This page was created for the purpose of serving as a archive for the profile of Robert Ellyson (1615-1671). The profile, is currently project managed by the Southern Colonies Project, The project will use this space page to backup and archive the original profile as it existed (08/26/2020) prior to a project directed effort to re-write the profile and bring it up to WikiTree and project style standards,
- Profile Name: Robert Ellyson (abt 1615-1671)
- Profile URL: https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Ellyson-40
- Archive Date: 08/26/2020
- Last Edit: 11/10/2020
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- Robert Ellison (1614 - 1678), MP for Newcastle, son of Cuthbert Ellison III (bp. 31 Jan 1579/80) & Jane Ile (bur. 23 Mar 1618/9 St. Nicholas).
- Robert Ellison (b. 27 Apr 1648 Newcastle; living 1676), Merchant Adventurer & Hostman, son of Robert Ellison (1614-1678), MP for Newcastle & Elizabeth Gray (d. 30 Jun 1665), dau. of Cuthbert Gray (d. 24 Apr 1623) and Elizabeth Huntley (d. 1636 or aft. Nov 1644).
- Robert Allyson or Allison (bp. 07 Sep 1589 Newton Reigny, co. Cumb), son of Thomas Allison of Newton Reigny, co. Cumb., England.
Capt. Robert Ellyson, barber chirurgeon (surgeon) & burgess of Virginia, (previously a resident of Maryland), is sometimes referred to as, Dr. Robert Ellyson of James City co. in the colony of Virginia.
He is considered the patriarch of the Ellysons in Virginia, and was probably born no later than 1620, given the training required for a physician at the time.
While onamastics suggest that he is a member of the Ellyson (or Ellison) family of Newcastle, co. Northumb., England ... some believe he's related to the Alisons of Avondale, Scotland (see James Alison of Windyedge, b. 1621).
- C A U T I O N:
- It's certain that Ellyson is NOT the son of the married couple, Elizabeth Gray (d. 30 Jun 1665) & Robert Ellison (1614 - 1678), MP for Newcastle, co. Northumb.
- Neither did he have any ties to Elizabeth Grey of Morpeth & Deanham (dsp c. 1656 or later), dau. of Catherine le Strange & Edward Grey of Howick, co. Northumb, England. She died single and left a will, dated 11 Oct 1656.
Northumberland, England theory
According to Wagner (1964), Dr. Robert Ellyson (fl. 1640 - 1670) of Maryland and Virginia, descended from Robert Ellyson of Hawkwell, co. Northumb., England.
Ellyson of Hawkwell
Wagner (1964), is probably referring to Robert Elyson of Hawkwell, near Stamfordham, in co. Northumb., England, who lived during the reign of Henry VII and was the father of Cuthbert and Rowland (living 16 Dec 1494). ... Rowland was apparently married to Isabel, dau. of John Harbottle of Bitchfield, co. Northumb.
Ellison of Newcastle upon Tyne
Wagner (1964), also asserts that the American Colonist was a cousin of Robert Ellison, MP for Newcastle (b. c. 1613/4 - d. 1677/8). The latter's first wife was Elizabeth Gray (d. 30 Jun 1665), daughter of Cuthbert Gray of Newcastle [and Backworth] (d. 24 Apr 1623) and Elizabeth Huntley (d. 1636 or aft. Nov 1664). The MP sat during the Long Parliament but was later pardoned.
Avondale, Scotland theory
While Doliante (1991) and Wagner (1964), are confident that Dr. Robert Ellyson was from England, another popular tradition seen in family trees, connect him to the Alisons of the Cairnduff estate in Avondale, co. Lanark., Scotland.
Cairnduff became the seat of John MacAlister, Lowland Alison (formerly Highland Alister) in 1310. Morrison (1883), states that documentation prior to 1630 is unreliable but around that time ... during the reign of Charles I, members of the branch scatter due to political and religious oppression. The Cairnduff estate then fell to the Cochranes by marriage.
According to Morrison (1883), Windyedge farm was a part of the Cairnduff estate at one time. The branch at Windyedge begins with:
- James Alison (b. 1621 Cairnduff estate - d. c. 1670 or later),
- and his wife Jean, daughter of Samuel Wilson of Rigfoot, Eastkilbride, Scotland.
