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Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe One-Name Study

Privacy Level: Public (Green)
Date: 22 Apr 2020
Location: Worldwidemap
Surnames/tags: Rasco Rascoe Roscoe
This page has been accessed 625 times.

About the Project

The Rasco/Roscoe Name Study project serves as a collaborative platform to collect information on the Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe name. The hope is that other researchers like you will join the study to help make it a valuable reference point for other genealogists who are researching or have an interest in the Rasco/Roscoe name.

Related Surnames and Surname Variants

How to Join

To join the Rasco/Roscoe Name Study, first, start by browsing our current teams to see if there is a specific study ongoing that fits your interests. If so, feel free to add your name to the Membership list below, post an introduction comment on the specific team page, and then dive right in!


This is a project that I hope will become a valuable reference point for any Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe researcher to share their knowledge by posting their DNA tests, resources, pictures, stories, and anything else of interest to this surname.

Please join by contacting the project leader, Mark Rasco. See the section on our goals and what you can do below. Post questions and comments and add details about your particular area of interest.

The Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe Name Study is Under Construction!! Please be patient as I work to create a useful resource for collaboration.


How to Participate

Please contact the Study's coordinator Mark Rasco or post a comment at the foot of the page. If you have any questions, just ask. Thanks!


This is a One-Name Study to collect together in one place everything about one surname and the variants of that name. The hope is that other researchers like you will join our study to help make it a valuable reference point for people studying lines that cross or intersect.

Origins and Meaning of the Variant Surnames

ROSCOE -- (1) an English habitational name from a place in Lancashire called Roscoe, meaning in old Norse roe (deer) + coe (glen or wood) -- hence, deer wood; or (2) Americanized spelling of the French name RACICOT. RASCOE, ROSCO, RASCO, ROSCOW, and RUSCOE are sometimes reported to be variations of Roscoe. (We have seen evidence of Ruscoes and Rascoes changing their names to Roscoe, but as yet, no Roscoes changing theirs to Ruscoe or Rascoe. We hope to learn through appropriate DNA tests whether Ruscoes are genetically distinct from Roscoes, as we suspect, except for later name changes from Ruscoe to Roscoe.)

RUSCO -- Italian: possibly a topographic name from rusco ‘butcher’s broom’ (Latin ruscus), but the numerous derivatives of this name suggest it more likely comes from a personal name, Rusco, of Germanic origin. (The 1841 English census shows 16 Rusconis in Bolton le Moors and 3 in Manchester, Lancs.)

RASCOE family historian Harvey Dann believed the Huguenot Rascoes were of Flemish or Dutch-Flemish origin. French Huguenots named ROUSCOUE or RAUSCOUE migrated to England during the 1500s to avoid religious persecution. Early Rascoe names are said to have been John Rouscoue, alien, in Essex 1545, and John Rusco, married in Cheshire 1538. RASCO families have also been found in Italy and Spain, and RASCHAUS and RASCHKAUS lived in Prussia.

ROSKO -- Hungarian (Roskó): from a pet form of the personal name Roska, of Romanian origin Mark Antony Lower wrote in his early PATRONYMIC BRITANNICA, 1860, that Roscoe/Roscow was "certainly a Cornish name." Charles Wareing Bardsley doubted that statement in his DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH AND WELSH SURNAMES, 1901. He felt sure Roscoe was a Lancashire local or habitational surname, though he could not find the spot in Lancashire from which it derived. We understand there may once have been a Roscoe place in Lancashire near Leyland and Chorley.

What You Can Do

  1. Work cooperatively together with other Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe profile managers to create the best Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe tree possible.
  2. Add the category for Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe Name Study to profiles using a location to better organize and identify family lines. See the ONS FAQ page for instructions.
  3. Search out original rather than derivative documentation and add sources to Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe profiles.
  4. Write comprehensive, well-sourced biographies for Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe profiles.
  5. Check for duplicates and request merges.
  6. If you are a male with the Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe surname or a variant and haven't already, please consider testing your yDNA through the Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe Family Tree DNA Project so that we can all have a better understanding of our heritage and possibly make new discoveries.

