Voyages of the Barque Sailing Ship, Scottish Hero, England to Rockhampton, 1876, 1877 & 1884.

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Voyages of the Barque Sailing Ship, Scottish Hero, England to Rockhampton, 1876, 1877 & 1884.
The Scottish Hero.[1]

These are a faithful copy of documents as per each article including spelling errors.

Scottish Hero
A two deck iron barque built in 1876 at yard no. 79 by W. Doxford & Sons, of Sunderland. Dimensions: 196.6ft. + 33.0 + 19.1 [length, breadth, depth] and tonnage 911 gross 869 net and 795 under deck. British Reg. No. 73670. Signal PWNM. Owned and managed by McIlwraith MacEacharn & Co. [The Scottish Line] 34 Leadenhall St. London from 1876 –1893.

Scottish Hero - Rockhampton, 09th August - Tuesday, 28 November 1876
Sailed with emigrants from London to Rockhampton. Captain Neil McEachern. A diary of this voyage was kept by Peter Higson aged 24 of Bolton, a copy is held in the John Oxley Library in Brisbane.

The barque, Scottish Hero, left Gravesend on the 12th August, 1876, with 268 statute adults on board. The passage was marked by a continuance of fine weather, and good daily runs until after passing through Bass Strait, when she met with headwinds and calms. She crossed the Line on the 14th September, without having had any severe heat. On the 22nd September passed close to the Island of Trinidad, it being distant about five miles to windward. The next land sighted was Tristan D'Acunha. After rounding the Cape of Good Hope no land was seen until entering Bass Strait when Cape Otway was sighted. Passed through the Strait in a couple of days with a fair wind, but getting headwinds on the other side, the ship was 105 days in reaching Keppel Bay from the time she left Gravesend.

On the 10th September an accident occurred, about 3 p.m., the cry of 'man overboard' was heard. Life buoys were cut away, and two boats lowered, in the direction of the drowning man, but nothing could be seen of him or the lifebuoys. There was a strong sun at the time, and a good swell on, which may have accounted for not finding the man, but the general belief was that he was eaten by a shark. His name was Michael Murphy, and he was one of the passengers. The accident was the result of disobedience. The passengers were cautioned against going to the dangerous parts of the vessel, but Murphy went into the dolphin striker, the ship dipped, he lost his hold, and fell overboard. The conduct of the Immigrants was good, with but few exceptions. The provisions, water, and medical comforts were good; and supplied with liberality.

Shortly after arriving in the Bay, the passengers presented Captain McEacharn and the surgeon-super-intendent, Dr. Newell, with testimonials, in which their attention and care were achnowledged with becoming thankfulness. On Monday morning last, Dr. Sal- mond, health-officer, accompanied by Captain R. M. Hunter, and Mr. E. P. Livermore members of the Immigration Board, left town for the Bay, which they reached about 2 p.m. Dr. Salmond immediately boarded the vessel, and after a careful examination found everything satisfactory, there being no sickness on board, and he at once granted pratique. The Mary then went alongside, and Dr. Salmond proceeded to muster the passengers, assisted by Mr. E. P. Livermore. The usual questions were asked— whether anyone had a complaint to make against any officer of the ship as to the treatment on board. There were no complaints, the utmost goodwill and harmony seemed to have prevailed amongst the passengers and officers. Arrangements were then made to embark the immigrants on board the Mary at an early hour the following morning, which was done, and they left the ship at 5 a.m. on Tuesday for Rockhampton, where they arrived six hours later.

