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Resources for Denmark Project

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Denmarkmap
Surnames/tags: Danish Denmark Denmark_Project
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Categories: Denmark Project.

Contents

In English

Official Denmark Project page

Mission and Scope

We are a group of people interested in collaborating on things of interest to people with Danish Roots. Our current goals are to work on building and organizing resources of use to all, such as categories, naming style guidance, historical guides, useful sources and other useful resources.

Although there were periods of time when much of Norway and Sweden were under common rule with Denmark, this project focuses primarily on the geographic areas within the Denmark portion of the Denmark-Norway union after the 1660 Treaty of Copenhagen. There are already separate formal projects for Sweden and Norway. There will naturally be overlap with the Sweden Project and the Norway Project and collaboration with those projects is encouraged.

Between 1536 and 1537, Denmark's King created the Danish National Church and decreed that its version of Lutheranism was the official state religion. Other religions were repressed for several centuries.[1] In 1645 and 1646, decrees were issued requiring all parishes to keep records of births, marriages and deaths or burials. Practically speaking, aside from royalty and the nobility, genealogical research is virtually impossible in Denmark prior to the existence of these church records. Also for reasons of privacy, records for the most recent years are not yet available. So at least initially, this project will focus on the period from about 1600 to 1970. There are a very few parishes with earlier records which we will go back a bit further on. But the earliest surviving church records are from the city of Naksov, beginning in 1572, so we should not need to get into the area of pre-1500 profiles and projects that focus on them. All the earlier Danish royalty and nobility for whom records exist will probably fit within the European Aristocrats project.

Leaders and Project Managers

The Project Manager/Coordinator is currently Mary Ann Brandt Jensen.

Doug Straiton is currently leader of this project. Many thanks to leader emeritus Lena Svensson who co-lead this project when it was just getting started.

How to Join

To join the project and get your badge, you need to do the following things:

  • Add the tags Danish and "Denmark_Project" to the G2G tags you follow so you can stay abreast of our discussions. Join the Google Group; please send a message with your email address to our Project Coordinator, Mary Ann Brandt Jensen and she will send you an invitation to join the Google Group.
  • Bookmark this page so you can find it, and add yourself to the Volunteer Section below indicating what your interests are and what you are, or are interested in, working on. In particular, please indicate whether you know what area of Denmark you are most interested in and might be willing to help with the grunt work for creating the major categories for our location structure.
  • Contact our leader, Doug Straiton, and ask him for a project badge. Be sure to tell him which project as he is generously leading multiple projects.

If you are interested in participating in discussions about categorization structure for things related to Denmark, please also join the Categorization Project.

Google Group

A Google Group has been set up for the project. In time, we may want to use the group for discussions on topics of interest to our project. In the past, we have not used the Google Group for much as we have been conducting our organizing discussions on G2G. Going forward this will become the main focus of discussion in the project.

If you are interested in participating in discussions about the category structure for things related to Denmark, please join the Google Group for the Categorization Project. Their Google Group is quite active.

Ideas for Things to Work On

Managing Profiles

The main aim of the project is to provide expertise in Danish genealogy and to add, refine, enhance and manage profiles that the PM deem relevant to Denmark.

To do this we need to identify which profiles are relevant to the Project. This occurs through the addition of a "Project Sticker". The purpose of the "Stickers" is to highlight something that's deemed to be important about them, in this case Danish ancestry. We currently use two different Stickers, one for those born in Denmark {{Danish Native}}, the other for those with Danish ancestors {{Danish Roots}}. The Stickers define the Sphere of Interest of the project and the profiles we will focus on. Anyone can and should add a Sticker to any relevant profile.

Some profiles will need additional work and support. It may because the person is significant or often because they have a number of ancestors and the line contentious. If you find a profile that warrants more detailed analysis please drop a note to one of the Leaders, or discuss in the Google Group. They will adopt the profile on behalf of the project, add the "Project Box" {{Denmark}} and raise a note in the Google Group, if needed, for further examination. For contentious profiles the project may also "Protect" the profile. In the event of these profiles, any comment, or amendment, made to the will be distributed to all in the Google Group as the project account is tied to that group.