Identifying Immigrants to North America & Principal Lines in England Using DNA [1]

Because Lancashire has had the largest concentration of Rascoe/Roscoes in England over the centuries, our study seeks to obtain tests in Lancashire and elsewhere for each genetically different Rascoe/Roscoe lines that can be identified and are making substantial progress.
A new Rasco/Roscoe tester can immediately match his own family Y-DNA Profile against the profiles of –
  1. A British citizen born in Bolton, Lancashire, whose Roscoe family traces back to TIMOTHY ROSCOE, born 1817 Kearsley, Lancashire (possibly descended from THOMAS ROSCOE, b. ca. 1560, Prestwich, Lancashire?),
  2. A British citizen whose Roscoe father and grandfather were born in Blackpool, Lancashire,
  3. An Illinois Roscoe reportedly tracing back to WILLIAM RUSCOE, born 1594 County Essex, England, who sailed to Boston with his family on the famous ship Increase in 1635 and founded the New England / New York line of Ruscoes, (possibly tracing back to John Rouscoue, alien, taxed 1545 in Essex, possible Huguenot refugee?),
  4. A Pennsylvania Roscoe, son of an immigrant Rosko from Slovakia in Austria-Hungary ca. 1900 (possible deep-match for the Northampton, Virginia line of William Rascow)
  5. Revolutionary War CAPT. WILLIAM RASCO of North Carolina, whose haplogroup I2a2b Lanchasire-source line (already verified) has matched back to Rascoe lines from Bertie, North Carolina, and Northampton, Virginia, and may have descended from the Roscoe family of Leigh, Lancashire, in the 1670s.
Some black families named Rasco/Rasco/Roscoe are found in various places in the south. These Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe males may be genetic descendants of white Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe families, or their families may use the surname of their former owners.
All Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe lines are cordially invited to participate and will be identified as the study information develops. If you don't yet know which line your Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe comes down our DNA study can help. [2]

1850/51 World-Wide Census database for Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe & Variant names. [2]

Famous & Notable Rasco/Rascoe/Roscoe


  1. Count Rasco, 10 Mar 1809, Dublin Ireland[3]
  2. Corproal TEAGLE RASCO of Hertford Co., NC, served in the Revolutionary War, enlisting with Vaughan's Co. of the Seventh NC Regiment. He served with the North Carolina forces at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, in 1777. He was promoted to corporal on January 1778 and died on February 24, 1778, during the terrible winter at Valley Forge. After the war, Capt. William Rasco claimed the military pay due to his deceased brother Teagle, swearing he was Teagle's only brother (his likely brother Isme having died by 1778) and one of Teagle's lawful heirs.
  3. CAPT. WILLIAM RASCO OF THE NORTHAMPTON-BERTIE lived in Bertie Co. and then adjacent Hertford Co., NC, and died 1806 in Stewart Co., TN. He married Rachel Howell in 1777 in Bertie. By March 1779, William was a lieutenant in the Bertie Co. Militia from the Windsor area, commanded by Capt. Charles Rhodes. His company marched to SC in 1779 and united under Gen. Butler with the Southern Army of militia and continental troops under the overall command of Gen. Benjamin Lincoln at the Savannah River. After a mission across the GA border and back, they marched to an area outside Charleston, SC where Gen. Lincoln was in command of 6,500 men. Gen. Lincoln took 1,200 men to attack 900 British soldiers at the James and Johns Islands across the Stone River a few miles south of Charleston. The Americans crossed the Ashley River at midnight and marched to James Island just before dawn on June 20, 1779. Lt. Rasco's men were positioned with the other NC units under Jethro Sumner on the right-wing of the attack. The firing started with the opposing forces 300 yards apart and continued for an hour of gunfire through thick woods. The British sent reinforcements from Johns Island, and Gen. Lincoln called off the attack. The Americans lost 146 killed or wounded and 155 missing, while the British lost 129 killed or wounded and one missing. The British abandoned their bridgehead three days later and began their retreat south to Beaufort. Rasco's unit returned to Bertie. Wm. Rasco was selected captain by April 1781 in Col. Dozier's regiment, Gen. Gregory's brigade. They marched north into VA and joined American forces near Kempsville, Norfolk Co., near the British fort at Great Bridge. The British abandoned the fort in August 1781, and the militia returned home to NC. William later, in 1792, received for his military service Bounty Warrant 5255 for 640 acres on the NC-TN frontier. Capt. Wm. Rasco is recognized as a DAR Patriot Ancestor, and he and his wife Rachel are recognized as one of the First Families of Tennessee. We have two tests establishing a verified profile for this line, which may have been related to the Blunt Point Roscows of Warwick County, Virginia, according to unsourced Roscoe family histories. A close-matching test line is that of JOHN RASCO, 1808, of Marlboro Co., SC.


