Scotland Categories and Resources

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This page is managed by the Scotland Project

Leaders: Amy Gilpin, Bobbie Hall


Scottish Place Category Standards

NOTE: ALWAYS place categories at the top of the profile Biography section, above the "Biography Header"

Location Categories should be set up:

[[Category:Parishname Parish, County]] For example: [[Category:Dornoch Parish, Sutherland]]

Then the County should be set up:

[[Category: County, Scotland]] For example: [[Category:Renfrewshire, Scotland]]

If the town is unknown please use the category: [[Category: County, Unknown Place]] For example: [[Category:Lanarkshire, Unknown Place]]

If the county is unknown, please use: [[Category: Scotland, Unknown Place]]

If the category appears in red it indicates the town name is not yet categorised i.e set up. If in doubt on how to resolve this please ask one of the Scotland Categories Team members for assistance.

Cities (Independent): Existing Categories

These are listed under Scottish Counties Category:


Counties in Scotland: Existing Categories

Scottish Counties

Parishes: Existing Categories

Parishes of Scotland category has now been removed from our structure. Parishes are listed directly under their County. This is to help reduce the confusion between parishes and populated places of the same name.

Need Assistance??

If you are looking to help or for help, please ask one of the leads in the Scotland Project.

Scotland-A Short History

Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is now a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and the Irish Sea to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, Scotland is made up of more than 790 islands including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides. It wasn't always like that.

This category has selected c. 850 as its starting point. As WikiTree is becoming more complex this division is thought appropriate to separate the nation of Scotland from its ancestors. The time prior to this, until the 1st Century will be managed under Ancient Scotland.

Scotland c. 1000 but before the fall of Nothumbria

In 850 AD the land we know as Scotland today was a lot smaller than today. Our journey starts with Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín), generally regarded as the first king of a united Scotland and known today in most modern regnal lists as Kenneth I.. It is from him that the genealogical lineage becomes clearly defined and reliable source material is available. He was king of the Picts and, according to our national myth, the first king of Scots. Prior to him lineage is full of conjecture but after him history and genealogy becomes more certain.

Historical Focal points


800 - 1000 AD is the Vikings period; Kenneth rose to power in the Kingdom of Fortriu (roughly where Moray is today) after the initial Viking wars when " king Uen son of Óengus of Fortriu, his brother Bran, Áed mac Boanta "and others almost innumerable" " where killed in battle in 839. The resulting power vacuum, created by so many of the Royal line being killed if the Pictish Chronicle king-lists have any validity, seems to have resulted in at least four would-be kings warring for supreme power. Out of this rose Kenneth I..


1000 - 1150 are the wars of Establishment; Scotland, as a fledgling nation, fights for its survival against the vast Viking empire, that had reached its peak with Cnut c. 1000 AD, finding success at the Battle of Cluantarbh (Battle of Clontarf), near modern day Dublin, where Scotland, lead by the Earl of Mar, and the other Celtic nations, under Brian Boru, found victory and relief from the Vikings. This period saw the end of the individual kingdoms and the rise of the Mormaers. The period ends with the introduction of feudalism by David I and the Davidian Revolution.


1150 - c. 1400 is the feudal period; this period, defines the boundaries of modern Scotland and moves from a monarchic style to the rule of law enforced by a Parliament. It saw the introduction of new people, Normans, Flemish and other European nobility, into Scotland and the introduction of a new language. It saw the introduction of hereditary title, formalised the Nobility of Scotland and saw the establishment of the Peerage. It saw the rise and organisation of the sherrifdoms, later shires, of the church, the parishes, the borough and towns.


c. 1400 - 1707; is the period when Scotland stood as an individual nation, ruled by its own King and Parliament. This changed at the Acts of the Union in 1707. During this period Scotland had its own standing Army and standing Navy while after this period they became part of the British Army and Royal Navy respectively.

1707 to Present

1707 until today; a time genealogists are most likely to be familiar with.

Resources for Scotland

Images and Graphics

Burial Records

Images: 1
Scottish Flag
Scottish Flag

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