We understand that the health officer and the members of the Board with him, Captain Hunter and Mr. Livermore, were particularly well satisfied with the sanitary arrangements and general cleanliness of the ship. There was no sickness on the ship during the voyage, but there were five deaths, one man of the number being lost overboard, one child dying from diarrhoea, one for convulsions, one man from apoplexy, and one woman from heart disease. There were two births during the voyage, and an additional one on board the Mary, on the way up to town. Dr. Salmond had the mother conveyed to the Benevolent Asylum immediately on arrival, where she is receiving very comfort and attention. The immigrants were landed in the presence of a goodly number of towns people. The appearance of all on board was exceedingly agreeable, it being healthy in the extreme. The men are all strong, well-built, and look the right sort to battle with the difficulties .which sometimes are so intimately connected with the colonies. The single women are evidently of a superior class to those frequently brought to our shores from Great Britain, and will no doube be found of value as general servants. After the Immigrants had left the Mary they were taken to the depot, where the energetic wardsman, Mr. R. Graham, was prepared to receive them. The rooms were all scrupulously clean, and everything in connection with the arrangements for the accommodation and comfort of the new arrivals gave evidence that the successor of Mr. Boysen was worthy of the mantle which fell upon him. After the usual trifling hub-bub in getting boxes and baggage stowed away, the immigrants settled down into comparative quiet, and during the afternoon and evening numbers were to be seen prading the streets and evidently not displeased with the sights and scenes of colonial life in a provincial town. From what we can learn the voyage out partook more of the nature of a pleasure trip than anything else, the greatest unanimity and order being manifested. There were no disputes or rows of any moment, and nothing to mar the enjoyment of the voyage other than what might be naturally expected during a three months sea life.

Of the captain, officers, and doctor, the passengers speak in the highest terms of praise, and the general opinion seems to be that they did everything in their power to make the voyage as agreeable as possible, and although nearly all were glad to have a chance of getting once more on terra firma, there were a number who left with expressions of regret the ship whereon they had passed such a pleasant time. (C. 2/12/76)[2][3]

The Clipper Route.

Scottish Hero - Rockhampton, 14 September - 12 December 1877.
Sailed with emigrants from London to Rockhampton. Captain Neil McEachern. A diary of this voyage was kept by Walter Hingley aged 21 which is held in the Mitchell Library in Sydney, ML copy FM3/691
This voyage, transported William and Betsy Ann Holman.[3] Passenger List; pg 11.

The ship Scottish Hero, which belongs to Messrs. McIlwraith, McEacharn and Co.'s Scottish line, left London on 13th September, and passed Deal on the 15th, reaching Keppel Bay on the night of the 12th December, 1877, and making the passage in 89 days, or 88 days from Deal. Captain McEacharn reports that the passage had been a fine one. The Helth Officer, Dr. Salmond went alongside the barque on the 14th December, and ascertained from Dr. Mark that there was one suspicious case of fever on board. Dr. Salmond consequently placed the ship in quarantine for six days. During the passage, but there were sox cases of ----passage, but there were six cases of recovered. One case of smallpox appeared on the 27th September, but the patient was well on the 15th October. Dr. Marks has vaccinated the passengers. The immigrants generally are very healthy. Five children died during the passage from infantile ailments. There have been three births. On Tuesday, the 18th December, Dr. Salmond left town in the tug-boat Mary for the purpose of bringing up the immigrants in the event ot his finding them all well. The arrival of the Mary was loudly cheered by the immigrants, over whose head the yellow flag still waved; and none but the Health Officer, who, of course, has a charmed life and may go anywhere, dare go on board the vessel. The Mary droped her anchor at a respectable distance from the big ship, and Dr. Salmond lost no time in getting into his boat and proceeding to make the usual medical inspection. It took an hour last week to run up the yellow flag, now it came down in a few minutes, all on board being quite well. By this time it was dark, and most of the visitors spent the night on board the immigrant vessel. By 3 o'clock on the following morning the Mary got steam up and want alongside the barque, to which she was lashed, it having been arranged that the vessel was to be towed up to Central Island, and the immigrants there transhipped for town; but the direction of the wind which blew freshly from the N.N.W., and the comparative weakness of the tug, prevented the arrangement from being carried out, as the barque would have towed the tug, instead of the tug the barque. It was then decided to take the immigrants up to town in the Mary, and matters remained in abeyance till daylight. About half-past 5 the immigrants were mustered on deck, to have their names checked off. Over twenty had banking accounts, the sums to their credit ranging from £2 to £200. This showed that the Agent-General had secured a few of the better sort of fish in his net. Many more had money, but as it had been banked we have no clue as to the amounts. A seat at the table would have delighted Lavator, and the roll-call disclosed some curious and celebrated names, there being among the passenger a Charles O'Malley and a William Shakespeare. The Health Officer got through his duties in a couple of hours, and by 8 all had embarked on board the Mary.

