Location: Saint-Raymond, Portneuf, Québec
Saint-Raymond One Place Study
This is a One Place Study for Saint-Raymond, located in Portneuf District near the capital of Québec, Canada.
The goal of this study is to create profiles for all Saint-Raymond residents listed on the censuses of 1842, 1851, 1861, 1871, etc., and to coordinate the census information with the parish records and genealogical studies that are available online. No profiles will be created without fact-checking the census information with other sources.
The first census of Saint-Raymond that included all residents was taken in 1851. At the time, the most common surnames in Saint-Raymond were Plamondon, Cantin, Beaupré, Alain, Hamel, Déry, Gingras, Drolette, Moisan, and Paquet. The most common non-French surname was Gray. While most of the residents were French Canadian, there were also many Irish residents, and some English and Scottish.
This study benefits immensely from the online availability of the parish records that are a part of the Drouin Collection. Baptism, marriage and burial dates specifically for Saint-Raymond are available beginning in October 1844.
When Saint-Raymond was first settled in the 1830s, it was in an area called "Bourg-Louis." The thriving town of Saint-Raymond was not formed until the 1840s. The name "Bourg Louis" came to refer to the settlement of mostly Irish and English Protestants located south of the town. On the 1851-1871 Censuses, these people were counted as part of "Saint-Raymond." The 1881 Census is the first to count Bourg Louis separately.
After 1844, Catholic parish records for Saint-Raymond can be found in the Drouin Collection under "Saint-Raymond." Prior to 1844, baptisms, marriages, and burials were recorded in other parishes, most notably Sainte-Catherine-de-la-Jacques-Cartier. The Sainte-Catherine records note whether the person being baptized, married, or buried was from "St Raymond," "St Raymond de Bourg Louis," or "Bourg Louis" (as opposed to "this parish" for those who were actually from Sainte-Catherine).
Church records for the Protestant residents begin in 1834 for the Wesleyan Methodist Church, and 1850 for the Church of England. The main difference between the English Protestant and French Catholic records is that in most of the Protestant records married women take their husband's surname. This makes genealogy work more difficult.
The following links lead to Free Space Pages for each Saint-Raymond census, with partial transcriptions by Sarah Heiney. If you have ancestors who appear on a Saint-Raymond census, and they are not already linked on WikiTree, please contact Sarah to have the links added!
Catholic Parish Records
Sarah Heiney has begun indexing information from the Saint-Raymond parish records that are accessible online as part of the Drouin Collection.
Protestant Church Records
Sarah Heiney has begun indexing information from the Bourg-Louis church records that are accessible online as part of the Drouin Collection.