  1. Alan Roscoe (1886–1933), American film actor [3]
  2. Andy Roscoe, English footballer [4]
  3. Bill Roscoe (born 1956), a British professor of computing [5]
  4. COL. DAVID ROSCOE of CALIFORNIA (1874 TN - 1971 OH) was a highly decorated American officer in the American Expeditionary Force in World War I and was decorated by the British in 1920. He married Sidney Caroline Campbell (1873-1957) from New Jersey, and they had three sons and a daughter. He was buried at the Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in California. Col. Roscoe was a great-grandson of ALEXANDER RASCOE (1768 Hertford Co. NC - 1855 Davidson Co. TN). Alex, a Tennessee real estate investor, and Methodist lay preacher, is believed to have been the son of Isme Rascoe, the likely brother of Capt. William Rasco and Cpl. Teagle Rasco of the Rascoe Northampton-Bertie line. A test is needed on Alexander's line to confirm the relationship with Capt. William Rasco. (NEED SOURCE)
  5. Francis James Roscoe (1831–1878), Canadian entrepreneur and politician [6]
  6. Henry Enfield Roscoe (1833–1915), English chemist and university vice-chancellor [7]
  7. Ingrid Roscoe (born 1944), art historian and Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire [8]
  8. Kenneth H. Roscoe (1914–1970), British civil engineer [9]
  9. Margaret Roscoe (c. 1786–1840), English botanical illustrator and author [10]
  10. Martin Roscoe (born 1952), English classical pianist [11]
  11. Patrick Roscoe (born 1962), Canadian writer [12]
  12. Theodore Roscoe (1906–1992), American writer [13]
  13. Will Roscoe (born 1964), American activist and author [14]
  14. William Roscoe (1753–1831), English historian [15]


  1. GILBERT ROSCOW OF EUXTON, Lancashire, was the earliest recorded Roscow, being named in 1293 in the will records at Chester during the reign of King Edward I (Longshanks - crusader - Hammer of the Scots against William Wallace at Falkirk in 1298). Euxton (now pop. 7,800) lies on the outskirts of Chorley (pop. 33,400), a fact raising the possibility that the first-named Gilbert-1293 might have been the patriarch of the Chorley Roscows. In Croxton near Euxton, daughter An of Gilbert Roscoe of Euxton was christened in 1620. In Leyland, Gilbert, son of John Roscow of Euxton, was christened in 1669. John, son of Gilbert Roscow of Euxton, was christened thirty years later in 1699. A Roscoe test credibly reaching back to any of these Euxton Gilberts would be welcome. (NEED SOURCE)


  1. Alan Ruscoe (born 1972), British actor [16]
  2. John Ruscoe (1623–1702), founding settler of Norwalk, Connecticut [17]
  3. Melissa Ruscoe (born 1976), New Zealand association football and rugby player [18]
  4. Scott Ruscoe (born 1977), Welsh footballer and manager [19]
  5. Sybil Ruscoe (born 1960), English radio and television presenter [20]