The Mary then cast off from the ship, the seamen exchanging cheers with the immigrants. They got up a little before 5, and landed at one of the wharves abreast the Custom House. The police were on duty, as usual; and the new arrivals, pleased, we understand, with theira first view of Rockhampton, were soon in the comfortable quarters at the depot, in charge of Mr. Graham, who had everything handy for their reception.

The Scottish Hero had on board 318'souls, equal to 280 statute adults. Nationalities: 210 English, 4 Scotch, 83 Irish, and 21 other countries. Classification: 3 steerage, 124 assist- eded, 176 free, 14 remittance, and 1 free nomination. Social condition: 40 married men, 41 married women, 110 single men, 60 single women, 32 male and 26 female children, 4 male and 5 female infants. Occupations: 58 female domestic servants. 84 farm labourers, 14 labourers, 6 painters, 3 gardeners. 3 engineers'fitters, 5 miners, 2 coopers, 1blacksmith, 3 tailors, 1 mason, 3 bakers, 4 carpenters, 1 wheelwright, and 7 others. ("C." 22/12/77).[4][3]

Scottish Hero - Rockhampton 26 October 1883 - 29 January 1884
Sailed with emigrants from London [Gravesend] to Rockhampton, Captain James Fraser, surgeon Dr. Stuart. In the Downs October 14. Put back to Gravesend. October 21st. 7.25 pm, the Scottish Hero [Fraser] London to Rockhampton has returned having been in collision with the barque Ella of Quebec yesterday at 8 pm, at anchor in the Downs. The Scottish Hero lost head gear, jib-boom head, forecastle rails, and whisker irons, and received other damage; not making any water. The Ella sustained slight damage and remained in the Downs.

Sailed from London October 26, off the Wight, October 28 [landed channel pilot off Portland]. November 5 sighted the island of Madeira. November 12 sighted the island of Santo Antao [Cape Verde Islands]. November 18 spoke to the ship Auckland at 5N 29W. November 20, crossed the equator at longitude 32.10. November 24, sighted the Brazilian coast. December 2, sighted the Island of Trindade [Br]. December 19 crossed the meridian of Greenwich at Lat. 39.20. January 14 passed the south coast of Tasmania. Arrived Rockhampton January 29. A letter to her mother by Anna M. Cook describes in detail weather and onboard conditions on this voyage. The Anna M. Cook letter is held in the RAAM collection at the National Library of Australia, Canberra.

The barque Scottish Hero was towed up to the wharf today, with 352 immigrants and a cargo. There were five deaths and three births during the voyage. Some of the male immigrants by the Scottish Hero have lodged a complaint with the assistant immigration agent, Dr. Thurston, against the quality and quantity of the food supplied on the voyage. Other matters are also complained of.[5]

An inquiry was held at the Immigration Depot on Wednesday by the Immigration Board into the complaints made by the single men passengers by the barque Scottish Hero. The members of the Board present were :— Dr. Thureton (Immigration Agent), and Messrs. R. M. Hunter and E. P. Livermore. Mr. T. B. Robinson, Captain Frazer, and Dr. Stuart were also in attendance. The Immigration Agent read over the list of complaints lodged with him. and intimated that the paper was signed by ninety-four passengers.

