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Rutt Family, London Nonconformists

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Date: 1650 to 1880
Location: Londonmap
Surnames/tags: Rutt Sandemanian nonconformist
Profile manager: Trevor Pickup private message [send private message]
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Contents

Introduction

This page began as research into the Rutt Family and the Sandemanian Church in London, but research has shown that most of the family were not involved in the church, but were involved in a number of other nonconformist churches in the City of London and adjacent counties. An introduction to the Sandemanian Church includes an overview but also details of the categories used for the various families
has more details.

This is therefore an account of Rutt family and their involvement in a number of nonconformist churches and organisations.

This page is part of the History of Nonconformists in London and surrounding counties, part of the TopicsTeam, a topic of the England Project.


The Rutt Family

History of the Rutt family

According to trees on Ancestry, the earliest member of the Rutt family was George Rutt (abt.1650-abt.1724) married Ester (1660-1714), but there is no source for this information.

He had at least 2 sons, John Rutt (abt.1691-1756) and George Rutt (abt.1697-).

John Rutt (abt.1691-1756) married Anne (Horrocks) Rutt (abt.1695-abt.1755). She was born in Gisburn Lancashire but they married in London at St James' Duke's Place, London. They had at least 2 sons, Henry Rutt (abt.1729-1802) and George Rutt (abt.1730-1777). The family were nonconformists and were probably members of Poultry Chapel, Camomile Street, London, (an Independent nonconformist church), where the sons were christened.
Henry Rutt (abt.1729-1802) was a glover and a member of the clothworkers guild and lived in Fenchurch Street, London for many years. He was also a director of the Union Fire Office, an insurance company. He was buried in Bunhill Fields Burial Ground, used by nonconformists and his family grave has the details of 12 other family members who were also buried there. Henry became a member of the Founders' Hall Independent Chapel, City of London congregation in 1768 and had his 8 children christened there. This was the congregation that was formed when the Three Cranes Church split when Samuel Pike (abt.1717-bef.1773) sought to adopt Sandemanian principles. Those who opposed Pike had moved to Founders Hall in about 1760.
He was a supporter of the Society for Promoting Religious Knowledge among the poor in the 1763 report which the charity published. The report recorded him as Henry Rutt and that he had been a supporter since 1754. He was also a supporter of the Orphan Working School, Hoxton according to their 1769 report. His brother George Rutt (abt.1730-1777) was also a supporter. When he died he was a wealthy man, for example he left his daughter Mary Rutt £2000 in his will, worth £212,000 today. He also left £50 to his friend John Pye-Smith (1774-1851) the Congregational theologian and tutor at Homerton Dissenting academy. Henry had 8 children.
George Rutt (abt.1770-1843) served his apprenticeship with his father and became a member of the clothworkers guild. He also lived in Fenchurch Street for most of his live, moving to Lower Clapton before he died. He had two children both christened at Aldermanbury Postern and Founders Hall Independent Chapel and became a member in 1807.
Benjamin Rutt (abt.1773-abt.1824) was christened at Aldermanbury Postern church. He was a linen draper, trading from 79 Leadenhall street, London. He gave £100 to missionary work in his will.
Elizabeth Rutt (abt.1780-1848) was christened at Aldermanbury Postern church. She did not marry and in 1841 was about 70 years old, living with her brother and sister George Rutt and Amelia Rutt.
George Rutt (abt.1730-1777) was a druggist, living and working from 239 Upper Thames Street London. He was a nonconformist, and was buried at Bunhill Fields. He was a supporter of the Orphan Working School, Hoxton according to their 1769 report. His brother was also a supporter. His wife Elizabeth (Towill) Rutt (abt.1723-) continued the business after her husbands death and was a supporter of the Society for Promoting Religious Knowledge among the poor in the 1763 report which the charity published. She had been a supporter since 1754.

