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Researching the Ancestors of Denise Marie Lukens

Privacy Level: Public (Green)

Location: Oregon, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: Lukens Porter Francis
This page has been accessed 2,368 times.


Here is where Erik will list research notes and sources relating to the ancestry of his mother Denise Marie Lukens.

Contents

Research Overview

DNA

mtDNA

Erik \ Denise \ Grandma K1a4a1a3 : found in Germany, Britain and Ireland https://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_K_mtDNA.shtml

Haplogroup K is believed to have originated in the mid-Upper Paleolithic, between about 30,000 and 22,000 years ago. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_K_(mtDNA)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4229899/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4402619/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4402619/


Surnames

Getz

Yates is a contraction similar to Katz (the most common Jewish surname). It is composed of the first letters of the Hebrew word Ger, meaning “convert,” and zedeks, a modifier signifying “righteous, generous, pious, faithful.” (It is evident, then, that the founder of this large family was non-Semitic.) The usual form in German and Ashkenazic lands was Goetz, or Getz, which has approximately the same pronunciation as Yates/Gates. Old English pronunciation (and even today’s Tidewater Virginia accent) often blends y and g sounds together, as in “The girl in the garden.” Other forms are Oetz, Utz, Aytes and Jets, which probably reflect a filtering through French and Dutch. Abbreviations such as GZ and KZ are said to derive from Rhineland Jewry.

Book of Jewish and Crypto-Jewish Surnames By Judith K. Jarvis, Susan L. Levin, Donald N. Yates

Getz is an acronym (a name created from the initial letters of a Hebrew phrase, and which refers to a relative, lineage or occupation) of the Hebrew Gabbai Tzedakah, meaning "official in charge of alms and charities". In some cases the acronym is Ger Tzedek, which means "proselyte".

Gabbai, (Hebrew: “collector”, ) plural Gabbaim, or Gabbais, treasurer or honorary official of a Jewish Orthodox congregation, often placed in charge of funds used for charity. The office is a carry-over from former times, when men whose reputations were above reproach collected funds for charity.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/gabbai

ג״צ Gatz Getz Gabbai of righteousness

https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Jewish_surnames

Often translated as “warden,” the gabbai (or gabba'im plural) helps keep things organized and running smoothly in a synagogue.

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4118810/jewish/The-Gabbai.htm

On Going Research

Ancestors to research

George Fox (1624-1691)

Nicholas (Hale) Haile (bef.1679-1730)

Nicholas Haile (1628-1670)

Joshua Angell (1714-1806)

Roger Williams (abt.1606-1683)

List of Links to research and print for the research archive

https://www.hollander-waas.com/blog/on-sephardic-surnames

http://travelsjewishhistory.blogspot.com/2010/10/masonic-jews.html?m=1

http://travelsjewishhistory.blogspot.com/2012/10/whats-in-name-part-i.html?m=1

https://rdc.reed.edu/c/jewishatl/home/bibliography

https://genealogical.com/2019/01/28/notes-on-the-ancestry-of-george-herbert-walker-bush-1924-2018-41st-u-s-president-by-gary-boyd-roberts/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12397-021-09364-4

https://www.aish.com/sp/so/After-500-Years-A-Return-to-Judaism.html?mobile=yes

https://kulanu.org/communities/crypto-jews/

https://www.heyalma.com/my-family-were-hidden-jews-for-over-500-years-not-anymore/amp/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maimonides

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Marranos_in_England

https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195399301/obo-9780195399301-0190.xml

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exilarch

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Davidic_line

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/robeson/283/

https://www.thetorah.com/article/esau-the-ancestor-of-rome

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Pennsylvania

https://lib.nmu.edu/voices/jewish.php

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Tunisia


Papers to print, pdfs

Portuguese crypto-Jews: the genetic heritage of a complex history Inês Nogueiro, João C. Teixeira, [...], and Luis Alvarez https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4313780/

Names of Jews in Medieval Navarre (13th–14th centuries) Lidia Becker Germany

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://yorkspace.library.yorku.ca/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10315/3618/icos23_140.pdf%3Fsequence%3D1&ved=2ahUKEwiRt-2mha_yAhXKXc0KHfWjBL0QFnoECA0QAQ&usg=AOvVaw2h0R8GM0jp1Knqh-ktxvGR

From Farmers to Merchants: A Human Capital Interpretation of Jewish Economic History∗ Maristella Botticini† and Zvi Eckstein‡ January 2003

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.bu.edu/econ/files/2012/11/dp124.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwiv1PK83K7yAhVyHDQIHWr-CiY4ChAWegQIAxAB&usg=AOvVaw2K6d0v7dttI5MhBjAHSsmH

https://www.brandeis.edu › T...PDF Web results The Jews of Rhode Island - Brandeis University https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.brandeis.edu/hornstein/sarna/introscommnets/Archive/TheJewsofRhodeIsland.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwj-6ujYpq_yAhVXZc0KHRpyCJoQFnoECAMQAQ&usg=AOvVaw17OYxEMMsvBaI4w4j8Ugm8

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.rijha.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/RIJH-Notes-Volume-11.2-all.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjngI6A7K3yAhXjdM0KHSy-A2QQFnoECC0QAQ&usg=AOvVaw1OvxAzT32HQgShSIijOpVM

Jesse family newsletter https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.jessee.org/s/newsletter28.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwicoNmv5rfyAhWfm2oFHc5eCn44FBAWegQIAxAB&usg=AOvVaw2a4OLVce9xP7suARUD1ooj

JStor articles

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1387078 https://www.jstor.org/stable/24423265 https://www.jstor.org/stable/23273776


Related books to look at

The Forgotten Diaspora Jewish Communities in West Africa and the Making of the Atlantic World

https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/forgotten-diaspora/B4981211E896F223711A4EB6014F8DC3

Book of Jewish and Crypto-Jewish Surnames By Judith K. Jarvis, Susan L. Levin, Donald N. Yates

Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America: A Genealogical History By Elizabeth Caldwell Hirschman, Donald N. Yates





Collaboration


Comments: 716

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Porter

https://groups.io/g/VA-FAUQUIER/topic/fauquier_co_va_web_page/82188693?p=,,,20,0,0,0::recentpostdate/sticky,,,20,2,0,82188693,previd%3D1618865009191346108,nextid%3D1580168848437467355&previd=1618865009191346108&nextid=1580168848437467355

https://www.familytreedna.com/public/porter?iframe=yresults

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/porter/9878/

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/porter/10092/

Two brothers--Thomas and Samuel PORTER-- m two sisters--Sarah "Sally" and Evelyn "Eva" WEAVER. https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/porter/10082/

  • PORTER, Thomas

https://www.huguenotmanakin.org/huguenot-ancestors

https://archive.vcu.edu/english/engweb/home/huguenot.htm



Other Porter families:

WikiTree contributors, "Peter Porter I (1605-abt.1665)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-1808 : accessed 16 February 2024).

https://www.geni.com/people/Peter-Porter/6000000007378585217

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LVFM-5FZ/peter-porter-ii-1651-1676

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/63241827/peter-porter

More Settlers from Various Sources

"According to the records, in 1635, in addition to those before-mentioned were... John Porter." https://dnaconsultants.com/virginia-surnames-families-possible-jewish-muslim-roots/

The name originates as an Old French occupational name, portier (gatekeeper), or porteour ("to carry"). https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porter_(name)

https://discover.hubpages.com/family/scots-irish-porter-family-genealogy-tennessee

https://freepages.rootsweb.com/~tqpeiffer/genealogy/Documents/Surnames/MMPS/Portner/PORTNER%20MMPS.htm

https://thelyonstracks.com/2021/02/02/a-new-beginning-the-porters-scots-or-irish/

WikiTree contributors, "William Alexander Porter (1740-1791)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-14876 : accessed 16 February 2024).

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LH1G-284/captain-william-a.-porter-1746-1828

https://thelyonstracks.com/2019/03/27/the-porter-family-of-cripple-creek/

...

https://www.geni.com/people/Benjamin-Porter-of-Orange-County/6000000003199498461

WikiTree contributors, "Benjamin Porter (abt.1679-1761)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-2173 : accessed 16 February 2024).

https://www.smokykin.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I29530&tree=Smokykin


His wife

Ann Porter (Campbell) https://www.geni.com/people/Ann-Porter/6000000001290269288?through=6000000003199498461

WikiTree contributors, "Ann (Campbell) Porter (abt.1695-abt.1742)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Campbell-3340 : accessed 16 February 2024).

I had made a profile for her father based on this source

https://www.smokykin.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I70106&tree=Smokykin

WikiTree contributors, "William Campbell (1662-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Campbell-29464 : accessed 16 February 2024).

Though on WT her parents were changed so no the above profile is Unconnected.

......

https://www.geni.com/people/Rev-Pierre-Peiret/6000000001874643596

http://www.pierreviret.org/whois.php

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/latourette/378/

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/12221371/pierre-peiret

http://www.latourrette.net/peiret_jean_article.html

WikiTree contributors, "Jean Latourette (1651-1725)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Latourette-1 : accessed 16 February 2024).

posted by Erik Granstrom
6. Modern Legacy

In 2012, The Jerusalem Post reported that philanthropist Susan Roth created Davidic Dynasty as subsidiary of her Eshet Chayil Foundation, dedicated to finding, databasing, and connecting Davidic descendants and running the King David Legacy Center in Jerusalem.[38] In 2020, Roth chose Brando Crawford, a descendant from both grandfathers, to represent the organization internationally.[39][40] The King David Legacy Center has seen support from Haredi Jews in Jerusalem.[41]

7. Jewish Interpretations

In Jewish eschatology, the term mashiach, or "Messiah", came to refer to a future Jewish king from the Davidic line, who is expected to be anointed with holy anointing oil and rule the Jewish people during the Messianic Age.[42][43][44] The Messiah is often referred to as "King Messiah", or, in Hebrew, מלך משיח (melekh mashiach), and, in Aramaic, malka meshiḥa.[45]

Orthodox views have generally held that the Messiah will be a patrilineal descendant of King David,[46] and will gather the Jews back into the Land of Israel, usher in an era of peace, build the Third Temple, father a male heir, re-institute the Sanhedrin, and so on. Jewish tradition alludes to two redeemers, both of whom are called mashiach and are involved in ushering in the Messianic age: Mashiach ben David; and Mashiach ben Yosef. In general, the term Messiah unqualified refers to Mashiach ben David (Messiah, son of David).

https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/37830

https://rosamondpress.com/2021/11/10/another-davidic-dynasty/

https://www.quora.com/How-is-Argentine-American-actor-producer-director-Mr-Brando-Crawford-connected-to-the-Davidic-line-King-David-of-Israel

https://www.oakpark.com/2013/11/12/its-all-in-the-name/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Davidic_line

http://www.dayanofaleppo.com/docs/AleppoHistA.aspx

https://avotaynu1.rssing.com/chan-65785647/all_p4.html

https://www.geni.com/people/Rabbi-Salom%C3%B3n-Ha-Levi-Nunez-de-la-Cavalleria/6000000010826948396?through=4793654215250024782

https://www.geni.com/people/Eliyahu-%D7%90%D7%9C%D7%99%D7%94%D7%95-Halevi-Dayan/6000000001915421446

https://www.geni.com/people/Johannes-Oberholtzer/6000000004271970657?through=4793654215250024782

https://www.geni.com/people/Reverend-Henry-Rosenberger-Jr/6000000002329163191?through=4793654215250024782

King David of Israel is your first cousin thrice removed's husband's 91st great grandfather.

https://www.geni.com/people/King-David-of-Israel/4793654215250024782

https://www.tabletmag.com/sections/arts-letters/articles/aleppo-codex

Moshe Dayan https://www.geni.com/people/%D7%9E%D7%A9%D7%94-%D7%93%D7%99%D7%99%D7%9F/5424460608490068899

Dayan means "judge" in hebrew. The Dayan surname has origins in Aleppo, Syria. The Dayan are considered to be one of a few families that are able to trace their lineage to King David. https://www.geni.com/surnames/dayan

https://www.geni.com/people/Eliyahu-%D7%90%D7%9C%D7%99%D7%94%D7%95-Halevi-Dayan/6000000001915421446

posted by Erik Granstrom
Some of these more famous Americans who became Mexican citizens include names as famous as Kit Carson and the future governor of New Mexico, who was later assassinated, Charles Bent. Both of these men married sisters, Kit married Maria Josefa Jaramillo and Bent married her sister Maria Ignacia Jaramillo. Both being the daughters of Francisco Estevan Jaramillo and Maria Apolonia Vigil.

http://nuevomejicano.blogspot.com/2014/?m=1

WikiTree contributors, "Christopher Houston Carson (1809-1868)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Carson-7 : accessed 16 September 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Francisco Estevan Jaramillo (1787-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Jaramillo-256 : accessed 16 September 2023).

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/KG43-422/francisco-estevan-jaramillo-1787-1867

https://www.geni.com/people/Francisco-Estafan-Jaramillo/6000000006423125171

The above are on the WT connection path between myself and:

WikiTree contributors, "Solomón Ha-Levi," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ha-Levi-4 : accessed 16 September 2023).

Who is:

Paul of Burgos (Burgos, c. 1351 – 29 August 1435) was a Spanish Jew who converted to Christianity, and became an archbishop, lord chancellor, and exegete. He is known also as Pablo de Santa María. His original name was Solomon ha-Levi. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_of_Burgos

His sister:

WikiTree contributors, "Maria Nunez Ha-Levi (abt.1380-abt.1423)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ha-Levi-1 : accessed 16 September 2023).

Matches

https://www.geni.com/people/Mar%C3%ADa-N%C3%BA%C3%B1ez-Ha-Levi/6000000000463212260?through=6000000010826948396

On the geni path for the above, we get to

WikiTree contributors, "Esther Gertrude Hughes (1903-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hughes-614 : accessed 17 September 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Esther-Hughes/6000000003807017090?through=6000000000463212260

Who's husband needs to be added to WT, and then add/ connect like 17 generations up to his ancestor Solomon ha-Levi, noted above.

Lester Knipe Bergey https://www.geni.com/people/Lester-Bergey/6000000002824112790?through=6000000000463212260

So for Lester, his great grandfather is in WT already:

WikiTree contributors, "John Gehman Swartley (1817-1902)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Swartley-168 : accessed 17 September 2023).

We get up to

WikiTree contributors, "Barbara (Oberholtzer) Rosenberger (1680-1765)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Oberholtzer-252 : accessed 17 September 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Barbara-Rosenberger/6000000027271928399?through=6000000000463212260

WikiTree contributors, "Henry Rosenberger (1725-1809)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rosenberger-80 : accessed 16 September 2023).

Also,

https://www.geni.com/people/Larry-J-Appignani/6000000000279998375?through=6000000000274371420

...........

posted by Erik Granstrom
Here Comes That Rainbow AgainThe Highwaymen

https://genius.com/The-highwaymen-here-comes-that-rainbow-again-lyrics

WikiTree contributors, "George Ezell Sr. (abt.1648-1693)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ezell-95 : accessed 31 July 2023).

From there, it was another 16 days of sailing before they arrived off the coast of Cuba on October 28, 1492. 

Once ashore, two of the explorers, Luis de Torres (also known by his Hebraic name, Yosef ben HaLevi HaIvri) and Rodrigo de Jerez, came upon an unusual sight. The indigenous inhabitants were puffing away at lit “catapults” (most likely rolled plant leaves) stuffed with tobacco, or, as the locals called it, cojoba (alt. cohiba). These were the Taíno people, who inhabited not only Cuba but also Hispaniola (modern-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic). One can imagine how the Spaniards, doubtlessly stressed from the most cramped and terrifying Atlantic crossing prior to the invention of the 777 and basic economy class, responded to the sight of people calmly drinking smoke: “We’d like some of that. Now. Please.” 

https://lapatiala.com/history-of-cigars/

https://www.geni.com/people/George-Ezell-I/6000000008697258319?through=6000000022525297483

https://www.geni.com/people/Amore-DeTorres/6000000022525297483

WikiTree contributors, "Amore De Torres (1600-1677)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/De_Torres-132 : accessed 31 July 2023).

https://forward.com/culture/411624/how-columbus-brought-america-its-first-jew/?amp=1

Amore (Yosuf Ben ha Levy Haivri) DeTorres is your third cousin twice removed's wife's 10th great grandfather.

You   →

Frank Granstrom your father

Stanley Granstrom his father

Ida Amanda Nyman his mother

Sofia Serafia Nyman her mother

Jonas Petter Utterström her father

→ Carl Olof Utterström his brother

Oscar Rubin Robin his son

Albert Whiting Robin his son

Wayman Lanear Robin his son

Edna Evelyn Boatright his wife

William Henry James her father

George Washington James his father

Martha Ann James his mother

James Angel her father

Martha "Patsy" Angel his mother

Frances Jane Harris her mother

Benjamin Adams, II her father

Nancy Agnes Adams his mother

George Ezell, II her father →

George Ezell, I his father

Mary Ezell his mother → Amore (Yosuf Ben ha Levy Haivri) DeTorres her father

https://www.geni.com/people/Amore-DeTorres/6000000022525297483

https://www.orveshalom.org/tell_me_about/sephardic_judaism/sephardic_corner?post_id=863141

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Colonial_America

Keeping Kosher on the Frontier With his buckskin breeches and raccoon-fur cap, Joseph Simon might have looked like any other pioneering fur trader in the American frontier of the 1700s. Arriving in the Colonies in 1740, German-born Simon moved to the pioneer village Hickory Town (today Lancaster, Pennsylvania). There, he made regular forays across the Appalachians, trading with Native Americans in furs and other goods.

Unlike the other traders, though, Simon never ate meat: at a time when frontiersmen regularly trapped animals for food, he subsisted on a diet of fruits, vegetables, grains and hard boiled eggs. In fact, though he lived in an area where Jews were almost completely unknown for many years, Joseph Simon seems to have maintained an Orthodox lifestyle. He was known for never doing business on Shabbat, and even built an Ark in his home housing a Torah scroll he likely brought to America with him from Europe. Decorating the Ark in the eastern wall of his parlor was the Hebrew inscription “Know Before Whom You Stand”. Early morning visitors to his home reported seeing Simon praying Shacharit, the Morning Service, with a white tallit over his head. https://aish.com/interesting-facts-about-jews-in-early-america/

https://theweitzman.org/events/sefarad-jews-in-early-america/

https://jewishheritagealliance.com/jews-in-early-america-from-inquisition-to-freedom/

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://www.brandeis.edu/hornstein/sarna/introscommnets/Archive/TheJewsofRhodeIsland.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwi_6J_Bg7iAAxVWFzQIHce-AkYQFnoECA8QAQ&usg=AOvVaw17OYxEMMsvBaI4w4j8Ugm8

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/rhode-island-jewish-history

https://www.geni.com/people/Elizabeth-Wolcott/6000000001608755978?through=6000000183356530914

https://www.geni.com/people/Juan-Carlos/6000000051266972015?through=6000000183356530914

https://www.geni.com/people/G%C3%A9za-Goldberger/5472738172580129463

https://www.geni.com/people/Bente-Berg-Johansen-Bigge/6000000018404834210?through=6000000004985737793

https://www.geni.com/people/Sir-Andrew-Agard-Kt/6000000008595243447?through=6000000018404834210

https://www.geni.com/projects/German-Jewry-in-the-Weimar-Republic-1918-1933/17042

https://www.geni.com/projects/Sephardic-Luminaries/3268

https://www.geni.com/projects/Crypto-Jews-Conversos-Marranos-Anusim/8486

https://www.geni.com/projects/Remembering-Rhode-Island-s-Prominent-Jewish-Families/8803

https://www.geni.com/projects/Intrepid-Jewish-Travellers-Explorers/13274

http://www.billgladstone.ca/the-road-to-timbuktu-adventures-of-a-jewish-traveller/

Alexander Ariʻipaea Vehiaitipare Salmon Jr. (1855–1914) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Ari%CA%BBipaea_Salmon

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Salmon

https://www.geni.com/people/Isaac-the-Jew-Charlemagne-s-Diplomat/6000000014633081117

https://www.geni.com/projects/The-Golden-Age-of-Jews-in-Sepharad-Al-Andalus/3273

https://www.geni.com/projects/Persian-Jewish-Genealogy-Portal/14079

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Scholars-of-Magical-Provence-France/8684

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jews-in-Colonial-America/1029

https://www.geni.com/projects/Origins-of-the-Baghdadi-Trade-Diaspora/12486

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Diaspora-Portal/8673

https://www.geni.com/projects/African-Jewry-A-Microcosm-of-the-Jewish-Diaspora/12510

https://www.geni.com/projects/The-Golden-Age-of-Jews-in-Sepharad-Al-Andalus/3273

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Families-from-Belgium/18576

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Argentina/11313

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Brigade-and-other-Jews-fighting-in-armies-against-the-Nazis/10843

https://www.geni.com/projects/Czech-Bohemian-American-Jews/14626

https://www.geni.com/projects/German-Austro-Hungarian-Jewish-Soldiers-Killed-in-WWI/12439

https://www.geni.com/projects/Family-L%C3%B6wenfeld-and-descendants/15828

https://www.geni.com/people/Rabbi-Joachim-Chaim-Deutschmann/6000000014542982827

https://www.geni.com/people/Princess-Vilma-Lwoff-Parlagy-Brachfeld/6000000019523627822

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Families-from-Prague/7995

https://www.geni.com/projects/Prominent-Jewish-Families-of-Vienna-Wer-Einmal-War/9272

https://www.geni.com/people/Simeon-II-of-Bulgaria-Prime-Minister-of-the-Republic-of-Bulgaria/6000000002003739635

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "Dirck Janse van der Vliet (abt.1612-1698)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Van_der_Vliet-45 : accessed 31 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Obadiah Ogden (1766-1846)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ogden-3702 : accessed 31 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Orion Valentine Mock (1856-1935)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Mock-343 : accessed 31 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Andrew Onderdonk (abt.1738-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Onderdonk-118 : accessed 31 July 2023).