On Squire Marshall being called on he asked if be would be paid for attending the inquiry, and of course received a reply in the negative. He then deposed that there were four lights on the Scottish Hero at first, but after leaving Gravesend the hatchway light was taken away leaving the messes in total darkness: at ten o'clock too of the three were extinguished, and the other hung on the hatchway ; that continued throughout the voyage ; it applied to the single men's department only ; they could never get the ordinary quantity of water ; they only got about a quart per man the first part of the voyage, and two quarts towards the end ; on many occasions it was not properly condensed, and unfit for use ; he produced contract ticket and mess card for steerage passenger ; they got more water for tea and coffee ; they never got more than three-quarters of a pint of boiling water, and mostly half-a-pint ; four days a week the bread was totally unfit for food, and on many occasions bad to be thrown over board — in fact it was that bad that the captain delivered oat flour, and they had to do the best they could ; the bread was bad, being sour, and some of the flour also, it appeared to have been damped and had to be crushed ; he believed an insufficient supply of balm had been the cause of the bad bread sometimes ; the baker bad to get materials from the passengers ; the tank flour was the best, that in the barrels being as described ; the tinned meat and mutton bad mostly been green and putrid, but a few odd tins were good and fit for food ; the ship sailed from England on the 26th October, and the first tinned meat was not served out until ten days afterwards ; they only received twelve instead of sixteen ounces during the first part of the voyage ; they took the meat back to the purser but could obtain no other, as they had none to give ; they did not get any salt meat on those days ; they complained to the captain and doctor, who were very good at promising ; he could not speak of the quality of the pork and beef as he had none of it ; there were nine in his mess ; the others had his share) ; the puddings, they made themselves, but they were boiled in salt water, and spoiled frequently ; they were good except for being damaged in the boiling, as they made them themselves, having been supplied with the materials ; they only had fresh potatoes for a few days after they left England, and the preserved potatoes were such that very few could eat them ; he did not know the reason ; they tried them in all forms, but no one knew anything about them ; he would not say anything about the quality ; they did not get above half their allowance of peas ; they did not go and get their provisions ; he could not say anything about the quantity, as he did not know how much they ought to have had ; he had no rice, porridge, salt meat, or soup while he was aboard, and he lived on bread when he could get it ; he knew nothing about the rice and the oatmeal as he had none ; the carrots and onions he had on two occasions; he had no complaint to make about them until they got a long way on the voyage ; the tea, coffee, pickles, molasses, and cheese were had ; the molasses was more like tar in fact than anything else, and the agents could not have got cheaper ; they could not get at the most more than three-quarters of a pint of boiling water at each meal, and oftener only half a pint ; the decks were not fit to walk over ; on each side of the galley it was slippery and wet, through the fat being throvvn down ; it was only a few days before they arrived here that a get-away was made ; the pig-stye was not cleaned out ; he bad diarrhoea, and as he knew the dose of medicine he did not ask the doctor for it ; he requested a drop of brandy, which was sent to him ; he had no complaint against the surgeon ; they had a good supply of brooms at first, but for a long time after setting out they were locked op, and at the last they were given one each : they had no baths or tubs, and bad only their own vessels to wash themselves in ; they had no library on board ; his mess did not suffer from overcrowding, as there was room for ten and only nine in it; the purser had been insolent on many occasions, but only to him once when he showed him some bread ; he said it was quite good enough, and he would be glad to eat worse than that before he got to Rockhampton ; there was a little cursing and swearing on both sides.

By Mr. Robinson : He read the complaints before he signed the paper ; he did not know how many messes there were in the forehold ; they had a large tin of water between nine of them every morning, and then they had another small one, not inclusive of that served out for tea and coffee. Examination continued : They only got the boiling water for breakfast and tea ; they used some of the flour that had to be crushed for puddings, and it was bad ; they were entitled to molasses ; they had sugar and jam or marmalade, the latter once a week ; the compressed vegetables were put in the soup, but not supplied to them ; vinegar was given to them once ; they had cheese supplied once a week ; he knew that part of the meat was taken to make the soap, bat they made allowance ; they wished to have the practice discontinued so as to have the full allowance of meat ; the oatmeal was made into porridge, but on some occasions it was too salt, and when offered to the pigs they would not eat it ; the washing of the decks was not missed on many mornings ; it was a practice to wash them every morning; they were also swept during the day.