Jean Wilson out-lived her husband, who probably did not see the fate of his sons. ... In any case, James and Jean were certainly contemporaries of the physician and may have been around the same age as Dr. Ellyson.
While it's clear that the Alisons of Windyedge suffered through strife from the 1630s to the 1680s, the brunt of the impact hit the next generation.
James Alison and his wife Jean Wilson had three sons who were Covenanters of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. All of them became embroiled in a religious war, and were imprisoned at some point for their role as Covenanters.
The youngest son was executed, but the other two lived to make a life abroad ... albeit on separate continents, away from their family seat and each other.
- John (b. 1652), prisoner banished to Virginia sometime aft. 22 Jun 1679; and from there moved to Massachusetts.
- Michael (b. 1654 Windyedge - d. Windyedge; bur. Strathavon churchyard), escaped to Ireland and settled down on a farm near Londonderry, Ireland; m. Elizabeth Cooper
- and Archibald (b. 1656 - d. 1680 Grassmarket, Edinburgh, Scotland), imprisoned then executed.
Their eldest son John, was sentenced to banishment for his role in the Battle of Bothwell (22 Jun 1679). Intriguingly, he served out his term in Viriginia, a decade or more after Dr. Ellyson died. After his release, John moved north to Massachusetts.
Residence & Occupation
Late 1642 marks the beginning of the English Civil War. Ellyson is said to have arrived in Maryland before 1643, as a Barber-Surgeon. In England, the trade was regulated by the Company of Barbers and Surgeons. However, Wagner (1964), states that no licence allowing Ellyson to practice has been found.
If he was born around 1615, Ellyson would be about the age of twenty-seven (27) in 1642/3. His occupational title as a barber-surgeon implies that he may have been affiliated with the Company of Barbers and Surgeons.
- Wikipedia states that, "the Fellowship of Surgeons merged with the Barbers' Company in 1540 by Act of Parliament to form the Company of Barbers and Surgeons. The Act specified that no surgeon could cut hair or shave another and ... no barber could practice surgery; the only common activity was to be the extraction of teeth. The barber pole, featuring red and white spiraling stripes, indicated the two crafts (surgery in red and barbering in white). Barbers received higher pay than surgeons until surgeons were entered into British warships during naval wars.
- In order to become a member of the Company, apprentice training would occur for seven years within the household of an experienced barber-surgeon; apprentices would assist in surgical care and gain hands-on experience in tasks such as setting bones and suturing wounds. Once completed, the new member would demonstrate their skills and abilities to Company-appointed examiners. They would then pay a membership fee and join the ranks of the Company."
According to Wagner (1964), Ellyson was indeed a physician, who mainly treated people through blood-letting and "medicinal remedies. So IF Ellyson was a 'free' surgeon, it's possible that he was in London at some point because, "After the licensing of dissection in 1540, public demonstrations took place four times a year in the Great Hall of Barber-Surgeons' Hall ... Attendance was compulsory for all 'free' surgeons."
- Incidentally ... there was a surgeon named in the 1656 will of the Newcastle historian and author, William Gray. The latter was the oldest sibling of Elizabeth Gray, which made him the brother-in-law of Robert Ellison, MP for Newcastle. ... Gray willed the bulk of his estate to the MP, including a piece of, "land called ... Paddock Close," that was, "in the tenure or occupation of David Shevell, chirurgeon".
- It's also the case that Gray's wealthy mother Elizabeth Huntley, was in control of her late husband's ships until she died. ... The Grays of Newcastle were a family of means.
In any event, Ellyson obviously escaped the English Civil War ... so we are posed a few questions. ... Was he in a rush to get the heck out of Dodge? Did he even have time to complete his apprenticeship before the escape?
see Doliante (1991), for complete timeline.
According to Wagner (1964), documentation for the physician's former residence in Maryland, begins 02 August 1642, when he's, "first mentioned in the levy on St. Mary's Hundred," and "assessed thirty pounds tobacco." The county's boundaries were crafted a few years before on 24 January 1637.
Ellyson also missed a roll call in Kent co., MD on 05 Sep 1642. The record refers to him as an, "absent freeman."
