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Reil (Rheinland-Pfalz)

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Surnames/tags: germany rheinland-pfalz
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Reil Coat of Arms

Reil is an Ortsgemeinde in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz), Germany. Reil is strongly characterized by winegrowing and tourism. It was the second capital of the Kröver Reich, a Carolingian crown estate that existed until the French Revolution.

The municipality lies on the Moselle. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Traben-Trarbach.

In 1008, Reil had its first documentary mention. The document in question, from King Heinrich II, is dated 18 May 1008 and documents an exchange agreement under which Archbishop Willigis of Mainz traded to Saint Stephen’s Church at Mainz an estate in Reil (then known as Rigula) for another estate in Büchenbach (then known as Buochinbah).[2] During the Middle Ages, an important pilgrimage centre, called Reilkirch, stood across the Moselle from Reil, whose Romanesque tower and Early Gothic nave were completely demolished in the 19th century.

Since Reil was also known in the Middle Ages as Rile or Ryle, it is often claimed that Cologne Cathedral’s first master builder, Gerhard von Rile, came from the village. A noble family from which “Meister Gerhard” could have come, however, is first named in documents only in 1285, roughly fourteen years after Gerhard’s death. Its last representative, David von Reil, died penniless in 1610.

Beginning in 1794, Reil lay under French rule. In 1814 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna. Since 1947, it has been part of the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

NOTE: Information and graphics extracted from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reil,_Germany .

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Categories: Reil, Rheinland-Pfalz