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LZX4-H18/mary-ogden-1810-1884

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/36496186/obadiah-ogden

https://29deadpeople.com/wp/?page_id=2050

https://29deadpeople.com/wp/

Nicolas Schuyler Male1755–1824 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/K8KF-WPW

The Schuyler story in America began with the arrival of brothers Philip Pieterse and David Pieterse about 1650. The rise of these one-time tradesmen is a classic early American success story! They were among the founders of the trading community called Beverwyck, prominent fur traders, and able to acquire land in what became the Albany hinterland.

By the close of the seventeenth century, nine Schuyler-named households were counted in the city of Albany. These included the homes of first mayor Pieter Schuyler and two more future mayors of the city. https://exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/s/schuyler.html#sources

Schuyler trained to be a surgeon and entered the Continental army as a junior surgeon in 1776. He rose through the medical ranks and served at several locations. In 1781, he was appointed regimental surgeon in Moses Hazen's "Second Canadian Regiment" https://exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/s/nischuyler1732.html

https://www.fort-plank.com/Non_Mohawk_Val_Pens_N_Z.html

Sergeant John H. Hawkins, who wrote meticulous accounts of his experience serving with Congress’s Own in his journal. https://www.amrevmuseum.org/read-the-revolution/congress-s-own

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses_Hazen

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/2nd_Canadian_Regiment

https://www.hmdb.org/m.asp?m=147204

Joseph Simon (1712–1804) was a Lancaster County, Pa., merchant long active in the Indian trade. Barnard Gratz (1738–1801), a brother of one of Simon’s sons-in-law and a signer of the Philadelphia nonimportation resolutions of 1769 protesting the Stamp Act, had begun his career as a Philadelphia merchant in the employ of David Franks, the commissary of British prisoners for Pennsylvania appointed by Congress in December 1775. https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/03-12-02-0112

https://lifewithldub.blogspot.com/2019/10/the-not-so-simple-simon-story.html?m=1

WikiTree contributors, "Joseph Simon (abt.1712-1804)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Simon-3669 : accessed 31 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Nicolas Schuyler (1755-1824)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Schuyler-826 : accessed 31 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Johannes Ten Broeck (1683-1768)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ten_Broeck-122 : accessed 31 July 2023).

In 1747 he and Isaac Nunes Henriques purchased one half acre of land for the cemetery in which he is buried. It is the 4th oldest Jewish cemetery in the United States. Joseph Simon was born in 1712 probably in Germany.

WikiTree contributors, "Joseph Simon (abt.1712-1804)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Simon-3669 : accessed 31 July 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Simon-Isaac-Nunes-Henriques/6000000078085966821

http://www.jewish-history.com/occident/volume1/aug1843/savannah.html

New Light on the Jewish Settlement of Savannah https://www.jstor.org/stable/23874335

https://www.dutchjewry.org/sephar_tim/e1.shtml

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/lancaster

WikiTree contributors, "Isaac Nunes Henriques (abt.1686-1767)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Henriques-345 : accessed 31 July 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Isaac-Hayyim-Senior-Teixeira-de-Sampaio/6000000024933991944?through=6000000078085966821

https://www.geni.com/people/Joseph-Simon/6000000015962921339

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Simon_(1712%E2%80%931804)

https://www.pa-roots.com/lancaster/books/lancasteranditspeople/chapter1.html

Moses Nunes Henriques Profile & Legacies Summary https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/person/view/16402

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Henriques-385

https://www.wikitree.com/g2g/1298485/nunes-henriques-jews-in-jamaica-1600-1700

https://www.geni.com/people/Abraham-Nunes-Henriques/6000000023045773248

https://www.geni.com/people/Abraham-Nunes-Henriques/6000000023045773248

posted by Erik Granstrom
Robert Antrim Rust

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/L4TH-QPH

He married Elizabeth Mallery Jones https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/2DX2-3D6

Whos mother was Nannie Worth Shumate

Whos mother was Henrietta Burgess

Who's father was Alexander Burgess

whos mother was Frances Porter

whos father was Samuel Porter b 1732

I think moms aunt Suzanne Porter was married to a Stephen Rust?

posted by Erik Granstrom
He may have cut his ties with family and could be considered a traitor in some ways but he did have men who backed him and would continue to back his family. This group of men and their families would remain loyal supporters all the way through to Rollo’s descendant, William the Conqueror. The descendants of these men would follow William to England. In return for their loyalty they would receive great wealth and land, and become leading English Nobility in those early days of  William and his sons.  Among these men were Osmond de Centville, Bernard de Senlis (who had been a companion of Rollo of Normandy), Ivo de Bellèsme, and Bernard the Dane  (ancestor to the families of Harcourt and Beaumont).

https://timeslipsblog.wordpress.com/2016/01/11/from-rollo-and-poppa-to-the-de-senlis-family/

https://www.geni.com/people/Bernard-I-de-Senlis/6000000024671921199

https://www.geni.com/people/Bernard-Bormard-Comte-de-Senlis/6000000024699848289

https://www.geni.com/people/Osmund-de-Centeville-Vicomte-de-Vernon/5253885513910029233


WikiTree contributors, "Osmond (Centreville) de Centreville (abt.0960-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Centreville-3 : accessed 21 July 2023).

Bernard DeSenlis

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Senlis

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Count_of_Vermandois#Carolingian_counts

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermandois

https://www.geni.com/people/Bernard-Bormard-Comte-de-Senlis/6000000024699848289

WikiTree contributors, "Bernard (Senlis) de Senlis (abt.0919-aft.0965)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Senlis-35 : accessed 21 July 2023).

117 different paths were found between Bernard and Erik.

http://www.morganlefay.ca/CD/Richards%20en/INDIs51/II27324.html

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/GCD7-1BL/bernard-de-senlis-ii-count-of-bayeux--count---comte-dans-le-laon-0832-0893


...

Bernard of Clairvaux, O. Cist. (Latin: Bernardus Claraevallensis; 1090 – 20 August 1153), venerated as Saint Bernard, was an abbot, mystic, co-founder of the Knights Templar, and a major leader in the reformation of the Benedictine Order through the nascent Cistercian Order. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Clairvaux

https://www.geni.com/people/St-Bernard-of-Clairvaux/6000000017266684011

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_VI_of_Moreuil

...........

WikiTree contributors, "Rosena (Stucki) Hafen (1857-1912)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Stucki-300 : accessed 21 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Samuel Stucki (1824-1910)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Stucki-299 : accessed 21 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Richard Stucki (1925-2019)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Stucki-271 : accessed 21 July 2023).

https://www.wikitree.com/genealogy/STUCKI

https://www.geni.com/people/Magdaline-Stucki/6000000038328445081?through=6000000087771668007

https://www.geni.com/people/Samuel-Stucki/6000000038329396996?through=6000000087771668007

https://www.geni.com/people/Rosena-Blickenstofer-Hafen/6000000087771668007

https://www.geni.com/people/Francis-Bushman/6000000021850950451?through=6000000087771668007

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/KWCR-GNN/rosena-stucki-1857-1912

Anna Marie Stucki https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/KWCX-Q6D

John George Hafen Male 1838–1928 •KWCX-Q68 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/KWCX-Q68

https://www.geni.com/people/Lenore-Marxer/6000000029391631886?through=6000000021850950451

https://www.geni.com/people/Anna-Hafen/6000000002298125631

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/KWCR-31Y/mary-hafen-1877-1980

Le Roy Reuben Hafen https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KWC2-QJJ

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/LeRoy_R._Hafen

WikiTree contributors, "LeRoy Reuben Hafen (1893-1985)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hafen-42 : accessed 21 July 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/LeRoy_R._Hafen

https://octa-trails.org/product/recollections-of-a-handcart-pioneer-of-1860-a-womans-life-on-the-mormon-frontier/

https://history.churchofjesuschrist.org/chd/individual/ulrich-loosli-1830?lang=eng

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/10281081/ulrich-loosli

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/K2N6-9NP/ulrich-loosli-1729-1757

https://www.wikitree.com/genealogy/LOOSLI

Perplexed, I took a look at Mike’s Swiss line on Family Search. Non-Swiss names like Kohli, Dubi, Mani, Zagli and Wassem were in abundance. So much for Mike being Swiss. I found out that thousands of East Indians had immigrated to Europe starting in the early 1600’s. https://bycommonconsent.com/2007/04/05/dna-mormons/

https://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/s/SWISS_IN_UTAH.shtml

https://www.geni.com/people/Dr-Casper-Gubler/6000000015693255061

On the path to Casper Gubler on geni, on WT I get from me to

WikiTree contributors, "Editha Ann (Morley) Whiting (1818-1893)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Morley-4655 : accessed 21 July 2023).

Lucy Morley her daughter → Editha Ann Whiting her daughter https://www.geni.com/people/Editha-Whiting/3654974?through=6000000015693255061 → Alonzo Whiting her son → Jetta Reber his wife → Selina Gubler her mother → Dr. Casper Gubler her father

http://www.bottletreecreations.com/genealogy/MyDNA.html

https://www.ancientfaces.com/person/clinton-r-witmer-birth-1869-death-1956/192730649

Clinton Rudolph Witmer Male 1869–1956 •GM1Z-X53 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/GM1Z-X53

WikiTree contributors, "Clinton R. Witmer (1869-1956)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Witmer-626 : accessed 21 July 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feudalism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_I_of_Normandy

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodulf_of_Ivry

The phrase more danico[1] is a Medieval Latin legal expression which may be translated as "according to Danish custom", i.e. under Medieval Scandinavian customary law.

It designates a type of traditional marriage practiced in northern Europe during the Middle Ages.[2]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/More_danico

It is known that he served king Louis IV d'Outremer about 945 in the somewhat ambiguous capacity of a royal balistarius (Latin meaning variously crossbowman, operator of a siege engine, or as one in charge of siege equipment).[1][2]

In 942 his actions helped save the life of Richard, Duke of Normandy, who was effectively held a prisoner by King Louis IV of France at Laon.[1] The king was planning to kill or mutilate the young Richard so as to take control of Normandy himself.[3] Yves de Creil learned of the plot and passed the information to the boy's tutor, Osmund, who then took Richard secretly to the safety of the castle of Coucy, held by Bernard of Senlis.[1][4]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yves_de_Creil

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Senlis

https://freepages.rootsweb.com/~mainegenie/genealogy/BELLEME.htm

WikiTree contributors, "Clinton R. Witmer (1869-1956)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Witmer-626 : accessed 21 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Rauffe Josselyn (1475-aft.1525)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Josselyn-7 : accessed 21 July 2023).

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Farr-4362

WikiTree contributors, "Eula Belle (Witmer) Farr (1927-2014)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Witmer-624 : accessed 21 July 2023).

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "John Doyle Lee (1812-1877)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Lee-8082 : accessed 19 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John David Lee (1851-1922)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Lee-8168 : accessed 19 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Inez Louise (Hamblin) Lee (1871-1933)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hamblin-869 : accessed 19 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Johann Daniel (Bommeli) Bonelli (1836-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bommeli-4 : accessed 19 July 2023).

https://history.churchofjesuschrist.org/chd/individual/daniel-bonelli-1836

WikiTree contributors, "Louisa (Free) Wells (1824-1886)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Free-250 : accessed 19 July 2023).

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/24896744/louisa-wells

https://www.geni.com/people/Louisa-Wells/6000000000976340126

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/GSJP-JSN/louisa-free-1824-1886

https://www.reliefsocietywomen.com/blog/2013/07/16/louisa-wells-a-pioneer-story/

https://calisphere.org/item/89a63ee130408660e281c9f3fd100353/

From Switzerland to the Colorado River: Life Sketch of the Entrepreneurial Daniel Bonelli, the Forgotten Pioneer https://amp.issuu.com/utah10/docs/uhq_volume74_2006_number1/s/10312152

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonelli%27s_Ferry

WikiTree contributors, "Daniel Bourne (1810-1836)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bourne-990 : accessed 19 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Francis Xavier Bushman (1883-1966)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bushman-107 : accessed 19 July 2023).

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "Hugh Bullock (abt.1568-bef.1650)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bullock-378 : accessed 17 July 2023).

Captain Hugh Bullock ( Plantagenet) (± 1577-± 1650) https://www.genealogieonline.nl/en/family-tree-welborn/I38587.php

https://www.geni.com/people/Capt-Hugh-Bullock/6000000004383156948?through=6000000006728053869

https://www.geni.com/people/Zachariah-Rhodes-of-Pawtuxet/6000000000426548181?through=6000000004383156948

William Bullock's "Strange Adventure": A Plan to Transform Seventeenth-Century Virginia https://www.jstor.org/stable/3491677

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/124094239/hugh-bullock

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LCV2-9C3/hugh-bullock-1577-1650

WikiTree contributors, "Henry Percy (1421-1461)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Percy-44 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Urraca Garcés (Pamplona) de Navarra (-1041)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Pamplona-29 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Walchelin (Wadard) Waard (1100-1140)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Wadard-2 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Ordoño Ordoñez (León) de León (1010-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/León-155 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Katherine (St Leger) Culpeper (abt.1606-bef.1658)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/St_Leger-13 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Warham Horsmanden (bef.1628-1691)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Horsmanden-14 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Edward Digges (bef.1621-1675)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Digges-14 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Francis Dade (abt.1622-bef.1663)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dade-7 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Saint Leger Codd (bef.1638-1706)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Codd-38 : accessed 17 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Saint Leger Codd (bef.1638-1706)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Codd-38 : accessed 17 July 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worshipful_Company_of_Haberdashers

https://sites.rootsweb.com/~bmuwgw/ships2.html

WikiTree contributors, "John Bland (abt.1515-1555)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bland-629 : accessed 17 July 2023).

https://www.biblestudytools.com/history/foxs-book-of-martyrs/rev-john-bland-rev-john-frankesh-nicholas-shetterden-and-humphrey-middleton.html

https://www.geni.com/people/Jasper-Bland/6000000006728053869?through=6000000002766883185

https://www.geni.com/people/Adam-Bland-Skinner-to-the-Queen/6000000002766883185?through=6000000027152248730

https://www.geni.com/people/Robert-Bland-of-Orton/6000000027152248730?through=6000000051909942951

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Bland/6000000051909942951?through=6000000035194285153

https://www.geni.com/people/Rev-John-Bland-The-Canterbury-Martyr/6000000035194285153

https://www.historytoday.com/archive/john-bland-rector-adisham

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://www.musicologie.org/Biographies/i/m/201609200003.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwj1vrP7wJWAAxUcOTQIHbRyBX04ChAWegQIDBAB&usg=AOvVaw2D6cAViSK6En8tzLjceVG0

John Bale, Author and Revisor of Sixteenth-Century Metrical Psalms https://www.jstor.org/stable/24207756

https://www.geni.com/people/Edward-Isaacke-Esq/6000000006444176155


https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_exiles

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canterbury_Martyrs

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Isaac

Edward Isaac was an influential 16th-century English Protestant and Marian exile. He was a lay supporter of John Bland https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Isaac

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resistance_theory_in_the_early_modern_period

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "James Felix Bridger (1804-1881)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bridger-389 : accessed 17 July 2023).

http://www.wolcottfamily.com/henryjr.html

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LTQ9-5L1/james-felix-bridger-1804-1881

https://www.geni.com/people/Jim-Bridger/6000000012490259663

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Bridger

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/jim-bridger-born

https://sites.rootsweb.com/~mtygf/county/bridger_1.htm

James Bridger (Old Gabe) was in good company when he signed on with Hugh Glass, Jedediah Smith, and Thomas Fitzpatrick to be a member of General Ashley's Upper Missouri expedition. At the age of 17, he was the youngest member of the expedition. This was beginning of a long and colorful career in the mountains for Jim Bridger. http://xroads.virginia.edu/~Hyper/HNS/Mtmen/jimbrid.html

https://utahhistoricalmarkers.org/cat/fort/in-honor-of-james-bridger/

https://kids.britannica.com/students/article/Jim-Bridger/273353

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://muse.jhu.edu/pub/187/oa_monograph/chapter/203949/pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjjwqjitouAAxUYO0QIHQkJBAA4HhAWegQIBBAB&usg=AOvVaw3CUPj9gWdL711eSShFg-mx

https://bycommonconsent.com/2006/09/24/american-mormons-remember-their-british-heritage/

https://historytogo.utah.gov/mormon-trail-exhibit/

Flour was always first on everyone’s list. But flour in the 19th century was not the bleached and enriched flour available today. In the mid-1800s, the trail pioneer had to choose between three types of flour: shorts, middlings, and superfine. https://www.backwoodshome.com/oregon-trail-preparedness/

https://www.sltrib.com/religion/local/2017/10/14/historian-digs-into-the-hidden-world-of-mormon-finances-shows-how-church-went-from-losing-money-to-making-money-lots-of-it/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathan_Eldon_Tanner

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marion_G._Romney

https://heathervoight.com/tag/oregon-trail/

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/mormon-migration/

https://historicoregoncity.org/2019/04/03/outfitting-for-the-journey/

https://www.mesastewardship.org/news/truth-population-and-mormon-symbolism-a-mormon-essay/

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "Joan (Plantagenet) de Mowbray (abt.1312-abt.1349)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Plantagenet-128 : accessed 16 July 2023).

10 - The destruction of an army: The siege of La Rochelle, 1573 https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/abs/kings-army/destruction-of-an-army-the-siege-of-la-rochelle-1573/65D621F556E96538F5ED698C7A7D2C74

https://www.nga.gov/collection/art-object-page.41839.html

https://www.topofart.com/artists/Claude-Lorrain/art-reproduction/15487/Siege-of-La-Rochelle-by-Louis-XIII-1628.php

https://www.shmoop.com/study-guides/literature/three-musketeers/summary/chapter-forty-one-the-siege-of-la-rochelle

https://www.historytoday.com/archive/siege-la-rochelle-part-i

https://artsandculture.google.com/story/la-rochelle-a-fortified-city-fondation-du-patrimoine/cgUBTqQYeK29JQ?hl=en

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huguenot_rebellions

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Saint-Martin-de-R%C3%A9

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-Martin-de-R%C3%A9

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Saint-Martin-de-R%C3%A9

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_La_Rochelle

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Rochelle

https://www.enotes.com/topics/three-musketeers/chapter-summaries/chapter-41-summary

https://www.thecollector.com/siege-of-la-rochelle-battle/

WikiTree contributors, "Lionel (Welles) de Welles KG (abt.1406-1461)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Welles-62 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Robert Reade (1567-1626)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Reade-11 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Richard Reade (1511-1575)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Reade-552 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Andrew Reade (abt.1533-1623)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Reade-180 : accessed 16 July 2023).

https://historytheinterestingbits.com/2016/04/10/bessie-mother-of-the-kings-son/

WikiTree contributors, "Henry Fitzroy (1519-1536)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Fitzroy-1 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "George (Tailboys) de Tailboys (abt.1522-abt.1540)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Tailboys-37 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Elizabeth (Blount) Clinton (abt.1502-aft.1539)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Blount-13 : accessed 16 July 2023).

https://historytheinterestingbits.com/tag/gilbert-tailboys/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tailboys

WikiTree contributors, "George Tailboys (abt.1467-1538)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Tailboys-41 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Gilbert Tailboys (abt.1497-1530)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Tailboys-36 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "George Tailboys (abt.1467-1538)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Tailboys-41 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Frances (Dymoke) Windebanke (abt.1539-aft.1612)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dymoke-8 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "George Reade Esq. (1608-bef.1671)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Reade-10 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Lionel (Welles) de Welles KG (abt.1406-1461)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Welles-62 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Isabel (Mowbray) Berkeley (abt.1396-1452)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Mowbray-17 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Joan (Plantagenet) de Mowbray (abt.1312-abt.1349)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Plantagenet-128 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Pepin (Senlis) de Vermandois (abt.0876-abt.0922)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Senlis-68 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Roger (St Sauveur) de St Sauveur (abt.0945-abt.1014)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/St_Sauveur-14 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Pepin (Vermandois) de Vermandois (abt.0815-abt.0850)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Vermandois-246 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Olive (Welby) Farwell (bef.1604-1692)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Welby-8 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Olive (Welby) Farwell (bef.1604-1692)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Welby-8 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Elizabeth Ogle (bef.1411-aft.1425)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ogle-79 : accessed 16 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Anne (Tailboys) Carr (abt.1510-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Tailboys-43 : accessed 16 July 2023).