Working the Profiles

Remember that wikitree is a collaborative environment. There may be others with an interest in the Profiles under consideration.

The best place to start is with your own ancestors. Run over the profiles of your own, and connected profiles and see if you can improve them. Look to:

  • Important: Add the appropriate Sticker. We use two different Stickers one for those born in Denmark {{Danish Native}}, the other for those with Danish ancestors {{Danish Roots}}. This is important as these Stickers define the Sphere of Interest of the project.
  • Add dates if they are not there. If the dates are estimated please add the {{Estimated Date}} template. Research Note Box.
  • Add sources if they are not on the profile. Else add {{Unsourced|Denmark}}.
  • If you find other elements missing from the profile, such as a bio, please add the {{Denmark|Needs=Biography}}, {{Denmark|Needs=Footnotes}}, {{Denmark|Needs=PPP}} (Project Protection), {{Denmark|Needs=Sogn}}, as appropriate.
  • Check the LNAB. If it is not there see if you can find it. If you know it then please send a message to the PM, with a source, and they can change it. If you get no response, please message one of the Project Leads.
  • Use in-line citations where there are facts that are essential for family research - birth, marriages and children are key.
  • Build a bio that provides, at a minimum, enough information to ensure the profile does not get incorrectly merged.
  • Add Categories where you can. These are a useful tool to collect similar profiles into groups thus helping "cousins" find profiles.
  • Important: If you find a profile that you believe to be of significance to the project and warrants more detailed examination or attention from a group in the project please message one of the Leaders. They will adopt the profile on behalf of the project, add the "Project Box" {{Denmark}} and raise a note in the Google Group, if needed, for further examination. For contentious profiles the project may also "Protect" the profile.

Or watch the feeds to see where best to add value. You can find these here:

Creating Categories

Location Categorization Subproject

Parishes (Sogne)

Parishes (Sogne) have been the most significant geographic unit for genealogical purposes throughout most of Denmark's recorded history. Through time, they also appear to be the most stable location designations. However, as parish (sogn) names are not unique, they cannot be used in isolation. Beginning in 1662, the parishes (sogne) were grouped into 49 counties (amter). In 1793, the counties (amter) were reorganized and reduced to 24. Within the counties (amter) and even before the counties (amter) were created in 1662, smaller groups of parishes were grouped together into districts called herreds. The herreds appear to go back to the period before the Reformation and before the start of this Project.

As research on a family goes back in time, it is essential to be able to determine the parish history of the areas where members of the family lived in order to find the older records. Sources which will be useful in our categorization task include:

  • Family Search - Denmark Parish Lists from 1794-1970 Period - This page leads to several other pages grouped alphabetically purportedly listing the parishes as they existed in 1970. Be aware, however, that the list includes churches from other Christian denominations and is clearly missing some parishes known to have been active in 1970. So this list should not be used as a sole list of parishes in 1970. The parishes are listed in a chart with columns for what amt and herred it was in during the 1794-1970 organization. There is a column showing what amt the parish was in if it existed during the 1662-1793 organization which is difficult information to find elsewhere. That column is mislabeled len instead of amt. Len is the name for the administrative districts the parishes were in prior to the creation of the first amt in 1662. There are also columns for the post 1970 counties and regions but this information is not filled in. There are often remarks in the region column about when a particular parish experienced a fire or other loss of records.
  • [KORT TIL KIRKEN - useful information on all Danish People Churches]. This site is in Danish, but translates well with Google translate. The information is arranged in several ways. Under the alphabetical list of churches, the information for each church includes what kommune, region, pastorat, deanery, and diocese the church is currently located in, when the current building was built, what parish the church belongs to and the history of the formation of the parish from other parishes, parishes which have split off, and dissolution or merger into other parishes, and the herred and county the church site was located in under the 1970 organization. It also contains links to aerial maps with GPS coordinates for the church, photographs of the church, a parish map, the parish web site, and other sites with information about the church or parish.
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark: From this web site, there are links out to the current dioceses and below that to the deaneries and on to the individual church websites. Most individual church websites have information on the history of the church/parish and interesting photos.
Herreder
  • Hundreds of Denmark: English Wikipedia page for herreder in Denmark. It contains a list of 155 herreder and the counties (amter) they belonged to in 1970. However, the list is likely incomplete as the first paragraph says there were about 170 herreds in 1970. There are no links out from this page to individual parishes.
  • Liste over herreder i Danmark: This Danish Wikipedia page is organized by the 24 counties (amter) used from 1793 to 1970. Each link leads to a section of the page listing the herreder for that county (amt). Each herred is then linked to a page with a list of parishes (sogne) for that herred.
  • Herrider i Danmark: This Danish Wikipedia page contains an image of Johannes Steenstrups map of districts and pursuits in the Middle Ages. It shows the boundaries and names of the Herreder prior to 1662. Be aware that it includes the areas of Halland, Skane and Blekyng on the Sweden/Norway peninsula which were later lost to Sweden.
Sysler (Before 1537)
  • "Syssel," Wikipedia, (https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syssel : accessed 19 May 2017) - Danish Wikipedia page listing the sysler which existed in Denmark in the late middle ages. They were abolished in 1536.
Len (Before 1662)
  • "Danske len", Wikipedia, (https://da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danske_len : accessed 19 May 2017) - Danish Wikipedia page listing the len which existed in Denmark at the time the monarchy became an absolute monarchy between in 1660. There are links from a few of the len to separate pages for that particular len.
Amter (Counties) (1662-1793)
  • Danmarks amter (1662-1793): Danish Wikipedia page listing the 5 counties (amter) for the Southern Jutland region which comprised the Duchy of Schlesvig and the 44 counties (amter) for the main section of Denmark during the period from 1662-1793. Each of the main 44 counties (amter) and one Schlesvig county (amt) are linked to individual pages for each county. Those pages usually describe which len, former amter, or other regions were combined to form the county in 1662 and what county(ies) the area went into in the 1970 reform. Many pages include links to the herreder pages for the herreder which were included in the county (amt) which often link in turn to pages listing the parishes (sogne) which made up those herreder.
Amter (Counties) (1793-1970)
  • Danmarks amter (1793-1970): Danish Wikipedia page listing the 25 counties (amter) in use in Denmark in various periods between 1793 and 1970. Includes information on dates and substance of changes to individual counties (amter) between 1793 and 1970. As you follow the links on from this page, they lead to pages on each county, then on each herred, and then on each parish. At various places along the way, information is included on where that area of the country was placed in previous organizations. These pages are all in Danish, but a rough translation can be obtained with Google translate.
1970 Local Government Reform
  • Danmarks amter (1970-2006): Danish Wikipedia page providing a list of the 13 counties (amter) and 3 municipalities (kommuner) with county authority during the period from 1970-2006. Each county (amt) is linked to a page for that county (amt) listing the municipalities (kommuner) included in that county (amt) and other information concerning what happened to the territory in the 2007 local government reorganization.
  • Liste over danske kommuner 1970-2006: Danish Wikipedia page provides a brief overview of the local government reform of 1970 followed by a list of the 277 municipalities (kommuner) resulting from that reform organized according to the 13 counties (amter) by which they were grouped and an extra category for those municipalities (kommuner) that did not come under a county (amt). Each municipality (kommune) is linked to a separate page for the municipality (kommune). Many, but not all, of the linked municipality (kommune) pages contain information about the former parishes (sogne), herreder and/or municipalities which were included in that kommune.
2007 Local Government Reform
  • List of 98 Kommuner and Their Corresponding 5 Regioner: Danish Wikipedia page provides a brief overview of the local government reform of 2007 followed by a table of the 98 kommuner created through that reform and their corresponding regions. Each kommune is linked to a page which usually describes the municipalities from the 1970 reform which make up a part of that kommune and sometimes other information. Each region is also linked to a page for the region with a map and additional information on the region and its functions.
Place Name Variations and Spellings

