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Scotland County, North Carolina

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History

1720 Settlers to this area were Highland Scots (the large majority of emigrants)with some English and Quaker settlers. They found the Cheraw Indians. [1][2][3][4] [5]
1725 As commissioner of the Indian Trade for the Wineau Factory, John Herbert published a map which showed the “settlements of the Cheraw, Pee Dee, Waccamaw, and Scavano Indians living on their lands near the Pee Dee River and southern border of North Carolina and northern border of South Carolina, near Drowning Creek in Robeson County, North Carolina. [3]

https://northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/scotland-county-1899/

1729-1765 Scotland County began with a majority of Highland Scots, Many Scots migrated up the areas around the Cape Fear River to Cross Creek, Campbellton (now Fayetteville) and into this County area. After this other groups came mingling with the Scots, such as Scots-Irish, English, Welsh, and African. Current citizens still link to the first Native Americans (the Cheraw). [5][4]
1781 After the Piney Bottom Creek massacre, Col. Thomas Wade requested his Militia to avenge the death of the boy killed previously. Other Militia units of Montgomery and Richmond counties joined Col. Wade as the "flying army" of Col. McNeill and Col Ray. [6] The Loyalists tried to force Patriots to surrender their arms. Col. Wade led over (100 men) to find the targets. On Saturday they met at Beatti's Bridge over Drowning Creek, with gunfire. When the Loyalists withdrew, after midnight, Col Wade had (4) men wounded and Col. McNeill had (12) men killed, (15) wounded. [7] Piney Bottom
1783 When the Scottish Fair began, settlers camped nearby. The event became boisterous, others complained, so it was abolished 1873.[5]
1855 The Wilmington, Charlotte & Rutherfordton Railroad extended its tracks to Laurinburg and the county. The first trains began running In 1861, This was in time for the railways to transport young men to fight in the Civil War. [5]
1861-65 Civil War, A gun factory operated. When General Sherman's army came through this was destroyed by Sherman’s men when they marched through in 1865. Later Morrison married the granddaughter of James Buchanan, who first started the rifle factory prior to the war. Residents possessed these rifles during the war. [5]
Scotland County, NC fair
1869 Rumors related when the first textile plant began, it startedfrom English equipment from the hold of a wrecked blockade runner near Wilmington. Col. Malloy received the equipment for doing grading work. Malloy hired Mark Morgan to begin the textile plant. [5]
1861-65 The railroad moved its shops buildings from Wilmington to Laurinburg, since the union fleet concentrated on Fort Fisher which guarded Wilmington at the mouth of the Cape Fear River. Hundreds of car loads of cantalopes and watermelons arrived by railway. Laurinbrug called itself the Capital of the "Cantalope World". Railway managers thought they would only relocate here temporarily, but the railway stayed her in Laurinburg until 1894. [5] [4]
1865 When Sherman's army came through, the soldiers camped in the Old Laurel Hill church yard. There are tales that the soldiers carved their names and initials in the Church bell tower and used some of the church benches to build a bridge over the creek nearby. [4]
Map of Scotland county
1865 General William Sherman and army shot the Temperance and Literary Society "goblet off the book" when the Union army were moving north at the end of the Civil War. "This has been restored. See Wagram, NC below.[5]
1877 Laurinburg, North Carolina was chartered. It became the Scotland county seat after the County was created, named for the McLaurin family, a Scottish clan which arrived with early Highland settlers. Names such as Laurinburg, Old Hundred, Hasty, Laurel Hill, Gibsons and Johns are other communities. [1][2][3] [5] [4]
1895-1899 The county was split from Richmond due to distance to travel to the center of the county. Prior to 1899 Rockingham was (20-30 miles) from the eastard part of Richmond County. Business in Rockingham, NC required an all day trip to Rockingham with an overnight stay. The Red Shirts were actively discouraging voters. There was satisfaction with the county government of Rockingham.. Some charges and counter-charges about separation. A petition showed the small number of Populists and Republicans who voted in Laurinburg, considered as a heavily Democratic town due to political intimidation. [5] [4]
Gilchrist Bridge
The old stagecoach line route ran through Scotland County from Gilchrist Bridge near Wagram, past Old Laurel Hill, to a point near Gibson, South Carolina. The old 1839 post office map does not show it running in Scotland County, but has Laurel Hill and Montpelier on the map. Laurinburg, Gibson, Wagram, Laurel Hill are not showing since they did not exist at that time. this would be due to the change in foundries[5] [4]
The textile Industry began after the railway shops left the town. The railroad brought prosperity and economics to the town as a catalyst which started Laurinburg to begin growing. Soon after the shops left, the textile industry started to move into the town. [5] [4]