Mowbray-12-1.jpg

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://jam.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krixtifa_Kolombos

https://www.geni.com/people/William-Albright/6000000117131474922

William Foxwell Albright (May 24, 1891– September 19, 1971) was an American archaeologist, biblical scholar, philologist, and expert on ceramics. He is considered "one of the twentieth century's most influential American biblical scholars."[17] https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_F._Albright

King David famously said that the Torah is more precious than gold. In one passage he writes, “The Torah of Your mouth is better for me than thousands of gold (zahav) and silver” (Ps. 119:72). Later in that chapter he exclaims, “I love Your commandments more than zahav and paz” (Ps. 119:127). In yet another passage, King David writes, “They (the Torah’s Laws) are more desirable than gold and much paz” (Ps. 19:11). In these few passages we have so far encountered two words for “gold” — zahav and paz. In addition to these two words we will find another three words in the Bible that refer to “gold”: ketem, charutz, and betzer. This essay will explore these five different words for “gold” and discuss whether or not they are truly synonymous. Various commentators suggest that these different words connote different places in which gold is found and/or different hues of gold.

The American archeologist William Foxwell Albright (1891-1971) identifies Ophir with Punt in Somalia. https://ohr.edu/8859

Globally speaking, it is during the post-biblical period that semantics became of paramount importance. Popular Hebrew names included Benzion (son of Zion), Shalom (peace), Simha (joy), Shem Tov (good name) and Sinai. In the case of Haim (life), its meaning was directly responsible for its assignment to tenderly guarded or seriously ill children. Jews from Muslim countries commonly used Bechor (firstborn son), Nissim (miracles), Rahamim (mercy, compassion) and Sasson (joy).

In the Diaspora, the meaning of names in everyday languages determined their frequency of use. This was true for both names borrowed by Jews from local Gentiles and those created by Jews. Kalonymos (good name), Theodoros (gift of God) and Parigoros (comforter) started to be used by Greek-speaking Jews in antiquity; all of them were still used in medieval Western Europe. The first two gave rise to the Yiddish Kalmen and Todres, respectively.


https://forward.com/opinion/403289/how-important-are-the-meanings-of-jewish-names/?amp=1

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://religion.fandom.com/wiki/Baal_Shem_Tov

Male descendants of King David ruled Israel until the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem in 597 BCE, and Jews scattered. Some managed to stay in Palestine, others fled to Egypt, but the victorious Babylonians took most of the nesi’im—the princes of the Davidic line—to Babylon. There, the King David line continued: Princes of the House of David were appointed by religious leaders to govern the Jewish community. This person was called Rosh ha’gola, which translates as “head of the exile” or exilarch. Fraught with behind-the-scenes political infighting, the position survived the Arab conquest of Baghdad but came to an end when the last exilarch, Hezekiah, was imprisoned and tortured to death in 1040 CE.

So how do we know that these great rabbis of Eastern Europe were descended from King David? Tradition has it that they are all descended from the royal house through Rabbi Shlomo Itzhaki, known as Rashi, the great biblical commentator born in 1040 in the French city of Troyes. “You have stations along the way,” says Abraham Twerski, a psychiatrist and rabbi descended from the Hasidic dynasties of Chernoble and Sanz. “[The Twerskis] have a direct line to the Maharshal,” he says. “It is known that Maharshal had a direct line to Rashi, and Rashi to Rebbe Yohannan HaSandlar, one of the major authors of the Talmud and a shoemaker by profession. HaSandlar was known to be descended from King David.”

Jewish kings of Narbonne, an independent city-state founded by Charlemagne that stretched north from Barcelona to Aquitaine and was a major hub of Jewish scholarship. Narbonne’s ruling families are said to be descended from Natronai, a former exhilarch in Baghdad who had been force to flee after losing political support.

https://momentmag.com/king-davids-genes-2/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saadia_Ibn_Danan

https://www.geni.com/projects/Aleppo-Syria-s-Legendary-Jewish-Community/8665

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Diaspora-Portal/8673

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jewish-Ancestry-Research-Guide/1390

https://www.geni.com/projects/Revered-Rabbis-Kabbalists-Sages-Torah-Scholars-and-Luminaries-of-Renown/1052

http://dayanofaleppo.com/docs/dayyan.aspx

https://www.geni.com/people/Rabbi-Abraham-Aboab-of-Salonica/6000000143671292821?through=6000000143618489851

https://www.geni.com/people/Rabbi-Moses-Isserles-RaMA/3381870

https://www.geni.com/people/Salomon-Barnathan/6000000112403456828

WikiTree contributors, "Samuel Rose (bef.1625-abt.1698)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rose-1888 : accessed 15 July 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Samuel-Rose/6000000003397006730?through=6000000143671292821

On wikitree he has no wife attached, need to research and see if he was married to

https://www.geni.com/people/Rachel-Sarah-Abraham-de-Castro-Tartas/4049373381740021955?through=6000000143671292821

Oh I see, on geni she is connected to both

https://www.geni.com/people/Samuel-Rose/6000000003397006730?through=4049373381740021955

And

https://www.geni.com/people/Samuel-Rosa/4049373381770021956?through=4049373381740021955

Who look like they are two different persons from different locations.

They were in the middle of a path to

https://www.geni.com/people/Rabbi-Abraham-Aboab-of-Salonica/6000000143671292821?through=6000000143618489851

WikiTree contributors, "Samuel Shaw Sr (bef.1715-1781)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Shaw-1296 : accessed 15 July 2023).

Matches

https://www.geni.com/people/Samuel-Shaw/6000000001191967058?through=3381870


Alice Thomas her mother → Nathan Potts her father → David Potts his father → Jonas Potts, Sr. his brother → Mary Rachel Burson his daughter → Mary Ann Griffith her daughter → Rachel Shaw her daughter → Joseph B Shaw her husband → Samuel Shaw his father → Rebecca Shaw his sister → Abraham Shaw her husband → Deborah Meisels his mother → Deborah bat Judah Leib Meisels her mother → Rabbi Yehuda Leib Meisels, ABD in Belarus? her father → Dreizel (Therese) Bunim-Meisels his mother → Rabbi Moses ben Israel Isserles, "RaMA" her father

https://www.geni.com/people/Rabbi-Moses-Isserles-RaMA/3381870

https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8340-isserles-moses-ben-israel-rema

WikiTree contributors, "Daniel Itzig (1723-1799)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Itzig-4 : accessed 15 July 2023).

https://www.sefaria.org/sheets/24997?lang=bi

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shem_Tov

Israel ben Eliezer or Yisroel ben Eliezer (1698[1] – 22 May 1760), known as the Baal Shem Tov (Hebrew: בעל שם טוב, /ˌbɑːl ˈʃɛm ˌtʊv, ˌtʊf/)[2] or as the Besht, was a Jewish mystic and healer who is regarded as the founder of Hasidic Judaism.[3] "Besht" is the acronym for Baal Shem Tov, which means "Master of the Good Name," a term for a holy man who wields the secret name of God.[4] https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baal_Shem_Tov#:~:text=%22Besht%22%20is%20the%20acronym%20for,the%20secret%20name%20of%20God.

The Baal Shem Tov or Besht, was a Jewish mystical rabbi considered the founder of Chassidic Judaism.  “Besht” is the acronym for Baal Shem Tov, meaning “Master of the Good Name” or “one with a good reputation.” This movement came about in a time of serious persecution of Jews, but also during a time when scholarly Judaism was very focused on minute analysis of scriptures, and was not as focused on the real lives of the poorer Jews who could not send their children to years and years of religious education.  The Baal Shem Tov changed this for many people. https://mlpp.pressbooks.pub/introphil/chapter/baal-shem-tov/

posted by Erik Granstrom
Let’s break down those three words:

baal—master shem—name tov—good.

Let’s start with the basic term baal shem. It literally means “master of the Name.” It is a title often given to those who have mastered the kabbalistic names of G‑d and His angels. Through intense concentration on these names, they are capable of overriding the patterns of nature to heal the sick and rescue those in need

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/3772388/jewish/What-Does-Baal-Shem-Tov-Mean.htm


(1698 CE), the soul of such an individual was born into our world. His name was Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov, and in the course of his 62 years of earthly life he revolutionized the way we see ourselves, our world, and our place in it.

And these are the things he taught:

That everything we do is meaningful. Our every deed, every word we speak, even a single thought we think, has an effect that reverberates throughout all the worlds and through the whole of history.

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/86041/jewish/Revolution.htm

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/3755339/jewish/Why-Do-Many-Chassidim-Wear-Shtreimels-Fur-Hats.htm

https://www.jewishhistory.org/the-baal-shem-tov/

However, the truth may lie in another commentary of Rashi, this time on a well-known mishnah in Pirkey Avos—Chapter 4, Mishnah 13 (or 12 in some versions). “There are three crowns: the crown of royalty, the crown of the priesthood, and the crown of Torah. But the crown of a good name is more exalted than them all.” http://breslovcenter.blogspot.com/2012/10/the-baal-shem-tovs-nickname.html?m=1

The founder of Chasidism, Israel Ben Eliezer (1698-1760) was know as the Baal Shem Tov, the Master of the Good Name. This appellation was also used of mystical rabbis before him and refers to mastery of the powers inherent in Gods Ineffable Name.

In religious circles, God is often called Hashem, meaning The Name. Since God is unknowable, we cannot say anything specific to refer to Him. https://www.thejc.com/judaism/jewish-words/shem-1.8030?reloadTime=1650844800020

Many of the Baal Shem Tov’s teachings were rooted in Jewish mysticism. Unlike the leading Jewish scholars of the day, who viewed Torah study as the highest religious act, the Baal Shem Tov stressed the importance of prayer as a means of achieving d’vekut, or cleaving to God. He also emphasized the centrality of joy in the service of God. The Baal Shem Tov believed that every act, including the most mundane, could be a vehicle for holiness, and he taught that the pure-hearted service of even the most simple and uneducated Jew could rival those of the most learned. All these ideas would become distinguishing features of Hasidic life until the present day. https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/the-baal-shem-tov/

In the words of our Sages: ‘ “A good name is better than precious oil; and the day of death than the day of one’s birth.” ’ (Ecclesiastes 7:1) They asked [King] Solomon: Why is a good name better than precious oil? He replied: When a person is born, no one knows what he or she will become, but when they leave this world with a good name — a good reputation — they inspire others to do good deeds by their example…. And when others speak of them, they say: ‘How righteous was this person! How great were her acts of righteousness! How learned was he in Torah! How devoted was she to a life of mitzvot — a life of duty! Surely will his sleep be with the righteous!’ ” (Midrash Tanchuma, Vayakheil 1:3) https://jewishjournal.com/commentary/columnist/295447/a-good-name/

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/110430/jewish/The-Baal-Shem-Tov.htm

Israel spent the next ten years praying and studying with a mentor [who was Achiyah HaShaloni, a Biblical prophet who was sent to him from Heaven].

The Chassidic Movement

Achiyah HaShaloni was among those [Israelites] that left Egypt with Moses and was a prophet during the reign of King David [and King Solomon]. Achiyah initiated Israel into the mysteries of the Torah.

https://asknoah.org/essay/the-baal-shem-tov

A good name does not originate from our yichus, our inherited status, but from our deeds. As we most famously learn from Rabbi Simeon in the Mishnah, “There are three crowns: the crown of the law, the crown of the priesthood, and the crown of royalty. But the crown of a good name (to which anyone can aspire) is greater than them all (Avot 4:17).” On our Etz Chayim, memorial Tree of Life in the entrance to our synagogue building, we see names on leaves. For many, we will know them simply by their name, not needing to revert to our Memorial Book for words of embellishment. The name says it all. https://www.liberaljudaism.org/2020/04/blog-how-do-we-acquire-a-shem-tov-good-name/

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/3677157/jewish/The-Man-King-David-Took-to-Court.htm

Today we present the Biblical name of King David, the second king of Israel, King Saul’s successor. His name is spelled with Dalet, Vav, Dalet, exactly as the spelling of the word ‘beloved’ or ‘favorite.’ And indeed, we see throughout the Bible that David’s heart is with God and that God favors him and loves him more than any other king in Israel after him. David’s name manifests his life – He is God’s beloved. https://hebrew.jerusalemprayerteam.org/david-beloved/

David (/ˈdeɪvɪd/; Biblical Hebrew: דָּוִד‎, romanized: Dāwīḏ, "beloved one")[a][4] was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the third king of the United Kingdom of Israel.[5][6] Historians of the Ancient Near East agree that David probably lived around 1000 BCE, but little more is known about him as a historical figure. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/David

Midrashic Tradition tells us that King Solomon appears in the Bible under several different names. His parents, King David and Batsheba, named him Shlomo, while the prophet Natan named him Yedidyah (see II Sam. 12:24-25). Actually, the name Shlomo was already given to him before his birth in a prophecy to King David (see I Chron. 22:9). Two of the twenty-four books in the Bible open by explicitly ascribing their authorship to Shlomo: Shir HaShirim (Song of Songs) and Mishlei (Proverbs). A third book, Kohelet (Ecclesiastes), ascribes itself to somebody named Kohelet, son of David, king of Jerusalem. According to tradition, Kohelet is another name for Solomon. So far, we have three names for King Solomon.

This Midrash explains that the name Shlomo is related to Shalom (as explained above), and the names Kohelet and Agur are both different forms of “gathering” (as mentioned above), an allusion to the fact that all the Jewish People were gathered together in his times, and there was no in-fighting. In other words, these names stand out because they allude to the fact that King Solomon presided over the pax Judaica. https://ohr.edu/8266

posted by Erik Granstrom
......

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0265691412458411

https://www.roemer.nrw/en/north-rhine-westphalia-roman-empire

https://academic.oup.com/gh/article-abstract/36/2/281/4877000

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/westphalia-germany

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Westphalia

........

Major Cecil Sebag-Montefiore is your second cousin four times removed's wife's uncle's ex-wife's first cousin's wife's sister's husband.

You → Frank Granstrom your father → Stanley Granstrom his father → Frank Algot Granström his father → Jonas Gustaf Berglund Granström his father → Christina Larsdotter his mother → Christina Brandell her mother → Pehr Brandell her brother → Simon Brandell his son → Simon Brandell, II his son → Elin Brandell his wife → Gustafva Henriques her mother → Wilhelm Heyman her brother → Alida 'Aron' Heyman his ex-wife → Aarón Rubén 'Ruben' Henriques her father → Dorothea Melchior his sister → Carl Henriques Melchior her son → Clara Melchior his wife → Emilia (Amy) Margaret Sebag-Montefiore her sister → Major Cecil Sebag-Montefiore her husband

https://www.geni.com/people/Major-Cecil-Sebag-Montefiore/6000000011299732854

Major Cecil Moses Sebag-Montefiore https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/KZ52-1KN

Lt.Col. Eric Cecil Sebag-Montefiore https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/999S-MSR

https://www.geni.com/people/Major-Cecil-Sebag-Montefiore/6000000011299732854

Lt.Col. Eric Cecil Sebag-Montefiore Male 1899–1991 •999S-MSR https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/999S-MSR

......


WikiTree contributors, "Barnabas Packard (1772-1856)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Packard-1713 : accessed 13 July 2023).

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WikiTree contributors, "David Packard (1912-1996)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Packard-487 : accessed 13 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Cecil Sebag-Montefiore (1873-1923)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Sebag-Montefiore-7 : accessed 13 July 2023).

https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Special:Connection&action=connect&person1Name=Sebag-Montefiore-7&person2Name=Granstrom-5&relation=0&ignoreIds=

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WikiTree contributors, "Robert Moody Kimball (1870-1959)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Kimball-1064 : accessed 13 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Bacon Jr MA (1809-1871)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bacon-2298 : accessed 13 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Abraham Lambrozo (de Mattos) Mocatta (1730-1800)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/De_Mattos-9 : accessed 13 July 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Abraham-Lumbroso-de-Mattos/6000000011648134015

WikiTree contributors, "Solomon Seabag (1783-1831)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Seabag-2 : accessed 13 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Joseph (Seabag) Sebag-Montefiore (1822-1903)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Seabag-1 : accessed 13 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Eric Stephen Sebag-Montefiore (1926-2014)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Sebag-Montefiore-13 : accessed 13 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John King (1837-1908)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/King-36140 : accessed 13 July 2023).

Simon Jonathan Sebag Montefiore (/ˌsaɪmən ˌsiːbæɡ ˌmɒntɪfiˈɔːri/; born 27 June 1965) is a British historian, television presenter and author of popular history books and novels.

Simon Sebag Montefiore was born in London. His father was psychotherapist Stephen Eric Sebag Montefiore (1926–2014), a great-grandson of the banker Sir Joseph Sebag-Montefiore, the nephew and heir of the wealthy philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore,[3] considered by some "the most important Jew of the 19th century".[4] Simon's mother was Phyllis April Jaffé (1927–2019) from the Lithuanian branch of the Jaffe family. Her parents fled the Russian Empire at the beginning of the 20th century. They bought tickets for New York City, but were cheated, being instead dropped off at Cork, Ireland. Due to the Limerick boycott in 1904, her father Henry Jaffé left the country and moved to Newcastle upon Tyne, England.[4] Simon's brother is Hugh Sebag-Montefiore.

The Montefiore family are descended from a line of wealthy Sephardi Jews who were diplomats and bankers all over Europe and who originated from Morocco and Italy.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Sebag_Montefiore

http://www.simonsebagmontefiore.com/

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-3336389/amp/Simon-Sebag-Montefiore-ancestors-BURNED-stake-Spanish-Inquisition.html

https://www.haaretz.com/2011-06-16/ty-article/oh-jerusalem-my-family-my-history/0000017f-dba7-db5a-a57f-dbefee3a0000

https://www.geni.com/people/Moses-Montefiore/6000000015108707139

https://gw.geneanet.org/pfdm?lang=en&n=montefiore&oc=0&p=moses+haim

https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/668280?availability=Family%20History%20Library

https://www.geni.com/people/Moses-Montefiore/6000000007038603092

WikiTree contributors, "Moses Haim Montefiore Bt (1784-1885)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Montefiore-1 : accessed 13 July 2023).

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ko-31

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses_Montefiore

https://www.montefioreendowment.org.uk/sirmoses/about/

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sir-Moses-Montefiore-Baronet

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/770671/jewish/Sir-Moses-Montefiore.htm

The third son, Moses Vita (Haim) Montefiore, married, in 1752, Esther Hannah, daughter of Massahod Racah, a Moorish merchant of Leghorn. Moses had seventeen children. https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/10960-montefiore

https://www.jewage.org/wiki/en/Profile:P0238311041

WikiTree contributors, "Esther Hannah (Racah) Montefiore (1733-abt.1812)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Racah-1 : accessed 13 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Michael Kissane (1847-1890)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Kissane-124 : accessed 13 July 2023).

http://genealogytrails.com/ndak/walsh/

https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Moses_Montefiore

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/sir-moses-montefiore

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/112353/jewish/Sir-Moses-Montefiore.htm

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/what-will-solar-cycle-25-look-like-sun-prediction-model

https://www.cxoadvisory.com/calendar-effects/sunspot-cycle-and-stock-returns/

https://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/solar-cycle-progression

https://www.loc.gov/resource/rbpe.17101800/?st=text

.....

http://www.jewgenpedia.com/families/benedict1.html

WikiTree contributors, "William Bernard Sears Sr (1911-1992)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Sears-2712 : accessed 03 July 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoghi_Effendi

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euphemia_Eleanor_Baker

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dawn-Breakers

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bah%C3%A1%CA%BC%C3%AD_calendar

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attic_calendar

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Callippic_cycle

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metonic_cycle

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cycle_(calendar)

.......

