Location: Schale, Hopsten, Steinfurt, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland
Schale is a village and district at the northernmost tip of the Westphalian region of the Tecklenburger Land in Germany, only about 50km from the Netherlands border. Since 1975 it has been part of the municipality of Hopsten in the district of District of Steinfurt.
Schale (ancient: Scaldi) has been inhabited since prehistoric times. It is first mentioned in the historical record around the year 890, when five people in Schale were named in the tax registers of Werden Abbey. Schale is referenced again in 1150.
By 1226, knights of Schale were verifiably affiliated with the Counts of the independent County of Tecklenburg, part of the Holy Roman Empire.
Schale remained an exclave of Tecklenburg even when Tecklenburg lost other lands to Osnabrück and Münster in the Schmalkaldic War 1546-7, and continued under its governance (with a brief period as an independent municipality during the Napoleonic occupation 1811-1816), through many reconstitutions, until being reorganized into Steinfurt in 1975.
|Heiliges Römisches Reich||Holy Roman Empire|
|1226||1707||Grafschaft Tecklenburg, Heiliges Römisches Reich||County of Tecklenburg, Holy Roman Empire|
|1707||1806||Grafschaft Tecklenburg, Königreich Preußen, Heiliges Römisches Reich||County of Tecklenburg, Kingdom of Prussia, Holy Roman Empire|
|Napoleonische Kriege||Napoleonic Wars|
|1806||1811||Grafschaft Tecklenburg, Großherzogtum Berg, Rheinbund||County of Tecklenburg, Grand Duchy of Berg, Confederation of the Rhine|
|1811||1813||selbständige Gemeinde, Département de l'Ems-Supérieur/Ober-Ems, Französisches Kaiserreich||independent municipality, Ems-Supérieur/Ober-Ems, French Empire|
|1813||1815||selbständige Gemeinde, Generalgouvernement zwischen Weser und Rhein, Zentralverwaltungsdepartement für die besetzten Gebiete||independent municipality, General Government between the Weser and the Rhine, Central Administrative Department for the Occupied Territories|
|Königreich Preußen||Kingdom of Prussia|
|1815||1871||Kreis Tecklenburg, Provinz Westfalen, Königreich Preußen||District of Tecklenburg, Province of Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia|
|Preußen im Deutschen Reich||Prussia in the German Empire|
|1871||1918||Kreis Tecklenburg, Provinz Westfalen, Bundesstaat Preußen, Deutsches Reich||District of Tecklenburg, Province of Westphalia, Federal State of Prussia, German Empire|
|1918||1945||Kreis Tecklenburg, Provinz Westfalen, Freistaat Preußen, Deutsches Reich||District of Tecklenburg, Province of Westphalia, Free State of Prussia, German Empire|
|Alliierte Verwaltung||Allied Occupation|
|1945||1946||Kreis Tecklenburg, Britische Besatzungszone, Alliierter Kontrollrat||District of Tecklenburg, British Occupation Zone, Allied Control Council in Germany|
|1946||1949||Kreis Tecklenburg, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, Alliierter Kontrollrat||District of Tecklenburg, State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Allied Control Council in Germany|
|1949||1974||Kreis Tecklenburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Bundesrepublik Deutschland||District of Tecklenburg, State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Federal Republic of Germany|
|1975||present||Gemeinde Hopsten, Kreis Steinfurt, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Bundesrepublik Deutschland||Municipality of Hopsten, District of Steinfurt, State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Federal Republic of Germany|
Coat of arms
"In red, a silver (white) right-angled ladder, accompanied by a silver (white) lily pad at the top." The ladder, a scala dei, refers to Schale's historical name Scaldi, and the lily pad references its historical affiliation to the County of Tecklenburg (whose traditional arms feature three lily pads).
The Rev. Dr. David H. Koss, an American descendant of migrants from Schale, researched Schale and the surrounding areas extensively for many decades, and published the Schale Newsletter from 1984 to at least 1997. Upon his death in 2010 his written materials (almost entirely paper) were passed on to a cousin, Gloria Landwer Scott.
A RootsWeb tree, schaleplus -- Families from Schale, Westfalen & Sonneborn, Lippe (plus in-laws & sundry kin), captures many of the conclusions from their combined work (with limited reference to primary sources).
- Evangelische Kirche Schale (Kr. Tecklenburg). "Kirchenbuch, 1716-1967." FHL films 530,820 through 530,824. Though four of these films have been digitized, access to the digital images is restricted (not available even onsite at the FHL); therefore, as of 2022, these records are available only on microfilm at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.
- Evangelische Kirche Schale (Kr. Tecklenburg). "Kirchenbuchduplikat, 1815-1874." FHL film 1,049,999. As of 2022, this record is available only on microfilm at the Family History Library.
- Schale (Westfalen), Standesamt. "Germany, Preußen, Westfalen, Schale, Zivilstandsregister, 1874-1938." DGS 103,528,832 through 103,528,903. As of 2022, these records are stored in the Granite Mountain Record Vault of the Family History Library and are not available for circulation.