Wikitree's standard is to use the name and spelling for a place name used by the people in that time. With the fluidity of spelling in many original source records and in different languages like København (Contemporary Danish), Kjøbenhavn (Pre-1906 Danish), Copenhagen (English), Kopenhagen (German), Hafnia (Latin) and many Wikitree users, including members of this project, not being fluent in Danish, guidance on place names and spellings is often needed. Known sources useful in determining the usual spelling of a Danish place name and finding other information needed to categorize the place name include:

  • Danish Place-Name Commission, List of Authorized Place-names and Their Spellings: This gazetteer is available in two formats. It can be downloaded in pdf format from here or it can be used as an interactive database from the Commission's website. Searches can be limited to a particular parish (sogn), a particular municipality (kommune) or type of location. It is also possible to search for a list of approved place-names within a municipality (kommune) or parish(sogn). It allows for the use of an * character as a wildcard at the beginning or end of a string of at least three characters. This feature is very useful for finding similar place-names.
  • Krabsens stednavnebase: This website is a searchable database of almost 60,000 Danish place names as they existed in 1970. The top level search page is in both Danish and English. Search results are only in Danish. A search on a specific place name will return a list of places that satisfy the search with the amt, herred, and parish for the places in 1970. Alternatively, a search on a parish name will return a list of all place names in the database for that parish.
  • Danish Family Search Place Name Search: When using the place name search function, the results display the parish name and the current kommune, but not the herred and older county name. When working down through the map, which is based on the 1970 counties and herreds, it is possible to get a list of place names for a particular parish in a manner that also shows the herred and 1970 county.
  • Family Search Schleswig-Holstein Place Names: This Family Search wiki addresses the special issues with the Schleswig-Holstein area of southern Denmark where many places changed names as control of the territory changed especially from 1867-1920 when areas were under Prussian control.

Wars and Military

List of Danish Regiments and Military Units Since the 15th Century

Collecting Useful Resources

How Tos for Danish Genealogy

Original Record Sources

  • Danish Family Search : Has images which can be browsed and which are slowly being transcribed into searchable digital forms for Danish Church Books, Censuses, School Protocols, Military Conscription Rolls and the Police Registration Archive.
  • Danish National Archives: Also contains images of Danish Church Books and Censuses. The viewer is different from Danish Family Search and sometimes things can be picked out in one that are harder to read in the other. Also has basic information in both Danish and English on Danish naming conventions, reading old script, and how to get started with Danish genealogy research.
  • Muncipal Archives
    • Aalborg Stadsarkiv (does not appear to have much online)
    • Aarhus Stadsarkiv (appears to be just getting started with putting material online)
    • Frederikshavn Stadsarkiv (appears to have scanned a considerable amount of material mostly in pdf format, but it is difficult to tell how much is searchable and how. Expect to have to browse through material by organization and year.)
    • Københavns Stadsarkiv (includes records of burials in København cemeteries (1805-1942); business licenses (1860-1932); welfare records (1799-1940); maps; police registers; Civil marriages 1851-1922; Lysninger (bride's register) 1922-1965; Separations and Divorces 1806-1857)
      • Burials in Copenhagen 1860-1940 Contain images of the burial protocols for the Copenhagen Municipality 1860 to 1940. They are not transcribed (yet) so it is necessary to look through the pages manually.
    • Vejle Stadsarkiv (Vejle appears to have scanned a great many documents but they are generally not searchable. There are some rudimentary groupings by subject and year, but there does not appear to be a way to search cases by name.)


  • Salldata - Appears to have many of the same source records as Danish Family Search, but the viewer is definitely different. Also has some other interesting items like a collection of Danish laws important to genealogy, a collection of old postcards, and a good many scanned books including some genealogies and old editions of important works on Danish geography. (Please add more to this description as you explore this valuable source.)
  • The Copenhagen Police Registers A searchable database with all people living in Copenhagen municipality from 1892 till 1923. Each adult man is supposed to have one card which was updated every 6 months with his address and other family members. Adult women living alone would have their own card, but are transferred to the husbonds card upon marrage. Children are listed from 10 years of age. The original cards are scanned and transcribed to make it searchable. It was common to move frequently, therefore this database is very useful to track a family and based on their address you can find the Parish they lived in at a given time which will allow you to look up the births of their children.