Walter Bates deposed he was a passenger by the Scottish Hero; he had signed the complaints ; they had an insufficient supply of lights, and when they returned to Gravesend they complained, and the ship's husband said he would see that they received a sufficiency ; on going to sea, however, they found they had only three, the hatchway light being taken away ; on complaining to the surgeon he said there were not candles enough to keep the lights burning ; three were allowed until ten o'clock, but after that only one — on the hatch ; the supply of water was insufficient ; they only received two quarts per man instead of three, and sometimes less ; the quality was not first-rate, on many occasions it was very salt and not properly condensed ; that was exclusive of what they received for tea and coffee ; they got half a pannikin each, at first, but arranged to get twice a day about three-quarters of a pint per man ; the bread was frequently unfit for food, and the biscuits were mouldy ; the former was sour, and the biscuits plentiful but mouldy when exposed to the air ; instead of receiving sixteen ounces of preserved meat per day they got twelve ounces ; six twelve pounds tins of meat were put into the soup once a week for ninety-nine men ; they got six ounces on two days ; they were told the other four ounces went into the soup, and they watched ; he did not know what was found out ; the salt meat was good, the only complaint was that it was boiled in salt water ; the puddings were also boiled in salt water, but otherwise good ; they made them themselves, having obtained the flour, which was good, from the store-room ; they received potatoes for the first week they were out, but of very inferior quality, and only about half the quantity ; they should have received them every week ; what they were given ran at about two small potatoes each four times in the week ; they had any amount of preserved potatoes, which be believed were very good ; he did not take them, and knew very little about them ; the tins were not painted, but had a small label ; they only received about half the quantity of peas they should have done ; they did not weigh them or see them weighed ; the captain said he found there was not sufficient shipped, and he would give them rice instead, but it was only given to them four times for about a week, when it was knocked off ; they only received the rice afterwards once a week — on Saturdays, about half a pound ; the proper quantity of rice was allowed them ; they had a plentiful supply of oatmeal at first, and afterwards the quantity was diminished ; it was, however, good in quality ; they got it dry for a time and it was sufficient, but when the cook gave it to them it was very much reduced in quality ; on some occasions it was not sufficiently boiled, but not salt ; they did not receive the carrots and onions until the 16th December, but then he supposed there was the proper quantity ; when complaint was made the parser said they bad been put in the soap, but after that they were handed to them; the tea, coffee, molasses, pickles, and cheese were indifferent in quality ; the molasses was sour ; the decks most of the time were in a beastly state, being greasy and slippery, and coals lying about ; they were washed every morning ; the pigs were two yards abaft the hatchway, but they were kept clean ; he had seen oatmeal given to them ; on one occasion when they were in the tropics he felt very languid and bad, and went to the surgeon about four o'clock in the afternoon, and he told witness to see him at twelve o'clock the following day ; he did not look at him or ask what was the matter, he complained of his head, and the doctor said twelve o'clock was his office hours ; after that be went to the doctor and received attention ; there were no baths but tubs ; there might have been two, but he was certain there were not three ; they had no library ; their mess was not overcrowded ; he was in a different one to the last witness ; he had no complaint to make against the parser.

