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Raton, New Mexico One Place Study

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1880
Location: Raton, Colfax, New Mexico, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: New_Mexico One_Place_Studies
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Contents

Raton, New Mexico

This profile is part of the Raton, New Mexico One Place Study.
{{OnePlaceStudy|place=Raton, New Mexico|category=Raton, New Mexico One Place Study}}

Name

Ratón is Spanish for "mouse".

Geography

Continent: North America
Country: United States of America
State: New Mexico
County: Colfax
GPS Coordinates: 36°53′49″N 104°26′24″W
Elevation: 6,680 ft (2,036 m)

The city is located just south of Raton Pass. The city is also located about 6.5 miles south of the New MexicoColorado border and 85 miles west of Texas.

History

Bird's eye view of Raton abt. 1886[1]

In 1879, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway brought through a toll-road.

The original 320-acre site for Raton was purchased in 1880 from the Maxwell Land Grant. It is in the location of Willow Springs, a stop along the Santa Fe Trail.

A post-office in this location was first named "Willow Springs" (1877-1879), "Otero" (1879-1880), before the name of "Raton".[2]


Colfax County Courthouse

In 1897, the county seat was moved from Springer to Raton. The existing building was built in 1932 and is a WPA work in the "Art-deco" style, listed on the NRHP.[3]





Population

US Census population
YearPopulationSource
1880324[4][5]
18901255[4]
19003540[4][6]
19104539[4][7]
19205544[4][8]
19306090[4][9]
19407607[4][10]
19508241[4]
19608146[4]
19706962[4]
19808225[4]
19907372[4]
20007282[4]
20106885[4]

National Register of Historic Places

Cemeteries

Fairmont Cemetery





Fairview Presbyterian Cemetery
Mount Calvary Catholic Cemetery

Notable

People

  • Tom Wakefield Blackburn, American Author and lyricist
  • Edwin Fullinwider, Olympic fencer
  • Noel Mazzone, offensive coordinator for the University of Arizona football team
  • Paul L. Modrich received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2015
  • John Morrow (1865-1935), United States Representative from New Mexico
  • John R. Sinnock, United States Mint engraver known for work on the FDR dime
  • Petro Vlahos, three-time Academy Award-winning Hollywood special-effects pioneer
  • Robert W. Warren, the attorney general of Wisconsin
  • Bennie L. Woolley, Jr., racehorse trainer who won the 2009 Kentucky Derby

Group

  • The Fireballs, rock and roll group known for "Sugar Shack" and "Bottle of Wine".

Media

Sources

  1. Riddle, J.R. Bird-eye view of Raton, New Mexico, 1886-1888?. Courtesy of the Palace of the Governors Photo Archives (NMHM/DCA), J. R. Riddle Collection, Negative No. 071547.
  2. Julyan, Robert (1998). The Place Names of New Mexico (Revised ed.). Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 "National Register Information System", database (https://npgallery.nps.gov/ : accessed 12 Nov 2021) National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 US Census Bureau. “By Decade.” (https://www.census.gov/ : accessed 5 Nov. 2021)
  5. "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZTJ-P29 : 19 February 2021), Raton, Colfax, New Mexico, United States; citing enumeration district ED 7, sheet 216B, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), FHL microfilm 1,254,802.
  6. "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MM21-5X6 : accessed 5 November 2021), Precinct 20 Raton Raton City (part) Ward 4, Colfax, New Mexico Territory, United States; , NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,000.
  7. "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MGS8-NYT : accessed 5 November 2021), Raton, Colfax, New Mexico, United States; NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 913; FHL microfilm 1,374,926.
  8. "United States Census, 1920", database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M4VG-XYN : 2 February 2021), 1920.
  9. "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH1B-NC9 : accessed 5 November 2021), Raton, Colfax, New Mexico, United States; NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 1393; FHL microfilm 2,341,128.
  10. "United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KMR7-QBH : 6 January 2021), Raton, Colfax, New Mexico, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 4-19, sheet 1A, line 1, family 1, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 2441.




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