  1. JOHN ROUSCOUE OF COUNTY ESSEX was assessed as an alien (immigrant) in 1545 at Great Dunmow in County Essex, in a subsidy of 37 Henry VIII. The family line is said to have been Flemish or Dutch in origin during a time of active Huguenot migration to England. John's son John was reportedly the father of William Ruscoe, born c. 1594 above, who sailed to Boston in 1635. (NEED SOURCE)

Surname Usage


Rasco Neck, Isle of Wight, VA, May 1869. Located near Brewer's Creek, which emptied into Chuckatuck Creek near its mouth.[4]
Roscoe, California (disambiguation) [21]
Roscoe Township (disambiguation) [22]
Roscoe, Georgia, an unincorporated community [23]
Roscoe, Illinois, a village [24]
Roscoe, Minnesota, a city [25]
Roscoe, Goodhue County, Minnesota, an unincorporated community [26]
Roscoe, Missouri, a village [27]
Roscoe, Montana, a settlement [28]
Roscoe, Nebraska, an unincorporated community and census-designated place [29]
Roscoe, New York, a hamlet [30]
Roscoe, Pennsylvania, a borough [31]
Roscoe, South Dakota, a city [32]
Roscoe, Texas, a town [33]
Roscoe Village, a neighborhood in North Center, Chicago, Illinois [34]
Roscoe Village (Coshocton, Ohio) [35]


Roscoe River, Nunavut, and the Northwest Territories, Canada [36]


Roscoe Glacier, Queen Mary Land, Antarctica [37]


Roscoelite [38]




HAPLOGROUP G (M201) In human genetics, Haplogroup G (M201) is a Y-chromosome haplogroup. It is a branch of Haplogroup F (M89) and is theorized to have originated, according to the latest thinking, in the Near East or Southern Asia, probably in the region that is now northern India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. The haplogroup began to spread with the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution, perhaps with the appearance of the early horse nomads of the Eurasian steppe. [39]

HAPLOGROUP I1 (I-M253) The mutations identified with Haplogroup I-M253(Y-DNA) are M253, M307, P30, and P40. The haplogroup was previously thought to have originated 15,000 years old in Iberia but is now estimated to have originated between 4,000 - 5,000 years ago. It is suggested that it initially dispersed from Denmark. I-M253 is found at its highest density in Northern Europe and other countries that experienced extensive migration from Northern Europe, either in the Migration Period, the Viking period, or modern times. It is found in all places invaded by the ancient Germanic peoples and the Vikings. In the modern era, significant I-M253 populations have also taken root in immigrant nations and former European colonies such as the United States, Australia, and Canada. [40]

HAPLOGROUP I2a I2a* (recently changed from I1b) In human genetics, Haplogroup I2 (P215/S31) is a Y-chromosome haplogroup. Until 2008, it was formerly known as Haplogroup I1b. Haplogroup I2a*(P37.2) accounts for most of the Haplogroup I component in the Y-chromosome diversity of Eastern European populations, reaching its peak in the Western Balkans, most notably in Dalmatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina (40-50%). The high frequency and diversity of Haplogroup I2a* among populations of the WesternBalkans lends support to the hypothesis that the Adriatic region of modern-day Croatia served as a refuge for populations bearing Haplogroup I2a* during the last glacial maximum. [41]

HAPLOGROUP R R1b1a2* (M269) European R1b is dominated by R-M269. It has been found at generally low frequencies throughout central Eurasia but with relatively high frequency among Bashkirs of the Perm Region (84.0%). This marker is also present in China and India at frequencies of less than one percent. The frequency is about 71% in Scotland, 70% in Spain, and 60% in France. In south-eastern England, the frequency of this clade is about 70%; in parts of the rest of north and western England, Spain, Portugal, Wales, and Ireland, it is as high as 90%; and in parts of north-western Ireland, it reaches 98%. It is also found in North Africa, where its frequency surpasses 10% in some parts of Algeria. [42]


HAPLOGROUP J is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. The clade derives from the haplogroup JT, which also gave rise to haplogroup T. In his popular book The Seven Daughters of Eve, Bryan Sykes named the originator of this mtDNA haplogroup Jasmine. The average frequency of haplogroup J as a whole is today highest in the Near East (12%), followed by Europe (11%), the Caucasus (8%), and Northeast Africa (6%). [43]