James Day deposed he was a passenger by the Scottish Hero ; he corroborated the evidence of the previous witness with reference to the number of lights : when they went ashore at Gravesend he sent a letter to the Queensland agent asking that an inquiry be held ; at first they had nearly three pints of water per day per man, but after that a little over two quarts, which continued until the end of the voyage ; it was occasionally not properly condensed and when issued in the tropics was warm; when cold water but there was too much iron rust in it ; some of the stuff given out as bread he should not like to call by that name; it was very bad, almost every other loaf was bad, caused the bakers said by the insufficiency of materials ; tank flour was as good as any man need wish to have, but the barrel flour was clotted and musty; he thought some of it was given out for puddings ; he went frequently to receive it, and he believed that both classes of flour were given out ; that in the barrels lasted, he thought, about three - fifths of the voyage ; he generally made the puddings, which were very good when made from the tank flour ; the tinned beef and mutton was generally good, but sometimes putrid ; they received about twelve ounces a week inclusive of that put in the soup ; they got two pounds and a quarter for nine men, and two ounces per man was put into the soup ; six tins of meat were used for soup twice a week ; he had been told they weighed six pounds each, but did not know ; that was for the whole of the passengers -290 odd; he was certain of that ; the salt beef and pork was good, but very hard, and most have been in brine for years ; he had not objected to the way it was cooked, but the majority did so on account of its being soaked, boiled, and put in salt water to cool ; the fresh potatoes were not fit for food, and if there had been there was insufficient to satisfy a man ; they only got two small ones at a time; he had no fault to find with the preserved potatoes ; the tins were painted red and were very sound ; there was a deficiency in the quantity of the peas in the soap, bat the quality was good ; rice was not served out in place of peas, but instead of oatmeal in lite mornings ; they complained about the quantity of the peas, and the captain said there was a mistake in the contract tickets, which stated one pound and a half ; he produced contract ticket, which provided for the supply of vegetables, jam, &e., which be obtained from the agent of the vessel ; the mess ticket, however, was different, but even that had not been carried out ; they did not get quite half a pound of peas, and oatmeal was handed round instead ; he believed they did not get the quantity of rice, eight ounces per week, but only five or six ounces ; it was, however, good in quality ; the oatmeal was not served out early enough on the voyage, but then it was sufficient in quantity, and of good quality ; it was very often salt, owing to the way it was cooked ; half the voyage was completed before they got the carrots and onions ; they were not put in the soup ; they were, however, good, as was also the tea ; the coffee was passable, but the molasses smelt very bad ; the pickles were bad, and some of the cheese was not fit to eat ; they got half a pint of hot water for breakfast and tea at the early part of the voyage, sometimes barely that, but near the latter end they got three quarters of a pint ; the decks were as filthy as any person was compelled to live in ; they were however, washed daily and swept occasionally, but near the galley it was very slippery and greasy, and the coals were lying about ; the pigs were about nine feet from the hatch, and caused an abominable smell, though the stye was washed out daily; the sheep did not matter very much ; the surgeon never carried out any of the rules that were posted on the mast ; each man did as he wished, and made his own rules ; he had no complaint of negligence as he had never been sick ; there were no means of bathing except at the pump ; there were ten men in his mess ; he could not recollect the exact number ; he did not sign the complaint, and was only called as a witness : he intended to lodge complaints on his own account, but would, perhaps, make them a little stronger ; they were the dirtiest decks he had ever seen : the passengers could do as they liked on deck, and they could have washed there ; he had heard some of the single men getting fresh water to wash their clothes ; oatmeal was not served for two or three weeks after they left Gravesend, and there was no substitute for it ; he did not know of any single men refusing to carry out the orders of the surgeon in regard to keeping the place clean ; frequently the single men did not get up until eleven or twelve o'clock.

Cornelius McCarthy deposed he was a passenger by the Scottish Hero; he supported previous evidence as to lights ; there were ten men in his mess, and they received between two and three gallons of water between them ; he knew he did not get two quarts ; at times it was good, but more frequently it was badly condensed and salt ; the bread was sour and heavy, and at times they got none at all ;there was an abundant supply of biscuits, which were mouldy ; after making complaints about the quantity of bread they got a little more ; on one occasion he made a complaint, but after inquiry he found that six tins of meat making thirty-six pounds were put into the soap for the whole of the passengers ; they received it twice a week ; he discovered they were being cheated of six ounces per week ; about the 14th or 15th December they received the proper quantity ;he did not have enough to eat ; the beef and pork was very fair for a voyage, and all he objected to was its being cooked in saltwater; the meat was weighed out when it came out of the barrel instead of after it was cooked, and he did not therefore know the weight they received ; he admitted he saw the meat weighed out, and all he wanted was in accordance with his contract ticket — half-a-pound ; the pork did not waste so much as the beef ; the puddings were good enough when they cut the outside off, bat they were cooked in salt water ; they received two potatoes every day for a week, but they were so inferior as to be unfit for use, the preserved potatoes were, however, very good ; they did not get the proper quantity of peas, and when they complained to the captain, he said he had not the quantity on board, and they received no substitute ; the proper quantity of a week instead of twice as at first; they ought to have received the produce of eight ounces, but they did not ; the oatmeal was served out to them, but after that they found they did not receive the same amount when it was banded out by the cook ; the oatmeal was knocked off because of the hot weather, and several got rice, he believed, instead ; they received no carrots or onions until the 16th or 17th December, but they were as good as they could expect, although they were sometimes bad ; the pickles, potatoes,molasses, coffee, and tea were inferior, and the decks in a disgraceful condition ; when he spoke to the engineer, he asked him what he had to do with it ; he swept the coals away himself, and water was again thrown there ; he had never seen the decks swept, except once or twice ; he had a cold and went to the doctor, who gave him some medicine, but after that he felt no better; he did not hear anyone refuse to obey the orders of the surgeon ; there was no bath but two large tubs, and when they made use of them the sailors came and asked for them ; his mess was not overcrowded ; he had asked him about the food, and he said he did not see what be had to complain about ; the biscuits were mouldy on several occasions, bat he always bad plenty ; every day they had salt pork they also had pea soap.