By 1643/4, Maryland's court records refer to Ellyson as "late sheriff". He was not sheriff in March 1643, when the court sentenced John Dandy for shooting a young Native American male known as "Edward," who died from wounds to his stomach within the "space of three days." Doliante (1991), elaborates that Ellyson was sheriff in Maryland from January 1643 to 09 February 1643. He was clearly a trusted member within the community of Maryland.
- "Liber P. R. said Sr Edmond shall putt in security to answere by himselfe or attorny to the suit of Robt Ellyson in an action of debt of 1156 l tob at the Court on the first of March next; vpon his pill of iudgmt to pceed in default. And then retorne &c."
- "Eod John Wyat gent p attorn franc Anthill demandeth of Robt Ellyson one carbine, delivered to him by the plf wch he deteineth from him, to the damage of the plf the value of the carbine."
- Robt Ellyson late sheriff demandeth of Rich. Ingle 650 l tob & cask due for fees of warning divers iuries & evidences to enquire of certaine crimes of wch enquiry the said Richard was the cause; & 600 of wch said somme hath beene assumed to the plf by the said Richard but is since gone away without satisfying it & therefore prayeth to be admitted to prove his demand. it was found by the Cort that the deft had appointed paymt to the plf in mr Secretaries hands wch according to his appointmt the Court allowed him.
- "Robt Ellyson chirurgeon demandeth of Nicolas Hervey 556 l tob. due for physick administred to Jane the now wife of the deft. in her sicknes, in the months of July & August anno 1643; warn: to Court 1. febr next: sub piculo iudicij
- Rob. Ellyson demandeth of Henry Brooks 250 l tob & cask, due for chirurgery; warn: to Court siliter.
- Rob. Ellyson demandeth of John dandy, 190 l tob due upon accompt; warn: to Cort sihter; Copies entred of mr Henry Brooks mcht.
- Mr Henry Brooke dr
- to mony lent you 05. 11. o6
- to mony lost at play 00.1 5. 00
- to mony paid for poultry 00. 15. 00
- to mony paid mr Yardly 00.1 1.
- to a watch, 1 1. oo. 00
- to a suit of curtaines 1 2. 00. 00
- to a suit of rought 20. 00. 00.
- to 5. yards of cloth 05. 10. 00
- Mr Henry Brooke dr
The physician eventually moved to Virginia, where he became a burgess. He ranked as a captain in that capacity. In 1680, the title reappears when Gerard Robert Ellyson is referred to as the, "son and heir of Capt. Robert Ellyson."
Dr. Ellyson is definitely not listed in Muster of Inhabitants of Virginia, dated 04 Feb 1624/5, but it does show that three (3) other Ellisons lived in the colony before the physician was first mentioned in Maryland.
- John Ellison & wife Ellen of Archer's Hope, James City co., VA
- William Ellison (b. c. 1580/1, age 44) of Elizabeth City, servant of the Salfords.
It's unclear as to whether Dr. Ellyson had connections with any of them. But given the time and proximity ... it begs the question.
- "Dr. Robert Ellyson, of James City County, Va., who formerly resided in St. Mary's Parish, Md., and served as High Sheriff of both counties, and as Sergeant at Arms the House of Burgesses, 1657-58; and a Burgess, 1656 to 1663, with the rank of Captain."
But Doliante (1991), does agree that the first name of Ellyson's wife was, Elizabeth.
This Elizabeth was one of the sponsors of the baptism of William Randolph (b. 12 Sep 1658), son of Henry Randolph and Elizabeth. The event lists her name as, "Mrs. Elizabeth Ellison." Her surname is unknown, but Dolainte (1991) thought that she might have been the daughter of Henry Soanes and his wife, Judith. In 1660, Soanes was Speaker of the House of Burgesses. The idea was later disputed and Elizabeth Soanes is said to have married someone else.
Robert's children are:
- (s & h) Gerard Robert Ellyson.
- Hanah (will 26 Oct 1726, signed Hanah H.A. Armistead; proved 19 Oct 1728 by Elizabeth Armistead).
Death and Legacy
Ellyson drops off the record after 1663 and was probably dead before 28 Sep 1671, when the court recorded that money be paid to John Harloe by George Liddell out of Ellison's estate. Jamestown Society (n.d.), dates his death to about 1665/6.
