Surnames/tags: Queensland germany Prussia
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Prussian and German Settlement in Queensland
|Farm in the German settlement area in Westbrook, Queensland, ca. 1896 Script under photograph reads: 'Deutsch Besitzung in Westbrook.' English translation, 'German Settlement in Westbrook'.|
Prussian/German settlement and migration to Queensland is a complex topic. The first two German immigrant ships, Marbs and the Aurora, arrived on 22 March 1855 at Moreton Bay (Brisbane) direct from Hamburg, with almost 1000 German settlers, mainly from the Tauber River Valley in southern Germany. They made up more than a quarter of the year's total immigration into what is now Queensland. There had been 47 deaths on the ships due to outbreaks of typhus, cholera and measles. Some passengers went to jobs in the Ipswich area, some to the Maryborough area, and many went to work in the Toowoomba district. The arrival of these settlers was due to Edward Lord, a storekeeper from Drayton on the Darling Downs, who pioneered the idea of encouraging German migration direct to Moreton Bay, rather than through the port of Sydney. He had been at a meeting of Darling Downs squatters and businessmen held on 21st July 1851 in the Bull's Head Inn at Drayton. This meeting decided to bring German workers direct to the Moreton Bay (Brisbane), rather than through Sydney. From October 1851 to July 1852 Lord, who had been educated in Germany, advertised in the Moreton Bay Courier, offering to landowners his services as an unofficial immigration agent. Wilhelm Kirchner, the Consul for Hamburg and for Prussia in Sydney, was not happy about Lord's actions, as he was already the official German immigration agent for NSW (which still included Moreton Bay). Edward Lord's 1854 trip to Germany promoting Queensland was a major factor in the emigration of the passengers of the Marbs and the Aurora.
In 1861 there were only about 2,000 Germans in Queensland, and they were mainly in the cities, working as labourers and tradesmen.
The first Queensland Government set up a committee under Dr John Dunmore Lang (head of the Presbyterian Church in Australia). This committee sent Johann Christian Heußler(Heussler), a successful German businessman in Brisbane, to Germany to recruit immigrants for Queensland. He was able to offer immigrants attractive deals, including free ship's passage, good wages, and the right to select land to the value of £12 once their compulsory period of service (usually 2 years) to a local employer was over. The employer had paid for their ship's passage. Heußler did a good job and Germans arrived in Queensland in large numbers over the next decade and more, mainly in family groups. This period was, though, a time of particularly high emigration from Germany (overpopulation in some states, fear of being caught up in Prussia's wars against Denmark, Austria and France), and Queensland's immigration program benefited from this.
|Johann Christian Heussler|
Prominent figure to German Settlement in Queensland is Johann Heussler, immigration agent (who later became a member of the Legislative Council of Queensland). 
|Johann Christian Heussler, 1898.|
In 1885, two Lutheran (German) groups formed in Queensland, namely, the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Queensland, and the United German-Scandinavian Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Queensland.
Main Areas of Settlement in Queensland Can you add Profiles to these Categories? Can you improve existing Profiles?
- Esk Region? See http://www.germanaustralia.com/e/queensland.htm for some background info and a settlement map Haese-11 13:45, 21 May 2019 (UTC)
Queensland Name Studies on WikiTree Can you add Profiles to these Name Studies? Can you improve existing Profiles? Start a new name study?
- Roser Name Study 14 profiles at Apr 2019
Related Categories on WikiTree A Category is a group of Profiles with something in common. You could add one of these Categories to an existing Profile, or improve a Profile already listed under a Category.
- Category: MIgrants from Prussia to Queensland
- Queensland, Immigrants from German Confederation Note - duplication?
- Assisted German Immigrants to Queensland Mel is adding more profiles
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Useful External Links Can you add to this list?
- ↑ http://www.germanaustralia.com/e/chron/chron3.htm
- ↑ http://www.germanaustralia.com/e/queensland.htm
- ↑ 'Heussler, Johann Christian (John) (1820–1907)', Obituaries Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://oa.anu.edu.au/obituary/heussler-johann-christian-john-15534/text26748, accessed 21 May 2019.