Mr. Robinson said he had some witnesses to call for the owners of the ship.

Frederick Palmer deposed that he was passengers' cook on board the Scottish Hero; there was very good condensed water and tank water ; each statute adult was allowed a pint for coffee and tea ; each men had nine pints ; there were never more than ten in a mess ; the water was always good except on two occasions ; in one a sea came on board, and some of it came into the tab of condensed water ;and on another occasion one of the emigrants brought him some salt water in exchange for hot water ; and witness did not discover it was salt until it had been put into the copper ;the condenser was always in good order ; it would condense 360 gallons per day; they were never at any time short of water during the voyage, except when the Doctor spoke about it, and more was then issued ; witness had access to the condenser ; could get as much as he liked ; some of the passengers made complaints to him about the water ;there was always in first part of the voyage a lot of tea and coffee left ; afterwards they drew their own water ; in his opinion there was always sufficient water for them ; there had been no complaints about the quality of the tea and coffee ; the coffee was passable but the tea was not the best quality by anyway ; they never complained to him about the flour being bad ; did not find it bad himself ; there were plenty of peas ; but there was a dispute about them ; he thought the passengers had been well off for rations.

Walter Croxten, assistant purser, had charge of the water ; the mess utensil produced), a four-gallon dram and one or two one-gallon cans were filled at the commencement to each mess ; and during the hot weather extra cans were filled ; they used the water for drinking and ablutions, and some of them washed their clothes in fresh water ; the water was good ; it was principally condensed ; the casks were filled regularly every day, and the water was at all times sweet and good ; complaints were made about the shortness of water, and the captain gave orders for more to be served out; the condenser was out of order, while bring cleaned, for a short time ; the water was then taken from the tanks ; in some cases the men took the meat from the scales, and threw it overboard, saying it was too salt ; 4930 lbs. preserved meat, 3770 lbs. beef, and 6525 lbs. pork, were supplied to 290 statute adults for ninety-two days ; one barrel of floor was rather damp ; it was not so bad that it bad to be crushed ; two barrels were left ; they were able to make bread from it ; the captain of each mess stood by and saw the rations measured out ; never had complaints about the shortness of weight ; they had more oatmeal than they could consume.

David Phillips, a saloon passenger, deposed that be had seen the water and had used it, and thought it was always good, for condensed water; the decks were cleaned and swept every day; and they were well attended to.

Richard Sergeant said he was ten weeks baker on board ; he was an immigrant, but the articled man could not bake, and he was appointed baker ; the flour taken on the whole was very good; about half a dozen barrels got lost in the hold and became damp, and was indifferent flour ; there were six barrels bad, bat they were not all used ;at first he thought it was the yeast that was bad ; but when he found it was the flour he complained to the Captain ; who ordered him to use the tank flour; they were short of hops ; only 7 lbs. were on board when they started ;he thought the food generally was good ; had no complaint to make when he was with No.31 mess ; when he became baker, he messed with the crew.

John Booth a married man. and immigrant, stated they had eight lamps in the married couples department ; he was perfectly satisfied as to the quality and quantity of the water supplied ; in the hot weather they had salt pork, and beef, and no bread ; but a committee waited upon the Captain when preserved potatoes and tinned meats were substituted ; witness had been ill five weeks ; was suffering from pleursy, piles, and gout in the feet ; he declined to say anything against the Doctor, if he could not say anything good ; the doctor had cured him.

G. Fraser captain of the Scottish Hero stated that the quantity of provisions supplied was in excess of the regulations ; and the. quality was as good as be had ever seen on board ship; the immigrants had complained about the biscuits ; and he had ordered them to have bread instead ; they baked every day ; after the I6th December he allowed every man 1 1/2 lbs. flour extra per week, until the 8th January ; when he found they were running rather short ; he only allowed 1lb. extra ; the tea was very fair ; he produced samples of tea ; coffee, cheese, molasses, and pickles ; be did his utmost to keep the decks clean ; the condenser could condense 500 gals. daily ; 20 lbs. was equal to from 340 to 360 gals ; when they did not condense they always broached a second tank each day ; they never had less than the regulation quantity, sometimes more ; there had been some unpleasantness between the parser and the immigrants, which was the main cause, he believed, of the complaints ; witness then read a testimonial he had received from the majority of the passengers.

