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Reverse Underground Railroad Victims

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Sold South
This is a list of known free black people who were kidnapped from northern states and sold into the south.

At this time the list is limited to people who were investigated by Mayor Joseph Watson and High Constable Samuel P Garrigues. It includes both those that they rescued and those that they were unable to rescue.

There is no reason for this list to be restricted to their work however, but I'm reaching the limit of how much psychic energy I can put into this project. I hope others can expand this list beyond the Watson/Garrigues work.

The obvious next person to be added would be Solomon Northup (1808-), but there are many more.

It has been said that there were as many passengers on the Reverse Underground Railroad as there were on the northbound Underground Railroad.

WhoWhen AbductedWhere AbductedAge When AbductedLast known situation
Alexander Manlove9 Aug 1825Philadelphia5Returned to Philadelphia through the efforts of Joseph Watson. Had four children and lived to see the end of slavery
Benjamin BaxterJul 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownIn the possession of Josiah Sutler in Mississippi
Benjamin GreySep 1823Philadelphia15Patrick Picket's farm in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania
Clement CoxJun 1825Philadelphia13Returned to Philadelphia by High Constable Samuel P Garrigues; married and had two children; lived to see the end of slavery
ConstantSummer 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownSold on the way from North Carolina to Mississippi
Cornelius Sinclair10 Aug 1825Philadelphia10Freed via a Petition For Freedom thanks to the testimony of Adam Traquair and returned to Philadelphia; opened a savings account in Philadelphia in 1838
Daniel StephensUnknownPhiladelphiaUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
Enos Tilghman9 Aug 1825Philadelphia9Returned to Philadelphia through the efforts of Joseph Watson. Had some trouble with the law following his return. Possibly in Pottsville in 1850.
Ephraim LawrenceJun 1825Philadelphia16Returned to Philadelphia by High Constable Samuel P Garrigues and became a seaman. By 1836 was a crew man on board the Augustus.
HenryJul 1825Maryland"young man grown"Held in slavery in Lawrence County, Mississippi
Isaiah SadlerSep 1824Philadelphia17Escaped after a few days and returned to Philadelphia
Isaiah ThomasUnknownUnknownUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
Isaac WiltbankUnknownUnknownUnknownMentioned as having been given up but not yet returned by Joseph Watson
Jacob SimonsApr 1825Philadelphia16Held in slavery in a county "adjoining" Tuscaloosa, Alabama
James BayardJul 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownPossibly still in the possession of Anthony Mason Perryman or possibly returned to Philadelphia
James DailyApr 1825Philadelphia14Died at the Philadelphia Alms house 8 days after being returned home by High Constable Samuel P Garrigues as a result of illness, neglect, and severe treatment during his ordeal
Jane VictoireSep 1823Philadelphia14 or 15Patrick Picket's farm in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania
Joe Johnson10 Aug 1825Philadelphia14Buried in a shallow grave on John W Hamilton's property in Rocky Spring, Mississippi
John CarrUnknownUnknownUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
John DorseyUnknownUnknownUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
John DunbarSep 1823Philadelphia15 or 16Patrick Picket's farm in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania
John JacobsJun 1825Pennsylvania, Delaware, or Maryland7Probably buried at the Alms house in Philadelphia; possibly remained in the possession of Anthony Mason Perryman in Mississippi.
"Little John" LewisJul 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownIn the possession of Josiah Sutler in Mississippi
John RichardsonUnknownUnknownUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
John D TindleUnknownUnknownUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
"Hopping John" WatersUnknownPhiladelphiaUnknownBuried at the Alms House on June 18, 1828
John WilliamsSep 1823Philadelphia8Patrick Picket's farm in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania
Levin Stephens JrUnknownPhiladelphiaUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
Lydia Smith1825Georgetown, Delaware21Held by a Mr Walsh (probably J.W., possibly D.W) in Natchez, Mississippi
Mary Fisher14 Aug 1825Elkton, Marylandin her 40'sReturned to her husband in Delaware through the efforts of Joseph Watson
Matilda McGeeUnknownUnknownUnknownmentioned as still missing by Joseph Watson
Milton TrustyJun 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownbelieved to be in Wayne County, Mississippi
Peter HookJun 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownPossibly still in the possession of Anthony Mason Perryman or possibly alive in Philadelphia in 1847
Samuel Scomp6 Aug 1825Philadelphia14Returned to Philadelphia through the efforts of Joseph Watson. Eight years later jailed in a race riot in Philadelphia by an all white jury.
Sarah NicholsonAugust 1826Philadelphia23Her Petition for Freedom was granted and Henry L. Thompson was ordered to pay back wages and her travel home; In Philadelphia she testified against Thomas Collins
StatenSummer 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownSold on the way from North Carolina to Mississippi
Washington BrownApr 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownPossibly Philip Hickey's plantation in Baton Rouge, Lousiana
William ChaseJun 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownbelieved to be in Wayne County, Mississippi
William MillerJun 1825PhiladelphiaUnknownPossibly still in the possession of Anthony Mason Perryman or possibly returned to Philadelphia

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