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Biography

Robert Doyley/D'Oyley, the second son of Thomas Doyley of Chislehampton, was born about 1514, in Chislehampton. He was a descendant of the prominent Oxfordshire family in the time of the William the Conqueror. The pedigree chart in the The Visitation of the County of Oxford 1566 to 1634 states that Robert married Elizabeth Cheney and Katherine Tregian, daughter of John Tregian. [1] A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 5 names Elizabeth Cheney as his first wife, and that he married Katherine Tregian about 1564. [2]

Family

Parents:

Father: Thomas D'Oyley [b c1475, of Chislehampton, Oxfordshire] [1]
Mother: Alice HALL [b1492, of Oxonbridge, Wiltshire] [1]

Spouses

Marriage #1 about 1537, to Elizabeth Cheney born c1520, of Woodhey, Berkshire.
Marriage: #2 about 1564, to Katharine Tregian born c1518, of Golden, in Probus, Cornwall.

Children:

To Elizabeth [marriage #1]: John, Ralph, Charles, David, Elizabeth, Jane, and Susan...
To Katherine [marriage #2]: Martha, and Robert … (sources??)

In 1554 Robert and his son John were granted the manor of Merton. [2] Robert settled at Merton with his first wife Elisabeth Cheney. In the following decades Robert enlarged his estate by buying up the whole of the former Piddington fee. In 1557 he acquired several properties, which included land of William Tipping, the family that Robert’s daughter Martha married into.

Robert was a knight, the 18th High Sheriff of Oxfordshire during ‘Elizabeth I.’ reign. [3]

Death

Robert's early demise was bought on by a disease, described as the Black Assize of 1576/7. Whilst participating at a persons trial it was written that:

when the High Sheriff (D'Oyley), one of the Judges (Lord Chief Baron Bell), a Sergeant at Law, several Magistrates, and about 300 other Persons, had died within two days... it was then said that the Disease was communicated, by a ‘poisonous-stench’ brought with the Prisoners from the Gaol, to almost all that were present at the Trial, except Women and Children. etc. etc. ... Katherine D’Oyley, Executrix of the Will of Sir John D’Oyley, returned his Account to the Exchequer. [3]

Will

From a transcription found in The History and Antiquities of the Hundreds of Bullington and Ploughley - By Robert's will, dated 1577", he left the manor Merton to his eldest son John (by his 1st marriage). His widow Katherine was to have two rooms in the manor-house 'during her life', together with the rectory house and tithes, (saving those of the demesne lands)... Roberts will also lists children of both his marriages... etc. etc… [4]

Research Notes

Obtained from Wikipedia: Confirm: In 1554 the earlier Mablystons' lease on Merton expired and Robert Doyley of Chiselhampton and his son John acquired the manor. These notes also indicated that Roberts son John died in 1593 and his widow Anne married Sir James Harington, 1st Baronet in 1613. [5]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Harvey, William, John Philipot, William Ryley, William Henry Turner, and College of Arms (Great Britain). The Visitations of the County of Oxford : Taken in the Years 1566 by William Harvey, Clarencieux; 1574 by Richard Lee, Portcullis ; and in 1634 by John Philpott, Somerset, and William Ryley, Bluemantle. Together with The Gatherings of Oxfordshire, Collected by Richard Lee in 1574. London : Taylor and Co., 1871, p.225. Internet Archive
  2. 2.0 2.1 'Parishes: Merton', in A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 5, Bullingdon Hundred, ed. Mary D Lobel (London, 1957), pp. 221-234 fn.56 - fn.66'. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/oxon/vol5/pp221-234 [accessed 27 November 2019].
  3. 3.0 3.1 Davenport, John Marriott. Lords Lieutenant and High Sheriffs of Oxfordshire: 1086-1868, 1868, p.39. Google Books
  4. Dunkin, John. Oxfordshire. The History and Antiquities of the Hundreds of Bullington and Ploughley, 1823, p.28. Google Books
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Merton, Oxfordshire," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Merton,_Oxfordshire&oldid=917937811 (accessed November 27, 2019).




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