Simon Stuart medical officer of the Scottish Hero, said the quality of the provisions was uniformally good; exception might be taken to the coffee and tea ; there had been justice to some of the complaints made ; the bread had not been always good ;it was sour : and at the commencement very heavy ; be only saw one barrel of bad flour which was lumpy, and slightly musty ; had it thrown overboard ; had no doubt it got bad from some cause on board the ship ; he complained as to the discipline of the single men; who said they did not come out to work on board ; but expected to be waited upon ; they refused to clean up their places, and would not get up at the proper time ; on one occasion witness saw a naked light burning, which was against the rules, they were playing cards; the single men's department department was as well lighted as any part of the ship ; when complaints were made about the water on one occasion he found it brakish and the captain had it thrown out and the tank cleaned[6][7]



[2] [4] [5] [6] [3] [7] [1]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Photographs - Scottish Hero > "Explore Our Collection". 2019. Qld.Gov.Au. Accessed October 2 2019. Qld Archives Collection
  2. 2.0 2.1 SCOTTISH HERO. - The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) - 19 Jun 1930 > "SCOTTISH HERO. - The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) - 19 Jun 1930". 2019. Trove. Accessed October 2 2019. Scottish Hero 1876.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Queensland State Archives - Immigration Passenger Lists > Passenger Lists - Scottish Hero; Voyages from England to Rockhampton. > Digital Image Details - Scottish Hero Passenger List to Rockhampton; 1876-1877. > " Digital Image Details ". 2019. Archivessearch.Qld.Gov.Au. Accessed October 2 2019. [http://www.archivessearch.qld.gov.au/Search/AdvancedSearch.aspx search..go Advanced..Scottish Hero]click PDF to viewScottish Hero Passenger Lists to Rockhampton voyages 1876 & 1877.(Aust. Archives Passenger Lists M1698 (imm/115-imm/116)) (Aust. Archives Passenger List M1698 (imm/115-imm/116))
  4. 4.0 4.1 SCOTTISH HERO. - The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) - 26 Jun 1930 > "SCOTTISH HERO. - The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) - 26 Jun 1930". 2019. Trove. Accessed October 2 2019. Scottish Hero 1877.
  5. 5.0 5.1 QUEENSLAND NEWS. - [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS.] ROCKHAMPTON, January 30. - The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) - 31 Jan 1884 > "QUEENSLAND NEWS. - [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS.] ROCKHAMPTON, January 30. - The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) - 31 Jan 1884". 2019. Trove. Accessed October 2 2019. Scottish Hero 1884
  6. 6.0 6.1 VOYAGE OF THE SCOTTISH HERO. - INQUIRY INTO THE COMPLAINTS OF THE SINGLE MEN. - The Capricornian (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1875 - 1929) - 9 Feb 1884 > "VOYAGE OF THE SCOTTISH HERO. - INQUIRY INTO THE COMPLAINTS OF THE SINGLE MEN. - The Capricornian (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1875 - 1929) - 9 Feb 1884". 2019. Trove. Accessed October 2 2019. Scottish Hero 1884
  7. 7.0 7.1 Queensland State Archive - Immigration Passenger Lists > Passenger Lists - Scottish Hero; Voyage from England to Rockhampton. > Digital Image Details - Scottish Hero Passenger List England to Rockhampton 1884. > " Digital Image Details ". 2019. Archivessearch.Qld.Gov.Au. Accessed October 2 2019. [http://www.archivessearch.qld.gov.au/Search/AdvancedSearch.aspx search..go Advanced..Scottish Hero]click PDF to viewScottish Hero, England to Rockhampton, 1884.(Aust. Archives Passenger List M1706 (imm/126))

See Also:


  • Wikimedia Commons..Image of Clipper Route.
  • Pixabay...Images.



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