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Roberts County, Texas

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Contents

Formed From

Bexar District and Clay land district

History/Timeline

  • Roberts County was formed 1876 from Bexar District and Clay dist. and organized in 1889. The county was named for Texas leaders, John S. Roberts and Gov. O.M. Roberts.[1]
1870's -Plains Apaches inhabited the Texas Panhandle until they were displaced by the Comanches who dominated the area. Comanches hunted the large herds of buffalo, which grazed on the prairie.[2]

[3]

1874-75 Red River War. United States Army troops led by Ranald S. Mackenzie drove out the Comanches. Simultaneously, buffalo hunters killed the large herds in the area, making way for permanent settlements.[2]
1876 - Roberts County was carved from Bexar County and the Clay Land District.[2]
1877 The first settler was Bill Anderson, who arrived in 1876. Henry Whiteside Cresswell established the first ranch on Home Ranch Creek in 1877. Cresswell included most of Roberts County in his Cresswell Ranch and ran45,000 cattle on land spanning several counties.[3][4]
1887, the Southern Kansas Railway was built through Roberts County, and settlers followed.[2][3]
1889 - organized in 1889. It is named for Oran Milo Roberts, a governor of Texas.[2][3]
1890 Roberts County had a population of 326 and 34 farms and ranches. The county population slowly grew to 620 in 1900, 950 in 1910, and a peak of 1,469 in 1920. [4]
'.
1890Ranches are Cresswell Ranch, the Turkey Track Ranch, and the Cross Bar Ranch. [3]
1890 Presbyterian, Baptist, and Methodist churches of Miami, all founded.[3]
1899 4 schools serving 165 pupils[3]
1912 Church of Christ began in 1912[3]
1923 Christian Church in 1923.[3]
1920's Throughout its history Roberts County has remained one of the most sparsely populated counties in the state. [4][2]
1930's - The Roberts County Museum, housed in the restored Santa Fe depot, contains, among other things, paleontological artifacts collected by Judge J. A. Mead. [3]
1949 The National Cow Calling Contest every June in the city park; the contest was begun in 1949 as part of the town's annual Old Settlers' Reunion. [4]
1990 Miami, the county seat and the only incorporated community in the county, had 675 inhabitants, or two-thirds of the county's residents.
Beef cattle were the area's most important agricultural product, but crops such as corn, wheat, sorghum, and soybeans were also grown in the area.[3]


2000's - Roberts County is the scene of a recent battle for water rights, where the City of Amarillo, Texas, the Canadian River Municipal Water Authority, and T. Boone Pickens have sought to purchase the water rights within the county. [2]

Story of Parnall PARNELL, TEXAS (Roberts County) was begun in 1888, (25 miles NW of Miami. This was called Oran, named after the namesake, Governor Oran Milo Roberts. The election that would have elected Miami as the county seat, was declared fraudulent. For 9 years the towns fought over who should be the county seat. Even the Texas Rangers were called in to settle things. Cresswell Cresswell Land and Cattle Company favored the Parnall since it was close to the ranch. Miami citizens argued the railroad, their homes made Miami the choice. Miami won the run off election in 1898. So citizens of Parnall moved to Canadian, or Miami or Pampa.. And Parnall ceased to be..[3]


Government Offices

Roberts County has had two courthouses: 1889 and 1913 [5]

1st Courthouse was wooden.[5]

Miami was declared county seat in 1889. The election was nullified in December of that year, and Parnell became county seat until 1898, when Miami regained the position. [5]

1889 wooden courthouse.


2nd Courthouse--Date - 1913, Architect - Elmer George Withers Style - Classical revival. Miami

Miami was declared county seat in 1889. The election was nullified in December of that year, and Parnell became county seat until 1898, when Miami regained the position. [5]

1913 Courthouse

2008, Roberts County received approval for a grant from the Texas Historical Commission which will be used to restore the interior of the courthouse to its original condition. Some of the other anticipated improvements will include a new parking lot, new heating and air conditioning and re-landscaping, including the removal of the vegetation around the building.[5]

Geography

North Central Plains is bounded by the Caprock Escarpment in the Panhandle. The Caprock is higher in elevation than the rest of the North Central Plains. Over the ages the creeks and rivers run-off of water wears the region down to the river. This is known as the Breaks.

'.