McNair Building

https://www.ncpedia.org/geography/scotland

February 20, 1899 The legislature of North Carolina formed Scotland as a new county from Richmond County. Richmond area was originally part of Anson County. Prior to that time Anson and Richmond were part of Bladen County. Hector McLean introduced the Act, and known as "the Father of Scotland County". This act passed both the legislature and the Richmond county votes. [5]Scotland County was created near the Piedmont and Coastal Plain region of North Carolina. It began with Cheraw Indians, then the Highland Scots and English.[3] [4] [4][2][2]


1899 The Act forming the county, also specified Laurinburg as the county seat. This required commissioners to find land for a jail near the center of town. By 1900 The county was operating and will and deeds were recorded, Jan of 1901. [5] [4]

http://www.carolana.com/NC/Counties/scotland_county_nc.html

Laurinburg, NC, 1909 prior to paving.
1880-1890 1880-1890 Laurinburg’s MAIN STREET The mainstreet of Laurinburg, NC held (15) grocery or general stores, (13) selling whiskey, and other notorious activities. There was an Opera House, Everington's Drug Store, a shoe store, and clothing store. The streets were dirt. In 1910, Main Street had the 1910 Fourth of July Parade. Paving began in 1914. There was an ordinance for the street and other streets in town of "No horse or mule driver shall turn his stock loose on the street between 8 AM and 2 PM. 1883, the town charter had penalties for riding, driving of horses carelessly in town. Horses, mules cattle, hogs, goats and doges were not allowed to run wild.[5]
1891 John Blue House was built with Steamboat Gothic architecture. Constructed after the Civil War in 1891, John Blue visited a Mississippi familyand became interested in riverboats. His house reflects the riverboat design with a "bridge" as his sitting room, circular porches with ornaments on the porch, railings carved by Mr Blue. The lumber was from the pine trees on the land. There were (12) rooms and (12) doors. the stained glass windows are 90% intact. [8]
John Blue House
1901 Scotland County built a Court House, which which has Neo-Classical detail and Second Empire mansard domes. It was torn down in 1964. [5]
Schools
Laurinburgh High School was on Caledonia Road. Parts of the buildings became older homes when they were not used. The town had a store and black smith shop where the water tank stands, very near the site of the high school. [5]
1909 Central School was built as the oldest public school of Laurinburg (is the oldest public school, which had elementary and high school classes. (now closed) [5]
1924 The Laurinburg High School was built with both elementary and high school classes and was used until Scotland High School was built.. Then the old high school became a junior high school until it burned in 1973. Laurinburg Institute is the oldest private school on McGirt's Bridge Road for African American Students. The Institute was previously a hospital. Another African American school is the I. Ellis Johnson high school. In the mid 1960's integration of the county schools changed so that the high school for both white and African American students became Scotland High School. [5]
A legend of Scotland County relates to the Scottish settlers moving up the Cape Fear River, from Wilmington. They saw a sign The best land lies 100 miles west of here. The people who could read settled in Scotland County!
Welsh families moved up from Marlboro County, South Carolina to the southern tip of Scotland County Scots also came from South Carolina via the Pee Dee River. [5]
1958 The new St. Andrews Presbyterian College began in Laurinburg, North Carolina, and modeled after a university in Scotland. The Scottish Heritage Center within the college has Scottish settlement history in its texts, books, etc. [1][2] [5]
1964 A new courthouse was built in Laurinburg (#3 Courthouse).[5]
Two historical monuments are on the new Courthouse grounds, which were moved from the old courthouse grounds.. As automobile traffic increased the monuments were moved to the courthouse grounds. Recently there is a monument to honor the veterans of all wars.[5]
1) The Confederate Monument is a typical southern monument. For a while these were in the center of the Church and Main Streets. Public subscriptions were donated to build the monument. As automobile traffic increased the monuments were moved to the courthouse grounds. [5] [4]
Scotland Co. Courthouse with Confederate