- interestingly ... the surname LIDDELL had ties to the Ellisons of Newcastle, through the marriage of Elizabeth Liddell (d. 1751) and Robert Ellison of Hebburn (1665 - 1726), who was a grandson of Elizabeth Gray and Robert Ellison, MP for Newcastle.
- And while not a "Harloe," Ellinor Gray (living 19 Apr 1623) married Robert Harle (d. 1644). She was a daughter of Cuthbert Gray of Newcastle and therefore ... the sister of Elizabeth (Gray) Ellison, wife of the Newcastle MP.
Apparently, Ellyson left a guardian in charge of his son Gerard.
- Allison/Ellison Family DNA Project.
q & a
- Was Dr. Ellyson related to any of the Ellisons listed in the Muster of Inhabitants, Virginia, (1624/5 February)? ... John Ellison of Archer's Hope & wife Ellen (presumably the parents of George "died young" Ellison [d. 1624 Archer's Hope]), resided at Archer's Hope in James City co, while William Ellison (b. c. 1580/1, age 44 in 1624/5), is found as a servant living in Elizabeth City.
- Was son Gerard named traditionally ... as first son named after paternal grandfather (instead of say ... a neighbor?)
- Gerard Allenson (bp. 18 Oct 1582 Witton le Wear, co. Durham England), son of Cuthbert Allenson.
- Gerard Fenwick, 6th son of John Fenwick of Newburn (b. c. 1415 est) by his 2nd wife Elizabeth, sis. of Sir Roger Widdrington & dau. of Roger Widdrington & Elizabeth Grey, dau. of Sir Thos. Gray of Heaton Castle (d. c. 1415). Gerard Fenwick married a dau. of John Burradon, co. Northumb., England. ... This is interesting because Cuthbert Fenwick is mentioned in Maryland court records along with Dr. Ellison and Francis Gray, regarding the execution of John Dandy for shooting the young Native American male "Edward," in 1644.
- Did he know Thomas Gray of James City & Surrey (d. bef. 02 Nov 1658 Surrey co., VA), ancient planter of Virginia?
- Who are the Ellisons of co. Staffs., England: Newcastle under Lyme; Longnor; Lichfield
- cross-ref co. Northumb. family surnames found in James City (or MD), example -- Liddell, Gray, Ellison, etc. -- evidence for connections...
- surname Gerard appears in co. Salop. ... as a given name (FR) it reaches (at least) back to the Middle Ages (c. early 700s A.D. / see Gerard, Comte de Paris). Kinda unusual to see it among co. Northumb. names. ... and stranger to see it combined w/ the Ellisons. ...
- While in Maryland, Ellyson must have been acquainted with Cuthbert Fenwick, Francis Gray and John Metcalfe, as court records indicate in 1643/4. ... Francis Gray might be Francis Gray [Gray-11267] (b. 1620 - d. btw 07 Jun/31 Jul 1667), who m. Alice Moorman & assoc. w/ St. George Hundred, MD.; & Cuth. Fenwick is Cuthbert Fenwick, d. c. 1655 St. Mary's co., MD (Fenwick-95).
- research PADDOCK CLOSE, Newcastle, co. Northumb. - a barber-surgeon lived on an Ellison property there ... (see will of William Gray, son of Cuthbert Gray and Eliz. Huntley).
- alternate orgins: Allison of Avondale, Scotland. -- expert Scotland researcher needed! (request by Bree).
- religion (Alisons of Avondale were Covenanters of Presbyterian Church in Scotland c. 1679)
- review Boddie's "Historical Southern Families".
- SPOUSE ... double-check dispute, etc.
- list of ships owned by Cuth. Gray and later his wife, Eliz. Huntley
- tighten up inline citations & notes (remove redundancy, tag errors, etc).
He moved to Virginia in the mid-1640s and became High Sheriff & Burgess of James City County; Robert Ellyson (b. 1620 MD) m. (1659) Elizabeth Gerrard (b. 1623).
- 1642: owned property in Kent co., MD
- 1644 Rob. Ellyson demandeth of henry Brooks 250 l tob & cask, due for chirurgery. warn: to Court siliter.
- 1644-6: moved from Maryland to York co., Virginia.