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_King_(bishop)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narcissus_Marsh

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Stillingfleet

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9ric_Casaubon

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Casaubon

WikiTree contributors, "Isaac Casaubon (1560-1614)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Casaubon-98 : accessed 03 July 2023).

https://www.jewishideasdaily.com/861/features/telling-jewish-time/

https://www.jewishideasdaily.com/author/allan-nadler

https://www.jewishideasdaily.com/791/features/the-huguenot-connection/

https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/abs/cambridge-history-of-judaism/jewish-world-c-16501815/8F6C0EE7E1DA075D76F0696FE717B4D1

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Jewish_Museum

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Who_is_a_Jew%3F

https://www.opb.org/television/programs/oregon-experience/article/the-jewish-frontier/?outputType=amp

https://www.waybackgen.com/whats-new/jewish-genealogy-intro?format=amp

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alonzo_Delano

https://www.theunion.com/news/local-news/the-blue-vault-of-heaven-alonzo-delano-and-the-great-grass-valley-fire-of-1855/article_e5cf6226-bf2b-5998-b1bf-d064e825b5e0.html

WikiTree contributors, "Matilda (Timperley) de Massey (abt.1310-abt.1349)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Timperley-1 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Thomas (Gerard) Garrard (bef.1490-abt.1545)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gerard-617 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Elizabeth (Byron) Gerard (abt.1480-aft.1525)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Byron-12 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Moses Lucas (1753-1829)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Lucas-5344 : accessed 02 July 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Moses-Lucas-Jr/6000000006442655223

Moses Lucas Jr. Male 1753–1829 •LZGY-NHS https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LZGY-NHS

Sally Sue Frizzell https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/LJJD-8DD

Sally Sue Frizzell Female 1950–2004 •LJJD-8DD https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/LJJD-8DD

WikiTree contributors, "Ralph Lyndon Frizzell (1917-2003)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Frizzell-903 : accessed 02 July 2023).

Avery, James Conant https://secure.sos.state.or.us/prs/personprofile.do?recordNumber=48790

https://secure.sos.state.or.us/prs/oregonianSearch.do?searchMode=getCount&lastName=ave*&firstName=&gender=&startDate=&endDate=&county=

https://www.co.benton.or.us/boc/page/pre-territorial-period-1846-1849

In 1847, Joseph C. Avery began laying out a town at the confluence of Marys River with the Willamette River, and the place was called Marysville.[9] In 1853, the legislature changed the name of the town to Corvallis, a compounding of Latin words meaning heart of the valley.[9] Prior to settlement by European Americans, fur traders referred to the Mary's River as Mouse River or Mice River.[2] It is probable that nearby Marys Peak was named for the river.[2] https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marys_River_(Oregon)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_C._Avery

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/18139862/joseph-conant-avery

WikiTree contributors, "Ezra Howk (1806-1890)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Howk-20 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Joseph Conant Avery (1817-1876)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Avery-1195 : accessed 02 July 2023).

https://accessgenealogy.com/illinois/biography-of-j-c-avery.htm

https://www.corvallisoregon.gov/community/page/historic-walking-tour-j-c-avery-building

.........

Gerritt Sanderson Male 1640–Deceased •GM8M-4P1 https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/GM8M-4P1/gerritt-sanderson-1640

WikiTree contributors, "Gerritt Sanderson (abt.1640-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Sanderson-862 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Sydney Woolf MP (1837-1918)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Woolf-202 : accessed 02 July 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidney_Woolf#:~:text=Sidney%20Woolf%20(16%20June%201837,Commons%20from%201880%20to%201885.

WikiTree contributors, "Jack Barnato Joel (1862-1940)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Joel-90 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Ann Marten (1698-1730)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Marten-50 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Walter Williamson (1761-1804)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Williamson-8126 : accessed 02 July 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Solomon Nunes Carvalho (1815-1897)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Carvalho-73 : accessed 02 July 2023).

https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Special:Connection&action=connect&person1Name=Carvalho-73&person2Name=Granstrom-5&relation=0&ignoreIds=

WikiTree contributors, "Gail Borden (1801-1874)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Borden-1 : accessed 02 July 2023).

Anticipating the work of Louis Pasteur, Borden believed that protecting milk from airborne impurities would keep it from spoiling. He used a vacuum pan with a heating coil to vaporize the water from the milk without burning or souring it. Unequaled in purity at the time, the resulting condensed milk could be stored and shipped over long distances. During the Civil War, the Union Army ordered more of the milk than Borden’s factory could produce. Word of its advantages quickly spread to the public and the milk industry flourished.

https://www.bordendairy.com/about-gail-borden/

https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/borden-gail-jr

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gail_Borden

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_C._Fr%C3%A9mont

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solomon_Nunes_Carvalho

https://jewishfilm.org/Catalogue/films/carvalhosjourney.htm

https://artmuseum.princeton.edu/story/art-and-life-solomon-nunes-carvalho

http://www.jewishmag.com/185mag/solmon_carvalho/solmon_carvalho.htm

http://carvalhosjourney.com/the-film/

posted by Erik Granstrom
James Bowie was born near Terrapin Creek (now Spring Creek) where it crosses Bowie's Mill Road (Turnertown Road), nine miles northwest of Franklin, Logan County (now Simpson County), Kentucky, probably on April 10, 1796. He was the son of Reason (or Rezin) and Elve Ap-Catesby Jones (or Johns) Bowie.

http://www.sonsofdewittcolony.org/adp/history/bios/bowie/bowie.html

https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/ham-caiaphas-kennard

https://tpwd.texas.gov/fishboat/boat/paddlingtrails/inland/martin_dies_sp/bevilport.phtml

http://bowieknifefightsfighters.blogspot.com/2010/12/jim-bowies-sandbar-fight.html?m=1

https://www.legendsofamerica.com/sandbar-fight/

Seventeen men stood on a sandbar as the Mississippi River rolled past on either side of this small spit of land. The site had been selected for the meeting because, as a transient sandbar, it stood outside the jurisdiction of both Louisiana and Mississippi’s anti-dueling laws.

Jim Bowie was not the first frontiersman to wield a large hunting knife in combat, and almost certainly did not brandish a uniquely designed blade. Similar descriptions of large hilted knives used by Mexican vaqueros appear as early as 1800 along the border regions of Texas. 

https://thehistorybandits.com/2015/07/04/selling-the-sandbar-marketing-the-bowie-knife/

locate in the Austin colony but eventually allowed the tracts there.

In San Antonio Bowie posed as a man of wealth, attached himself to the wealthy Veramendi family, and was baptized into the Catholic Church,qv sponsored by the Veramendis. In the autumn of 1830 he accompanied the family to Saltillo, and on October 5 officially became a Mexican citizen. The citizenship was contingent on his establishing wool and cotton mills in Coahuila. Through his friend Angus McNeillqv of Natchez, he purchased a textile mill for $20,000. On April 25, 1831, in San Antonio, Bowie married Ursula de Veramendi. He had appeared before the mayor, declared his age as thirty-two (he was actually thirty-five), and pledged to pay Ursula a dowry of $15,000. He valued his properties at $222,800. But the titles to his 60,000 arpents of Arkansas land, valued at $30,000, were fraudulent. Walker and Wilkins of Natchez owed Bowie $45,000 for his interest in Arcadia Plantation, and had given McNeil $20,000 for the Saltillo mill. Bowie borrowed $1,879 from his father-in-law and $750 from Ursula's grandmother for a honeymoon trip to New Orleans and Natchez. The Bowies settled in San Antonio.

https://www.knowsouthernhistory.net/Biographies/James_Bowie/

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Secret_History_of_the_Mongols

https://borderlessblogger.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/the-nestorian-legacy-aramaic-mongolian-christians-and-the-persian-church-of-the-east-2/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandaeism

John the Baptist[note 1] (c. 1st century BC – c. AD 30) was a Judaean preacher active in the area of the Jordan River in the early 1st century AD.[19][20] He is also known as John the Forerunner in Christianity, John the Immerser in some Baptist Christian traditions,[21] and Prophet Yahya in Islam. He is sometimes alternatively referred to as John the Baptiser.[22][23][24] https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_the_Baptist#Mandaeism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pieter_Bruegel_the_Elder

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese-Jewish_common_ancestry_theory

1908 he published a book in which he theorised that the Hata clan, which arrived from Korea and settled in Japan in the third century, was a Jewish-Nestorian tribe. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._Y._Saeki

Of complex ethnicity, Nestorians list in their ancestry Aramaeans, Assyrians, Kurds, Persians, and Arabs. After being Christianized, they came to be known as "East Syrians," to distinguish them from the "West Syrian" Monophysites or the Jacobites. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/nestorians

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hormuzd_Rassam

https://www.uncomfortableoxford.co.uk/amp/unburying-an-archaeologist-the-forgotten-story-of-hormuzd-rassam

https://www.aramcoworld.com/Articles/May-2018/Iraq-s-First-Archeologist

Hormuzd Rassam was born in Mosul, Iraq (the Ottoman Empire at the time) in 1826.  His family was part of the Chaldean Catholic Church, but Rassam himself would eventually convert to Anglicanism.  https://www.auaf.us/blog/hormuzd-rassam/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lion_Hunt_of_Ashurbanipal

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hormuzd_Rassam

Ahura Mazda (/əˌhʊərə ˈmæzdə/;[1] Avestan: 𐬀𐬵𐬎𐬭𐬋 𐬨𐬀𐬰𐬛𐬃, romanized: Ahurō Mazdā̊; Persian: آهورا مزدا, romanized: Āhurā Mazdā),[n 1] also known as Oromasdes, Ohrmazd, Ormusd, Ahuramazda, Hoormazd, Hormazd, Hormaz and Hurmuz, is the creator deity in Zoroastrianism. He is the first and most frequently invoked spirit in the Yasna. The literal meaning of the word Ahura is "lord", and that of Mazda is "wisdom". https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahura_Mazda

The Archbishop of Constantinople, a man by the name of Nestorius, is the main topic of discussion here. Nestorius had daringly argued in his sermons that Christ’s human and divine natures were distinct—a doctrine known as dyophysitism, literally “two natures;” as opposed to mono- or miaphysitism, “one nature.” As a result, Nestorius declared that the Virgin Mary must be referred to by the Greek title Christokos “Christ-bearer,” in place of the suggestively monophysite Theotokos, or “God-bearer.”

Nestorius is officially condemned in five separate canons produced at the council, declared a heretic, excommunicated from Christianity, and exiled from the realm. The deposed Patriarch gathers his followers and embarks on an exodus to the East, all the time insisting his ideals were in fact “orthodox.” But Nestorius was not alone–the Council’s findings were rejected by many of the attendees from the fringes of the Byzantine Empire, including the Syriacs, the Egyptians, the Ethiopians and the Armenians, all of whom heretoforth became alienated from Western Christendom. These dramatic events in the 5th century AD amounted to the “Nestorian Schism,” which gave birth to the Persian Church (the Church of the East) and resulted in the dissemination of Nestorius’ creed from Egypt in the west to China in the east.

Now let us shift our lens from Constantinople to the Persian capital of Seleucia-Ctesiphon in Mesopotamia. Here on the Tigris, the Sassanians had established a world-class urban center comprised of a series of sprawling “settlements”–a spectacle that inspired the Arab Muslim invaders of the 7th century to call the city Al-Madā’in, or “The Cities.” But most important to our story here is the ethno-linguistic dichotomy of Sassanid Mesopotamia—namely, a Zoroastrian Iranian elite and a Christian, Jewish, and Sabian Aramaic-speaking bourgeois (there were also minorities of Greeks, Armenians, Arab Christians, etc.). In an attempt to deter the Christians of Persia from succumbing to Byzantine sympathies, the Iranian elite actively pursued a policy of aligning the Aramaic-speaking Christians of the Sassanian realm with the new heretical Nestorian creed from Byzantium. The goal was to anathematize the Persian Christian population from the Patriarch in Constantinople, and thereby prevent defection and collaboration with their coreligionists.  

Thus under the support of Sassanian monarchs and noblemen (nakhwadârân), Nestorian refugees were welcomed from the Byzantine Empire into the Sassanid realm and were soon given authority of the Diocese of Seleucia-Ctesiphon in the capital, headed by a Catholicos later deemed the “Patriarch of the East” or the “Patriarch of Seleucia-Ctesiphon”. This was the genesis of the Persian Church, which had jurisdiction over all Nestorian Christian communities throughout the world. Of course Christian Europe would forever view the Nestorians as “false Christians”; as oriental bumpkins whose knowledge of Christ and doctrine was tantamount to paganism, and would even dispatch missionaries with the sole purpose of “converting” them to Christianity. But these ecclesiastical attitudes should not undermine our understanding of the role that Nestorianism has played in historical developments in Eurasia. For example following the conquest of Jerusalem, the Nestorian wife of Shahanshah Khosrow II, Queen Shirin, brought the holiest relic of Christendom, the Holy Cross, back to her palace in Ctesiphon. The sacred object remained at Shâhigân-i Spêd Palace until it was repatriated to the Holy Sepulchre by the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius in 628 A.D.

Nestorian Christianity in East Asia In the 12th century AD, a legend developed among European Christians about a righteous King who ruled over a true Christian nation somewhere among the pagans of the Orient. His name was Prester John, and he became the subject of ecclesiastical missions, military expeditions, and exploration by Europeans up through the 17th century. One school of speculation ascribed the identity of Prester John to the Mongolian Kereyid chief, Ong Khan. Indeed Ong Khan’s tribe, the Kereyids, had converted to Nestorian Christianity, but that did not stop Genghis Khan from marrying his son Tolui to one of Ong Khan’s nieces, Sorkhakhtani Beki. This Nestorian matriarch was mother to the four great inheritors of the Mongol realm: Kublai Khan, Hulagu Khan, Möngke Khan, and Ariq Böke. She is regarded very highly in the Secret History of the Mongols, where it is related that the Great Khan Ögedei consulted her on various matters. https://borderlessblogger.wordpress.com/2014/04/30/the-nestorian-legacy-aramaic-mongolian-christians-and-the-persian-church-of-the-east-2/

posted by Erik Granstrom
THE PROJECT OF THE HIGH MASTERS

CONTENT MY BOOKS CONTACT På svenska develop your own website Hilma af Klint, Duvan nr 7 Hilma af Klint, Duvan nr 7. The truth about the Quran PHASE 7. MUHAMMAD WAS A CHRISTIAN AND THE QURAN IS ABOUT THE BIBLE Islam arose as a direct offshoot of Roman Christianity. Muslims can also be seen as the only true followers of the Jewish Christians, as they both honor the laws of Moses and all the prophets of the Old Testament as well as believe in the Christian gospel about Jesus being the Messiah that the prophets had spoken of.


In the 600's, Roman Christianity was divided into several different churches:


• The Western Church, based in Rome and the Eastern Church with its seat in Constantinople, which together formed the Chalcedonian churches.

•The Nestorian Church

• Monophysites in Armenia, Syria and Egypt

• Nestorians and Monophysites are commonly known as the Oriental churches. These rejected the faith in Mary as the Mother of God as well as the teaching of the two natures of Christ.


In Mecca, the city's power centre was the temple Kaaba that was controlled by the Quraysh tribe. The traditional religion in Mecca was polytheistic, but there were also Christian and Jewish communities in the city.

Muhammad was a Christian Muhammad (about 570-632) lived in Mecca and belonged to the Quraysh tribe, but he was not a polytheist but a Christian monotheist who believed in both testaments of the Christian Bible and all the prophets from Abraham to Jesus.

From the Quran, it can be inferred that Muhammad was a Nestorian (Oriental) Christian, who first lived in a Christian marriage with his only wife Khadija. The marriage ceremony was performed by a Christian Nestorian monk. Among the ones closest to Muhammad, his wife Khadija was probably Christian; one of her cousins was a Christian Nestorian monk and one of Muhammad's uncles is said to have been a Christian. In Ibn Ishaq's biography of Muhammad, several Christians are mentioned among Muhammad's friends.

Muhammad united Jewish Christians and Oriental Christians against the polytheists of Mecca Muhammad was one of the leaders in a power struggle in Mecca between Christians who wanted to throw out polytheism and introduce Christianity, and the rulers of the city who worshiped the traditional gods of the Kaaba. https://www.kunskapskonsult.com/eng/_koranen.html

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_influences_on_the_Islamic_world

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waraqah_ibn_Nawfal

Ebionites (Greek: Ἐβιωναῖοι, Ebionaioi, derived from Hebrew אביונים‎ (or אֶבְיוֹנִם‎‎)[1] ebyonim, ebionim, meaning 'the poor' or 'poor ones') as a term refers to a Jewish Christian sect, which viewed poverty as a blessing, that existed during the early centuries of the Common Era.[2][3] The Ebionites embraced an adoptionist Christology, thus understanding Jesus of Nazareth as a mere man who, by virtue of his righteousness in following the Law of Moses, was chosen by God to be the messianic "prophet like Moses".[4] A majority of the Ebionites rejected as heresies the orthodox Christian beliefs in Jesus' divinity, virgin birth and substitutionary atonement that were accepted by the early Church; and therefore maintained that Jesus was born the natural son of Joseph and Mary, sought to abolish animal sacrifices by prophetic proclamation, and died as a martyr in order to move all Israel to repentance.

Beyond voluntary poverty, the Ebionites were said to practice religious vegetarianism and ritual bathing. They insisted on the necessity of following the Written Law and Jesus' Sermon on the Mount; used one, some or all of the Jewish–Christian gospels, such as the Gospel of the Ebionites, as additional scripture to the Hebrew Bible; and revered James the Just as an exemplar of righteousness and the true successor to Jesus (rather than Peter), while rejecting Paul as a false apostle and an apostate from the Law.[5][6][7]: 88 

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebionites

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ctesiphon

posted by Erik Granstrom
Keziah Lee Adams

Female 1870–1909 •KN11-7R1 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KN11-7R1

Ichabod Ennis Adams Male 1856–1938 •LL9R-BB6 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LL9R-BB6

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/LL9R-BB6

WikiTree contributors, "Sylvester Adams (1834-1889)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Adams-47874 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Keziah Adams (1840-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Adams-47877 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/16452221/ichabod-boyd-adams

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/28325439/sylvester-adams

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/141632142/ichabod-adams

Bill Adams https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/LZ6L-XJT

https://groups.io/g/VA-FAUQUIER/message/51

https://groups.io/g/VA-FAUQUIER/topic/82206757#51

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/porter/10082/

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/porter/10092/

https://web.tricolib.brynmawr.edu/speccoll/quakersandslavery/commentary/people/fox.php

https://qfp.quaker.org.uk/passage/27-05/

https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/abs/cambridge-history-of-judaism/jews-in-early-north-america/89F06B70DE87F30847F0579DF501D00A

CHAPTER FIVE: ENGLISH AMERICA: SABBATARIANS, QUAKERS, FREEMASONS AND JEWS https://brill.com/display/book/9789004246591/B9789004246591-s006.xml

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/from-quaker-jew-story-warder-cresson-ger-tzeddek-america-levine

A Flushing colonist held a Quaker meeting in his home, and he was fined and banished. Flushing citizens protested, and in 1657 they wrote a demand for religious freedom that is today known as the Flushing Remonstrance. Today, the Flushing Remonstrance is regarded as the precursor to the U.S. Constitution’s provision on freedom of religion on the Bill of Rights. https://www.thirteen.org/dutchny/interactives/document-the-flushing-remonstrance/

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/godinamerica/people/roger-williams.html

6 The Jewish Aspect of Radical Religion: Millenarians and Prophets https://academic.oup.com/book/4273/chapter-abstract/146153594?redirectedFrom=fulltext

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arise_Evans

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhys

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fifth_Monarchists

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Venner

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wars_of_the_Three_Kingdoms

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Feake

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Aspinwall

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1806_in_Wales

https://quakertheology.org/quaker-theology/quaker-documents-and-sites/authenticity-of-liberal-quakerism/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Trapnell

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://journals.sas.ac.uk/fhs/article/download/4873/4825&ved=2ahUKEwibscbiyZX-AhWpJjQIHUFYAiM4FBAWegQIDRAB&usg=AOvVaw3WilJ_fRVi-TvLt4hwRkoE

https://quaker.org/legacy/tqe/2002/TQE041-EN-Israel.html

Religious Liberty in the United States

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. With this simple, elegant statement, the authors of the Bill of Rights made a stand against millennia of worldwide religious persecution and the abuses of state-sponsored religion. These founding fathers created what Thomas Jefferson called a wall of separation between church and state. And, they eliminated the ability of the Federal government to pass laws designed to curtail or interfere with the relationship one had to God (or absence thereof).

https://tourosynagogue.org/history/religious-liberty-in-the-usa/

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://thehistorycenter.net/resources/Documents/Digital%2520Exhibits/LB3613_J4E64_Jewish_Life_at_Cornell.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwibnLONypX-AhURJ30KHaqqANU4HhAWegQICRAB&usg=AOvVaw0QLntx-7bn5o_RsjtpcaKT

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1794/24942/Seaver_oregon_0171N_12542.pdf%3Fsequence%3D1%26isAllowed%3Dy&ved=2ahUKEwiAyNPqx7D-AhWEmGoFHQpSCMs4FBAWegQICRAB&usg=AOvVaw26ND9fZ5xei_qMEfmVv4_L

https://lewis-clark.org/members/meriwether-lewis/lewis-as-master-mason/

....