Monument (R) and Quakenbush Monument (L).

2) Quakenbush Monument honors William Graham Quakenbush, who was principal of Laurinburgh High School from 1879 to 1900. In fact, the school was locally known as "The Quakenbush School." Mr. Quakenbush was an educator and a leader in the requests to form Scotland County. [5] [4]

Scotland County Communities

Laurinberg, NC Early
Laurinberg, North Carolina began 1785 - It called self the city of Beautiful Trees.The largest town, initially had an "h" in its name. Soon the "h" was dropped to be "Laur-in-boro". The town was called "Laurinburgh" when the post office began. In 1840 there were (3) buildings- a store, saloon and shacks. 1852, a private school began, which later became Laurinburgh High School. The home of the first mayor, Washington Gill has been preserved. The Laurinburg PresbyterianChurch began in 1859 (the oldest church in Laurinburg) as an offshoot of the Old Laurel Hill Presbyterian Church. This church building was built, 1866 with Scots as the members. The present day church is on the same site. [5]
Laurinberg,, NC current
McNair Building
East Laurinburg, NC is an incorporated town separate from Laurinburg, located east of Laurinburg, The textile industry began with Waverly Mills, Scotland Mill. Small villages were built near the mills and plants.[5]
Hasty, North Carolina was located south of St. Andrews. Telephone service began from the Hasty depot, 1902, with a post office 1886-1930, a public school, 1897, and a church began, 1886. [5]
John's Station, North Carolina grew near the railroad track in the lower part of the county. It had a general store, 1886, a post office, 1886, a school, and Caledonia Methodist Church began 1835. Oak Grove school served as the Native American school until the county schools were integrated. [5]
Laurel Hill, North Carolina began near the railway depot. The route missed Old Laurel Hill, which caused the settlement to decline in the businesses, 1861 from the dozen families.. By 1861 the route of the railroad missed Old Laurel Hill, causing a decline in the businesses from the dozen families. Early businesses were turpentine distilleries, tub-making of juniper, mercantile business and a post office by 1875. [5]
Stewartsville, North Carolina was a trading center, stagecoach stop. The James Stewart House is among the oldest of the county dates to the early 1800's. Stewart served as U.S. Congress. Joseph Hawley was born there, who became U.S. Senator and Governor of Connecticut. General Hawley served in the Union Army in charge of the Wilmington district (covering this area at the time). He was active during the Reconstruction and the Centennial Exhibition. [5]
Laurinburg-Maxton Airport During World War II, a glider base was built here. Following the war, the airport with buildings were turned over to Lauinburg and Maxton, to be operated by both towns. Some of the property is an industrial park. [5]
Riverton, North Carolina is on the Lumber River. Wagram is a summer home, retirement home or permanent home for some citizens. Writers, teachers, and preachers have lived there, thus Riverton is considered an intellectual center. [5]
Wagram, North Carolina was incorporated in 1912. It was settled in the Revolutionary War days by Scottish people who moved from the Cape Fear Valley area. Two lumbermen built a tram road from Red Springs for their business. At that time they called the community "Vagrom". In this area many of the Scots are Baptist. Reverend Daniel Whyte converted many local pioneers to be Baptist. Spring Hill Baptist Church on Shoe Heel Creek was organized 1814 and moved to Wagram later and dates back to the Civil War. Montpelier Presbyterian Church was located at a stagecoach stop known as Montpelier west of Wagram. [5]
John Charles McNeill, Dead Poet's Societyj
Wagram, NC also has the McNeill Memorial Gardens and home of John Charles McNeill, a poet who was awarded the Patterson Cup award, presented by President Theodore Roosevelt. The Richmond Temperance and Literary Society has a restored home built 1853 of red brick, hand molded and fired in homemade kilns. The ceiling has gold stars for each member. Then when a member died, the star was painted silver If the member broke his pledge and drank liquor, the star was painted black. A tall upturned goblet pointing to the sky, stands there on a large open wooden book representing the temperance idea. [5]
Late 1700's Gibson, NC Ziba Gibson and sons arrived here. The town was named for Noah Gibson. The church has a Gibson minister. Gibson was incorporated 1899, but the school was there in 1858. According to citizens, there are many Gibsons. The town was incorporated in 1899, but its history is much older. Soon there were stores, newspaper, school, church. [5][9]
Old Hundred, North Carolina. Old Hundred is near the end of railway extending 78 miles near Wilmington, NC. Its population is about 371. The medium home value is %53,200.The median income in Old Hundred , NC is $13,750. [10]
Rockdale, North Carolina was a Quaker settlement which had a grist mill, cotton gin, blacksmith shop, general store and named streets. Now there are deserted fields. Some of the Quakers left as they opposed slavery. [5]