- 1651: Justice of the Peace
- 1656: patented 577 acres in New Kent co.
- 1656: Burgess from James co.
- Lieutenant Colonel in the militia
- shows different traditions and different constructions .. including the error that marries Robert Allison (Allason) of Newton Reigny, co. Cumb., England to Elizabeth Grey of Howick, co. Northumb. ... The error attempts to make the non-existent couple the parents of children that actually belong to Robert. Ellison, MP for Newcastle & Eliabeth, dau. of Cuthbert Gray and Eliz. Huntley.
- FamilySearch indexes report that Robert Allison (Allason) of Newton Reigny (see Disambiguation at top), is the father of: Isabel (06 Jan 1623), Annas (bp. 24 Aug 1625), Robert (bp. 10 Feb 1635), Thomas (bp. 19 Jul 1640), and Matthew (bp. 18 Oct 1643). No mother is mentioned for any of these children and the indexes are not cited.
- It's also the case that ... In spite of their proximity, antiquarians simply did NOT agree on relations between the Grays of Newcastle and the Greys of Chillingham, co. Northumb. (Howick is a cadet branch of Chillingham).
- Some antiquarians believe the Grays of Newcastle are related to the southern Greys, (i.e. -- Jane Grey, 9 days queen) ... but the jury is still out. There is, however, some evidence for the Newcastle branch being related to the line at Backworth, which seems to point to the reason for the disagreement. (Note that the Greys of Chillingham and Howick are well-documented).
- The Greys of Howick begin with the 3rd son of Sir Ralph Grey of Chillingham (d. 17 Dec 1565) & Dame Isabel Grey of Ogle Castle (will 06 Oct 1581):
- Sir Edward Grey of Howick & Morpeth and his wife Catherine le Strange, are the parents of :
- It's this Elizabeth Grey (d. England), who is sometimes mistaken for the mother of Capt. Robert Ellyson of James City, VA, barber surgeon & burgess, and somehow conflated with the wife of Robert Ellison, MP for Newcastle, Elizabeth Gray (d. 30 Jun 1665), dau. of Cuthbert Gray of Newcastle [and Backworth] & Eliz. Huntley.
- Doliante, S.J. (1991). "Ellyson," in Maryland and Virginia Colonials. Genealogical Publishing Co. Google Books.
- Douglas W. Ellyson Wagner. (1964). The Early Generations of the Ellyson Family in Virginia. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 72(1), 42-49. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4246997
- "Ellyson/Ellison, Robert," in Elay-Epes. Jamestown Society. Web.
- Tyler, G.T. (1915). "Ellyson (Ellison) Robert," in Encyclopedia of Virginia biography, pp. 229. Archive.org. eBook.
- Hughes, G.G. (1999, 08 October). Genuine Gateway Ancestors - Gerrard and Ellyson. Soc.Genealogy.Medieval. Google Groups. Weblog.
- “Ancestors and Descendants as compiled by L. Frank Bodell for The Fiduciary Trustees of Friends Boarding School, 1969.”
- Virkus, F.A. (1964). Immigrant Ancestors: A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America before 1750, pp. 29. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co.
Citations & Notes...
- ↑ "Robert Allyson (bp. 07 Sep 1589 Newton Reigny, co. Cumb), son of Thomas Allyson. FHL microfilm 0924749 IT 1.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Hardy, S.P., (1958). 'Colonial Families of the Southern States of America; a History and Genealogy of Colonial Families Who Settled in the Colonies Prior to the Revolution, pp. 23-25, 448. Baltimore: Southern Book Co, HathiTrust.org. eBook.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 for different birth theories on Dr. Ellyson, as well as the theory about SARAH SPENCE see ancestral charts of HGC glenncourt.com. Web. (some records on FS also show Spence as spouse ... she's preferred line in at least 1 tree, etc).
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 see: Find A Grave: Memorial #15046992; "Robert Ellyson (b. c. 1615 Scotland), son of John Ellison & Ellin Hamilton," in Family Bible; citing Ellison, C.G. (n.d.). Our Ellison Kinfolk. Personal communication. FSID# M3YF-BLH. Web.
- ↑ Allison of Avondale, Scotland. Archive.org. eBook.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Wikipedia: Worshipful Company of Barbers
- ↑ see: Elizabeth Grey (Grey-1837) of Morpeth & Deanham, co. Northumb. (will 11 oct 1656).