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Fur_Company

https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/astor_john_jacob/#.ZD0MTKRlAzQ

https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/pacific_fur_company/#.ZD0MTKRlAzQ

https://www.universalfreemasonry.org/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw27mhBhC9ARIsAIFsETHNk-Ad2tNGOPR--yUUl1MlNI1nLlF_551Tk8mBQJBswNXYaZ6_rawaAkpVEALw_wcB

https://www.universalfreemasonry.org

https://www.mcmenamins.com/elks-temple

https://www.pnwanderers.com/blog/afterglow-vista

https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/mcloughlin_john/#.ZD0NN6RlAzR

https://www.nps.gov/fova/drjohnmcloughlin.htm

https://www.oregonhistoryproject.org/articles/historical-records/home-of-dr-john-mcloughlin-oregon-city/#.ZD0NRqRlAzR

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McLoughlin

https://www.oregonhistoryproject.org/articles/historical-records/john-mcloughlin-to-hudson39s-bay-co-1828/#.ZD0NVqRlAzR

https://www.nwcouncil.org/reports/columbia-river-history/mcloughlin/#:~:text=AddThis%20Sharing%20Buttons-,Dr.,important%20European%20in%20the%20Northwest.

http://npshistory.com/publications/fova/hsr/chap4-2.htm

https://www.oregonhistoryproject.org/articles/historical-records/indians-fish-at-celilo-falls/#.ZD0OH6RlAzR

https://www.oregonhistoryproject.org/articles/historical-records/home-of-dr-john-mcloughlin-oregon-city/#.ZD0OLqRlAzR

https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/hawaiians_in_the_oregon_country/#.ZD0OOaRlAzR

https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/pander_henk_1937_/#.ZD0OQKRlAzR

https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/solomon_gus_j_1906_1987_/#.ZD0OWaRlAzR

https://www.nps.gov/fova/index.htm

https://www.nps.gov/fova/learn/historyculture/hbcfort1.htm

https://www.nps.gov/fova/planyourvisit/hours.htm

https://www.geni.com/people/Nicholas-Haile/6000000003051227826

https://www.geni.com/people/Gus-Solomon/6000000025125378517

https://www.oregonhistorywayfinder.org/#/articles/oep/1069

https://www.geni.com/people/Jacob-Solomon/6000000007539511403?through=6000000025125378517

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jews-of-Oregon/16890

https://obits.oregonlive.com/us/obituaries/oregon/name/gus-solomon-obituary?pid=155885048

https://www.ojmche.org/oral-history-people/gus-solomon/

https://inns.innsofcourt.org/for-members/inns/the-gus-j-solomon-american-inn-of-court/who-was-gus-j-solomon/

https://www.ohs.org/blog/the-flight-home-the-museum-of-mental-health-memorial.cfm

http://www.mandanhistory.org/biographiesak/henrycoe.html

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Waldo_Coe

https://www.oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/morningside_hospital/#.ZD0POqRlAzS

https://www.oregon.gov/oha/OSH/Pages/Cremains.aspx?wp905=l:100,p:6#g_86653072_4b0f_406a_8b83_ac48ff8d6d98

Henry Waldo Coe Male 1923–1970 •LT3Q-T8S https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/LT3Q-T8S

WikiTree contributors, "Elliott Cresson (1796-1854)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Cresson-62 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Elliott Cresson (1773-1814)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Cresson-63 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://www.shapell.org/blog/warder-cresson-and-the-first-amendment/

http://www.jewish-history.com/cresson/warderc.html

https://momentmag.com/warder-cresson-conversion-to-judaism/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warder_Cresson

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://www.geni.com/people/Marla-Rab/6000000035511092041?through=6000000003051227826

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Winkle-SR/6000000002125463729?through=6000000035511092041

https://www.geni.com/people/Dr-Noah-Alfonso-Still/6000000035914974308?through=6000000035511092041

https://www.geni.com/people/Issac-Winkle/6000000082608211909?through=6000000035511092041

]https://www.geni.com/people/Issac-Winkle/6000000082608211909?through=6000000035511092041

https://secure.sos.state.or.us/prs/personprofile.do?recordNumber=53725

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Homer_Van_Winkle

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/L78P-QS1/montgomery-w-winkle-1832-1894

Isaac W. Winkle Male 1802–1876 •LW4S-HHC https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LW4S-HHC

John Henry Winkle Male 1750–1810 •K2SW-HJ6 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/K2SW-HJ6

WikiTree contributors, "John Henry Winkle (abt.1776-abt.1861)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Winkle-372 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Daniel Boone Winkle (1836-1913)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Winkle-354 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/12597758/isaac-w.-winkle

Cleo Allen Winkle Male 1916–2010 •LDCQ-5WL https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/LDCQ-5WL

https://damerongeorge.com/nicholasheale1628.html

Henry Winkle Male 1852–1931 •GZBC-BSH https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/GZBC-BSH

https://www.colonial-settlers-md-va.us/familychart.php?personID=I29529&tree=Tree1&rev=1

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/haile/634/

https://www.nps.gov/parkhistory/online_books/jame1/moretti-langholtz/chap4.htm

https://www.ffish.com/family_tree/descendants_king_john_of_england/d1.htm

Samuel Merryman Male 1683–1754 •LV4K-3GR https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/LV4K-3GR

........

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/67269096/milton-c-denman

Milton C Denman Male 1893–1983 •L2KX-WWY https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/L2KX-WWY?completedMergeDuplicateId=GNZ9-NTR

https://www.ancestry.com/1940-census/usa/Ohio/William-H-Connors_17y2vj/amp?clickref=1100lwoT825r&adref=&clickref=1100lwoT825r&o_xid=01011l4xx5&o_lid=01011l4xx5&o_sch=Affiliate+External

https://www.tributearchive.com/obituaries/24955658/ruthanna-pahl

.......

Junius Daniel Jensen

Male1961–1992 •KWZ5-25H

Junius Daniel Jensen Male 1961–1992 •KWZ5-25H https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KWZ5-25H

Esther Ozuna Female 1943–2007 •LRWK-WM6 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LRWK-WM6

Samuel Houston Porter Male 1854–Deceased • M6FX-KYP


Samuel Houston Porter Male 1854–Deceased • M6FX-KYP https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/M6FX-KYP

Jasper Roy Lawson Jr. Male 1922–2008 • LNW3-62Q https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LNW3-62Q

Walter Duckworth Gano Male 1905–1969 •KFB3-LHD https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KFB3-LHD

John Morgan Jr Porter Male 1921–1980 •KCG5-QGX https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KCG5-QGX

Elmo Rex Porter

Male1891–1928 •L8RV-MV2

Elmo Rex Porter Male 1891–1928 •L8RV-MV2 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/L8RV-MV2

Sara Oneita Porter

Female1924–2018 •LKMW-RML

Sara Oneita Porter Female 1924–2018 •LKMW-RML https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LKMW-RML

Susan Yvonne Porter Female 1951–2015 •G49W-Q2H https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/G49W-Q2H

Caroline Porter

Female1835–1901 •L21L-YBX

posted by Erik Granstrom
John Hanks Jr

Male 1728–1820 •LKWG-RFG https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/LKWG-RFG


https://www.geni.com/people/Tom-Hanks/6000000005393944335

https://www.geni.com/people/Daniel-Hanks/6000000003868213135?through=6000000003868213261

WikiTree contributors, "Daniel Boone Hanks (1847-1920)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hanks-1214 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Hanks II (1728-abt.1810)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hanks-1213 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/K457-X1P/daniel-boone-hanks-ii-1878-1949

......

William Patterson Male 1916–1993 • KWZV-T82 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/KWZV-T82

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/KWZV-T82

Holland / Pruitt

Ancestor is:

Captain John Sylvester Strange Male 1745–1795 •LCXD-QG3 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LCXD-QG3

WikiTree contributors, "John Sylvester Strange (abt.1745-abt.1795)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Strange-349 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Sylvester-Strange/6000000014630590564

https://www.arapacana.com/books/book05.html

Sepia Saturday – Strange in a Strange Uniform

The unidentified man pictured left had the same trefoil design on his uniform jacket. The picture was listed under the heading “2nd Issue, or Zouave uniform“.

“Manufactured by tailor Jacob Staub, on [sic] Indianapolis, Indiana and purchased by the men of the 12th IN in December 1863. They wore their veteran zouave jackets with their false-vests for the duration of their enlistments. Officers and enlisted men both wore the zouave jackets.

French Zouave corps adopted the military tactics and non-western clothing of the North African troops which featured baggy trousers, short open jackets and Arab headgear – the dress of the local Turkish and African population.  https://abbieandeveline.com/2012/10/26/sepia-saturday-strange-in-a-strange-uniform/

It was initially intended that the zouaves would be a regiment of Berber volunteers from the Zwawa group of tribes in Algeria ("Zwawa" being the origin of the French term zouave) who had gained a martial reputation fighting for local rulers under the Ottoman Empire. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zouave

https://www.britannica.com/topic/French-Foreign-Legion/History

WikiTree contributors, "John Sylvester Strange (abt.1745-abt.1795)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Strange-349 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Anastasia (Medley) Strange (abt.1742-1800)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Medley-24 : accessed 17 April 2023).

.....

WikiTree contributors, "Jane (Williamson) Green (1725-1797)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Williamson-3674 : accessed 17 April 2023).

Juanita Mae Murray Female 1935–2013 •G3FW-PL3 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/G3FW-PL3

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/G3FW-PL3

WikiTree contributors, "Mabel Claire (Utterback) Porter (1891-1938)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Utterback-203 : accessed 17 April 2023).

Her cousin

WikiTree contributors, "William Ernest Utterback (1889-1979)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Utterback-252 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Charles Monroe Utterback (1822-1905)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Utterback-205 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Mabel Claire (Utterback) Porter (1891-1938)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Utterback-203 : accessed 17 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Velva Lois Porter (1918-1979)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-4638 : accessed 17 April 2023).

(From a different Porter family)

WikiTree contributors, "Alfred Monroe Utterback (1860-1935)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Utterback-204 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Utterback-250

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Beals-1601

posted by Erik Granstrom
John Jacob Astor was born July 17, 1763, in Walldorf, Germany (near Heidelberg). He came to the United States after the American Revolution and began trading furs, shipping them to Europe via New York.

Astor founded the American Fur Company in 1808 and used two company subsidiaries – Pacific Fur Company and Southwest Fur Company – to control the trade on the Columbia River and the Great Lakes area.   https://blogs.loc.gov/inside_adams/2012/07/a-fortune-made-from-fur-john-jacob-astor/

.....

Nancy Jane Slagle Female 1858–1928 •L7VS-8L3 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/L7VS-8L3

WikiTree contributors, "Nancy (Slagle) Porter (1858-1928)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Slagle-770 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/mccauley-porter-residence-8-miles-south-of-corvallis-benton-co-oregon-1885--466404105138673343/

W. Oman Porter

Male1919–Deceased •G92V-XRF

W. Oman Porter Male 1919–Deceased •G92V-XRF https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/G92V-XRF

https://www.anyplaceamerica.com/directory/or/benton-county-41003/parks/porter-city-park-1638076/

Named after Fred J. Porter, the great-grandson of Benton County pioneer, Johnson Mulkey, Porter Park was purchased in 1969, and opened to the public in 1971. https://www.corvallisoregon.gov/parksrec/page/porter-park-playground-replacement-project-begins

Home of Fred J. PorterCorvallis City Engineer From 1909 to 1949 https://www.hmdb.org/m.asp?m=117266

https://oregongravestones.org/view.php?id=92441

https://oregongravestones.org/view.php?id=92448

https://oregongravestones.org/view.php?id=92447

https://oregongravestones.org/view.php?id=92449

http://jtenlen.drizzlehosting.com/ORBios/jmulkey.txt

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/15949227/marion-francis-mulkey

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/18947084/missouri-mary-porter

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/18947137/john-a-porter

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/18921629/johnson-mulkey-porter

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/18921614/fred-johnson-porter

https://oregongravestones.org/view.php?id=92450

https://oregongravestones.org/view.php?id=92440

https://oregongravestones.org/view.php?id=92441

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Charles_du_Tisn%C3%A9

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Fran%C3%A7ois_Renault

Fred Joseph Porter Male 1886–1969 •K2XL-6Q1 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/K2XL-6Q1

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/K2XL-6Q1

History of Benton County, MO

The first recorded white men in the Benton County area were Philip Renault and Claude DuTisne in 1719. http://genealogytrails.com/mo/benton/third_chapter.html

.....

March 11, 1908; Oregonian, p 6  (photo) "Drove Team to Oregon in 1848" Philomath, Or., March 10


   William Grayson Porter died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. N. A. Jolly, at Philomath, Thursday, March 5, 1908, aged 88 years, 1 month and 10 days.  Mr. Porter was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, on January 24, 1820.  When about 6 years old with his parents he moved to Zanesville, O., where he lived about two years, moving thence to Todd County, Tennessee, where he resided for only a short time, when he moved to that part of Kentucky then known as "The Barrens," where he resided until he became of age.  He then went to Illinois, and from thence to Missouri, where he was married, March 31, 1846, to Miss Elizabeth Ninkle, from which union there are still living three children, Isaac W. Porter, Mrs. Mary Jane Morriss and Mrs. N. A. Jolly.  He has living 12 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren; also one brother, McCauley Porter, of Corvallis, Or.    Deceased and wife crossed the plains in 1848, Mr. Porter driving four yoke of oxen all the way, excepting two days.  He arrived in Oregon in September, 1848, and lived on his donation claim near Bellfountain until the Fall of 1884, when he came to Philomath and made his home with his daughter, Mrs. N. A. Jolly.  His wife died May 9, 1888.  Mr. Porter was a great lover of fine horses.  He was a gentleman of the strictest honor and integrity and during his later years was familiarly known as "Uncle Billy."

https://sites.google.com/site/oregonpioneerobituaries/benton-county/william-grayson-porter

It's Winkle not Ninkle.

POUJADE, Louis Henry (1828-1916): m1 1853 SIMMONS, Catherine; m2. 1869 BARNES, Mary Ann; s/o John and Mary (Noble) Poujade http://www.oregonpioneers.com/1847_M_Z.html

WikiTree contributors, "Louis Henry Poujade (1829-1913)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Poujade-5 : accessed 17 April 2023).

https://freepages.rootsweb.com/~billie0w/books/oregon_trail/oregon_trail.htm

Marlin L Utterback Male 1932–2016 •L1VG-FBT https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/L1VG-FBT

So his aunt married a Porter who was of a different Porter family,

Mabel Claire Utterback Female 1891–1938 •LLSH-X8Q https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/LLSH-X8Q

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/LHV7-QJL



https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/L1VG-FBT

Above would be double 4th cousins to Grandma Yvonne

Marlin is a descendent of an early Oregon pioneer family. His great, great grandfather Will Grayson crossed the Oregon Train in 1848 an established a farm just north of Bellfountain, Oregon. Today, a piece of this land serves as the Monroe cemetery where Marlin will be laid to rest. https://www.batemanpacificview.com/obituary/Marlin-Utterback

https://www.legacy.com/us/obituaries/heraldandnews/name/marlin-utterback-obituary?id=21052307

posted by Erik Granstrom
Add and invite to WT,

cousin K. G. cousin via Samuel Porter III

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/GKJ9-741

I think she might already have a WT profile.

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "James Sinclair (abt.1811-abt.1856)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Sinclair-327 : accessed 12 April 2023).

......

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Priest_of_Israel

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cities_of_Refuge

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bezer

.... Richard "Dick" Hamer ClementsOCTOBER 16, 1926 – FEBRUARY 2, 2021 https://www.dignitymemorial.com/obituaries/oklahoma-city-ok/richard-clements-10040161

19cm dna match on chr 2 on moms side at 23andme

Has match with a Lukens 4th cousin of mine, B. Johnson. Needs more research.

Hazel married Richard Jones Clements, https://www.oklahoman.com/story/news/2000/01/24/hazel-hamer-clements/62213033007/

Richard Hamer Clements Male 1927 – Deceased •GS6G-G5N https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/GS6G-G5N

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/GS6G-G5N

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phi_Gamma_Delta

https://www.oklahoman.com/story/business/columns/2013/10/13/executive-qa-oklahoma-city-executive-savors-career-with-familys-food-company/60874725007/

https://clementsfoodscompany.com/our-story/

https://livingchurch.org/lcf_member/content-richard-clements/

....... Nellie Rebecca Lukens

Female 16 June 1886 – 18 July 1977 •MHNT-5NC https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/MHNT-5NC

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/70133952/nellie-rebecca-gettz

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/70133940/gertrude-elma-gettz

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/70133953/raymond-grant-gettz

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/69172138/phoebe-elma-broomall

WikiTree contributors, "Helen Lukens Gettz," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gettz-74 : accessed 12 April 2023).

.....

https://www.jewishportland.org/obituaries

https://www.geni.com/people/Clemet-Gundersen/6000000002869943864

posted by Erik Granstrom
Dan Spalding

https://www.classcreator.com/Menasha-Wisconsin-St-Mary-Central-1973/class_profile.cfm?member_id=5341647

https://www.aasd.k12.wi.us/teaching___learning/appleton_central/dan_spalding_academy

Martha Jane Hawks Female Living •GFK7-64S https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/GFK7-64S

Her father

WikiTree contributors, "Earl Edwin Hawks (1916-1996)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hawks-272 : accessed 12 April 2023).

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/768184/earl-edwin-hawks

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/36270712/june-deakin-hawks

https://billiongraves.com/grave/Earl-Edwin-Hawks/7207737

https://checkpeople.com/name/June-Hawks/in-OR/Portland/fe92dcdb-5984-29b8-924e-096189693c6e

https://www.ancestry.com/1940-census/usa/Colorado/June-Deahin_1gdvdf/amp

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/36270712/june-deakin-hawks

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/210314673/earnest-raymond-deakin

Hawks, June Deakin, wife of Earl Edwin Hawks, was born 10 June 1917, died 27 December 2002, and was buried in Section Z, Site 1489 in Willamette National Cemetery in Portland, Oregon, U.S.A. Check the Source file ($0) and Archives.com for June Deakin Hawks. ($) https://sortedbyname.com/letter_h/h154275.html

Earl Edwin Hawks Male 5 November 1916 – 15 November 1996 •KFYQ-K1H https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/KFYQ-K1H

Earl and Erik are 7th cousins twice removed

256 common ancestors were found between Earl and Erik.

https://www.zillow.com/homedetails/139-W-Surfcrest-Ave-Cannon-Beach-OR-97110/86291893_zpid/

posted by Erik Granstrom
edited by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "Ewell Doak Walker II (1927-1998)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Walker-53351 : accessed 12 April 2023).

