Prussian and German Settlement in South Australia

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: South Australia, Australiamap
Surnames/tags: South_Australia Germany Migration
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Settlement in South Australia by German speaking Prussians began in 1837

Klemzig on the Torrens in 1846.
Just one year after the first official settlers arrived in South Australia, the ship Solway brought German Immigrants from Hamburg. Only some of the passengers' names are known. Their occupations were mainly those that would provide housing and food for an infant colony. The barque Bengalee left Hamburg about a year later, anchoring at Holdfast Bay because there was no port to tie up in. Every person and all the stores had to be brought to shore in rowing boats.

Migration of religious refugees began in 1838, when a group from Klemzig, Brandenburg, led by Pastor A. L. C. Kavel, made the journey on the ship Prince George with the assistance and blessing of George Fife Angas of the South Australian Company. They were seeking religious freedom at a time when the King of Prussia tried to ban their traditional Lutheran practices. They settled on the banks of the Torrens River, establishing a German style hamlet they named Klemzig. The Zebra arrived with religious objectors from Silesia in 1839. They settled in the Adelaide Hills, founding Hahndorf, a town which still retains its German character.

Over time, religious immigrants from Prussia became fewer and German Immigration was of a more general kind - migrants hoping for the opportunity to own land, or to prosper in new enterprises such as wine growing in the Barossa, copper mining, or grazing sheep.

- Descendant's Story -

My Sudholz ancestors were Prussian. They moved through Adelaide to the Wimmera, which is solidly populated with their descendants. They had a very large hay farm at Gilles Plains, accessed by Sudholz Road, of course.

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