They had 4 children

Sarah (Rutt) Whatley (abt.1758-1840) married Rev George Kemble Whatley (1753-)
Elizabeth (Rutt) Andrews (abt.1759-) married Mordecai Andrews (1738-1799) a nonconformist minister.
John Towill Rutt (1760-1841) was sent to the Northampton Academy run by Rev. John Collett Ryland (1723-1792) and later married Rachael (Pattisson) Rutt (abt.1766-abt.1855) whose family were members of the Newland Street Independent Church, in Witham Essex. He became an influential thinker in the Unitarian Church and by 1796 he was a leading member of the Gravel Pit congregation at Hackney
Ann Horrocks (Rutt) May (1762-) lived with her husband in Coggeshall, Essex and was a member of Coggeshall Independent Church.
George Rutt (abt.1697-) married Elizabeth Bulkley (abt.1705-) at the same church that his brother married, St James' Duke's Place, London. The family were also nonconformists and were also probably members of Poultry Chapel, Camomile Street, London, (an Independent nonconformist church), where the children were christened.
George had at least 5 children with at least 3 being christened at Poultry Chapel, Camomile Street, London.
Thomas Rutt (abt.1730-1796)
Edward Rutt (1731-1784) married Elizabeth Gibbons, the sister of the Rev Thomas Gibbons (1720-1785), a notable nonconformist preacher. Edward was listed as a supporter of the Society for Promoting Religious Knowledge among the poor in the 1779 report
His son Thomas Rutt (abt.1759-1821) was sent to the Northampton Academy run by Rev. John Collett Ryland (1723-1792) and became a printer in later life and worked with the British and Foreign Bible Society including setting up a printing works in St Petersburg. He attended Pavement Chapel, New North Road where his children were christened.
Thomas Rutt (1793-) was sent to St Petersburg to manage the printing of the Russian Bibles
William Rutt (1787-1867) assisted with the printing of the Russian Bibles and was a deacon at St Thomas' Square, Hackney, for many years and served Congregational Board of Education for 17 years. He had attended the Gravel Pits Chapel for many years and was buried in the Abney Park Cemetery.
George Rutt (abt.1733-abt.1780) was originally a haberdasher but became a broker. By 1762 he had been approved as a broker in the City of London. He married Hannah (Watson) Rutt (abt.1735-1766) in 1755 and the Rev Samuel Hayward (1718-1757), minister of Silver Street was one of witnesses. He joined the Sandemanian church in 1768 and married Ruth (Grosvenor) Rutt (abt.1742-1801) in the same year. He had 6 children and the last four all married Sandemanian spouses with many of his grandchildren becoming Sandemanians
George Rutt (abt.1760-1763)
Hannah (Rutt) Glanville (abt.1764-1811) probably attended Fetter Lane Church, where her children were christened.
Charles Rutt (abt.1772-abt.1862) was apprenticed to William Limbery Grosvenor, a Sandemanian, to become a stationer. He joined the company of Grosvenor Stationers, wholesale stationers as a partner with William Limbery Grosvenor the elder, Eliezer Chater, William Limbery Grosvenor the younger. He married Hannah Prentice, the daughter of Thomas Prentice (abt.1737-1820), who was previously a minister at Little St Helens, London before leaving to join the Sandemanian Church in London.
Thomas Prentice Rutt (1805-1880) became a wholesale stationer and paper manufacturer and married Mary (Deacon) Rutt (1808-1883) from another Sandemanian family.
Ruth (Rutt) Deacon (abt.1773-1841) married Thomas Deacon (abt.1763-abt.1832) who came from a Sandemanian family.
Nathaniel Rutt (abt.1776-abt.1837) married Sophia (Prentice) Rutt (1775-1834), the daughter of one of the London Sandemanian elders.
Lydia (Rutt) Deacon (abt.1780-1847) married Samuel Deacon (abt.1774-1841), also from a Sandemanian family
John Rutt (abt.1734-)
Mary Rutt (abt.1741-)

Other families who were members of Poultry Chapel include Robert Grosvenor (abt.1706-abt.1763) and Sarah Grosvenor whose son William Limbery Grosvenor (abt.1745-abt.1832) was christened on 15 April 1745 and Joseph Watson (abt.1710-) and Elizabeth whose daughter Hannah (Watson) Rutt (abt.1735-abt.1766) was christened on 22 Nov 1737.

Addresses where the family lived or worked

St James Dukes Place, John Rutt (abt.1691-1756) married Ann Horrocks in 1723
St James Dukes Place, George Rutt (abt.1697-) married Elizabeth Bulkley in 1726