Cool Springs Methodist Church and Silver Hill Presbyterian Church developed from the Old Laurel Hill Presbyterian Church, becoming two of the oldest African American churches in the county.

Present-day neighbors of Scotland County include: Richmond, Hoke, Moore, and Robeson counties. The county seat and largest town within the county is Laurinburg. South Carolina neighbors include Marlboro and Dillon counties.

Economy in Scotland County is agricultural, with crops of soybeans, cotton, corn, swine, and tobacco. Other economical production are forest products such as lumber and paper, cabinets, mobil homes, hospital equipment are manufactured.. [1][2] [5].[3]
Scotland County, North Carolina County resources and festivals are Scotland Heritage Center, Camp Mackall Military Reservation (1943), Jesse Mason House (1895), Richmond Temperance and Literary Society Hall (1860), Indian Museum of the Carolinas in Laurinburg, and the Vardell Art Gallery. The county hosts festivals and annual events such as the John Blue Cotton Festival, ScotchFest, and the Laurinburg Christmas Parade. [2][3]


John Blue House
History of John Blue
John Blue, Sr. was born at the beginning of the Civil War (Nov 28, 1861). Since John was interested in how things worked he learned to be a blacksmith on the farm. His father let him make farm tools in their shop, when he was not farming the cotton crops. By 1883 John Blue purchased 100 acres of land from his dad for $2000. After marrying Flora Jane McKinnon, they built their home on X-way Roads. Blue's inventions of a cotton stalk cutter helped other farmers, and by 1891 he was able patent his inventions, 1891 In 1886 John Blue and his father began. their business on his land, since they needed a better way to plant and fertilize the cotton. This resulted in the inventions which added the farmers. These were the Rex Guamo fertilizer distributor and John Blue's cotton planter, They were drawn by a horse and John asked that the inventions be painted Blue This business grew, so Blue built a shop and foundry across from his house where he could mass produced to sell to the cotton farmers. Blue died Mar 21, 1935. The plant is now a Museum of Agriculture and History where John Blue's inventions are displayed.[11]


Adjacent Counties

  • Robeson County - southeast
  • Marlboro County, South Carolina - southwest
  • South Carolina borders partially on southwest
  • Richmond County - northwest
  • Moore County - north
  • Hoke County - northeast

Government

  • Scotland County is a member of the regional Lumber River Council of Governments.
  • As of the redistricting by the North Carolina General Assembly in 2016, Scotland County is located entirely in North Carolina's 9th congressional district and is currently represented in the 115th United States Congress by Robert Pittenger (R

1st Courthouse Held in a rented building.

2nd Courthouse, 1901 Scotland County built a Court House, which which has Neo-Classical detail and Second Empire mansard domes. It was torn down in 1964. [5] Judge Walter Neal picture hangs in the courtroom when the first criminal court was Nov. 18, 1901.