HAPLOGROUP K is believed to have originated in the mid-Upper Paleolithic, between about 30,000 and 22,000 years ago. It is the most common subclade of haplogroup U8b, with an estimated age of c. 12,000 years BP. Haplogroup K appears in West Eurasia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and South Asia and populations with such an ancestry. [44]

HAPLOGROUP W is found in Europe, West Asia, and South Asia. It is widely distributed at low frequencies, with a high concentration in Northern Pakistan. Haplogroup W is also found in the Maghreb among Algerians (1.08%-3.23%). Additionally, the clade has been observed among ancient Egyptian mummies excavated at the Abusir el-Meleqarchaeological site in Middle Egypt, which date from the Ptolemaic era. [45]


  1. THOMAS ROSCOW OF CHORLEY. Lancaster church registers show THOMAS ROSCOW recorded in 1563 as the father of Margaret Roscow when she was christened in Chorley. Two years earlier, Ellen Roscow had married James Hodgson there. In the 1650s and 1660s, JAMES AND ANNE ROSCOW of Chorley had at least six children: Elizabeth, born 1653; Mary 1655; James 1657; Ellen 1660 (died 1661); Edward 1662; and William 1664. The will of James Roscow of Chorley was proved in 1697 in Chester, naming widow Anne and surviving children -- co-executor James, Anne, Elizabeth, Margaret, and William(of Blunt Point, VA). A test on this Chorley Roscow /Roscoe line would be welcome.
  2. WILLIAM ROSCOW OF BLUNT POINT, VIRGINIA, was born in 1664, the youngest son of JAMES and ANNE ROSCOW of Chorley. William immigrated to Virginia and became the owner of Blunt Point Plantation in Warwick County (now Newport News), Virginia. He married Mary Wilson (1675-1741), and died in 1700 at Blunt Point, as his tombstone marker shows. They had four sons and one daughter. Although they had many descendants, William's direct paternal line of Roscow-surname descendants did not continue into the 1800s so far as we know. He may have been related to the Roscoes of Northampton Co., VA, about 25-30 miles away across the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. William's older son James Roscow (c. 1692 - c. 1722), married Jane (Jennie) Wilson and had no known children. James served as Receiver General of the Virginia colony in 1616 and as a member of the House of Burgesses in 1720. William's younger son William (c. 1696 - c. 1752) was also a Burgess. He married Lucy Bassett, and they had two sons and four daughters. Neither son is recorded as having a wife or children. William Jr.'s son James was the last Roscow owner of Blunt Point, which he advertised for sale in the early 1770s with the intent to return to England.
  3. JOHN ROSCOE OF LEIGH, Lancashire, was recorded in 1594 in the will records at Chester. The Leigh Roscoes in the 1680s included JOHN ROSCOE (possible father), Elizabeth born 1668, Thomas born 1675, Peter (Peet) born 1679 and baptized 1680 in Leigh, Arthur baptized 1679, and James born 1682. Based on circumstantial evidence and a similar combination of given names, we believe these Leigh Roscoes may have produced the Roscoes later found in Northampton Co., Virginia, in the early 1700s, including Arthur, Peter, John, James, and Elizabeth. These Northampton Roscoes later mainly moved to Bertie Co., North Carolina, by 1748-1755. A Rascoe tester in Bertie on this Northampton VA / Bertie NC line has matched Capt. William Rasco's line in Hertford Co., NC. Thus, we believe that Capt. Rasco's Hertford Co. Rascoe line came from adjacent Bertie Co. NC, and earlier from Northampton Co., VA, and possibly earlier from Leigh, Lancashire. Leigh is about twelve miles from Chorley. A Roscoe tester tracing back to these Roscoes in the 1680s in Leigh, Lancashire, is needed.
  4. JAMES ROSCOE OF FARNSWORTH, Lancashire, was also recorded in 1594 in the will records at Chester. Test needed.
  5. THOMAS ROSCOW OF PRESTWICH was born in 1564 at Eccles, Lancashire. He married Cathrena Mort in Eccles in 1589 and died in 1605. Test needed.
  6. THOMAS TATTERSALL ROSCOE OF MIDDLESEX was granted the first Roscoe Coat of Arms.
  7. RALPH ROSCOE OF BOLTON was born ca. 1577 in Bolton le Moors, Lancashire, and married Katherine Ross(born c. 1571, Bolton le Moors) in 1602 in Bolton. They are listed with at least five children. Test needed.
  8. JOHN ROSCOE was born in 1727 in Clifton near Kearsley, Lancashire, and married Ann Cocker, born in 1731. He moved to the Bolton area and was a possible descendant of Thomas of Prestwich. Test needed.
  9. TIMOTHY ROSCOE was born in 1817 in Kearsley, Lancashire, a possible descendant of Thomas of Prestwich. Timothy's wife Harriett was born in 1821 in Westhoughton, Lancashire. A test from a British citizen born in Bolton is now pending on this line.
  10. JOHN RUSCOE OF WALES was born ca. 1728, married wife Mary c. 1777, and died in 1820 in Harless, Gresford Parish, Denbighshire, Wales. He was a farmer from 1789 to 1800 in Bieston, Wrexham County, North Wales. A test is needed on this Welsh Ruscoe line.
  11. GEORGE RUSCOE OF MALPAS was born c. 1745 in Malpas, Cheshire, and married Mary Jones at Chester. They lived and raised their family around the parish of Malpas in south Cheshire on the border of Cheshire, Shropshire, and Wales. A test from a British Ruscoe is now pending on this Cheshire Ruscoe line.
  12. WILLIAM RUSCOE OF THE ESSEX-HARTFORD LINE (c. 1594 Billericay, Essex - 1682 Jamaica, Queens, New York) married first wife Rebecca in England, ca. 1619, mother of Nathaniel, John, Sarah, and Mary. William sailed to Boston with his family in 1635 on the famous ship Increase and settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Rebecca sailed with him in 1635 but died on the voyage. In 1645/1646, he married his second wife, widow Hester Musse, mother of Samuel. William and their sons Nathaniel and John founded Hartford, Connecticut, in 1640. William was appointed to keep the Hartford prison in 1649/1650. He moved to Norwalk, Connecticut, near John in 1655 and later moved in 1665 across the Sound to Jamaica, Long Island, New York, with his son Samuel. He signed his will in 1680 and died in Jamaica in 1682. He founded the New England / New York Ruscoe family line. Tradition in the Ruscoe family of Norwalk is that the family was of Huguenot origin. We have a test pending now on this Essex Ruscoe.