Ewell Doak Walker Jr Male 1 January 1927 – 27 September 1998 •9VLN-S79 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/9VLN-S79

https://www.geni.com/people/Doak-Walker/6000000032328501998

posted by Erik Granstrom
Denzil Porter

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-12752

https://www.atkinsonfuneralhome.com/obituary/l-denny-porter

https://www.atkinsonfuneralhome.com/guestbook/l-denny-porter

https://genealogy.state.or.us/detail.php?id=156947

https://genealogy.state.or.us/detail.php?id=242555

https://genealogy.state.or.us/detail.php?id=154178

https://genealogy.state.or.us/detail.php?id=312787

https://genealogy.state.or.us/detail.php?id=34948

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Steam_Navigation_Company

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Transportation_Company

...

https://genealogy.state.or.us/detail.php?id=600709

https://www.flintofts.com/obituaries/David-Caldwell-Porter-Jr?obId=2008939

David Caldwell Porter Jr Male 1937–2014 •LN6W-W2D https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/LN6W-W2D

From a different Porter family from MA

https://genealogy.state.or.us/displayResults.php?name=PORTER&category=&recordNo=&county=&parents=&count=&fromdate=&orderBy=county&obdir=&currentPage=2

https://billiongraves.com/grave/Golda-A-Porter/39967723

https://billiongraves.com/grave/Lester-D-Porter/39967722

WikiTree contributors, "Glover Perin (abt.1839-abt.1914)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Perin-199 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://genealogy.state.or.us/displayResults.php?name=LESTER&category=&recordNo=&county=&parents=&count=&fromdate=&orderBy=SortDate&obdir=&currentPage=60

https://obituaries.bangordailynews.com/obituary/eugene-nealley-804454611

Pleasant Wilburn Cash Male 1874–1939 •L255-2XX https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/L255-2XX

Carroll E Winkle Female 1928–2015 •L15H-X7Z https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/L15H-X7Z

John Henry Winkle https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/K2SW-HJ6

WikiTree contributors, "Johann Heinrich Winkle (1750-1810)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Winkle-195 : accessed 09 April 2023).

On FS listed as his father:

WikiTree contributors, "Johann Diedrich Winkelmann (1784-1846)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Winkelmann-83 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Winkle/6000000175449191911

https://www.geni.com/people/Roger-Galliett/317003948740003508?through=6000000175449191911

Lester Denzil Porter Male 1891–1956 •9JHV-WPG https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/9JHV-WPG

https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/9JHV-WPG

WikiTree contributors, "Lester Denzil Porter (1891-1956)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-12751 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Joseph Ladd Majors (1806-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Majors-74 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Isaac Gandovin II (1671-1754)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gandovin-3 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "William Tryon Jardine Smith (1707-1782)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Smith-18498 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Margret (Love) Smith (1790-1865)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Love-1824 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "James Agee Smith (1787-1875)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Smith-18497 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Lillian Julia (Kosub) McFarland (1920-2010)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Kosub-10 : accessed 09 April 2023).

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "John Hart McLaughlin (1753-1844)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/McLaughlin-7520 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://freepages.rootsweb.com/~guinevere60/genealogy/mclaughlin/pafg03.htm#6928

https://freepages.rootsweb.com/~guinevere60/genealogy/mclaughlin/pafg02.htm

John Hart McLaughlin Male 1753–1844 •LZ81-GLW https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LZ81-GLW

....

Daniel William Duty https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/G6LB-JQG

https://www.legacy.com/us/obituaries/idahostatejournal/name/daniel-duty-obituary?id=16038089

https://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:Harold_Duty_%281%29

https://www.google.com/search?q=wikitree+Harold+S.+and+Dorothy+Grolle+Duty&client=ms-android-verizon&sxsrf=AJOqlzVM1BRyIsYT73G93f5IkLsxhSYAMw%3A1673703665761&ei=8bDCY4yHLsHv9AOI2qHoCg&oq=wikitree+Harold+S.+and+Dorothy+Grolle+Duty&gs_lcp=ChNtb2JpbGUtZ3dzLXdpei1zZXJwEAMyCggAEEcQ1gQQsAMyCggAEEcQ1gQQsAMyCggAEEcQ1gQQsAMyCggAEEcQ1gQQsAMyDQgAEEcQ1gQQyQMQsAMyCggAEEcQ1gQQsAMyCggAEEcQ1gQQsAMyCggAEEcQ1gQQsAMyCAgAEJIDELADSgQIQRgAUP0KWIcsYIMxaAFwAHgAgAHhCYgB1E-SAQc1LTEuOC4zmAEAoAEByAEJwAEB&sclient=mobile-gws-wiz-serp#ip=1

https://www.wilksfuneralhome.com/obituaries/obituary-listings?obId=21063948

....


WikiTree contributors, "Michel Hazeur (abt.1697-1788)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Hazeur-12 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Richard Smith Clardy (abt.1776-abt.1834)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Clardy-100 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "James Cocke I (1665-1721)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Cocke-165 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Huguenots Fleeing by Jan Luykens https://slateriverramblings.com/2013/07/14/buckingham-county-the-french-connection/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Luyken

https://amongmybranches.wordpress.com/tag/agee/

https://freepages.rootsweb.com/~mysouthernfamily/genealogy/myff/d0013/g0000047.html

https://www.geni.com/people/Isaac-Gandovin-III/6000000026313579771

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/MWQ3-MD7/james-jacob-agee-1725-1821

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/9KHY-CFJ/isaac-gandovin-godwin-1671-1751

WikiTree contributors, "Isaac Gandovin II (1671-1754)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gandovin-3 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoroastrianism

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaaq

https://www.peopleofar.com/2014/05/21/mythical-king-lion-mher/

https://www.britannica.com/biography/David-of-Sasun

https://allinnet.info/history/the-defense-of-sasun-western-armenia-1904/amp/

https://geohistory.today/armenia/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sason

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_T-M184

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "Mary Ann (McClellan) Looney (1741-1840)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/McClellan-1800 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://www.anamericanfamilyhistory.com/TennesseeFamilies&Places/Looney%20Family/Looney%20David%201735.html

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LHYM-S1Z/david-a-looney-jr-1777-1855

WikiTree contributors, "David Looney (1777-1855)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Looney-630 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "David Looney (abt.1738-bef.1802)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Looney-187 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Mary Ann (McClellan) Looney (1741-1840)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/McClellan-1800 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Francis Marion Triplett III (1704-1758)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Triplett-99 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Nathaniel Basse (bef.1589-bef.1654)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Basse-6 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Captain-Nathaniel-Basse/5538189766820100142

https://www.mertzgenealogy.com/reunion/Family_Tree/ps02/ps02_367.html

https://threefamilytrees.blogspot.com/2021/03/more-about-capt-nathaniel-bass-early.html?m=1

Nathaniel Basse

Male 19 December 1589–3 July 1654 •LBGL-C36 https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LBGL-C36/nathaniel-basse-1589-1654


https://encyclopediavirginia.org/entries/basse-nathaniel-bap-1589-1654/

https://www.hmdb.org/m.asp?m=2678

https://www.geni.com/people/Nathaniel-Gammon/6000000004383504157

Nathaniel Gammon Male 1591–1652 •L2P6-Y6G https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/L2P6-Y6G/nathaniel-gammon-1591-1652

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/gammon/475/

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/users/899997574/

https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/gammon/

WikiTree contributors, "Nathaniel Gammon (1600-1652)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gammon-139 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Brawner Gammon Sr. (1730-1807)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gammon-98 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Philadelphia (Isabell) Turberville (1728-1790)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Isabell-20 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Newton Franklin Gammon (1856-1890)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gammon-210 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Dozier Brawner Gammon (1792-1869)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gammon-127 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Brawner Gammon Sr. (1730-1807)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gammon-98 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Dozier Brawner Gammon (1792-1869)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gammon-127 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Dozier Brawner Gammon Male 27 May 1792–20 November 1869 • LZ2J-9P9 https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LZ2J-9P9/dozier-brawner-gammon-1792-1869

http://files.usgwarchives.net/tn/knox/military/revwar/pensions/gammon42nmt.txt

http://morris-gammonfamilyhistory.blogspot.com/p/leslie-boon-morris-treulia-jane-gammons.html?m=1

http://www.thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I33113&tree=hennessee

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.seekingmyroots.com/members/files/G002594.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjlx4a2up3-AhWsGDQIHfxUDK0QFnoECCEQAQ&usg=AOvVaw0HfrIuGbdK3D_TCrKeTkTv

https://www.geni.com/people/Dozier-Gammon/6000000009414759565

https://www.tngenweb.org/smith/bios/brawner.htm

https://sites.rootsweb.com/~tnsmith/ccarticles/Aug24-A-1950.htm

https://freepages.rootsweb.com/~jlwear/genealogy/wear/fam00212.htm

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/13813575/robert-b.-gammon

https://www.geni.com/people/Martha-Gammon/6000000099340522822

https://www.geni.com/people/Dozier-Gammon/6000000009414759565?through=6000000016002115397

https://crowncremationburial.com/tribute/details/14849/Daniel-Gammon/obituary.html

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gammon_(meat)

https://www.momjunction.com/articles/jewish-last-names-family-surnames-meanings_00511951/

https://dnaconsultants.com/was-your-colonial-forebear-jewish/

WikiTree contributors, "Elizabeth (Gammon) Looney (1786-1838)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Gammon-189 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Abraham McClellan Looney (1780-1841)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Looney-375 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "David Looney (1777-1855)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Looney-630 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "David Looney (abt.1738-bef.1802)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Looney-187 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Col. David Looney Male 1735–1802 •MYM4-S1B https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/MYM4-S1B

WikiTree contributors, "John Spurgeon Sr (1755-1805)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Spurgeon-419 : accessed 09 April 2023).

John Spurgeon Male 1753–1803 •KP4G-N4Y https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KP4G-N4Y

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/5125743/john-spurgeon

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Spurgeon-I/6000000024295385980

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Spurgeon

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wordless_Book

https://theblazingcenter.com/2018/10/charles-spurgeon-quotes.html

WikiTree contributors, "Charles Haddon Spurgeon (bef.1834-1892)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Spurgeon-272 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Rev-Charles-Haddon-Spurgeon/5677374420880132486

WikiTree contributors, "Charles Haddon Spurgeon (bef.1834-1892)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Spurgeon-272 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://www.christiantoday.com/article/christ.the.captain.the.final.address.of.charles.spurgeon.prince.of.preachers/109838.htm

........

Frank Alonzo Toole https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/LTB3-TV9

WikiTree contributors, "Frank Alonzo Toole (1866-1927)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Toole-914 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Israel Green Male 1781–1851 •KL2Q-SB5 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KL2Q-SB5

WikiTree contributors, "Charles Nicholas Quinn (1873-1950)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Quinn-9391 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Jeane Cecelia Kremers https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/LTLF-H2N

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://isogg.org/wiki/Cousin_statistics

https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/germanna-dna/about/background

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0034267

https://www.geni.com/people/Janet-Lee-Whittenbarger-Kincaid/6000000181880412909?through=6000000159929594827

https://www.geni.com/people/Patrick-Porter-I/6000000002106155373?through=6000000006440686313

https://www.geni.com/people/Patricia-Scoggin/6000000011574167594?through=6000000025941062238

https://www.geni.com/people/Glen-Porter/6000000025941062238?through=6000000159929594827

https://www.geni.com/people/Cynthia-Curtis-A183502-US7875087/6000000055149329903?through=6000000159929594827

https://www.geni.com/people/Thomas-Arcala-Sr/6000000000683037699?through=6000000001548231070

https://www.geni.com/people/Ku%CA%BBuipo-Dillard-%EF%B8%8F/6000000001548231070?through=6000000184714992861

https://www.geni.com/people/Isaac-Porter/6000000184714992861?through=6000000159929594827

https://www.geni.com/people/Samuel-Porter-Jr/6000000159929594827?through=6000000003647907967

https://www.geni.com/people/Samuel-Porter-Jr/6000000159929594827?through=6000000003647907967

https://www.geni.com/people/James-Collins-II/6000000003647907967

WikiTree contributors, "James Collins (abt.1712-abt.1763)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Collins-1483 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Smith Collins (1803-1870)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Collins-17104 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Johan Martin See (1720-1807)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/See-494 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Johannes Nauls See (1756-1837)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/See-493 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Eliza Emily Wyatt (1812-1872)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Wyatt-4200 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Jakob Tschudi Male 1635–1727 •LYTQ-YG7 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/LYTQ-YG7

Relationship to Jakob Tschudi My 11th great-grandfather ???

....

Daniel William Duty Male 1975–2015 •G6LB-JQG https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/G6LB-JQG

Who is the correct wife for

WikiTree contributors, "Thomas Bragg (abt.1721-1816)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bragg-1125 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Joseph Bragg III Male 1719–1816 •L61N-J8N https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/L61N-J8N

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/112481259/henry-byron-shoemaker

Henry Byron Shoemaker Male 1860–1923 •LWBT-XVB https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/LWBT-XVB

Jefferson Luther Drafts Male 1838–1904 •KZGM-N75 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KZGM-N75

John William Buff Male 1810–1849 •KVVM-X53 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KVVM-X53

John Hepworth Franklow Male 1788–1850 •KJC2-Q13 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/KJC2-Q13

WikiTree contributors, "Alexander Barber (1780-1861)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Barber-8564 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Ezekiel Barber (1750-1806)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Barber-1427 : accessed 09 April 2023).

Ezekiel Barber Male 1750–1806 •L8PV-4YM https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/vitals/L8PV-4YM

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/columnists/so-are-you-among-thousands-scots-royal-blood-1489854

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Category:Y-DNA_Haplogroup_R-M269

This line continued until Henry Somerset, son of Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester (1568-1628) was created 1st Marquess of Worcester. His grandson, Henry Somerset, 3rd Marquess of Worcester, was created 1st Duke of Beaufort (an homage to their origins) by King Charles II of England and Scotland in 1682. This line has continued to the present day with His Grace, David Somerset, 11th Duke of Beaufort and is a male-line descendent of the House of Plantagenet, albeit through two illegitimate lines. https://europeanroyalhistory.wordpress.com/2013/05/02/living-male-line-plantagenet-descendents/

WikiTree contributors, "David Robert Somerset (1928-2017)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Somerset-101 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Somerset,_11th_Duke_of_Beaufort

https://www.geni.com/people/David-Somerset-11th-Duke-of-Beaufort/6000000002188368185

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://juniperpublishers.com/gjaa/pdf/GJAA.MS.ID.555643.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwiNlNq2p4P9AhV6HzQIHYZMBdc4HhAWegQIARAB&usg=AOvVaw2mw8vTe7ibTKLq20gGpD5C

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://ideapublishers.org/index.php/lassij/article/download/366/224/3477&ved=2ahUKEwiNlNq2p4P9AhV6HzQIHYZMBdc4HhAWegQIBxAB&usg=AOvVaw31Bmxz04R_o7F448avPx3o

https://www.thenational.scot/news/14903229.grandfathers-royal-roots-revealed-by-advanced-dna-test/

https://www.igenea.com/en/famous-people

https://www.thenationalnews.com/uae/dna-could-illuminate-islam-s-lineage-1.504829/

https://thegeneticgenealogist.com/2009/06/19/family-tree-dna-discovers-y-dna-signature-that-might-represent-the-prophet-mohammed/

Phylogeographic Origins of the Judeo-Christian-Islamic-Messianic House of David HaMelekh https://www.academia.edu/53234866/Phylogeographic_Origins_of_the_Judeo_Christian_Islamic_Messianic_House_of_David_HaMelekh

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://jlahnet.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/1.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwifqvWcp4P9AhUTMH0KHawXCyo4FBAWegQIAxAB&usg=AOvVaw0FUjuB-eC4Xo-6PmiWUNbl

https://dna-explained.com/2020/09/18/442-ancient-viking-skeletons-hold-dna-surprises-does-your-y-or-mitochondrial-dna-match-daily-updates-here/comment-page-2/amp/

The maritime expansion of Scandinavian populations during the Viking Age (about AD 750–1050) was a far-flung transformation in world history1,2. Here we sequenced the genomes of 442 humans from archaeological sites across Europe and Greenland (to a median depth of about 1×) to understand the global influence of this expansion. We find the Viking period involved gene flow into Scandinavia from the south and east. We observe genetic structure within Scandinavia, with diversity hotspots in the south and restricted gene flow within Scandinavia. We find evidence for a major influx of Danish ancestry into England; a Swedish influx into the Baltic; and Norwegian influx into Ireland, Iceland and Greenland. Additionally, we see substantial ancestry from elsewhere in Europe entering Scandinavia during the Viking Age. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2688-8

Haplogroup R1b (R-M343) is the most frequently occurring Y-chromosome haplogroup in Western Europe and the most common haplogroup in the genetic genealogy databases. R1b1a2 (R-M269) is the dominant branch of R1b in Western Europe.

When you take a standard Y-chromosome DNA test with a company such as Family Tree DNA you will be given a base haplogroup assignment such as R1b1a2 (R-M269).

https://isogg.org/wiki/Haplogroup_R1b_(Y-DNA)

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_8_No_9_September_2018/1.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwif9JSBp4P9AhXEHDQIHaQ0CpQ4ChAWegQIChAB&usg=AOvVaw16ZJXH3n7tZ7gyziheGsE-

Recently, the debate on the origins of the major European Y chromosome haplogroup R1b1b2-M269 has reignited, and opinion has moved away from Palaeolithic origins to the notion of a younger Neolithic spread of these chromosomes from the Near East. Here, we address this debate by investigating frequency patterns and diversity in the largest collection of R1b1b2-M269 chromosomes yet assembled. Our analysis reveals no geographical trends in diversity, in contradiction to expectation under the Neolithic hypothesis, and suggests an alternative explanation for the apparent cline in diversity recently described. We further investigate the young, STR-based time to the most recent common ancestor estimates proposed so far for R-M269-related lineages and find evidence for an appreciable effect of microsatellite choice on age estimates. As a consequence, the existing data and tools are insufficient to make credible estimates for the age of this haplogroup, and conclusions about the timing of its origin and dispersal should be viewed with a large degree of caution. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/51593643_The_peopling_of_Europe_and_the_cautionary_tale_of_Y_chromosome_lineage_R-M269

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Vol.26-Issue6/Series-10/B2606102242.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwif9JSBp4P9AhXEHDQIHaQ0CpQ4ChAWegQICxAB&usg=AOvVaw2BZSm-7nZ_BUbfspIbUjeX

Portuguese crypto-Jews: the genetic heritage of a complex history https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fgene.2015.00012/full

The Major Y-Chromosome Haplogroup R1b-M269 in West-Europe, Subdivided by the Three SNPs S21/U106, S145/L21 and S28/U152, Shows a Clear Pattern of Geographic Differentiation https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=53754

posted by Erik Granstrom
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos

https://www.geni.com/people/%D7%93%D7%95%D7%9F-%D7%99%D7%95%D7%A1%D7%A3-%D7%A0%D7%A9%D7%99%D7%90/6000000027061107872

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Nasi

https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/11333-nasi-joseph-duke-of-naxos

https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/111925/jewish/Don-Joseph-Nasi-Duke-of-Naxos.htm

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/joseph-nasi

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/26963/Bolland_C_PhD_final.pdf%3Fsequence%3D1&ved=2ahUKEwi5ktSyl5z-AhW3AjQIHdzIDUg4FBAWegQIAhAB&usg=AOvVaw0o1tmwSUmAqKu7vC5hQ3hK

https://prabook.com/web/mobile/#!profile/2184256

https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/mCzgNRY8IBg?pli=1

The Anglo-Venetian Bassano Family as Instrument Makers and Repairers https://www.jstor.org/stable/841283

https://longwaytotennessee.com/2014/02/23/the-bassanos-and-laniers/

WikiTree contributors, "Beneditto De Nazzi (abt.1490-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/De_Nazzi-2 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Lanier (abt.1631-bef.1719)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Lanier-60 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Jeronimo Bassano (abt.1559-1635)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bassano-18 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeronimo_Bassano

https://www.geni.com/people/Jeronimo-Bassano-I-Esq/6000000004089110021?through=6000000015606550022

WikiTree contributors, "Gabriel Mullins (1758-1841)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Mullins-333 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Albert Jesse Stith (1857-1916)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Stith-369 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Susanna (Slaughter) Lightfoot (abt.1726-1808)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Slaughter-18 : accessed 09 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Lawrence Smith Jr. (1660-1739)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Smith-12044 : accessed 09 April 2023).

