a truce with King Alfred of Wessex. Guthrum was later known as Athelstan following his baptism as a Christian.

The kingdom of Mercia was the dominant kingdom in the Heptarchy of Anglo-Saxon England. A series of battles with the invading Vikings of 'The Great Heathen Army' deposed the King of Mercia, a settlement was reached between the Danes and Wessex resulting in the retreat of the Viking army to Northumbria. - page : Mercia- category : Kingdom of Mercia - see page: The Viking Great Army aka The Great Heathen Army

Deira - see category: Kingdom of Deira and Bernicia

Northumbria - see category: Kingdom of Northumbria; category: Scandinavian York

The Celtic territory of Wales included the kingdoms of Dyfed (south Wales), Powys (central Wales) and Gwynedd (north Wales). There were also the mixed Saxon/Celtic territories of Elmet (Yorkshire); Rheged (Cumbria & Galloway) and Gododdin (Scottish Borders). - see category: Kings of the Britons

The Celtic territory of West Wales (Cornwall or Kernow) was known as the kingdom of Dumnonia

Strathclyde - see category: Kingdom of Strathclyde

The Kingdom of England first became a united reality in the reign of King Æthelstan of Wessex, following the Battle of Brunanburh in 937.

The Danish North Sea Empire - The Dane, Cnut became King of England 1016; King of Denmark 1018; King of Norway 1028 - see category: Cnut the Great's conquest of England - see page: [1] Early Scandinavia Viking Age - see category: [2] Early Scandinavia, Viking Age

Norman conquest in 1066 led by William Duke of Normandy - see category: Norman Conquest of England

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