The Texas Panhandle is a region of the U.S. state of Texas consisting of the northernmost 26 counties in the state. The panhandle is a rectangular area bordered by New Mexico to the west and Oklahoma to the north and east. According to the Panhandle Regional Planning Commission, the following counties constitute the Texas Panhandle:[3]

  • Armstrong County
  • Briscoe County
  • Carson County
  • Castro County
  • Childress County
  • Collingsworth County
  • Dallam County
  • Deaf Smith County
  • Donley County
  • Gray County
  • Hall County
  • Hansford County
  • Hartley County
  • Hemphill County
  • Hutchinson County
  • Lipscomb County
  • Moore County
  • Ochiltree County
  • Oldham County
  • Parmer County
  • Potter County
  • Randall County
  • Roberts County
  • Sherman County
  • Swisher County
  • Wheeler County

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcr08

Latitude/Longitude- 35° 30' north latitude and 100° 32' west longitude.
Named for 2 Texans with the surname John S. Roberts and Oran Milo Roberts. The county is crossed by U.S. Highway 60, State Highway 70, and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. [3]:Size -924 square miles of rolling plains
Elevations that range from 2,467 to 3,219 feet above sea level.
Rainfall is 20.7 inches.
Temperature January's minimum is 19° F; July's is 94° F.
Growing season of 192 days,
Soil Black, sandy loam with clayey subsoils
Percentage Farmland - 11 - 20% is considered prime farmland.
Type: Rolling Plains vegetation area
Grasses/trees -tall grasses and mesquite and live oak trees
Drained by the Canadian River and its numerous tributaries.[3]

Adjacent counties

  • Ochiltree County (north)
  • Lipscomb County northeast)
  • Hemphill County (east)
  • Gray County (south)
  • Carson County (southwest)
  • Hutchinson County (west)
  • Hansford County (northwest)
  • Wheeler County (southeast)

Protected areas

  • 68,000-acre (280 km2) Mesa Vista Ranch, which seeks to protect quail, dove and pheasant habitat along the creek beds south of the Canadian River.[3]
  • Pheasant habitat along creeks of the Canadian river.[3]

Census

1880 --- 32 —
1890 --- 326 918.8%
1900 --- 620 90.2%
1910 --- 950 53.2%
1920 --- 1,469 54.6%
1930 --- 1,457 −0.8%
1940 --- 1,289 −11.5%
1950 --- 1,031 −20.0%
1960 --- 1,075 4.3%
1970 --- 967 −10.0%
1980 --- 1,187 22.8%
1990 --- 1,025 −13.6%
2000 --- 887 −13.5%
2010 --- 929 4.7%
Est. 2015 --- 916

Demographics

2010 census, its population was 929, making it the seventh-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Miami, which is also the county's only incorporated community. [2]

Roberts County is one of 7 prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas.[2]

Roberts County is the scene of a recent battle for water rights, where the City of Amarillo, Texas, the Canadian River Municipal Water Authority, and T. Boone Pickens have sought to purchase the water rights within the county. [2]

Highways:
U.S. Highway 60
Texas State Highway 70

Politics-

Roberts County voters supported Democratic presidential candidates in all elections from 1892 through 1948, with the exception of Al Smith in 1928. They voted Republican in every presidential election from 1952 through 2004. [3]

Churches- Religion in the county in the early years revolved around the Presbyterian, Baptist, and Methodist churches of Miami, all founded in the late 1890s. These denominations were joined by the Church of Christ 1912, and Christian Church , 1923.[3]

The early settlers of the county also made education a priority, and by 1899 Roberts County had four schools serving 165 pupils. Educational levels have improved dramatically in the county in the second half of the twentieth century.[3]

1950 - 22 percent of the county population had completed high school in 1950, [3]
1980 78 percent were high school graduates in 1980. [3]
2000, 90 percent had completed high school and more than 25 percent had college degrees.

Town

  • Miami County seat population 675 (only incorporated community.[3]
  • Wayside

Ghost town

Parnell

Formed From

Bexar District and Clay land district

County Resources

  • City of Amarillo, Texas and Canadian Municipal Authority and T Boone Pickens (all own 80% Water rights) tried to purchase water rights within Roberts county. [2]
  • county also contains the 68,000-acre (280 km2) Mesa Vista Ranch, which seeks to protect quail, dove and pheasant habitat along the creek beds south of the Canadian River.
  • Pheasant habitat along creeks of the Canadian river.[4]
  • National Cow Calling Contest every June in the city park; the contest was begun in 1949 as part of the town's annual Old Settlers' Reunion. [4]

Census

1880 --- 32 —
1890 --- 326 918.8%
1900 --- 620 90.2%
1910 --- 950 53.2%
1920 --- 1,469 54.6%
1930 --- 1,457 −0.8%
1940 --- 1,289 −11.5%
1950 --- 1,031 −20.0%
1960 --- 1,075 4.3%
1970 --- 967 −10.0%
1980 --- 1,187 22.8%
1990 --- 1,025 −13.6%
2000 --- 887 −13.5%
2010 --- 929 4.7%
Est. 2015 --- 916 −1.4%

Notables

Cemeteries


Sources

  1. https://texasalmanac.com/index.php?q=topics/government/roberts-county
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberts_County,_Texas
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcr08
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txrobert/
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 http://www.texasescapes.com/TexasPanhandleTowns/MiamiTexas/Roberts-County-Courthouse-Miami-Texas.htm




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