  1. Rasco/Roscoe/Ruscoe DNA Surname Project
  2. 1850/51 World-Wide Census|click here [1]
  3. The Freeman's Journal, online database, ( accessed 30Apr2020), transcribed, published Dublin, Ireland on 31 Mar 1809, page1, column 7 Copy of a Letter from Carlstad, dated March 10.
  4. The Norfolk Virginian, online database, ( accessed 29Apr2020), transcribed, published Norfolk, VA on 25 Sep 1869, page 2, column 7 Commissioner's Sale of Valuable Farm, in Isle of Wight County.

Research Notes

WILLIAM RUSCOE OF THE ESSEX-HARTFORD LINE (c. 1594 Billericay, Essex - 1682 Jamaica, Queens, New York) - NEED SOURCE

Research Pages

Available Resources

  • Rasco, William & Rasco, James Ray. "THE RASCO FAMILY TREE ROOTS AND BRANCHES - The Descendants of Rachel Harrell and William Rasco". Tennessee Valley Publishing, PO Box, 52527, Knoxville, TN 37950-2527, 1994, ISBN 94-67988, p. ____.
See this: Space Page for detailed source citations.

Also, see the related surnames and surname variants. See:Space:Category_Guidelines_for_Name_Studies


Researchers & authors William Earl Rasco & James Ray Rasco. [5]

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