Scotland County Courthouse

3rd Courthouse, 1964 Laurinburg is the county’s new courthouse, built in 1964.

Geography

Rivers , Lakes and Swamps - Lumber River, Shoe Heel and Jordan Creeks
Swamps Juniper Swamp
Lakes - Big Muddy Lake, McNair Pond.
Location -It is in the southeastern section of the state
Bounded by the state of South Carolina and Richmond, Moore, Hoke, and Robeson counties.

Size - 319.14 square miles and the 2010 population was 36,157.

County Seat -Laurinburg has been the county seat ever since inception.
ExactLocation - central location on US 74 (30 miles from I-95). It is also within a 2 hour drive of Raleigh, Charlotte, Wilmington, the Research Triangle Park area, Columbia, SC, Myrtle Beach, and 5 metropolitan airports.
General location- Southeastern North Carolina, adjacent to South Carolina border
Precise location -halfway between Charlotte, the state's largest city, and Wilmington, the state's largest port.
Scotland County is home to St. Andrews Presbyterian College, Scotia Village Retirement Community, the annual fall historical John Blue Cotton Festival and a nationally recognized Lumber River canoe trail.


Protected Areas

Demographics

In 2000, there were 35,998 people in the county with a population density of 113 people/sq. mi. The racial makeup of the county was 51.49% White, 37.32% Black or African American, 8.88% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.In 2005 49.4% of Scotland County's population was non-Hispanic whites. The median income for a household in the county was $31,010, and the median income for a family was $39,178. The per capita income for the county was $15,693. About 17.40% of families and 20.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.80% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.[12]


  • Scotland County comprises the Laurinburg, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Fayetteville-Lumberton-Laurinburg, NC Combined Statistical Area.

Highways

  • I74
  • US 74
  • US 401
  • US 501

*NC 71

  • NC 79

*NC 144 *NC 381

NOTABLES

RESOURCES

  • Festivals (Scotland County Highland Games, Storytelling Festival of Carolinas, John Blue Festival)
  • Historical sites (John Blue House (Laurinburg, North Carolina), Old Laurel Hill Church)
  • Museums and heritage (Scotland County Museum, Indian Museum, Scottish Heritage Center)
  • Cypress Bend Vineyards
  • St. Andrews Equestrian Center,
  • Chalk Banks
  • Lumber River canoe trail.
  • Camp Mackall Military Reservation (1943)
  • Jesse Mason House (1895)
  • Richmond Temperance and Literary Society Hall (1860
  • Indian Museum of the Carolinas in Laurinburg
  • Vardell Art Gallery
  • John Blue Cotton Festival
  • ScotchFest
  • Laurinburg Christmas Parade.
  • The local college: St. Andrews University.

Cities

Laurinburg (county seat) Population 17,000


  • East Laurinburg
  • Gibson
  • Maxton
  • Wagram
    • Deercroft
    • Laurel Hill
    • Old Hundred
    • Scotch Meadows
    • Montclair

Census

  • The population of Scotland County is more than 35,000 with nearly 17,000 living in Laurinburg, the County seat.
  • The population of Scotland County was estimated to be 36,800 in 2004

Cemeteries

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 https://northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/scotland-county-1899/
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 https://www.ncpedia.org/geography/scotland
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 http://ncgenweb.us/nc/scotland/
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 https://electricscotland.com/history/america/scotland_county.htm
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 5.35 5.36 5.37 5.38 http://www.carolana.com/NC/Counties/scotland_county_nc.html
  6. http://www.carolana.com/NC/Revolution/revolution_beattis_bridge.html
  7. http://www.monroegen.org/piney.htm
  8. http://nc-rural-heritage.com/john-blue-house/
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibson,_North_Carolina
  10. https://roadsidethoughts.com/nc/old-hundred-xx-scotland-profile.htm
  11. http://nc-rural-heritage.com/story/
  12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland_County,_North_Carolina




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