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Regions of Slovakia

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The Historic Counties of Slovakia from the Middle Ages to the Early 20th Century

From the 11th century until 1918, the territory of Slovakia formed the northern part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The kingdom was divided into counties, a number of which were entirely or partly situated in the territory of Slovakia. The original centre of each county was a large castle, where the governor of the county was based. In the territory of Slovakia, the counties remained almost unchanged from the Late Middle Ages until 1918. They are frequently mentioned in accounts of Slovak history and culture.

The following counties are entirely situated in the territory of Slovakia, apart from two small districts now belonging to Poland. They are arranged in geographical order from west to east. Their names are given in Latin, Hungarian, German and Slovak:

Posoniensis Comitatus, Posony Vármegye, Pressburger Gespanschaft, Prešporská Stolica, pop. 276,034

Nitriensis Comitatus, Nyitra Vármegye, Neutrauer Gespanschaft, Nitranská Stolica, pop. 341,322

Trenchiniensis Comitatus, Trentsin Vármegye, Trenschiner Gespanschaft, Trenčanská Stolica, pop. 281,555

Barsiensis Comitatus, Bars Vármegye, Barscher Gespanschaft, Tekovská Stolica, pop. 116,983

Thurocziensis Comitatus, Thurócz Vármegye, Thurotzer Gespanschaft, Turčanská Stolica, pop. 38,306

Arvensis Comitatus, Árva Vármegye, Arwaer Gespanschaft, Oravská Stolica (now partly in Poland), pop. 90,682

Liptoviensis Comitatus, Liptó Vármegye, Liptauer Gespanschaft, Liptovská Stolica, pop. 78,186

Zoliensis Comitatus, Zólyom Vármegye, Zohler Gespanschaft, Zvolenská Stolica, pop. 91,499

Scepusiensis Comitatus, Szepes Vármegye, Zipser Gespanschaft, Spišska Stolica (now partly in Poland), pop. 154,826

Sarosiensis Comitatus, Sáros Vármegye, Scharoscher Gespanschaft, Šarošska Stolica, pop. 191,516

The following counties were divided into Slovak and Hungarian parts when the border between Czechoslovakia and Hungary was drawn after the First World War:

Comaromiensis Comitatus, Komárom Vármegye, Komorner Gespanschaft, Komaromska Stolica, pop. 132,281

Strigoniensis Comitatus, Esztergom Vármegye, Graner Gespanschaft, Ostrihomská Stolica, pop. 55,301

Honthensis Comitatus, Honth Vármegye, Honther Gespanschaft, Honthská Stolica, pop. 112,384

Neogradiensis Comitatus, Nográd Vármegye, Neograder Gespanschaft, Neogradská Stolica, pop. 185,566

Gomöriensis cum Kis-Honth Unitus Comitatus, Gömör Vármegye, Gömörer Gespanschaft, Gemerská Stolica, pop. 181,819

Tornensis Comitatus, Torna Vármegye, Tornauer Gespanschaft, Tornanská Stolica, pop. 29,083

Abaujvariensis Comitatus, Abaúj Vármegye, Abaujwarer Gespanschaft, Abaujvárská Stolica, pop. 158,833

Zempliniensis Comitatus, Zemplén Vármegye, Zempliner Gespanschaft, Zemplinská Stolica, pop. 280,198

After the First World War, the following county was divided between the Czechoslovak regions of Slovakia and Sub-Carparthian Ruthenia. Since the Second World War, it has been divided between Slovakia and Ukraine:

Unghvariensis seu Unghensis Comitatus, Ungh Vármegye, Unghwarer Gespanschaft, Ungvarská Stolica, pop. 108,619

Source: Notitiae Politico-Geographico Statisticae Inclyti Regni Hungariae, Partiumque eidem Adnexarum. Auctore Ludovicus Nagy, Tomus Primus, Budapest 1828. The Slovak spellings have been partly modernized. The population figures from p. 469-470 include the total populations of the counties including parts now belonging to Hungary, Poland or Ukraine. https://www.digitale-sammlungen.de/en/view/bsb10010736?page=5


The Regional Divisions of Modern Slovakia

The regional divisions of Slovakia have changed a number of times since the country separated from Hungary after the First World War.

The present division of Slovakia into 8 regions (kraje) dates from 1996:

  1. Banskobystrický kraj (Banská Bystrica Region)
  2. Bratislavský kraj (Bratislava Region)
  3. Košický kraj (Košice Region)
  4. Nitriansky kraj (Nitra Region)
  5. Prešovský kraj (Prešov Region)
  6. Trenčiansky kraj (Trenčín Region)
  7. Trnavský kraj (Trnava Region)
  8. Žilinský kraj (Žilina Region)

Each region (kraj) is further divided into many districts (okresy). Each district (okres) typically contains many municipalities/towns. (In the few cases where a district is a city district, it may just contain one or more boroughs. For example, okres Bratislava I or okres Košice IV.)

The regions of Slovakia are named after their "capital cities". The districts where these capital cities are located are also named after them. So in the case of capital cities, they will be located in districts and regions with the same name. For example, the city of Banská Bystrica is located in okres Banská Bystrica (or Banská Bystrica District), and that district is located in Banskobystrický kraj (or Banská Bystrica Region).

If you're unsure which region a specific municipality or town is from, check this list: List of municipalities and towns in Slovakia





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Categories: Slovakia