- ↑ see also: Rowland Ellison of Hawkwell, co. Northumb., whose eldest son was Cuthbert Ellison, Merchant Adventurer of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. This Cuthbert married twice: m.1 Isabel; m.2 Ann.
- ↑ Hodgson, J. (1840). A History of Northumberland, Part II, 3, pp. 346.
- ↑ Wagner, 1964, p. 42.
- ↑ Elizabeth Gray's husband Robert Ellison, was MP for Newcastle on 01 Dec 1647 and 11 Apr 1660. He survived Gray and remarried to the widow of James Briggs, a late sheriff of the same place.
- ↑ for family trees w/ Alisons of Avondale, see FS & GlennCourt.com
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Morrison, 1883, p. 21.
- ↑ Morrison, 1883, p. 22.
- ↑ James Alison of Windyedge farm (b. 1621 Cairnduff, Avondale, co. Lanark, Scotland - d. c. 1670 or later); citing Morrison, 1893. WikITree.com, (Alison-15). Web.
- ↑ Wikipedia: Oliver Cromwell
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 Tyler, p. 229.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 Wagner, 1964, p. 43
- ↑ see will of Cuthbert Gray of Newcastle (d. 24 Apr 1623).
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 Doliante, 1991, p. 237.
- ↑ "St. Mary's County, Maryland Genealogy." FamilySearch.org. Web.
- ↑ records of call for General Assembly ... listed as 'absent freeman', (Wagner, 1954, p. 43)"
- ↑ "Court and Testamentary Business, 1643," in Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650, 4, pp. 261. maryland.gov. Web.
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 It's clear that the position belonged to someone else during March that year from records documenting the death sentence of John Dandy.
- Court and Testamentary Business, 1643," in Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650. Maryland.gov. Web.
- ↑ Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650. maryland.gov. Web.
- ↑ "262 Court and Testamentary Business, 1643," in Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650, 4, pp. 262. Maryland.gov Web.
- ↑ "Court and Testamentary Business, 1643," in Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650, 4, p. 261. Maryland.gov. Web.
- ↑ Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1650, 4, pp. 294.
- ↑ Tyler, L.G. (1906). "Ellyson, James Taylor," in Men of Mark in Virginia, 1, pp. 183. DC: Men of Mark Publishing Co. Google Books.
- ↑ Muster of Inhabitants, Virginia. www.virtualjamestown.org
- ↑ see edit (14/15 Jan 2015): 
- Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia 1622-1632, 1670-1676, October 2, 1672, p. 276; Pleasants, Proceedings of the Court Leet and Court Baron, 1659-1672; Merritt, Proceedings of the Provincial Court 1679-1680, vol. 69
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 Wagner, 1964, p. 48.
- ↑ Doliante, 1991, p. 235.
- ↑ Richardson, D. (2013). Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, I, pp. 383. Kimball G., Editor. Everingham, Ed. Salt Lake City, UT.
- ↑ Descendants of Henry Randolph. (1895). The William and Mary Quarterly, 4(2), 125-127. JSTOR. doi:10.2307/1915057
- ↑ Elizabeth Soans m. John Peterson of Charles co, (FSID# L8H5-YWB; note by royleggitt1, 26 August 2013).
- ↑ 37.0 37.1 Armistead, H., & Armistead, W. (1904). Armistead Wills. The William and Mary Quarterly, 12(4), 253-256. JSTOR. doi:10.2307/1915582
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 "Armistead," (1922). Sons of the Revolution in State of Virginia Quarterly Magazine, I & II, pp. 54. Google Books.
- ↑ "Allison/Ellison Family DNA Project." Rootsweb.com. Web.
- ↑ FHL microfilm 91,147 (no citation).
- ↑ see Pedigree of Fenwick of East Heddon (co. Northumb., England).
- ↑ cites 'Tidewater Virginia Families' as 1 of its sources.
- ↑ see sources for FSID# M4BG-P88
- ↑ "Grey of Howick," in A Hist. of Northumb.
- ↑ 1925-42: Virkus edited 7 volumes of "The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy," published by the Institute of American Genealogy in Chicago, IL.
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