Other Danish Genealogy Sources

  • Danish Demographic Database The database consist of transcribed and searchable censuses, more parishes are being added frequently. So far the database has the entire 1787, 1801, 1834, 1840, 1845, 1880 censuses transcribed. The 1860 census is near completion. Transcribed records
  • The Danish Emigration Archive (Copenhagen Police Emigration Protocols) A database that consist of all people that emigrated from Denmark in the period 1869 to 1908 on a ticket bought in Denmark.
  • FamilySearch Denmark Genealogy Wiki Guide to Denmark ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
  • Wiki for Slægtsforskere: et projekt af Danskeaner.dk: The site describes itself as a lexicon of information about Denmark primarily before 1950 of interests of genealogists compiled from publicly available material of free copyright. Contains descriptions of each herred and parish from the 3rd edition of Trap Denmark which is now in the public domain. Also includes a list of the priest assigned to the parish over its history. (Note: This is a work in progress. It is not complete yet. All the counties and herreds that existed at the time the 3rd edition of Trap was published have been entered. But not all the parishes are complete at this time. Those that are complete, provide very useful information.)
  • Netudgave af Wibergs præstehistorie: This is a digital version of an important historical work documenting the priests assigned to the various parishes in Denmark from the 1500's forward. It has been supplemented from additional works to fill in areas that were left out. As the introduction describes, it is not easy to use, but it contains important information.

Links Needing the Protection of Templates Against Future URL Changes

Sample Citations to Common Danish Sources

History

Danish History Free Space Pages

Other Online Danish History Resources

Offline Danish History Resources

Danish Language Aids

Maps and Location Aids

  • Autoriserede stednavne i Danmark (Authorized place names in Denmark) database. This version includes several interactive maps which can be overlayed including maps of sogne and 2007 kommuner boundaries, current road maps, aerial maps, and historical maps from several periods including Prussian maps from the period when Slesvig was held by Prussia. The site is in Danish, but Google translate works well with most of the site. Just remember to return to the original Danish version to see the proper spellings of the place names.
  • Old Maps of Denmark: This site has many old maps of Denmark which it allows you to overlay on current maps so you can figure out the current location of the place where your ancestors livedv.

Naming Resources

Project Denmark Naming Style Guide

Resources on Danish and Scandanavian Naming Patterns

Volunteers

  • Mary Ann Brandt Jensen - As the current project manager, my current focus is on getting the project up and running. As a member, I expect to be working first on the parish categorization task, especially in the parishes in the Hellum Herred of the Aalborg Amt and the Dronningland Herred of the Hjørring Amt.
  • Torben Sørensen - I will try to work on the sources section and assist with whatever is needed.
  • Madeleine Lee - I am interested in helping with parish categorization, especially for Vejle, Jerlev, Brusk and Holmans Herred of Vejle Amt.


In Danish







Images: 10
Dannebrog
Dannebrog

Johannes Steenstrups Map of Herreder and Sysler of Denmark in Medieval Times
Johannes Steenstrups Map of Herreder and Sysler of Denmark in Medieval Times

Denmark Amter (Counties) Map 1970-2006 from Wikipedia
Denmark Amter (Counties) Map 1970-2006 from Wikipedia

Denmark Amter (Counties) Map 1793-1970 from Wikipedia
Denmark Amter (Counties) Map 1793-1970 from Wikipedia

Denmark Amter (Counties) Map 1662-1793 from Wikipedia
Denmark Amter (Counties) Map 1662-1793 from Wikipedia

view all


Collaboration
  • Login to edit this profile and add images.
  • Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: Mary Jensen and Denmark Project WikiTree. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)
  • Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)

On 23 May 2017 at 01:52 GMT Jamie (Peck) Janke wrote:

When scrolling thru the pages of the kirkebog, church book, as with all Danish, male and female records are separate.

CPR # like SS##, but female are even, male are odd. The book I went thru, male births, female births, male confirmation female confirm, then weddings and then again men deaths and women deaths. keep a check on the title of the page