Friday Street, Cheapside druggist business of George Rutt (abt.1730-1777)
Thames Street later address for business of George Rutt (abt.1730-1777)
Rutland Place Thames Street exact address, where the fire in the druggist business took place
Birchin Lane George Rutt, Broker, 1762 [1]
239 Upper Thames Street, parish of St Andrew by the Wardrobe George Rutt (abt.1730-1777)
Fenchurch Street, home of Henry Rutt (abt.1729-1802) working as a glover and place of christening for his children, such as Elizabeth Rutt (abt.1780-1848) Lower Street Islington Thomas Rutt (abt.1730-1796)
St Dunstan's Stepney Edward Rutt (1731-1784) (1773)
Birchin Lane home George Rutt (abt.1733-abt.1780) 1773
Birchin Lane home of Edward Rutt (1731-1784) (1784)
11 Birchin Lane Rutt and Martin stockbrokers 1786[2]
165 Fenchurch St Rutt and Olding Glovers, 1786[3]
Rutt and Oakley upholsterers, 1786 [4]
Mile End place of death of Edward Rutt (1731-1784)
Lombard Street home of Thomas Rutt (1759-1821) when his son Edward died in 1784
11 Birchin Lane, Rutt and Martin, Stock Brokers (1794)[5]
165 Fenchurch Street, Rutt and Olding (1794)[6] Henry Rutt (abt.1729-1802)
239 Upper Thames Street, Rutt Elizabeth, Druggist (1794)[7] </ref> Elizabeth (Towill) Rutt (abt.1723-)
2 Clements Lane, Lombard Street, Rutt Thomas Upholder (1794)[8] </ref>
165 Fenchurch Street, Rutt and Howard, Glovers and Undertakers, 1817 Post office directory [9]
Shacklewell, Hackney printing works from 1805 onward Thomas Rutt (1759-1821)and his sons[10]
79 Leadenhall Street Benjamin Rutt (abt.1773-abt.1824) Linen draper (also 1817 Post office directory)
39 Goswell Street Rutt J T Cotton and Woolcard manufacturer (also 1817 Post office directory)
Lower Clapton, Hackney home of Elizabeth Rutt (abt.1780-1848) in 1841
Lower Clapton, Hackney home of George Rutt (abt.1770-1843) in 1843
Fenchurch Street and later Lower Clapton George Rutt (abt.1770-1843) inscription on head stone about 1843
Cornhill, Charles Rutt (abt.1772-abt.1862) wholesale stationers bankrupcy, in business with William Limbery Grosvenor the elder, Eliezer Chater and William Limbery Grosvenor the younger
68 Cannon Street wholesale stationers business Thomas Prentice Rutt (1805-abt.1880) in 1867.

Business Interests

Cloth worker George Rutt (abt.1697-)
Glover Henry Rutt (abt.1729-1802) trading from 165 Fenchurch Street as Rutt and Olding 1794 [11]
Linen Draper Benjamin Rutt (abt.1773-abt.1824) 79 Leadenhall street (also 1817 post office directory
Cotton and Woolcard manufacturer Rutt J T John Towill Rutt (1760-1841) (also 1817 post office directory
Druggist and chemist business owned by George Rutt (abt.1730-1777)
Broker, Birchin Lane George Rutt (abt.1733-abt.1780) 1773
Broker, Birchin Lane Edward Rutt (1731-1784) (1784)
Broker Thomas Rutt (1759-1821)
Wholesale stationers, Charles Rutt (abt.1772-abt.1862) wholesale stationers bankrupcy, in business with William Limbery Grosvenor the elder, Eliezer Chater and William Limbery Grosvenor the younger
Wholesale Stationers Thomas Prentice Rutt (1805-abt.1880), in business from at least 1851-1871


Sandemanian Families

Many of the members of the London Church came from a small number of families, perhaps between 10-12 families.

Within the key Sandemanian families, some became church members, others attended the church without formally declaring their faith and so were not members. Many people married within the church, and this continued for up to 5 generations. Other members of the family opposed Sandemanian's ideas and were active in other churches.

Categories have been created in Wikitree for each of the key families, for example

Chater Family and the London Sandemanian Church
Rutt Family and the London Sandemanian Church

The aim is to collect the names of the family members of the Rutt family who were associated with the church. Not all will have become formal church members but are within 1-2 generations of a known member.


Links with other Sandemanian Families

Links to the Barnard family

Ellen Rutt married Walter Barnard in 1859.

Links to the Deacon Family

There are 3 generations of marriages between the Rutt and Deacon families.

Lydia Rutt married Samuel Deacon about 1800.
Thomas Rutt married Mary Deacon in 1829
Caroline Rutt was the second wife of Henry Deacon, married in about 1866

Links to Grosvenor Family

Three of the children of George Rutt were christened at Poultry Chapel Independent Church, London, George Rutt chr 1733, John Rutt chr 1734 and Mary Rutt chr 1741. Four years later in 1745, Robert Grosvenor had his son, William Limbery Grosvenor christened at the same church. This was before the Sandemanian church was founded in London (1760). Therefore the families already knew each other and members of both families later joined the Sandemanians.

