Colony_of_St_John_s_Island.jpg

Prince Edward Island

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Present day Prince Edward Island, Canadamap
Surname/tag: prince_edward_island
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Contents

History

When Jacques Cartier visited the Island in 1534, he found it inhabited by Mi'kmaq who called their island Epekwitk meaning "cradle on the waves." European fishermen and fur traders occupying seasonal outports on the island adopted the Mi'kmaq name with the spelling Abegweit. Although France claimed the Island as part of Acadia in 1604, the Mi'kmaq did not recognize that claim while living harmoniously with European fishermen and fur traders who tried to remain neutral in conflicts between European monarchs.[1]

The first settlement recognized by France was in 1719. France called the island Île Saint-Jean with an administrative unit and a garrison at Port-la-Joye. Havre Saint-Pierre (St. Peter's Harbour) became the largest French colonial population center on the island.[2]

Great Britain claimed the island from the French as part of Nova Scotia in 1763, under the terms of the Treaty of Paris which settled the Seven Years' War. The island was split into a separate colony in 1769, which the British called St. John's Island (also the Island of St. John's). On November 29, 1798, Great Britain granted approval to change the colony's name from St. John's Island to Prince Edward Island to distinguish it from similar names in the Atlantic[3].

Historic Place Names

Prior to European colonisation, Prince Edward Island was Mi'kma'ki land. After European settlement in 1719, the historical place names we are using in WikiTree are as follows.

  • 1719-11 February, 1763: Ile Saint-Jean, Acadie, Nouvelle-France (see the note below). Written as: town name, Ile Saint-Jean, Acadie, Nouvelle-France. Note that Saint is written out and has a hyphen.
  • 11 February, 1763 to 1798: Colony of St. John's Island. Written as "town name, Colony of St. John's Island". There was a short period between 1763 and 1769 where St John's Island was administered as part of Nova Scotia Colony, not as a separate entity.
  • 1798 to June 30, 1873: Colony of Prince Edward Island. Written as "town name, Colony of Prince Edward Island".
  • after July 1, 1873: Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. Written as "town name, Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada". Do not use the abbreviations such as PEI.

Note: These place names conventions are in agreement with the Acadian project. In case of discrepancies, before 1763, the Acadian page is the authoritative source of truth.

Notable People

Resources

A collection of historical maps and atlases is available at Island Imagined which is a collaborative collection managed by the Robertson Library at the University of Prince Edward Island.

What links to this page.

Sources

  1. Wikipedia Prince Edward Island
  2. Wikipedia History of Prince Edward Island
  3. Wikipedia article on Prince Edward Island. Accessed 2018.




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