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Scotland - Earl of Fife

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Earl of Fife

The Earl of Fife or Mormaer of Fife referred to the Gaelic comital lordship of Fife which existed in Scotland until the early 15th century.

The Mormaers of Fife were the highest ranking native nobles in Scotland. They frequently held the office of Justiciar of Scotia - highest brithem in the land - and enjoyed the right of crowning the Kings of Scots. The Mormaer's function, as with other medieval Scottish lordships, was kin-based. Hence, in 1385, the Earl of Fife, seen as the successor of the same lordship, is called capitalis legis de Clenmcduffe (=Lord of the Law of the Children of Macduff).

The lordship existed in the Middle Ages until its last earl, Murdoch (Muireadhach), Duke of Albany, was executed by James I of Scotland. [1]

Earliest Known Making of 1031

  • Malcolm Caenmore. b. 1031
  • Heth MacCrinan. b. 1062
  • Causantin (Constantine) of Clann MacDuib. 1st Mormaer, 1095-1128
  • Gillemichael, of Clann MacDuib. Mormaer of Fife, 1130-1133.

1st Gaelic Making

  • Mael Colum I of Clann MacDuib, 3rd Earl of Fife, 1204-1228.
  • Colbran of Clann MacDuib, 5th Earl of Fife, 1266-1270.
  • Duncan MacDuff (DonnchadIII) of Clann MacDuib, 6th Earl of Fife, 1270-1288
  • Duncan MacDuff, (DonnchadIV) of Clann MacDuib, 7th Earl of Fife, 1289-1353. Last of the Gaelic Earls

Recreation of 1759

  • William Duff, 1st Earl Fife (c. 1696-1763)
  • James Duff, 2nd Earl Fife (1729–1809)
  • Alexander Duff, 3rd Earl Fife (1731–1811)
  • James Duff, 4th Earl Fife (1776–1857)
  • James Duff, 5th Earl Fife (1814–1879)
  • Alexander William George Duff, 6th Earl Fife (1849–1912) (created Duke of Fife in 1889)

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Categories: Earls of Fife