George Rutt married Ruth Grosvenor in 1768. Their son Charles Rutt joined William Grosvenor in the stationers business as an apprentice in July 1786. He replaced the previous apprentice Eliezer Chater (also a sandemanian) who became a partner in the firm.

In 1798, W L Grosvenor was a witness on the Certificate of the Freedom of the City Admission papers for Nathaniel Rutt the son of George Rutt, alongside Eliezer Chater.


Introduction and Research Questions

An introduction to the Sandemanian Church includes an overview but also details of the categories used for the various families
Research into the London Sandemanian Church and the questions I am seeking to answer
The arrival of Sandemanianism in London with details of the people involved and the impact on the nonconformist community


Histories of other Sandemanian Families

Barnard Family and the Sandemanian Church
Boosey Family and the Sandemanian Church
Chater Family and the Sandemanian Church
Deacon Family and the Sandemanian Church
Leighton Family and the Sandemanian Church
Peat Family and the Sandemanian Church
Vincent Family and the Sandemanian Church
Young Family and the Sandemanian Church


Other pages with details of Sandemanians

Sandemanian Church London membership list 1762 - 1868 providing the most complete details of the London Sandemanian's with over 650 names included. Links added to Wikitree profiles as discovered.
Sandemanian Church London membership list as researched by Prof Geoffrey Cantor covering men and some of their wives from 1821-1867. Most have links to Wikitree profiles.
Sandemanian Church London membership list 1885 provides a one off snap shot of existing members in 1885. Most have links to Wikitree profiles.
London Sandemanian marriages and other links between families It was common in the Sandeman church in London for marriages to take place within the church, so this is a list of marriages and other links between church families.
Sandemanians and the bookbinding, paper and publishing trades There were 14 families in the London Sandemanian with links to the bookbinding, paper and publishing trades.
Grosvenor Family Stationers business Details of business addresses used by the company.
Reid and Sons Silversmiths a Sandemanian family from Newcastle, some of whom married into the London Church.
London Nonconformist Glass Cutters, the Leathley, Chater and Hayward Families The families were linked by marriage and in business, with some becoming Sandemanians.
Sandemanian Church, Old Buckenham, Norfolk and links with the church in London.
The letter from the London Sandemanian Church to the Edinburgh Church in 1855, including signatories to the letter.
Rev John Collett Ryland's Scholars


What links here

WikiTree Profiles that reference this page

Sources

  1. Maitland, W. Fuller. The London chronicle. [London]. accessed from the Hathitrust https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015080323721&view=1up&seq=1&q1=rutt accessed by Trevor Pickup on 6 March 2021
  2. The London Directory 1786, by Lowndes accessed from Haithi Trust https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433016873725&view=1up&seq=1 accessed by Trevor Pickup on 16 April 2021
  3. The London Directory 1786, by Lowndes accessed from Haithi Trust https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433016873725&view=1up&seq=1 accessed by Trevor Pickup on 16 April 2021
  4. The London Directory 1786, by Lowndes accessed from Haithi Trust https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433016873725&view=1up&seq=1 accessed by Trevor Pickup on 16 April 2021
  5. Wakefield, Roger Space: Wakefields Merchants and Tradesman General Directory for London, Westminster Borough of Southwark and 22 miles circular from St Pauls 1794 (T Davidson, London. 1794)
  6. Wakefield, 1794. Page 268
  7. Wakefield, 1794. Page 268
  8. Wakefield, 1794. Page 268
  9. The Post Office London Directory. (1817). United Kingdom: B. Critchett.., page 285 accessed from Google books https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/The_Post_Office_London_Directory/vjBAAQAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0&bsq=rutt%20fenchurch accessed by Trevor Pickup on 10 January 2021
  10. Cotton, H. (1866). A Typographical Gazetteer. United Kingdom: Clarendon Press, Page 204 Accessed from Google Books https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/A_Typographical_Gazetteer/7eLOuPLUYFsC?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=t+rutt+shacklewell&pg=PA204&printsec=frontcover

  11. Glover and Undertaker Rutt and Howard<ref>The Post Office London Directory. (1817). United Kingdom: B. Critchett.., page 285 accessed from Google books https://www.google.co.uk/books/edition/The_Post_Office_London_Directory/vjBAAQAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=0&bsq=rutt%20fenchurch accessed by [[Pickup-177|Trevor Pickup]] on 10 January 2021</li></ol></ref>




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