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Kleine-49

https://www.geni.com/people/Susannah-Lightfoot/6000000013145043644?through=6000000079368532163

https://www.geni.com/people/Augustine-Smith/6000000077195951022?through=6000000079368532163

https://www.geni.com/people/Irene-Puccino/6000000080782503901?through=6000000079368532163

https://www.geni.com/people/Joel-Lax-Sr/6000000176308604907?through=6000000015606550022

https://www.geni.com/people/Elazar-Uriel-bin-Avraham-U-E/6000000187054881921?through=6000000004089110021

https://www.geni.com/projects/First-American-Jewish-Families/13288

https://www.geni.com/projects/Sephardic-Families-Who-Settled-in-Europe-after-Expulsion-from-Spain-in-1492/3345

https://www.geni.com/projects/Jews-in-Colonial-America/1029

https://www.geni.com/people/Solomon-Franco/6000000010916772398

https://www.geni.com/people/Elazar-Uriel-bin-Avraham-U-E/6000000187054881921?through=6000000004089110021

https://www.geni.com/people/Anthony-Arthur-Wheeler/6000000015606550022?through=6000000079368532163

https://www.geni.com/people/Mark-E-Hurley-A760048/6000000079368532163?through=6000000041278932376

https://www.geni.com/people/Russell-Fowler/2142757?through=6000000041278932376

https://www.geni.com/people/Brandi-Travers/6000000041278932376

posted by Erik Granstrom
HISTORY OF THERISE OF THE HUGUENOTS.VOLUME I.

https://www.gutenberg.org/files/22762/22762-h/22762-h.htm

https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/foreign/vol16/v-liii

https://www.quatuorcoronati.com/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franschhoek

https://franschhoek.org.za/

Quatuor Coronati is the world’s premier Masonic research lodge. Established in 1884 and consecrated in 1886, our founders adopted an evidence-based approach to Masonic history that replaced the more imaginative writings of earlier authors; it became known as the ‘authentic school’ of Masonic research.

Quatuor Coronati (QC) maintains the same principles today. We hold meetings incorporating lectures five times a year, usually at Freemasons’ Hall, Great Queen Street, London; publish our lectures, research papers and ‘Notes & Queries’ in Ars Quatuor Coronatorum – AQC, the annual Transactions of the Lodge; and arrange conferences & symposia on many different aspects of freemasonry.

https://www.quatuorcoronati.com/

Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Saint-Florentin https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Ph%C3%A9lypeaux,_comte_de_Saint-Florentin

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrippa_d%27Aubign%C3%A9

Aubigny-sur-Nère is worth visiting as it appears as an open air museum. This little French Heritage town is situated at the crossing of Berry and Sologne and stands as a witness of the Scottish ruling which has forged its history. It is so original that it will not let you indifferent. https://www.aubigny-sologne.com/en/jexplore/des-ecossais-dans-le-berry/la-cite-des-stuarts/

https://www.1723constitutions.com/europe/france/paris-aubigny/

https://electricscotland.com/france/aubigny.htm

WikiTree contributors, "Bernard Stuart (abt.1447-bef.1508)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Stuart-2958 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Sir-Alan-Stewart-of-Darnley-Kt/6000000000628763020?through=6000000008248262853

https://www.geni.com/people/Sir-John-Stewart-1st-Seigneur-d-Aubigny/6000000004534275582?through=6000000008248262853

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Stewart-of-Aubigny-and-Concressault/6000000008248262853?through=6000000008248262820

https://www.geni.com/people/B%C3%A9raud-Stuart-III-seigneur-d-Aubigny/6000000008248262820

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Stewart,_4th_Lord_of_Aubigny

https://francetoday.com/travel/travel-features/aubigny-sur-nere_franco-scottish_heritage_in_the_city_of_the_stuarts/

https://southafrica.co.za/french-huguenots.html

https://www.south-africa-tours-and-travel.com/french-huguenots.html

https://www.geni.com/projects/Huguenots-who-emigrated-to-South-Africa/8652

https://www.huguenotsofspitalfields.org/blog/south-african-huguenot-names-submitted-by-brian-wood/

https://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/first-large-group-french-huguenots-arrive-cape

https://museeprotestant.org/en/notice/the-huguenots-in-south-africa/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huguenots_in_South_Africa

https://www.whodoyouthinkyouaremagazine.com/tutorials/overseas/who-were-the-huguenots/

https://www.huguenotsocietyofamerica.org/history/huguenot-history/

https://media.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php/tracing-huguenot-ancestors/

https://londonist.com/london/history/huguenot-ancestry-london-french-names-spitalfields

https://www.sahistory.org.za/people/krotoa-eva

WikiTree contributors, "Peter (Havgaard) van Meerhof (abt.1635-1668)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Havgaard-2 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.britannica.com/place/Alsace-Lorrainep

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_van_Riebeeck

https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/M1G4-H34/pieter-ede-havgard-van-meerhoff-1636-1668

https://www.stamouers.com/stamouers/surnames-v-z/549-van-meerhof-ieter

https://www.geni.com/people/Pieter-van-Meerhoff-SV-PROG/6000000000732194446

https://www.geni.com/people/Jacob-Glen-Cuyler-SV-PROG/6000000015608529782

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blaauwberg

WikiTree contributors, "Jacob Glen Cuyler (abt.1775-1854)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Cuyler-25 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Pieternella (van Meerhoff) Zaaijman (bef.1663-abt.1714)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Van_Meerhoff-1 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Johan-van-Riebeeck-SV-PROG/6000000011138130821

https://en.geneastar.org/genealogy/vanriebeeckj/jan-van-riebeeck

https://www.genealogieonline.nl/de-zeeuwse-familie-keetlaer/I1189.php

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "George Robert Maupin (1915-1993)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Maupin-1130 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Charles Robert Maupin (1938-1999)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Maupin-1131 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Mary Ann (Maupin) Riggs (1881-1960)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Maupin-1133 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "George Washington Maupin (1775-1825)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Maupin-672 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "William Willard Maupin (1894-1966)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Maupin-419 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Perry Maupin (1786-1844)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Maupin-152 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.blm.gov/visit/maupin-section-foreman-house-historic-site

https://maupinoregon.com/maupin-100/maupin-history/

https://www.geni.com/people/Howard-Maupin/6000000039023956887

Perry Maupin arrived at the present townsite of Maupin in 1872. He realized the possibilities of the location and constructed a ferry, which he operated from the west side of the Deschutes to the mouth of Bakeoven Creek. He continued to operate the ferry for five years, during which time he built the first house in Maupin.

https://maupinoregon.com/maupin-100/maupin-history/

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/28854790/henrietta-lucretia-friend

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/28854796/aaron-holburt-hale

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/28854797/maria-theresa-hale

https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/39106/memorial-search?page=2#sr-8850408

Son of Perry and Rachael (Bradley) Maupin. Married Nancy McCollum on 18 April, 1840 in Platte Co, MO. Children Perry, Sarah E. (Childers), and Rachel were born in Missouri.

Came across on the Oregon Trail in 1852. His son Garret was born on the journey. His daughter Nancy was born in Oregon https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/28854809/howard-maupin

Ulysses Hale Male June 1866–before 1966 •LZT4-P81 https://ancestors.familysearch.org/LZT4-P81/ulysses-hale-1866-1966

Daniel Hudson Hale Male 1820–Deceased •9MWK-F8F https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/about/9MWK-F8F

posted by Erik Granstrom
Nancy Anne Moore 1786 -

http://www.thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I42392&tree=hennessee

https://www.geni.com/people/Lucy-Estes/6000000012678550862

https://dna-explained.com/2022/07/10/seriously-addie-browning-1909-1996-is-not-my-fathers-wife-52-ancestors-365/amp/

https://dna-explained.com/2015/03/23/john-y-estes-1818-1895-civil-war-soldier-walked-to-texas-twice-52-ancestors-64/

https://dna-explained.com/2015/03/26/estes-big-y-dna-results/

https://dna-explained.com/2014/08/30/abraham-estes-c-1647-1720-the-immigrant-52-ancestors-35/

WikiTree contributors, "John R. Estes (1787-1885)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Estes-1595 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~hill2oregon/genealogy/sweetw.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwi0xoP445r-AhWwCTQIHR52DO4QFnoECCEQAQ&usg=AOvVaw2x_F7LnyyjTk5EVkUJ_nb1

The original House of Este's elder branch, which is known as the House of Welf, included dukes of Bavaria and of Brunswick. This branch produced Britain's Hanoverian monarchs, as well as one Emperor of Russia (Ivan VI) and one Holy Roman Emperor (Otto IV). https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Este

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Abraham_Estes_%22Immigrant

WikiTree contributors, "Francis Marion Estes (1847-1926)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Estes-5126 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John Younger Estes (1818-1895)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Estes-1596 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Lazarus Dodson Jr (1795-1861)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dodson-3901 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Martha Ruth (Dodson) Estes (1820-1903)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dodson-3376 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.google.com/amp/s/dna-explained.com/2015/03/01/ruthy-dodson-1820-1903-survivor-divorced-land-owner-52-ancestors-61/amp/

WikiTree contributors, "Barbara Jean Ferverda (1922-2006)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ferverda-2 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Lazarus Estes (1848-1918)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Estes-2255 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Barbara Jean Ferverda (1922-2006)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ferverda-2 : accessed 08 April 2023).

Roberta Estes https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Estes-2153

WikiTree contributors, "James Lee Porter (1876-1935)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-14260 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Elijah Dodson (abt.1790-1860)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dodson-815 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "James Monroe Fulkerson (1803-1884)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Fulkerson-120 : accessed 08 April 2023).

Beryl Echo Porter Female 1894–1962 •MTSN-4T4 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/MTSN-4T4

WikiTree contributors, "Beryl Echo Porter (1894-1962)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-14261 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.google.com/amp/s/dna-explained.com/2015/03/01/ruthy-dodson-1820-1903-survivor-divorced-land-owner-52-ancestors-61/amp/

https://dna-explained.com/2016/12/11/lazarus-dodson-1795-1861-under-the-radar-52-ancestors-139/amp/

WikiTree contributors, "Lazarus Dodson (abt.1765-1842)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Dodson-811 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Elder-Lazarus-Dodson/6000000006187033748

George Dodson, Sr Male 31 October 1702–before 1762 •LHDB-5N3 https://ancestors.familysearch.org/en/LHDB-5N3/george-dodson%2C-sr-1702-1762

https://dna-explained.com/2014/07/04/lazarus-dodson-revolutionary-war-veteran-52-ancestors-27/amp/

Samuel Porter his father

 

 

Samuel Porter, Jr. his father

 

 

Eve Porter his mother

 

 

John William Martin her son

 

 

Martha Martin Pickett his wife

 

 

Nancy Ann Stamps her sister

 

 

William Stamps Sr. her husband

 

 

John Stamps, Sr. his brother

 

 

Eleanor ‘Leanna’ Stamps his wife

 

 

Elisha Dodson her father

 

 

George Edward Dodson his brother

 

 

Elder Lazarus Dodson his son

https://www.geni.com/people/Elder-Lazarus-Dodson/6000000006187033748

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Camp-Jr-Loyalist-to-the-Crown/6000000006402568513

https://www.geni.com/people/Thomas-Goodbread-Loyalist-to-the-Crown/6000000003714053631

https://www.geni.com/people/Capt-Isaac-Walton/6000000009979013709?through=6000000002139719750

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Goodbread-Loyalist-to-the-Crown/6000000002139719750

https://www.geni.com/people/Phillip-Goodbread-Loyalist-to-the-Crown/6000000003714053603

https://www.geni.com/people/Col-Ambrose-Mills-Loyalist-to-the-Crown-Revolutionary-War/6000000011242450200

https://www.geni.com/people/Captain-James-Chitwood-Sr-Loyalist-to-the-Crown/6000000004215371846

https://www.geni.com/people/Nancy-Wisdom/6000000003345388998?through=6000000001744957303

https://www.geni.com/people/Gideon-Rucker-Loyalist-to-the-Crown/6000000001744957303

https://www.geni.com/people/James-Reynolds/6000000006728045492

https://www.geni.com/people/Elisha-Reynolds/6000000006728041376

WikiTree contributors, "Joseph Porter Sr (abt.1739-abt.1820)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-1913 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Joseph-Porter/4342285

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Wisdom-Sr/6000000003601157397?through=6000000003345388998

https://www.geni.com/people/John-Scott/6000000001626096903

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Franklin

https://www.geni.com/people/Chief-Attakullakulla-Little-Carpenter-Cherokee-Emissary-to-England/6000000011727533816?through=6000000004086094219

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "James Oliver Green (1842-1924)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Green-37772 : accessed 08 April 2023).

James Oliver Green Male 1842–1924 •LCQJ-3NC https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/LCQJ-3NC

He is on connection path via QEII

James son needs to be added to WT

Norvin Hewitt Green Male 1893–1955 • LCQJ-32S https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/family/LCQJ-32S

...

Add sources and connect with geni and FS profiles:

WikiTree contributors, "Abraham Patterson (1817-1872)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Patterson-13846 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Cordelia Adelade (Porter) Patterson (1857-1939)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-19773 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Lycurgus Porter (1842-)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Porter-14969 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "John R. Estes (1787-1885)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Estes-1595 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Abraham Eastridge Estes Sr. (abt.1647-1720)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Estes-65 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Elizabeth (Kennon) Taylor (1783-1868)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Kennon-171 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Jabin Snow Taylor (1823-1857)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Taylor-60583 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Benjamin Sherman Crothers (1910-1986)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Crothers-244 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://www.geni.com/people/Hughes-Taylor/6000000104009713878

Jabin Snow "Jobe" Taylor Male 1823–1857 •2MJ7-P23 https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/details/2MJ7-P23

WikiTree contributors, "Elbert Elihu Taylor (1826-1921)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Taylor-60591 : accessed 08 April 2023).

Lazarus Dodson 1760 - 1826  (~ 66 years) http://www.thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I42486&tree=hennessee

Family: John Younger Estes / Martha Rutha "Ruthy" Dodson (F15337) http://www.thehennesseefamily.com/familygroup.php?familyID=F15337&tree=hennessee

WikiTree contributors, "Mary (Yancy) Estes (abt.1705-1764)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Yancy-1 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Alexander Leighton M.D. (abt.1568-1649)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Leighton-1404 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Jechonias Yancey (1715-1760)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Yancey-299 : accessed 08 April 2023).

posted by Erik Granstrom
The American Journal of Human Genetics

Volume 83, Issue 6, 12 December 2008, Pages 725-736

Article

The Genetic Legacy of Religious Diversity and Intolerance: Paternal Lineages of Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula

North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula are separated by a mere 15 km of water at the Gibraltar Strait, making the region a potential migration route between Africa and Europe. Historically documented contact began dramatically in 711 CE, when a Berber army under Arab leadership crossed from Morocco, winning a key battle the following year.16 Within only four years, the invaders had conquered the entire peninsula, with the exception of the northern Basque country, Cantabria, Galicia, Asturias, and most of the Pyrenees in the north, which remained largely unoccupied.17 Arab and Berber forces then remained in control for more than five centuries, with a gradual withdrawal toward Andalusia in the south and a final expulsion in 1492. Today, signs of this lengthy Islamic occupation are abundantly obvious in the place names, language, archaeology,18 architecture, and other cultural traits of Spain and Portugal, but its demographic impact is less clear.

The established population of the Iberian Peninsula prior to 711 CE has been estimated at 7–8 million people, ruled by about 200,000 Germanic Visigoths,19 who had entered from the north in the sixth century. Though the initial invading North African force was between 10,000 and 15,000 strong, the scale of subsequent migration and settlement is uncertain, with some claiming numbers in the hundreds of thousands.20 Islamization of the populace after the invasion was certainly rapid, but it has been argued that this reflects an exponential social process of religious conversion rather than a substantial immigration;21 a sizeable proportion of the indigenous population (the so-called Mozarabs) was allowed to retain its Christian practices, as a result of the religious tolerance of the Muslim rulers.22 There is also doubt about the extent of intermarriage between indigenous people and settlers in the early phase.20 After the overthrow of Islamic rule in most of the peninsula, a period of tolerant coexistence (convivencia) ensued in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, but after 1492 (1496 in Portugal), religious intolerance forced Spanish Muslims to either convert to Christianity (as so-called moriscos) or leave.23 After the fifteenth century, moriscos were relocated across Spain on occasion, and, finally, during 1609–1616, over 200,000 were expelled, mostly from Valencia.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002929708005922

Twenty years ago, a haplogroup estimate of R-M343 or R-M269 was assumed to be a marker of non-Jewish paternal ancestry. With new scientific tools, we now know that, instead, it might indicate descendance from any number of known Jewish lineages, small and large, with probable ancient origins in the Middle East, western Asia, Africa, or the Mediterranean. These geographic origins are all consistent with ancient Jewish history and migration, not indications of the large-scale introduction of recent northern or eastern European Y-DNA into the modern Jewish population. https://www.academia.edu/41172857/A_New_Narrative_for_Jewish_R1b_Jewish_Men_in_the_Most_Common_European_Y_DNA_Haplogroup_and_The_FTDNA_Jewish_R1b_Project

WikiTree contributors, "Henri Louis (DeRohan) Rohan (1745-1809)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/DeRohan-10 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Elijah Rideout (1768-1862)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rideout-16 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Benjamin Thompson (1753-1814)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Thompson-9085 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin,_Duke_of_Soubise

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_II,_Viscount_of_Rohan

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huguenot_rebellions

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin,_Duke_of_Soubise

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Villiers,_1st_Duke_of_Buckingham

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrietta_Maria

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gatien_de_Courtilz_de_Sandras

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Waite

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Musketeers

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_Hay,_Countess_of_Carlisle

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milady_de_Winter

https://www.geni.com/people/Lucy-Hay-Percy-Countess-of-Carlisle/6000000003681560121

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milady_de_Winter

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Three_Musketeers_(1973_live-action_film)

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Sublime-Porte

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_XIII

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torquato_Conti

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriel_Bethlen

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federico_Savelli

The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March 1645. One of the last major battles of the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years' War, it was fought between Swedish and Imperial armies, each containing around 16,000 men. The more mobile and better led Swedes under Lennart Torstensson effectively destroyed their opponents, commanded by Melchior von Hatzfeldt. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Jankau

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Herbsthausen

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_von_Werth

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Saxe-Weimar

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rheinfelden

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri,_Duke_of_Rohan

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_II,_Count_Palatine_of_Zweibr%C3%BCcken

https://www.thejc.com/lifestyle/family/my-secret-jewish-family-is-reunited-1.509067

John Wallis (23 November 1616 – 28 October 1703) was an English mathematician who is given partial credit for the development of infinitesimal calculus. Between 1643 and 1689 he served as chief cryptographer for Parliament and, later, the royal court. He is also credited with introducing the symbol for infinity. Asteroid 31982 Johnwallis was named after him..." https://www.geni.com/people/John-Wallis/6000000003506693240

Francois Viete https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Vi%C3%A8te

WikiTree contributors, "Henri (Rohan) de Rohan (1579-1638)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rohan-157 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "René (Rohan) de Rohan (1550-1586)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Rohan-156 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Henri (Bourbon) de Bourbon (1553-1610)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bourbon-33 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "David Epperson Sr. (1734-1799)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Epperson-76 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Bernard de Nogaret (La Valette) de Nogaret de la Valette d'Épernon (1592-1661)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/La_Valette-1 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Solomon Wood Israel (1774-bef.1861)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Israel-96 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Catherine (Parthenay) de Parthenay (1554-1631)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Parthenay-2 : accessed 08 April 2023).

Catherine de Parthenay (22 March 1554 – 26 October 1631) was a French noblewoman and mathematician.[1] She studied with mathematician François Viète and was considered one of the most brilliant women of the era. She married Charles de Quelennec, and after his death married René II, Viscount of Rohan, a Huguenot.[2] https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_de_Parthenay

WikiTree contributors, "Benjamin Newton Duke (1855-1929)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Duke-1282 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huguenots

posted by Erik Granstrom
24,165 different paths were found between Rollo and Erik

14,422 different paths were found between Rollo and Anonymous.

WikiTree contributors, "Rollo (Normandie) of Normandy (abt.0842-0931)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Normandie-54 : accessed 08 April 2023).

