DNB: Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed. Dictionary of National Biography. Volume 1. London, England: Oxford University Press, 1921–1922. page 622; same text in different edition https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Ascham,_Roger_(DNB00) Father John Ascham was house steward to Lord Scrope of Bolton; mentioned in will of Robert Lascelles (20 Feb 1507/8) as having held the tithes of Newsham near Kirby Wiske and to have lately sustained heavy losses. Roger was third son. Eldest son Thomas was fellow of St John's College in 1523. Second son Anthony was an astrologer qv
Received into the family of Sir Anthony Wingfield (apparently a mistake by Grant: Wikipedia says Sir Humphrey Wingfield, uncle of Sir Anthony), educated by tutor R. Bond https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_Wingfield
Age 15 in 1530: St John's College Cambridge at the expense of his patron. First tutor was Hugh Fitzherbert taught Greek by Robert Pember
BA 18 Feb 1533/4, 23 March admitted to fellowship protestant MA July 1537 1538 Reader in Greek
Friendship with John Cheke
periods of ill health
Toxophilus presented to Henry VIII - English prose
1548 tutor to Princess Elizabeth; resigned in 1459/50
Secretary to Sir Richard Morysin, ambassador to Emperor Charles V 1550-1553; embassy recalled on death of Edward VI.
Latin secretary to Queen Mary
Tutor to Queen Elizabeth
Nominated for Parliament in 1562 but not returned https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/hodgkinson-james
Prebend of Wetwang, York Minster: Pres. by queen sede vacante 5 Nov. 1559 (C.P.R. 1558-60 p. 45). Instal. 11 March 1560 (Brit. Libr., Harley MS. 6971 f. 153v). Involved in dispute over preb. until 1566 (Whitaker, Richmondshire 1 284-8). D. 30 Dec. 1568 (E. Grant, Oratio de vita et obitu Rogeri Aschami (London, 1576) [f. 19v]; Reg. 30 f. 46). 'Prebendaries: Wetwang', in Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541-1857: Volume 4, York Diocese, ed. Joyce M Horn and David M Smith (London, 1975), pp. 65-67. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/fasti-ecclesiae/1541-1847/vol4/pp65-67 [accessed 9 April 2020].
Married Margaret Howe 1 Jan 1554
eldest son Giles: 1559, Whittlesford: "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975", database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N8LX-DPV : 19 March 2020), Gyles Askam, 1559. Matric. pens. from TRINITY, Easter, 1579, scholar from Westminster. S. of Roger, tutor to Queen Elizabeth. B.A. 1582-3; M.A. 1586; B.D. 1593. Fellow, 1583-99. Incorp. at Oxford, 1586. V. of Trumpington, Cambs., 1590-1. R. of Stoke Fleming, Devon, 1594. R. of Duxford St Peter, Cambs., 1595. Died 1596. (Cooper, II. 208.)
2nd son Sturm born 1562. died 1568
3rd son Dudley 1564
posthumous son Thomas?
Died 30 Dec 1568
The Scholemaster published 1570
all works: http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/aschbib.htm
Biography by Edward Grant, 1576 http://www.philological.bham.ac.uk/aschamlife/
14 Apr 1582: Petition of Margaret widow of Roger Ascham, Latin Secretary to the Queen. That, her husband having had a lease of Witlesford parsonage, co. Cambridge, for years now nearly expired, paying £18. 16s. 2d. a year, which at his death the Queen remitted towards the maintenance and bringing up of her children, during its continuance, and subsequently granted to Petitioner for her life, and Giles her eldest son being now student at Cambridge, where he may follow his father's steps if he lack not exhibition to maintain him there,—the Queen would grant him the said rent for 21 years, whereby Petitioner may be the abler to bring up the rest of her children, seven in number.—Unsigned. Endorsed :—“At the Court at Greenwich, Easter Even Ao 1582. At which day and place I moved her Highness touching the suit, whom it pleased, in consideration of the long and good service done to her Majesty by R. A., to grant unto his son Giles, student within the University of Cambridge, towards his exhibition there, the yearly rent and farm within mentioned for the term of eight years next ensuing. [Signed] Thos Sekford.” 'Cecil Papers: April 1582', in Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 2, 1572-1582 (London, 1888), pp. 501-502. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-cecil-papers/vol2/pp501-502 [accessed 9 April 2020].
The impropriate rectory, held by St. Mary's college, Warwick, (fn. 137) included, besides the great tithes, c. 31 a. of land. (fn. 138) In 1552 the Crown granted a lease in reversion from 1563, (fn. 139) which was acquired by Roger Ascham, Queen Elizabeth's tutor. His wife Margaret was probably daughter of Thomas Howe, lessee of half the rectory since 1551, and two of his sons were born at Whittlesford. Ascham died in 1568. (fn. 140) Margaret, who later married Thomas Rempston, and her sons Giles and Thomas Ascham received a fresh lease in 1579. (fn. 141) By 1599 Giles and Thomas had under-let the rectory for 60 years to Robert Symons (d. 1611). (fn. 142) In 1608 Thomas Ascham assigned half his interest under a fresh Crown lease, granted in 1600, to Symons, (fn. 143) on whose behalf the freehold of the rectory, sold by the Crown in fee farm, was bought in 1610. (fn. 144) Symons's son Robert sold all his interest in 1622 to Thomas Ventris, (fn. 145) who purchased the other half-share of the head-lease in 1624, so re-uniting the rectory. (fn. 146)
Adrienne B Rosen, Susan M Keeling and C A F Meekings, 'Parishes: Whittlesford', in A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 6, ed. A P M Wright (London, 1978), pp. 263-276. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/cambs/vol6/pp263-276 [accessed 9 April 2020].
The manor remained in the hands of the Crown until 1590, leased from 1543 to 1564 to Richard Johnson, (fn. 332) and from 1564 to Roger Ascham, author of the Scholemaster, by a grant of 1557. (fn. 333) On Ascham's death in 1568 (fn. 334) the remainder of his 40-year lease came to his widow, Margaret, (fn. 335) who married in 1569 Thomas Rampston (d. 1599). (fn. 336) Margaret, whose lease was renewed in advance in 1586, (fn. 337) probably died between 1590 and 1594. (fn. 338) In 1590 Robert Symonds the younger of Whittlesford (Cambs.), who had married Anne, Rampston's daughter, was granted the manor. (fn. 339)
'Walthamstow: Manors ', in A History of the County of Essex: Volume 6, ed. W R Powell (London, 1973), pp. 253-263. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/essex/vol6/pp253-263 [accessed 9 April 2020].