The Marquis of Cinq-Mars' last words were, "Mon Dieu! Qu’est-ce que ce monde" ('My God! What is this world?').[1]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Coiffier_de_Ruz%C3%A9,_Marquis_of_Cinq-Mars

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoine_Coiffier_de_Ruz%C3%A9,_marquis_d%27Effiat

https://www.executedtoday.com/2012/09/12/1642-henri-coiffier-de-ruze-marquis-of-cinq-mars/

http://www.honourandthesword.com/pages/background/richelieu.html

Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_d%27Albert,_duc_de_Luynes

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIV

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_XIII

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Navarrese_monarchs

Henry IV (French: Henri IV; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithets Good King Henry or Henry the Great, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the House of Bourbon, a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac, a Catholic zealot, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_IV_of_France

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrietta_Maria

https://wiki.ubc.ca/Course:History_344_Nasty_Families/Religion/Crypto_Catholicism#:~:text=A%20Crypto%2DCatholic%20is%20someone,remaining%20a%20Catholic%20in%20private.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Eritrea

Crypto-Christianity is the secret practice of Christianity, usually while attempting to camouflage it as another faith or observing the rituals of another religion publicly. In places and time periods where Christians were persecuted or Christianity was outlawed, instances of crypto-Christianity have surfaced. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crypto-Christianity

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, KG (/ˈvɪlərz/; 28 August 1592 – 23 August 1628),[1][2] was an English courtier, statesman, and patron of the arts. He was a favourite of King James I of England.[3][4] Buckingham remained at the height of royal favour for the first three years of the reign of James's son, King Charles I, until a disgruntled army officer assassinated him. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Villiers,_1st_Duke_of_Buckingham

The siege of La Rochelle (French: Le Siège de La Rochelle, or sometimes Le Grand Siège de La Rochelle) was a result of a war between the French royal forces of Louis XIII of France and the Huguenots of La Rochelle in 1627–28. The siege marked the height of the struggle between the Catholics and the Protestants in France, and ended with a complete victory for King Louis XIII and the Catholics. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_La_Rochelle

Over the first three days of the trial, whenever Charles was asked to plead, he refused,[270] stating his objection with the words: "I would know by what power I am called hither, by what lawful authority...?"[271] He claimed that no court had jurisdiction over a monarch,[259] that his own authority to rule had been given to him by God and by the traditional laws of England, and that the power wielded by those trying him was only that of force of arms. Charles insisted that the trial was illegal, explaining that,

no earthly power can justly call me (who am your King) in question as a delinquent ... this day's proceeding cannot be warranted by God's laws; for, on the contrary, the authority of obedience unto Kings is clearly warranted, and strictly commanded in both the Old and New Testament ... for the law of this land, I am no less confident, that no learned lawyer will affirm that an impeachment can lie against the King, they all going in his name: and one of their maxims is, that the King can do no wrong ... the higher House is totally excluded; and for the House of Commons, it is too well known that the major part of them are detained or deterred from sitting ... the arms I took up were only to defend the fundamental laws of this kingdom against those who have supposed my power hath totally changed the ancient government.[272]

The court, by contrast, challenged the doctrine of sovereign immunity and proposed that "the King of England was not a person, but an office whose every occupant was entrusted with a limited power to govern 'by and according to the laws of the land and not otherwise'."[273]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josselin_Castle

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://minorityrights.org/minorities/berbers/

"Kosher” usually refers to something that is permitted according to Jewish dietary laws. With pickles, however, “kosher” merely denotes a specific pickling style. Pickles, like any other product, need to be certified kosher. The good news is that most major kosher pickle producers in the US are certified kosher. https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/4059877/jewish/What-Makes-Kosher-Pickles-Kosher.htm

Kosher means separated for holiness. The Torah equates kosher eating with being holy. The basis for this can be found in the Book of Exodus when God commands: “And you shall be holy people unto Me; therefore you shall not eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field.” Jewish people are commanded to only use foods that the Torah has declared kosher, to prepare them according to the way the Torah permits, and to keep them separate from non-kosher foods. https://koshermichigan.com/frequently-asked-questions-kosher-certification/

"Long knives" was a term used by the Iroquois, and later by the Mingo and other indigenous peoples of the Ohio Country to designate white settlers from Virginia, in contradistinction to those of New York and Pennsylvania. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_knives

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logan_(Iroquois_leader)

https://www.northamericanforts.com/East/wv.html

https://www.mnmilitarymuseum.org/resources/mn-military-history/old-fort-ripley/

Logan’s Station https://explorekyhistory.ky.gov/items/show/572?tour=38&index=13

https://sites.rootsweb.com/~varussel/other/forts.html

http://georgetownsteamboats.com/gs/georgetown-pa/history-in-homes-of-georgetown/the-lost-frontier-fort/

Military Architecture on the American Frontier http://npshistory.com/series/symposia/george_rogers_clark/1983-1984/sec5.htm

https://thecounty.me/2018/10/20/news/blockhouses-played-major-role-in-formation-of-u-s-canadian-border-during-1800s/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Dunlap%27s_Station

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_de_La_Pr%C3%A9e

https://www.saintjohnsboston1733.com/residences

Candidates are told that Masonic lodges are dedicated to Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist. Together, they represent the patron saints of Freemasonry.

To this day, Masons all around the world continue to recognize these two figures as the patron saints of Freemasonry. In fact, the closest thing we have to a Masonic holiday are the feast days of the two saints. St. John the Baptist’s feast day is celebrated in the summer (June 24), and St. John the Evangelist’s is in winter (December 27). Masons and Masonic lodges mark these days with their own celebratory dinners or other events. They are two of the most important dates on the fraternal calendar.

https://californiafreemason.org/2022/12/20/patron-saint/

St. John's Day, Masonic feast https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._John%27s_Day,_Masonic_feast

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mackinac_Island&oldformat=true#Scout_Service_Camp

posted by Erik Granstrom
Rouighi, Inventing the Berbers

Ramzi Rouighi’s Inventing the Berbers seeks to illustrate how the ill-defined concept of the Berbers came to be and how it persists despite its problematic creation and habitual recreations. In short, he argues that the Berbers as defined as the original inhabitants of North Africa did not exist, but were instead an invention of historians. The concept of the autochthonous Berbers emerged progressively in several iterations from the seventh century onward until they became inextricably tied with the people of North Africa in the modern period. Historians for centuries used the concept of the “Berbers” as a convenient archetype to advance an argument or worldview within their work or wider society. Like the concept of “Indians” within the history of North America, this development was uneven and haphazard--and initially did not involve the Maghrib--but eventually settled upon this region and its people through the work of several Muslim scholars, especially Ibn Khaldun, and their modern translators. Even when scholars rejected the established and later colonial image of the Berbers, they did not wholly discard the notion that an indigenous collective of peoples once existed by that name or designation in North Africa.

https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/tmr/article/view/33493/37059

“Who was here before?” I asked.

“Ancient Jewish, Berber and Christian communities, as well as animists,” Simon answered.

A Jewish community had still been here in Wharton’s time — “Jews abounded in the market-place and also in the town” — working the silver trade and living in ghettos, “into which,” Wharton writes, they were “locked at night, as in France and Germany in the Middle Ages.” In the postwar years, some quarter of a million had immigrated to Israel, Europe and America.

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/15/t-magazine/morocco-travel-draa-valley.html

I heard it was. I also heard America is derived from the terms Al Morocco, Al Maurikonos, and Amurika(Berber) which means Land of the West. Internationally, some people refer to the Americas as the Al Magreb Al Aqsa. (The most extreme west)

My lawful research indicates the initial intent for the land of Morocco was to serve as a melting pot for American Citizens (of European Descent) and Moors (Al Moroccans) of the Moroccan Empire.

Somehow, the Moors begin calling themselves Black, Negro, Colored, Indian, African American and other labels, so the corporate states names are what's oftenly used to refer to places on the land of (Al) Morocco. The corporate states openly place green signs amongst the highways and interstates to remind people that they are respectively doing business. For example, a sign may display, “Ward County Corp. Limits”, “ City of Carthage Corp. Limits”, or “State of Texas Corp. Limits.” Corp. is the abbreviation of the word Corporation.

Not to mention the creation of the U.S. adds more confusion, so the jurisdictions of North America where the States of America we're chartered alone may include but are not limited to: U.S. (a foreign European Corporation created to overthrow the Republic, see U.S. vs Perkins), united States of America (Original Constitutional Jurisdiction, i.e. Texas Republic, Georgia Republic), and the Aboriginal territories within the Moroccan Empire (see U.S. vs Heirs of Henry Turner and the Dieon Saunders Divorce case which acknowledge the land is Morocco.)

https://www.quora.com/Is-it-true-that-the-first-name-of-America-was-Morocco

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brendan_the_Navigator

https://blogs.loc.gov/loc/2016/07/how-did-america-get-its-name/

In the 1700s, the countries along the southern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea were called the Barbary States. They included Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. Named after the Berbers, one of North Africa's native peoples, the Barbary States were little pirate kingdoms that plundered the merchant ships of many nations.

The Barbary pirates were mostly Berbers, Arabs, and other Muslims, but some came from Christian Europe. The pirates used small, fast-moving vessels to capture trading ships and their cargoes. They held the crews and passengers for ransom or sold them as slaves.

Each of the four Barbary States had its own ruler. He was usually a military strongman who had grabbed the throne by assassinating the ruler or murdering rival family members.

In 1662, England made the first treaty with a Barbary ruler. This set the pattern for similar treaties by other European nations trading in the Mediterranean. Typically, a Barbary peace treaty required a nation to pay "tribute" to the pirate ruler, who would then call off attacks on the nation's ships. Tribute usually took the form of a large payment of money plus annual payments. The annual payments might be cash, military supplies, or expensive presents for the ruler. A particular treaty might also include ransom money for the release of a nation's citizens held captive by the Barbary country.

https://www.crf-usa.org/bill-of-rights-in-action/bria-18-1-a-the-united-states-and-the-barbary-pirates.html

https://slaveryandremembrance.org/articles/article/?id=A0001

https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/anthropology-and-archaeology/people/berbers

https://merip.org/1996/09/berbers-in-france-and-algeria/

https://www.worldhistory.org/Berbers/

With a particular focus on the southeastern oases of Morocco, I sketch the colonial logics which divided Berber (or Imazighen) "autochthons," understood as superficially Muslim, from local Jewish and black Haratin/Iqablin "allochthons" and the consequences of such a divide for local social relations and their subsequent transformations. https://www.international.ucla.edu/cnes/article/241748

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Pallache

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_ethnic_divisions

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallache_family

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Palache

https://lilith.org/articles/most-decorated-women/

In the late fifteenth century, many of the Jews expelled from Spain made their way to Morocco and established a dynamic community in Fez. A number of Jewish families became prominent in commerce and public life there. Among the Jews of Fez of Hispanic origin was Samuel Pallache, who served the Moroccan sultan as a commercial and diplomatic agent in Holland until Pallache’s death in 1616. https://citylights.com/judaism/man-of-3-worlds-samuel-pallache-jew-in/

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/palache

https://www.anumuseum.org.il/blog-items/samuel-pallache-famous-jewish-pirate/

https://segulamag.com/en/articles/my-son-the-pirate/

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/map1.html

Before Morocco : Mauritania, Numidia, Ifriqiya

The name Morocco comes from the Berber word “amerruk”, diminutive of “amurakuc” which means “land of god”. It is also the original name of “Marrakech”. Before mentioning the name “Morocco”, one spoke of the Maghreb Al Aqsa, that is to say the extreme western Maghreb (“Al Maghrib” the setting, “Al Aqsa” extreme), at the time of the Arab conquests, around 700 AD. Before that, about 2000 years ago, at the time of the Romans, there was talk of Mauritania, the country of the Moors (western Maghreb), “mauri” in Latin meaning Berber of Mauritania, or Numidia (Maghreb in general), with its Numidians (nomadic or semi-sedentary). When the Maghreb was not yet subdivided, i.e. at the time of the Phoenician and Carthaginian comptoirs, Ifriqiya with the people of the Libyans corresponded to the whole of North Africa, from Libya to present-day Morocco.

https://www.alksar.com/en/berbers-in-morocco/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berber_Americans

https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/tuareg-migration-critical-component-crisis-sahel

posted by Erik Granstrom
WikiTree contributors, "William Lempriere (1760-1834)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Lempriere-58 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Isaac Sharples (1748-1780)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Sharples-339 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Isaac Bonsall (1769-1832)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bonsall-95 : accessed 08 April 2023).

WikiTree contributors, "Whitten Cripps Bonsall (1800-1882)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bonsall-326 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taroudant

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ab/A_bibliography_of_Morocco%252C_from_the_earliest_times_to_the_end_of_1891_%2528IA_bibliographyofmo00play%2529.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjHq8-M-5n-AhX1IH0KHdTiASM4ChAWegQIIRAB&usg=AOvVaw3HytDuSQxCOaguBJaIWSJq

https://marrakechtricks.com/blog/medina-of-essaouira

https://www.grayline.ma/en/destinationcasablanca

"Sibismaken" (No harm done) https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,890649,00.html

Long before the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Moroccan Sultan Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah laid the first building block on the path of human rights and abolition of slavery by proposing a package of stipulations to preserve the dignity of captives, slaves, women, and the elderly. https://insidearabia.com/meknes-declaration-on-human-rights-brainchild-of-18th-century-moroccan-sultan/

Mogador became the first Moroccan port to trade with the non-islamic world. In 1767, he signed a peace treaty with Spain and a trade agreement with France. Under Mohammed III, Morocco became the first country to recognize the United States as an independent nation, in 1777. President George Washington wrote letters to the sultan in 1789 asking him for aid in allowing American ships to navigate nearby waters and thanking him for help with realease American sailors captured in Tripoli. It also became the destination for caravans bringing African riches from Timbuctu.

Mohammed III was a sultan Alaouite.

Sultan, is an islamic title used by certain muslim rulers. Lands ruled by a sultan are called a sultanate. Mohammed V changed the style to Malik (king) on 14 August 1957, maintaining the subsidiary style Amir al-Mu´minin (Commander of the Faithful)

https://www.essaouira.nu/history_mohammed_III.htm

The question is: was Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah really looking forward to gain the Americans' friendship or to put it in Priscilla Roberts' words "to be l'ami des Américains"[18], and why the sultan allowed the American and the European ships to freely enter Moroccan ports?

The sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah was neither looking for the friendship of the Americans nor to recognize their independence in 1777.[a] But, he was rather trying to get support from Americans and Europeans to overcome the food crisis of the country, just as the Americans were looking for support from France to get their independence.

https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2012/03/32075/sidi-mohamed-ben-abdellahs-diplomatic-initiatives-towards-the-united-states-1777-1786-direct-reasons

https://www.essaouira.nu/history_mohammed_III.htm

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_de_Unzaga

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_ben_Abdallah

https://www.geni.com/people/Emperor-Sultan-Sidi-Mohammid-ibn-Abdullah-BIN-ABDULLAH-AL-QATIB-XVIII-Sultan-of-Morocco/6000000120998559870?through=6000000120998235211

https://www.mountvernon.org/library/digitalhistory/digital-encyclopedia/article/morocco/

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moroccan_Americans

WikiTree contributors, "Moses Elias Levy (1782-1854)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Levy-2638 : accessed 08 April 2023).

In 1821, Moses Elias Levy purchased 53,000 acres of land in northeast Florida. Levy believed that Florida could be a new Zion, a home for the persecuted Jews of Europe. Today, in a very different form, Levy’s vision has become a reality. South Florida now has the third largest concentration of Jewish population in the United States.

Born in Morocco in 1781, Moses E. Levy was the son of a Moroccan government minister. After the Sultan’s death in 1790, Morocco experienced an outbreak of antisemitic violence and the Levy family fled to Gibraltar.

WikiTree contributors, "David (Levy) Yulee (1810-1886)," WikiTree: The Free Family Tree, (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Levy-1117 : accessed 08 April 2023).

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Levy_Yulee

https://www.varsitytutors.com/earlyamerica/early-america-review/volume-5/fugitive-communities-in-colonial-america

`The Makhzan's Berber : paths in integration in pre-colonial Morocco https://www.si.edu/object/siris_sil_957167

For instance, in order to understand the sea change suffered by the ancient Jewish name Phoebus to English Phillips (and Scottish Forbes and Frobisher), with stages along the way as Pharabas and Ferebee and Furby, one must have an appreciation for the synthesizing religions of the Roman Empire, including the Cult of Mithras and naming practices of Greek-speaking congregations of Jews, as well as conversion of Berber populations to Judaism, conquest of Spain by Berber armies in 710 and subsequent development of Judeo-Arab culture, not to mention the medieval French, Norman, Anglo-Saxon and Scottish linguistic, orthographic and social filters the surname passed through until it became enshrined in modern times as “good ole English” Phillips. https://www.massar.org/2019/05/25/a-genealogical-history-jews-and-muslims-in-british-colonial-america/


Am J Hum Genet. 2005 May; 76(5): 883–886. 

Published online 2005 Mar 24. doi: 10.1086/430073

PMCID: PMC1199377

PMID: 15791543

Saami and Berbers—An Unexpected Mitochondrial DNA Link

Alessandro Achilli,1 Chiara Rengo,1 Vincenza Battaglia,1 Maria Pala,1 Anna Olivieri,1 Simona Fornarino,1 Chiara Magri,1 Rosaria Scozzari,2 Nora Babudri,3 A. Silvana Santachiara-Benerecetti,1 Hans-Jürgen Bandelt,4 Ornella Semino,1 and Antonio Torroni1

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Abstract

The sequencing of entire human mitochondrial DNAs belonging to haplogroup U reveals that this clade arose shortly after the “out of Africa” exit and rapidly radiated into numerous regionally distinct subclades. Intriguingly, the Saami of Scandinavia and the Berbers of North Africa were found to share an extremely young branch, aged merely ∼9,000 years. This unexpected finding not only confirms that the Franco-Cantabrian refuge area of southwestern Europe was the source of late-glacial expansions of hunter-gatherers that repopulated northern Europe after the Last Glacial Maximum but also reveals a direct maternal link between those European hunter-gatherer populations and the Berbers.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1199377/

The Mormon Samson: Porter Rockwell https://www.weber.edu/weberjournal/Journal_Archives/Archive_D/Vol_21_3/BurrowsEss.html

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burrows_Cave

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trist%C3%A1n_de_Luna_y_Arellano

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Pardo_(explorer)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlesfort-Santa_Elena_Site

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Ribault

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Elena_(Spanish_Florida)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Africans_in_the_United_States

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahina

posted by Erik Granstrom
https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/01/14/377008599/far-from-north-africa-berbers-in-the-u-s-ring-in-a-new-year

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/muslims-were-banned-americas-early-16th-century-180962059/

https://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/africans-colonial-america/

Berber Origins and the Politics of Ethnicity in Colonial North African Discourse https://www.jstor.org/stable/24497815

Before the Arabs conquered northwest Africa in the seventh century, Ramzi Rouighi asserts, there were no Berbers. There were Moors (Mauri), Mauretanians, Africans, and many tribes and tribal federations such as the Leuathae or Musulami; and before the Arabs, no one thought that these groups shared a common ancestry, culture, or language. Certainly, there were groups considered barbarians by the Romans, but "Barbarian," or its cognate, "Berber" was not an ethnonym, nor was it exclusive to North Africa. Yet today, it is common to see studies of the Christianization or Romanization of the Berbers, or of their resistance to foreign conquerors like the Carthaginians, Vandals, or Arabs. Archaeologists and linguists routinely describe proto-Berber groups and languages in even more ancient times, while biologists look for Berber DNA markers that go back thousands of years. Taking the pervasiveness of such anachronisms as a point of departure, Inventing the Berbers examines the emergence of the Berbers as a distinct category in early Arabic texts and probes the ways in which later Arabic sources, shaped by contemporary events, imagined the Berbers as a people and the Maghrib as their home.

Key both to Rouighi's understanding of the medieval phenomenon of the "berberization" of North Africa and its reverberations in the modern world is the Kitāb al-'ibar of Ibn Khaldūn (d. 1406), the third book of which purports to provide the history of the Berbers and the dynasties that ruled in the Maghrib. As translated into French in 1858, Rouighi argues, the book served to establish a racialized conception of Berber indigenousness for the French colonial powers who erected a fundamental opposition between the two groups thought to constitute the native populations of North Africa, Arabs and Berbers. Inventing the Berbers thus demonstrates the ways in which the nineteenth-century interpretation of a medieval text has not only served as the basis for modern historical scholarship but also has had an effect on colonial and postcolonial policies and communal identities throughout Europe and North Africa.

Inventing the Berbers: History and Ideology in the Maghrib https://www.hookedlansing.com/book/9780812225242

Settlement in America came first from Asia and happened long before 1492. The first Americans came from Siberia around 15,000–20,000 years ago. More followed about 9,000 years ago, and a further wave 5,000 years ago. ‘Encounters’ charts the settlement and migration of people to and within America from those first settlers to the arrival of the European colonizers. The impact of the colonization of America was huge for Native Americans. The Europeans bought plants, animals, and diseases. They killed off native habitats. Despite the demographic disaster and the ecological changes, the native people survived in sufficient numbers to hinder and slow down colonial expansion. The native people adapted to their changing circumstances and defended their home. https://academic.oup.com/book/753/chapter-abstract/135405355?redirectedFrom=fulltext

posted by Erik Granstrom

Categories: Family Mysteries